Sharepoint Deployments

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  • 1. HIT308 The Ultimate SharePoint Best Practice Session Lessons Learned from Years of SharePoint Deployments Michael Noel Convergent Computing Twitter: @michaelTnoel
  • 2. Michael Noel • Technology book author; Over 15 titles translated into 20 languages worldwide • Partner at Convergent Computing ( – San Francisco Bay Area based Consultants • Specialties in SharePoint, Exchange, Security, and more…
  • 3. Session Agenda g • Farm Architecture • Virtualized Farm Architecture • High Availability Design Hi h A il bilit D i • Logical Architecture • Hardware and Software • SharePoint Installation • Kerberos Authentication
  • 4. Farm Architecture F A hit t Best Practice SharePoint Designs
  • 5. Farm Architecture All-in-one Server • All Roles and SQL on one server • Often seen in small farms • SQL contention with t ti ith SharePoint • Easy to deploy, but not best practice • No ability for test environment i t • NOTE: Do not use SQL Express in Production!
  • 6. Farm Architecture Dedicated SQL Database Server • Dedicated SQL Server • All SharePoint roles on single box • Less Disk IO • Greater Performance • Still no test environment… environment
  • 7. Farm Architecture Smallest Highly Available Farm • 2 Web/Query/Application /Central Admin/Inbound Email Servers • 1 Dedicated Index Server (With Web role to allow it to crawl content) • 2 SQL Standard Edition Cluster Nodes (Active/Passive) – Mirror also option • Smallest highly available farm
  • 8. Farm Architecture Scalability Scale up and Scale out out…
  • 9. Virtualized Farm Architecture Less Hardware, less cost… cost
  • 10. Virtualized Farm Architecture Easy and Supported • Microsoft Hyper-V (R2 current version) or VMware ESX supported (KB 897615) • Great Windows Licensing Options (Ent = 4 licenses, Datacenter = unlimited) • Allows for multiple farms, more servers • L Less cost, more f il t failover options (Li ti (Live Migration / Vmotion) • Do not overcommit resources!
  • 11. Virtualized Farm Architecture Cost Effective Farm / No HA Allows organizations th t wouldn’t normally b able t All i ti that ld ’t ll be bl to have a test environment to run one Allows for separation of the database role onto a p dedicated server Can be easily scaled out in the future
  • 12. Virtualized Farm Architecture Fully Redundant Farm with only Two Servers High- Availability across H t Hosts All components virtualized Uses only two Windows Ent Edition Licenses Li
  • 13. Virtualized Farm Architecture Best practice, Highly Available and Scalable Farm Highest transaction servers are physical Multiple farm M lti l f support, with DBs for all farms on the f h SQL cluster Only five y physical servers total, g but high performance
  • 14. Virtualized Farm Architecture Virtualization Scalability
  • 15. High A il bili Hi h Availability Architecture Network Load Balancing g and SQL Database Mirroring
  • 16. High Availability Architecture Network Load Balancing • H d Hardware B Based L d B l d Load Balancing i B t i is Best ● F5 ● Cisco Content Switch ● Citrix Netscaler • Windows Network Load Balancing Supported ● Unicast – Use two NICs ● Multicast – Requires Router Support q pp
  • 17. High Availability Architecture Network Load Balancing - Sample ● Web Role Servers • ( – Web Role Server #1 • ( – Web Role Server #2 ● Clustered VIPs shared between SP1 and SP2 (Create A records in DNS) • ( - Cluster • (10 0 0 104) – SP C t l Ad i b ( Central Admin • ( – SSP • ( – Inbound Email p p p y ( ) • ( – Main SP Web App • ( – My Sites
  • 18. High Availability Architecture SQL Database Mirroring • A il bl i SQL S Available in Server 2005/2008, both Standard and Enterprise Mi E t i Mirroring i • Keep a full copy of Database on another server • Asynchronous (good for WAN scenarios, Enterprise edition only) or Synchronous
  • 19. High Availability Architecture Database Mirroring – Single Site Option • Single Site • Synchronous Replication • Uses a SQL Witness Server to Failover Automatically A i ll • Mirror all SharePoint DBs in the Farm • Use a SQL Alias to switch to Mirror it h t Mi Instance
  • 20. High Availability Architecture Database Mirroring – Cross Site HA Mirroring Option • T Two Sites Sit • 1 ms Latencyy • 1GB Bandwidth • Farm Servers in each location • Auto Failover F il
  • 21. High Availability Architecture Database Mirroring – Warm Farm Asynchronous Option • Two Sites • Two Farms (one warm farm) • Mirror only Content DBs • Failover is Manual • M t Reattach Must R tt h DBs • Must re index re-index
  • 22. Logical Architecture Do it right the first time…
  • 23. Logical Architecture Web Application Architecture • Consider creating multiple Web Apps • Example: ● ● ● ● home companyabc com • Flexible and scalable!
