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  1. 1. Poetry- An analogy A compilation of subject points of interest-by Frank Norton I have loved literature from the age of about 9. I have developed a passion for poetry, and have even written a number over the years for fun. This in turn has fuelled a further passion in my adult life for “Classical” music, and indeed songs from the musicals (Especially “Cats” and “The Phantom of the Opera”) In compiling this project it is my intention to give a cross-section of factsAnd figures which represent the heart of what poetry is essentially all about. Included will be the following: Genres and forms Most quoted (But least read) Earliest (written) Obviously I will be writing a brief explanation of the origin of the word POETRY itself. I will also be including an original poetic piece of my own. The word poetry itself is derived from a Latin word poeta, which translates almost entirely as Poet. It is a type of literary art that uses both aesthetic and evocative qualities in its language 1 . 1
  2. 2. It takes a number of forms and genres, which are not the same. The form of a poem is the TYPE of poem. Here is a short list of some: Ode-This is normally a solemn piece which pays tribute to a particular person or item. Odes are generally used for Eulogies at funerals. Sonnet- this is a poem, normally of 14 lines in logical rhyme, popularised from the 13 th century onwards Limerick- a verse of 5 lines ,with rhyming of lines1,2,and5, and 3 and 4 together but not (traditionally) rhyming with the other 3. Chastushka- a style of “Folk” poem from Russia. Genre is generally the main theme of a poem, For example: Narrative- This is basically a piece of poetry in story form. Epic- Although very similar to Narrative, this is usually a much longer piece of writing. 2
  3. 3. Satirical- Satire is aimed at quite literally “Taking the mickey”, and even though it is supposed to be (in essence) funny it is a much debated subject in all areas of the literary world. Dramatic- A genre which is spoken or sung (e.g Opera, theatre). The poetry of Shakespeare for example was unquestionably dramatic. 2 3
  4. 4. Influences-Beat generation These were a group of American writers who emerged in the 1950s. They seem to have been influenced largely by the drugs and sex culture of the time, often writing VERY controversial pieces. Examples of their work include: How- Alan Ginsberg (1956) On the road- Jack Kerouac (1957) Naked lunch- William s Burroughs (1959) Of course one of the most well known and arguably one of the most influential writers in history has to be the Bard himself, William Shakespeare. One would possibly find examples of everything noted so far somewhere in his works. He is rumoured (probably correctly) to be the most quoted author of all time. 3 Picture of Shakespeare by- Martin Droeshout/ circa 1623 One of the most fascinating points I have unearthed concerns the poet Alexander Pope. He is reputed to be amongst the most quoted of all poets. However he is ( strangely) one of the LEAST read. 4 The top ten contemporary poets are: 1) Billy Collins 2) Nikki Giovanni 4
  5. 5. 3) Gary Soto 4) Charles Simic 5) Elizabeth Alexander 6) Naomi Shihab Nye 7) Rita Dove 8) Mary Oliver 9) Kay Ryan 10) Adrienne Rich (Popularity based on Poets.org traffic data) The first instance of modern WRITTEN poetry has been traced to (Yes it’s them again) The United States of America in 1829. It was called “Specimens of American poetry”, and contained 454 selections from 188 various poets 5 Dylan Thomas Although I am English I have Welsh heritage way back through the male side of my bloodline, and being in Swansea (having previously noted the greatest English poet), it would be only appropriate to mention that great Welsh poet Dylan Thomas. Dylan Thomas was born in 1914, and wrote some great poetry. He also penned “Under milk Wood”, which was later made into a film starring the late Richard Burton. Below is a Time line of his life: 1914 Dylan Thomas born on October 27th 5
  6. 6. 1925 First poem published in school magazine 1932 Joins amateur dramatics group 1936 Meets future wife 1939 First child born 1947 Return Journey Home first broadcast 1953 Dylan Thomas dies 1954 Under Milk Wood first broadcast All sources for this project can be found on my diigo library page http://www.diigo.com/user/fnortonitec/Project1?type=all To finish this fun journey I am including (as I mentioned at the start) an original piece of poetry of my own and the top 10 contemporary poets. 6
  7. 7. ALL THAT GLITTERS People say that money talks, and all that glitters is gold. But we learn that life is harder, hopefully before we grow old. As children we’re drawn to SO many things, we think that life’s a dream. Yet as we grow we start to learn, that things aren’t what they seem. Its all so simple and serene, we just trust Mum and Dad. However, our dreams are soon destroyed; with a feeling we’ve been had. We toil, we sweat to make ends meet, we work into the ground We pray the poverty we see (not so far from home), will NEVER come around. We see reminders every day, of what we DON’T want to be. But, be honest, who’s rich or poor, is it them or you or me? So many think because of wealth, they are so much better than. Others because they have much less, is this the REAL heart of man..? The sycophantic ramblings and the Ran tings full of pride. But think of how you feel, when no one comes to take your side. Like priest and Levite, we walk by. “Too busy”, (or too mean). “It’s not my problem”, we insist. Is our grass REALY so green? We work so hard at being liked, we con, we lie, we flatter But if our selfish plans are foiled, We say “Well-YOU don’t matter” 7
  8. 8. We project, we judge, and yes we condemn. We feel we have the right. However who do we answer to, when facing our darkest night. When all is said and done, this is the simple truth my friend. “For all have sinned and fall short.. 1 ”. we’re all the same in the end. So next time you well up with hate, and ostracise your fellow man Remember God loves you not because he must, but because he can. He only, has the right to judge, and one day indeed HE WILL. But for now he wants us to be our best, and I hope with wisdom we will 8