Urinary BladderUrinary Bladder•Hollow, muscular organ thatstores urine•Sphincter muscles hold theurine in place•Holds 300 to 400 milliliters ofurine before emptying•Walls contain epithelial tissuethat stretch to allow the bladderto hold twice its capacityUrethraProstateglandUreterUrinary bladder•The trigone is a triangular areaat the base of the bladder wherethe ureters enter and the urethraexits
UrethraUrethraFemale Urethra Male Urethra•Approximately 1.5inches long•Opens through themeatus•Approximately 8 inches long•Passes through three differentregions:Prostate glandMembranous portionPenisA tube of smooth muscle with a mucous lining that carriesurine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Tiny pores in the tubing allowsalts and small molecules topass through. Wastes diffuse out of theblood into the fluid-filledchamber, allowing purifiedblood to be returned to thebody.DialysisAirdetectorDialysismachineFresh dialysisfluidCompressed airVeinArteryShuntBlood pumpBlood in tubing flowsthrough dialysis fluidUsed dialysis fluid Blood is removed by a tube andpumped through special tubingthat acts like nephrons.
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