  • 24. Logical Architecture Distribute by Default • Distribute content across multiple Site Collections • Distribute Site Collections Across Multiple DBs • M lti l d t b Multiple databases = more controlled t ll d DB growth • Try to keep your Content DBs manageable in size ( g (50-100GB) )
  • 25. Logical Architecture Sample Logical Architecture
  • 26. Hardware and H d d Software Determining the right tools for the job
  • 27. Hardware and Software Disk, Memory, and Processor • SQL Databases Require large amounts of space! • Allocate Disk Space for Index and Q y p Query Servers as well • Index corpus can g p grow to 5%-20% of total size of data indexed • Database and Index Servers require most RAM (4GB, 8GB, or more) • Multi-core processors recommended
  • 28. Hardware and Software Windows Server Versions • Windows Server 2008 R2 (or RTM) highly recommended! • Critical that new servers run x64, required for , q SharePoint 2010 • SharePoint servers are fine with Standard edition of Windows, no extra gain for Enterprise • SQL Servers may require Enterprise edition if using SQL Enterprise
  • 29. Hardware and Software SQL Server Versions • SQL Server 2008 Recommended Q • 64 bit also highly recommended (required for SharePoint 2010) • SQL Server 2005 still supported • SQL 2000 supported for Sharepoint 2007, but not for 2010, and not recommended t f 2010 d t d d • Separate SQL Reporting Services server may be required for intensive reporting • Standard edition of SQL generally fine, except for very large environments y g
  • 30. SharePoint Installation Getting the steps right
  • 31. SharePoint Installation Service Accounts • Never use a single service account! • Create the Following Accounts ● SQL Admin A Ad i Account t ● Installation Account ● SharePoint Farm Admin S ● Search Admin ● Default Content Access Account ● Application Pool Identity Accounts
  • 32. SharePoint Installation Installation Process • Choose ‘Complete’ ‘C l t ’ Installation • Do not select ‘Stand-alone’ for Stand alone a Production environment!
  • 33. SharePoint Installation Installation Process • Choose Index Location during Install • Index location can be changed later, but more difficult
  • 34. SharePoint Installation Command-line Installation of SharePoint • Learn to install from Command-line • Only way to specify SPCA Database Name • SETUP, PSCONFIG and STSADM • PSC fi i your f i d! PSConfig is friend! • Powershell is the future here…
  • 35. SharePoint Installation Running the Config Wizard to Install Servers • Consider PSConfig • Use Easy to remember port for SPCA (i e 8888) (i.e. • Better still, change SPCA to 443 later • Use Common Database Naming Convention • Account running wizard needs DBCreator and Security Admin y rights on SQL Server • Run the wizard on additional servers as necessary
  • 36. SharePoint Installation Create a SQL and/or DNS Alias! • Most flexible approach! • spsql abc com = sql1
  • 37. Kerberos Authentication Security, Security, Security y y y
  • 38. Kerberos Authentication Enable for Best practice Security! • Use Kerberos when creating Web Apps • Extra steps required, but worth it… p q ,
  • 39. Kerberos Authentication Step 1: Create SPNs for Web Apps • Create Service Principle Names (SPNs) • Used for impersonation
  • 40. Kerberos Authentication Step 2: Create SPNs for SQL • Create SPNs for SQL • Syntax similar to following: ● Setspn.exe Setspn exe -A MSSQLSvc/spsql:1433 COMPANYABCSRV-SQL-DB ● Setspn.exe –A MSSQLSvc/ COMPANYABCSRV-SQL-DB • MSSQLSvc = Default instance, if named instance instance, specify the name instead • In this example SRV SQL DB is the SQL Admin example, SRV-SQL-DB account
  • 41. Kerberos Authentication Step 3: Allow App Pool accounts and SP Computers to Delegate • Use ADUC • SharePoint Web Server Computer p Accounts • App Pool Identity Accounts A t
  • 42. Kerberos Authentication Step 4: Edit Applicationhost.config • Windows Server 2008 only • Modify the ApplicationHost.config file <windowsAuthentication enabled="true" useKernelMode="true" useAppPoolCredentials="true">
  • 43. Kerberos Authentication Step 5: Enable Kerberos on Web App • Enable Kerberos on the Web App (if not already turned on) ● Go t A li ti Management – G to Application M t Authentication Providers ● Choose the appropriate Web Application ● Click on the link for ‘Default’ under Zone ● Change t I t Ch to Integrated Windows Authentication t d Wi d A th ti ti - Kerberos (Negotiate) • R ii Run iisreset / f t /noforce from the command f th d prompt
  • 44. Key Takeaways y y • Highly consider Virtualization for SharePoint • Create a test farm! • Consider Database Mirroring and/or NLB for SharePoint HA • Deploy the ‘five server farm’ for full High p y g Availability • Plan today for SharePoint 2010 (more on this in the next session!) • Enable Kerberos Authentication
  • 45. For More Information • SharePoint Database Mirroring Whitepaper ( (htt //ti l / i ) • Database Mirroring Failover Case Study ( • Microsoft ‘Virtualizing S f ‘ SharePoint Infrastructure’ f ’ Whitepaper ( • SharePoint Log Shipping Whitepaper ( (htt //ti l /l hi ) • Microsoft Kerberos Guidance for SP (
  • 46. Your Feedback is Important Please fill out a session evaluation form and either put them in the basket near the exit or drop them off at the conference registration desk. Thank you! Session Code: HIT308
  • 47. Michael Noel Twitter: @MichaelTNoel Session Code: HIT308 Slide Deck: