<ul><li>PROJECT: </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION, CULTURE, HISTORY </li></ul>This project has been funded with support from th...
Churches and fortresses By Gabriel Creţu, Vasilica Pătrăucean, Ioana Ştefan, Constantin Stiharu Ion Creangă School, Romania
<ul><li>The Romanians  are  Christians from the beginning of  their history. They built many churches and monasteries duri...
Sântămăria Orlea Strei
<ul><li>Densuş is considered the oldest church from Romania and from the south east of Europe. It is a unique monument bec...
T his is  the entrance of the same church
These are the earliest churches which can be seen today in Romania and were built around 13 th   century in Ha ț eg, a reg...
Saint Michael from Cisnădioara – 12 th   century
The  Black Church from  Braşov
The church was built at Volovăţ and Stephen the Great has moved it to Putna
 
The Moldavian vault
It was built between 1466-1470 Stephen the Great was buried  here The church and the tower  of Putna
Saint Elijah’s Church from Suceava  - 1488
Saint George’s Church from Hârlău - county of Iaşi – 1492
Saint Nicolas’ Church from  Popăuţi – Botoşani  county – 1496
Saint John the Baptizer Church from  Piatra Neamţ  - 1498
 
The northern wall with  “ The last Judgment ” Stephen the Great with Voronet church before the Christ
 
Humor church
Moldoviţa church  Outside paiting
Probota church
 
The first  Moldavian churches did n ’t have towers, others, which were built later, have one tower, and,  since the  begin...
Saint Nicolas church from  Argeș  – beginning of the 14 th   century , founded by Basarab I
 
 
Fortress Suceva was smoller at the beginning but it was enlarged in time The ruler Petru I (1375-1391), moved the capital ...
 
Orhei fortress - vestige
There are in Ucraina today White fortress – conquered by Turks at the end of 15 th
Inside court
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Romanian medieval architecture

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  • Romanian medieval architecture

    1. 1. <ul><li>PROJECT: </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION, CULTURE, HISTORY </li></ul>This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
    2. 2. Churches and fortresses By Gabriel Creţu, Vasilica Pătrăucean, Ioana Ştefan, Constantin Stiharu Ion Creangă School, Romania
    3. 3. <ul><li>The Romanians are Christians from the beginning of their history. They built many churches and monasteries during the centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>The architectural styles used are: the Byzantine, Romanesque , Gothi c or the Renaissance style, but Romanians have also created their own styles: Wallachian style, Moldavian style and Brâncovenesc style (in 17 th century). </li></ul><ul><li>Churches were made of wood, stone or bricks. </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to present you the most famous clerical buildings from Romania, mostly from Moldavia. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Sântămăria Orlea Strei
    5. 5. <ul><li>Densuş is considered the oldest church from Romania and from the south east of Europe. It is a unique monument because it was built using roman vestiges from Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, the roman capital of the province Dacia. You can see in the pictures some columns from a roman temple. </li></ul>
    6. 6. T his is the entrance of the same church
    7. 7. These are the earliest churches which can be seen today in Romania and were built around 13 th century in Ha ț eg, a region in the south-west . Ostrov
    8. 8. Saint Michael from Cisnădioara – 12 th century
    9. 9. The Black Church from Braşov
    10. 10. The church was built at Volovăţ and Stephen the Great has moved it to Putna
    11. 12. The Moldavian vault
    12. 13. It was built between 1466-1470 Stephen the Great was buried here The church and the tower of Putna
    13. 14. Saint Elijah’s Church from Suceava - 1488
    14. 15. Saint George’s Church from Hârlău - county of Iaşi – 1492
    15. 16. Saint Nicolas’ Church from Popăuţi – Botoşani county – 1496
    16. 17. Saint John the Baptizer Church from Piatra Neamţ - 1498
    17. 19. The northern wall with “ The last Judgment ” Stephen the Great with Voronet church before the Christ
    18. 21. Humor church
    19. 22. Moldoviţa church Outside paiting
    20. 23. Probota church
    21. 25. The first Moldavian churches did n ’t have towers, others, which were built later, have one tower, and, since the beginning of the 17 th century, they are built with two towers. 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 4 5 The rooms of a church are: 1. p ridvor /threshold; 2. p ronaos; 3. death chamber ; 4. Naos / nave ; 5. Alta r.
    22. 26. Saint Nicolas church from Argeș – beginning of the 14 th century , founded by Basarab I
    23. 29. Fortress Suceva was smoller at the beginning but it was enlarged in time The ruler Petru I (1375-1391), moved the capital of Moldavia to Suceava and built the first fortress here, named The Sunset Fortress (Cetatea de Apus) and later The Residence Fortress (Cetatea de Scaun). The vestige of the fortress today
    24. 31. Orhei fortress - vestige
    25. 32. There are in Ucraina today White fortress – conquered by Turks at the end of 15 th
    26. 33. Inside court

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