DEFENSIVE DRIVING How safe are our roads? Driving injuries-on or off the job Unsafe acts behind the wheel Driving under the influence “Road rage” Unsafe driving conditions Defensive driving techniques 2 second plus rule Seat belts Vehicle safety features Security measures Did you know?
HOW SAFE ARE OUR ROADS?• 2007 data for the U.S. – 42,643 fatalities – 2,889,000 injuries – 4,365,000 crashes involving property damage – Friday (especially evening/night hours) has more fatal accidents than any other day• NOTE: Most traffic accidents (80% - 90%) result from driver error!!!
USA’S TRAFFIC FATALITY RATEThe country’s fatality rate is continuing to fall as carsbecome more safer. Fatality rate is measured as thenumber of traffic deaths per 100,000,000 miles driven. National Average is 1.09 deaths per 100 million miles of travel.
UNSAFE ACTS BEHIND THE WHEEL• Texting • Adjusting the radio dial• Shaving • Driving at an unsafe speed• Putting on make-up • Failing to stop or yield• Reading a map • Unsafe passing of another• Not using a seatbelt vehicle• • Driving under the influence Tailgating• Not using turning signals *Though perhaps in a different category, eating when driving and using cell phones can compromise your response time bydistracting you and by removing one hand from the steering wheel.
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE (DUI)In 2007, there were 17,013 fatalities in alcohol-related crashes (40% of total trafficfatalities for the year).Sobering facts:•About 2 in every 5 Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related traffic accident at some time in their lives•Remember the one-one rule: one drink per hour (Your body takes about an hour to rid itself of each 1/2 ounce of alcohol)•The legal Blood Alcohol Content in NC is 0.08Progress in this arena:•Drug testing and drug-free workplaces can act as a deterrent.•A social stigma has been building against drinking & driving.•Many social drinkers are being more responsible.Signs that someone may be driving under the influence:•A driver who is slow to respond to a traffic signal may be intoxicated
“ROAD RAGE”• Road rage is driving under the influence of too much anger.• Provoked by: – Feeling endangered by someone else’s driving (another driver cuts you off or tailgates you). – Resentment at being forced to slow down – Righteous indignation at someone who breaks traffic rules – Anger at someone taking out their road rage on you• Therapy for road rage: – Take a deep breath and just let it go!
Unsafe conditions • Poor visibility • Improper vehicle – Night time driving (Fatality maintenance rates/mile are 4 times higher – Inadequate brakes at night.) – Worn tread on tires – Dust storms – Hoses, belts – Rain storms – Inadequate acceleration – Windshield wipers not – Headlight(s) out effective Others • Poor road conditions - Driver fatigue – Slippery surfaces from weather - Unsecured – Road not properly laptops/equipment can maintained become a projectile in a crash.Tip: if the road is wet and the car in Tip: the road is slickest after thefront of you is not leaving tire tracks, first few minutes of rainfall.you may be at risk of hydroplaning.
Defensive Driving Techniques When Always check #1 Rule: Use the right If you are being Check your approaching an the shoulder of always scan edge of the tailgated, incre rearview mirror intersection the road. Youthe road ahead pavement as a ase the anytime you where the light may have to of you to guide if you are following use your has been green pull into the determine any blinded by the distance to the brakes. for a while, shoulder ifupcoming/possi bright lights of car in front of decrease your another driver ble problems; an oncoming you to 4 – 5 speed – this is makes a then, you will vehicle. seconds. called a “stale” mistake.be prepared to green light. stop, change lanes, move onto the shoulder, etc.
DEFENSIVE DRIVING TECHNIQUES CONT’D…When you’re waiting to make a left turn, keep your wheels pointed straight.When you’re going to change lanes, always turn on your signal and look in yourblind spot.If your vehicle begins to skid, turn in the direction of the skid.Always have your lights on during rain, fog, and snow.When another driver is passing you, move to the right and be ready to slow down.When negotiating curves, slow down before you enter the curve.Speed Kills. Drive the speed limit. Reduce your speed based on weatherconditions.Expect the unexpected. Look out for animals!!
2 SECOND PLUS RULE• Under “perfect conditions”, you should maintain a 2 second following distance from the car in front of you. – “Perfect conditions” include driving a car (not a truck, or other larger vehicle) and nice weather. – Adverse conditions include driving a truck or other vehicle larger than a car and rain, snow, ice, or other bad weather.• For each adverse condition, add 1 more second to your following distance.
SEAT BELTS You have a 50% Seat belts keep Seat belts help you Seat belts protect better chance of passengers in their stay in control of you by absorbingsurviving a serious seats during a your vehicle, by the forces of a crash without crash. keeping you in your crash. injuries when you seat. wear a seat belt; your chances ofsurviving a seriouscrash are increased by 45% when you wear a seat belt. Myth: seat belts frequently trap people in burning vehicles.
VEHICLE SAFETY FEATURES• Daytime running lights • Child safety seats – (Headlights that are on – Note: Children in child whenever vehicle is running) seats should not be placed• Lap/shoulder safety belts in the front seat of cars – Reduce risk of moderate-to- • Anti-lock brakes fatal injuries by approximately 50%. • Safety cages built into the• Air bags for driver & vehicle framework passenger • If buying a new car, ask – Combined with lap/shoulder about side-impact collision belts, they reduce risk of data. fatality by another 10%.• Side impact airbags • Research a vehicle’s safety record at• OnStar www.safercar.gov
SECURITY MEASURES• After entering the vehicle, lock the doors immediately and keep the windows rolled up for the duration of the trip.• If you’re driving at night, stay on main roads.• Always be aware of your surroundings when entering/exiting the vehicle and park in well-lit areas.• Have the keys ready to unlock the car before you get to it.• For Women: always drive with your purse on the passenger floor. While waiting at a stop light, criminals have smashed the passenger window and grabbed the purse sitting in the passenger seat.• Always hide valuables in your trunk while the car is unattended.
DID YOU KNOW?• When driving on a road that is new to you: – Your eyes tend to scan the road from left to right, which is an excellent driving habit. – We tend not to scan when in familiar territory.• Most collisions happen within 25 miles of people’s homes.• The best way to deal with a tailgater is to slow down. This gives them a chance to pass you.• When driving in winter weather, your most important responsibility is your ability to anticipate problems.• The best way to drive safely on ice is to decrease your speed and drive defensively. Even better, stay off the roads.
TEST TIME• After viewing the training please click on the tests below.• Print the test out. – Internet Explorer: File Print – Google Chrome: Save to your computer first.• Mesa Employees – Once completed you can email the test to firstname.lastname@example.org – Or you can fax the test in 480-969-5512.• Phoenix Employees – Once completed you can email the test to email@example.com – Or you can fax the test in 602-253-5512.