Plant Kingdom

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Plant Kingdom

  1. 1. T- 1-855-694-8886 Email- info@iTutor.com By iTutor.com
  2. 2. Plants come in all sizes, from the tiny duckweed which grows to only about 10 mm in length, to the giant redwood which grows to about 100 m in height. Plant Characteristics © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  3. 3.  All plants share the following characteristics: 1. Plants are producers and us photosynthesis to make food. 2. Plants have eukaryotic cells with cell walls. 3. Plants have a cuticle. Plant Characteristics © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. Plant Characteristics Gymnosperms Angiosperms. Non vascular (mosses and Liverwort) Seedless (mosses and horsetails) © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  5. 5. PLANTS Seedless PlantsSeed Plants Angiosperms Gymnosperms Ferns & related plants Mosses & related plants Vascular Non vascular Plant Characteristics © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. PLANTS Vascular Non vascular 1) Vascular Plants:  Broken into 2 more subgroups called: a) Seedless plants b) Seed plants 2) Nonvascular Plants  Not broken into subgroups Plant Characteristics © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. Vascular plants are divided into two groups—those that produce seeds and those that do not. Plants that produce seeds are divided into gymnosperms and angiosperms. Examples of plants that have no seeds are ferns, mosses and horsetails. Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. PLANTS Seedless PlantsSeed Plants Vascular Nonvascular 1) Seedless plants  Vascular plant that DO NOT have seeds  Ex: Ferns 2) Seed Plants  Have seeds for reproduction  Ex: conifers & flowering plants Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  9. 9. The seedless vascular plants include ferns, club mosses, and horsetails. Seedless Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  10. 10. The form of a fern is the sporophyte. Ferns have an underground stem called a rhizome from which the fronds unfurl. Young fronds are tightly coiled and are called fiddleheads. Seedless Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  11. 11. • Ferns need water to transport sperm cells to egg cells. Seedless Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  12. 12. A seed is a structure that contains a plant embryo and a supply of food inside a protective covering. Vascular plants with Seed © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  13. 13. PLANTS Seed Plants Vascular Nonvascular Vascular plants with Seed Angiosperms Gymnosperms • Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are housed in cones. • Angiosperms, also known as flowering plants, produce seeds within a fruit. © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  14. 14. Vascular plants with Seed © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  15. 15. Gymnosperms include conifers, cycads, and gingkoes. Vascular plants with Seed  A gymnosperm called the bristlecone pine is the oldest living organism on Earth. © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  16. 16. The non-vascular plants include the mosses and liverworts. These are small, simple plants usually found in moist locations. Non - Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  17. 17. The life cycle of nonvascular plants shows an alternation of generations. Mosses and liverworts need water to carry the sperm to the eggs for fertilization. Non - Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  18. 18. The sporophyte stage of a liverwort looks like a tiny palm tree. The body of the gametophyte stage is leafy and flattened. Rhizoids are root-like growths that extend from beneath the body and anchor the plant. Non - Vascular plants © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved
  19. 19. The End © iTutor. 2000-2013. All Rights Reserved Call us for more Information: www.iTutor.com 1-855-694-8886 Visit

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