Family and kinship

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Family and Kinship. Social Anthropology

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  • Family and kinship

    1. 1. FAMILY AND KINSHIPBy Jomar Joseph Cioco
    2. 2. Outline of Report Control of Sexual Relations Forms of Marriage Choice of Spouse Family and Household Residence Patterns Descent Groups Kinship Terminologies and Kinship Systems
    3. 3. Control of Sexual RelationsTrobriand Culture Japanese Culture
    4. 4. Control of Sexual Relations • Fertile man + fertile woman • Social Responsibilities and potential violence and problems • Regulations and Restrictions (permissive, semi- permissive, non-permissive) • Marriage
    5. 5. Control of Sexual Relations Marriage  Culturallysanctioned union between two or more people that establishes certain rights and obligations between the people, their children and their in-laws Incest Taboo  Prohibition o f sexual relations between certain close relatives (human nature, harmful inbreeding)
    6. 6. Control of Sexual Relations Endogamy  Marriage within a particular group or category of individuals Exogamy  Marriage outside the group
    7. 7. Forms of Marriage Monogamy  Bothpartners have just one spouse  Most common form Serial Monogamy  Marrying series of partners in succession
    8. 8. Forms of Marriage Polygamy  Once spouse having multiple spouses Polygyny  Man married to many women at one time Polyandry  Woman married to many men at one time
    9. 9. Forms of Marriage Group Marriage  Several men and women have sexual access to one another
    10. 10. Forms of Marriage Levirate  Woman marries one of the brothers of deceased husband Sororate  Man marries the sister of deceased wife
    11. 11. Levirate Sororate
    12. 12. Choice of Spouse Cousin Marriage  Parallel cousins – child of a father’s brother or mother’s sister  Cross cousins – child of a mother’s brother or father’s sister Same-sex Marriage
    13. 13. Choice of Spouse
    14. 14. Family and Household Family  Two or more people related by blood or marriage or adoption Household  Basicresidential unit where economic, consumption, inheritance and child rearing are organized and carried out
    15. 15. Family and Household Conjugal Family  Family established through marriage Consanguineal Family  Family of blood relatives consisting of related women, their brothers and the women’s offspring
    16. 16. Family and Household Nuclear Family One or two parents and dependent offspring Extended family Two or more related nuclear families clustered together
    17. 17. Family and Household
    18. 18. Family and Household Minimal Supplemented Nuclear
    19. 19. Family and Household Cohabitation  Unmarried couples Single-parent  Cohabitation breakups
    20. 20. Residence PatternsPatrilocal residence – married couple lives withthe husband’s father’s place of residence
    21. 21. Residence PatternsMatrilocal Residence – married couple lives in thewife’s mother’s place of residence
    22. 22. Residence Patterns Avuncolocal Residence – married couple goes to live with the groom’s mother’s brother
    23. 23. Residence Patterns Ambilocal Residence – married couple may choose either a matrilocal or patrilocal residence
    24. 24. Residence Patterns Neolocal residence – married couple establishes its household in a location apart from either the husband’s or wife’s relative
    25. 25. Descent Groups Kinship Network of relatives within which individuals possess certain mutual rights and obligations Descent Group  Anykinship group with a member lineally descending from a common ancestor
    26. 26. Descent Groups Matrilineal Descent  Descenttraced exclusively through the female line to establish group membership Patrilineal Descent  Descenttraced exclusively through the male line to establish group membership
    27. 27. Descent GroupsMatrilineal Descent
    28. 28. Descent GroupsPatrilineal Descent
    29. 29. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsEskimo (lineal system) – emphasizes nuclear family by specifically identifying the mother, father, brother and sister, while lumping all other relatives into broad categories such as cousin, uncle and aunt.
    30. 30. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsEskimo
    31. 31. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsHawaiian (generational system) - relatives of the same sex and generation are referred to by same term
    32. 32. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsHawaiian
    33. 33. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsIroquois – father and father’s brother are given a single term, as mother and mother’s sister. But father’s sister and mother’s brother are given separate terms. Parallel cousins are called brothers and sisters, cross cousins are called separately.
    34. 34. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsIroquois – father and father’s brother are given a single term, as mother and mother’s sister. But father’s sister and mother’s brother are given separate terms. Parallel cousins are called brothers and sisters, cross cousins are called separately.
    35. 35. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsCrow – associated with matrilineal descent in which a father’s sister and father’s sister’s daughter are called by the same term, mother and mother’s sister are merged under another, and father and father’s brother are lumped in a third. Parallel cousins are equated with brothers and sisters.
    36. 36. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsCrow – associated with matrilineal descent in which a father’s sister and father’s sister’s daughter are called by the same term, mother and mother’s sister are merged under another, and father and father’s brother are lumped in a third. Parallel cousins are equated with brothers and sisters.
    37. 37. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsOmaha – associated with patrilineal descent in which a mother’s brother and mother’s brother’s son are called by the same term, father and father’s brother are merged under another, and mother and mother’s sister are lumped in a third. Parallel cousins are equated with brothers and sisters.
    38. 38. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsOmaha – associated with patrilineal descent in which a mother’s brother and mother’s brother’s son are called by the same term, father and father’s brother are merged under another, and mother and mother’s sister are lumped in a third. Parallel cousins are equated with brothers and sisters.
    39. 39. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsSudanese – father, father’s brother and mother’s brother are distinguished from one another as mother, mother’s sister and father’s sister. Cross and parallel cousins are distinguished from each other as well as from siblings.
    40. 40. Kinship Terminologies and KinshipSystemsSudanese – father, father’s brother and mother’s brother are distinguished from one another as mother, mother’s sister and father’s sister. Cross and parallel cousins are distinguished from each other as well as from siblings.
    41. 41. Sources Haviland, et al. The Essence of Anthropology. Belmont: Wadsworth, 2010. Haviland, William. Anthropology. Belmont City: Thomson Learning Inc., 2003.

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