Eight millennium goals


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Eight millennium goals

  1. 1. The Eight Millennium Goals<br />Team:<br />Itzi Susano Carbajal<br /> Christopher Malpica <br />Andrea Mendez <br />Raúl Rodriguez<br />
  2. 2. itzi<br />Eight Millennium Goals<br />4. Child Health<br /> Target 5: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate<br /><ul><li>Indicators13. Under-five mortality rate (UNICEF-WHO)14. Infant mortality rate (UNICEF-WHO)15. Proportion of 1 year-old children immunized against measles (UNICEF-WHO)</li></li></ul><li>itzi<br />UnderNutrition<br />53%<br />
  3. 3. andrea<br />Causes:<br />Pneumonia:  Asevere respiratory infection, kills more than 2 million children each year. Pneumonia accounts for almost one in five deaths of children under five years of age, only one in five caregivers in developing countries can recognize the danger signs of pneumonia.<br />Diarrhoea: Caused by germs that are swallowed, causes severe dehydration and kills an estimated 1.9 million children under–five years of age each year. Unsafe drinking water, inadequate availability of water for hygiene and lack of access to sanitation together contribute to 88 per cent of under–five deaths from diarrhoea diseases.<br />
  4. 4. raul<br />Malaria: Kills over 1 million people and sickens between 350 million and 500 million people each year. <br />Children with malaria, a parasitic, mosquito–borne disease, typically develop fever, vomiting, headache and flu–like symptoms one to two weeks after being bitten. If not treated promptly with effective medicines, malaria can kill.<br />Measles: Spreads through airborne droplets that circulate in infected coughs and sneezes.<br /> The best way to prevent measles is to get vaccinated with the safe and effective measles vaccine. <br />
  5. 5. Malpica<br />HIV and AIDS: are directly affecting millions of children, adolescents and young people.<br /> Scale–up for children is not advancing as rapidly as it is for adults. The provision of antiretroviralsto pregnant women living with HIV can reduce the transmission during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding to levels below 2 per cent, yet coverage is still below 10 per cent.<br />Under–nutrition: is an underlying cause in more than half (53 per cent) of the 10.5 million child deaths each year. When it does not kill, malnutrition can leave children mentally and physically impaired. Illness, insufficient breastfeeding and shortfalls of food and micronutrients are the most immediate causes of under–nutrition. <br />
  6. 6. itzi<br />
  7. 7. Conclusion<br />Governments in the priority countries must strengthen their health systems and management.<br />Availability and access to medical supplies, interventions and new technologies must be dramatically improved. This means ensuring that treatment is available for children suffering from neglected diseases, such as pneumonia, and increasing access to other low–cost interventions that can save lives. <br />Donors must increase their financial commitments. International support for child survival and other essential health programmes is far below the level required to achieve MDG4. <br />
  8. 8. Bibliography<br />http://www.unicef.org/mdg/mortalitymultimedia/index.html<br />http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/goals/index.htm<br />