Mesopotamia/Sumeria Slideshow

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Mesopotamia/Sumeria Slideshow

  1. 1. MESOPOTAMIA Tuesday, November 5, 13
  2. 2. MESOPOTAMIA Mesopotamia: meaning “the land between the rivers” Tuesday, November 5, 13
  3. 3. FOLDABLE WORDS Cradle of Civilization fertility Fertile Crescent cuneiform Sumerians ziggurat Tuesday, November 5, 13
  4. 4. THE FERTILE CRESCENT Today, The Fertile Crescent includes the countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Kuwait, the Sinai Peninsula, and Northern Mesopotamia. It is a big place.  Tuesday, November 5, 13
  5. 5. THE FERTILE CRESCENT identified as the sites of the emergence of civilization Consisted of various cultures Tuesday, November 5, 13
  6. 6. FERTILE CRESCENT The Fertile Crescent is known is considered the birthplace of: agriculture urbanization writing trade Science organized religion Tuesday, November 5, 13
  7. 7. RIVERS Tigris and Euphrates rivers Label rivers on your map Tuesday, November 5, 13
  8. 8. FERTILE CRESCENT Label the Fertile Crescent on your map Tuesday, November 5, 13
  9. 9. FERTILE the combination of RICH soil and WATER from the rivers made Mesopotamia the most FERTILE farmland in the region Tuesday, November 5, 13
  10. 10. FERTILITY Fertile: rich in materials to sustain plant growth Tuesday, November 5, 13
  11. 11. SUMERIANS Sumerians: “land of the civilized kings” Many historians think that cities and towns were first formed in Sumer Tuesday, November 5, 13
  12. 12. SUMERIANS Nomads moved into the fertile land and began to form small villages these villages slowly grew into large towns Eventually these cities developed into the civilization of the Sumer. This land is one of the cradles of civilization Tuesday, November 5, 13
  13. 13. SUMERIANS CONTRIBUTIONS invented the first form of writing, a number system, the first wheeled vehicles sun-dried bricks irrigation for farming All of these things were important for the development of human civilization. Tuesday, November 5, 13
  14. 14. SUMERIANS CONTRIBUTIONS Government: cities formed city-states each state had its own ruler city-states fought each other Tuesday, November 5, 13
  15. 15. CONTRIBUTIONS: RELIGION Each city-state also had its own god In the center of each city was a large temple to the city god called a ziggurat The ziggurat looked like a step pyramid with a flat top Here the priests would perform rituals and sacrifices. Tuesday, November 5, 13
  16. 16. CONTRIBUTIONS: WRITING wedge-shaped marks in clay tablets used for four thousand years in various languages lost and undecipherable until the 1800s! Tuesday, November 5, 13
  17. 17. THE EPIC OF GILGAMESH earliest known story! about a hero-king and his adventures based on a real king (maybe...) Tuesday, November 5, 13

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