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Kiani's rosa parks Kiani's rosa parks Presentation Transcript

  • Rosa Parks: Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement By: Kiani Freeman
  • Who was Rosa Parks? Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama to James McCauley and Leona McCauley. At the age of two, Parks, her brother, and her mother moved to Pine Level, Alabama to live with her grandparents.
  • Who was Rosa Parks? At the age of eleven, she began attending the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, which was founded by women from the northern United States. She then went on to the Alabama State Teachers College.
  • More about Rosa Parks Upon completing Teaching College, she moved with her husband, civil rights activist Raymond Parks, to Montgomery. Parks and her husband joined the local chapter of the NAACP. She acted as the secretary from 1943 to 1956. She also worked to help improve conditions for African Americans. (NAACP) = National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  • What Rosa did to take a stand On Thursday evening December 1, 1955, after a long day of work as a seamstress for a Montgomery, Alabama, department store, 42 year old Rosa Parks boards a city bus to go home.
  • What Rosa did to take a stand As all black passengers were required to do, she paid her fair at the front of the bus and then re- boarded in the back of the bus.
  • What Rosa did to take a stand The bus became crowded and Rosa was ordered by the bus driver to give up her seat to a white passenger. Rosa Parks remained in her seat. The bus driver again asked her to move, but she refused.
  • Mrs. Parks’ arrest and the MontgomeryBus Boycott The bus driver called the  Mrs. Parks was found police and Parks was guilty of disorderly arrested for not giving up conduct and that led her seat to a white directly to the famous passenger. Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasted 381 days, which eventually led to the desegregation of buses throughout the United States. This brought on a new era of the civil rights movement.
  • Supreme Court Decision On December 21, 1956, in Montgomery, Alabama, the Supreme Court ruled in Rosa Parks’ favor, banning segregation on city public transit vehicles.
  • Parks accomplishments Parks worked as a receptionist and office assistant for United States Representative, John Conyers of Michigan from 1965 to 1988. In 1979, Parks won the Spingarn Medal for her civil rights work. Medal of Freedom Award, presented by President Clinton in 1996 In 1999, she was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor, the highest honor a civilian can receive in the United States.