ARCTIC TUNDRA BIOME The tundra is near the North Pole. Trees do not grow there. Winters are very cold. Summers last for a very short time. It is frozen and never melts.
ARCTIC TUNDRA ANIMALS Harlequin Duck (main diet is small sea Arctic Fox Caribou creatures; arctic fox is its (omnivore) (herbivore) main predator)Musk Ox Snowy Owl(herbivore; predators are (carnivore; preys are arctic fox Polar Beararctic wolf and polar bear) and small animals)
CONIFEROUS FOREST BIOME Summers are short and mild and the winters are long, cold and dry. Plants are mostly evergreen conifers with leaves like needles, such as pine, fir and spruce. Soil is thin and lacking in nutrients.
CONIFEROUS FOREST ANIMALS Black Bear (omnivore ) Northern Lynx (eats small mammals) Bobcat (eats small mammals)Gray Wolf Bald Eagle Wolverine (eats small mammals)
CONIFEROUS FOREST PLANTS Jack Pine (pine cones for rodents) Balsam Fir (squirrels, deer, caribous White Fir eat its buds) (seeds for squirrels) Siberian SpruceEastern Red Cedar (pine cones for(animals such as birds small mammals) eat its berry fruit)
DECIDUOUS FOREST BIOME The leaves change color before they fall. Deciduous trees lose their leaves in autumn. The fallen leaves are good for the soil. In spring, new leaves grow and the forest is green again. The leaves are wide to catch more sunshine.
DECIDUOUS FOREST ANIMALS Eastern Chipmunk Coyote (omnivore) European Red Squirrel (omnivore) Least Weasel (eats rodents, birds, poultry, and rabbits)Duckbill Platypus Fat Dormouse(carnivore) (eats fruits, seeds, White-Tailed Deer insects, and bird eggs)
DECIDUOUS FOREST PLANTS Tawny Milksap Mushroom Guelder Rose Carpet Moss Lady Fern White Birch TreePecan Tree
DESERT BIOME A desert can be very hot in daytime and cold at night (no rainfall at all.) Some deserts are cold all the time. Desert plants need special ways of getting water; their leaves and roots are special. Desert animals have special ways to survive. Many shelter underground. Some animals are active at night when it’s cool.
DESERT ANIMALS JavelinaBanded Gila Monster (herbivore; mainly eats(carnivore; eats small Prickly Pear Cactus;animals) Bobcat’s main prey) Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Desert Bighorn Sheep Sonoran Thorny Devil LizardRoadrunner Pronghorn Antelope (eats ants; a prey(omnivore) of birds)
GRASSLAND BIOME Grasses are the main kind of plant in grasslands. There are not many trees in grasslands. Some grasslands are hot all year round. Some grassland areas have hot summers and very cold winters. Grasslands are big open areas that get between 25 and 75 cm of rain per year. This is less rain than a forest gets and more than a desert gets.
GRASSLAND ANIMALS Bumble BeeBadger (hunts by birds, skunks, Bobcat(carnivore) Badgers, etc.) Coyote Prairie Dog (Herbivore)
GRASSLAND PLANTS MilkweedFleabane Buffalo Grass Stinging Nettle Blue Grama Grass June Grass
SAVANNA BIOME A tropical grassland with some clumps of trees. It is characterized by its specific wet (summer) and dry (long winter) seasons.
SAVANNA ANIMALS Egyptian Mongoose (eats mainly small animals, but it also eats fruits)African Elephants Chacma Baboon (eat plants, fruits, and bugs) African Wild Dog (carnivore; eats mainly deer and antelopes)Black Mamba Zebra Emu (eat plants and insects)
SAVANNA PLANTS Acacia Tree Elephant Grass Whistling Thorn (long seed pod is Bermuda Grass nutritious for animals) Kangaroo Paws
TROPICAL FOREST BIOME Rainforests are thick, warm and wet forests. They are forests that get at least 250 cm a year of rain, often more. It has a lot of rain (high rainfall throughout the year.) Tropical forests are located near the equator. Areas that are warm and frost-free.
RAINFOREST ANIMALS Wagler’s Pit ViperBengal Tiger Toco Tucan (eats fruits, insects, and spiders) Sumatran Rhinoceros Jambu Fruit Dove (herbivore) Chimpanzee