Health & Safety


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Health & Safety

  1. 1. Health & Safety By William Pugh
  2. 2. Health issues when using a computer <ul><li>When you use a computer, you may experience some health issues. These can range from general aches and pains to more serious problems and include: </li></ul><ul><li>Upper limb disorders such as Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI), tendon injury and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - by far the most important as it can quickly lead to permanent incapacity. </li></ul><ul><li>Back and neck pain and discomfort. </li></ul><ul><li>Tension stress headaches and related ailments. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What causes problems? <ul><li>Maintaining an unnatural or unhealthy posture while using the computer </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate lower back support </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting in the same position for an extended period of time </li></ul><ul><li>An ergonomically poor workstation set up </li></ul>
  4. 4. Take a Break <ul><li>Take a break for 10 minutes after every uninterrupted 60 minutes of computer work. </li></ul><ul><li>Short, frequent breaks are more beneficial than occasional, longer breaks. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sit Comfortably <ul><li>Adjust your chair so that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your lower back is supported. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your knees are level with your hips. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your feet are flat on the floor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your eye level is just above the top of the screen. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Repetitive Strain Injury - RSI <ul><li>RSI is a name for a painful condition caused by repetitive movements and bad posture. </li></ul><ul><li>It can take years to develop.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Avoiding RSI <ul><li>Learn to touch type as it encourages the correct positioning of your hand and wrist. </li></ul><ul><li>If your arms are raised or your wrists are bent for very long periods of keyboard use then tendon and nerve disorders can result. </li></ul><ul><li>Using the mouse a repeatedly may put a strain on your hand and wrist muscles. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome <ul><li>Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is caused by RSI </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tingling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness of Grip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of Dexterity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stiffness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cramping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The carpal tunnel is a small tunnel that runs from the bottom of your wrist to your lower palm </li></ul><ul><li>Several tendons that help to move your fingers pass through the carpal tunnel. </li></ul><ul><li>A tendon is a strong tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Several tendons that help to move your fingers pass through the carpal tunnel. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Eye Strain <ul><li>According to medical evidence, computer use is not associated with damage to your eyes or eyesight; nor does it make existing defects worse. However, the eye muscles that shift focus between your source document and a screen can tire.  </li></ul><ul><li>Contact lens wearers may experience the sensation of dry eyes as you may blink less often than usual whilst using a computer. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Symptoms of eye strain can include: <ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Itching eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Burning sensation in the eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul>
  11. 11. About our computer areas <ul><li>We endeavour to provide a comfortable and safe working environment for all students within our open access areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Screens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All student PC monitors swivel and tilt for comfortable viewing. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer areas have good natural and artificial lighting. Blinds are provided where glare from sunlight may be a problem. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. About our computer areas <ul><li>Heating and Cooling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We have fans and central heating for a comfortable temperature. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our chairs adjust for seat height, and height/angle of back rest. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People with Disabilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We have disabled toilets, a ramp at the front of the building, a ramp for internal step. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We carry out a PEEP (Personal Emergency Evacuation Procedure) Plan if required. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Health and Safety Regulations <ul><li>Health & Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 </li></ul>
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