Owain glyndwr project


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Owain glyndwr project

  1. 1. Owain Glyndwr Prince of WalesEarly LifeOwain Glyndwr (1354-1416) was born to a wealthy Anglo-Welsh family in thenortheast of Wales (Welsh Marches). His father, Gruffydd Fychan II, Lord ofGlyndyfrdwy died in 1370 leaving Owain to be brought up by David Hanmer, alawyer. He was sent to London to study law at the Inns of Court for 7 years. He thenreturned to Wales and married David Hanmer’s daughter, Magaret, and establishedhimself as the Squire of Sycherth and Glyndyfrdwy.Glyndwr served in the military from1384 to 1387.He served on the English-Scottishborder and saw action under Richard II in the French wars thus gaining much militaryexperience. He then returned to Wales living quietly for 10 years during his 40’s. Sycherth castle as it was in 1390 and as it is today.In the late 1390’s a dispute over land with his neighbour, Baron Grey de Ruthin,began the WELSH REVOLT or the GLYNDWR RISING. Glyndwr appealed toParliament in 1399 but Baron Grey, a crony of King Henry II, lost his case. Civildisorder broke out in Chester January 1400 and this led to Owain being declaredPrince of Wales by a small group of his followers which included the Dean of StAsaph.After a few small battles with Henry IV in September and October 1400 the whole ofnorth and central Wales joined Owain’s forces. Owain’s first major victory was inJune at Mynydd Hyddgen. 1
  2. 2. BattlesPlace Date Strength Strength Casualties Casualties Result Wales England Wales EnglandMynydd Spring 400 1500 Unknown 200 WelshHyddgen 1405 VictoryBryn Glas Summer 1500 2000 200 600 Welsh 1402 VictoryStalling 3400 Unknown Unknown 1500 WelshDown 1403 VictoryPwll Spring Unknown Unknown 1500 Light EnglishMelyn 1405 Victory1403 was the year the revolt became national with workers leaving England, studentsleaving universities and troops and archers leaving English service to return to Walesto join up with Owain Glyndwr.In 1404 Owain formed his first Parliament of all Wales at Machynlleth where he wascrowned Prince of Wales. He wanted an independent Wales with its own Parliamentand Welsh church with two universities (one in the north and one in the south). Parliament building – Machynlleth. The crowning of Owain Glyndwr as the Prince of Wales. 2
  3. 3. In 1407 the English began to take back control of Wales by blockading Welsh castlesand one by one the lords began to surrender. Aberystwyth castle fell in the autumnand Owain’s wife and two daughters were captured and taken prisoner to the Towerof London where they all died by 1415. Owain remained free and carried on in thehills until 1410. He was never captured and there are claims that he lived out his dayswith his daughter in Herefordshire. Modern day Corwen with statue of Owain Glyndwr.LegacyOwain is remembered outside Wales in Shakespeare’s book Henry IV, Part 1 as themysterious Welshman, who could call spirits from the deep. In Wales he is a nationalhero and there are awards for arts and literature, and a university in Wrexham namedafter him.As well as Shakespeare there are a number of books on the subject. Examples • John Cowper Powys; Owen Glyndwr • Martha Rofheart: Cry ‘God for Glendower’ (1973) • Edith Pargeter: A Bloody Field by Shrewsbury • Malcom Pryce: A Dragon to AgincourtA campaign has started in Wales to make 16th September a public holiday tocommemorate the day Owain raised his standard in Ruthin. His statue stands in theCardiff City Hall in memory of the last Prince of Wales. 3
  4. 4. Life of Owain GlyndwrBorn Married Children Military Died ServiceTo Gruffydd Margaret Total 15 Entered 1384 1416Fychan II HanmerA.D. 1354 A.D. 1383 Male 7 Served in Place: Scotland UnknownPlace: Female 8 Fought againstSycherdd French under Richard IIList of sources for project • Wikipedia information on Battle of Pwll Melyn – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pwll_Melyn • Wikimedia image(s) – http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/Owain_Glyndwr_- _New_Statue_-_geograph.org.uk_-_555789.jpg • Flickr: Image of Glyndŵr – http://www.flickr.com/photos/ziedu_mate/467553827 • Online encyclopedia information on Owain Glyndwr – http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Owain_Glyndwr.aspxThank YouThank you to www.castlewales.com for allowing me to use their images 4