<ul><li>PROJECT: </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION, CULTURE, HISTORY </li></ul>This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Churches and fortresses By Gabriel Creţu, Vasilica Pătrăucean, Ioana Ştefan, Constantin Stiharu Ion Creangă School, Romania
<ul><li>The Romanians are Christians from the beginning of their history. They built many churches and monasteries during the centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>The architectural styles used are: the Byzantine, Romanesque , Gothi c or the Renaissance style, but Romanians have also created their own styles: Wallachian style, Moldavian style and Brâncovenesc style (in 17 th century). </li></ul><ul><li>Churches were made of wood, stone or bricks. </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to present you the most famous clerical buildings from Romania, mostly from Moldavia. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Densuş is considered the oldest church from Romania and from the south east of Europe. It is a unique monument because it was built using roman vestiges from Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, the roman capital of the province Dacia. You can see in the pictures some columns from a roman temple. </li></ul>
The first Moldavian churches did n ’t have towers, others, which were built later, have one tower, and, since the beginning of the 17 th century, they are built with two towers. 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 4 5 The rooms of a church are: 1. p ridvor /threshold; 2. p ronaos; 3. death chamber ; 4. Naos / nave ; 5. Alta r.
Saint Nicolas church from Argeș – beginning of the 14 th century , founded by Basarab I
Fortress Suceva was smoller at the beginning but it was enlarged in time The ruler Petru I (1375-1391), moved the capital of Moldavia to Suceava and built the first fortress here, named The Sunset Fortress (Cetatea de Apus) and later The Residence Fortress (Cetatea de Scaun). The vestige of the fortress today