Population Ecology Intro
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Population Ecology Intro

on

  • 11,403 views

chapter 5 population ecology notes

chapter 5 population ecology notes

Statistics

Views

Total Views
11,403
Views on SlideShare
10,938
Embed Views
465

Actions

Likes
10
Downloads
790
Comments
1

19 Embeds 465

http://ridgebio12.wikispaces.com 244
http://ecologie.uv.ro 59
http://moodle.ut.edu.co 53
http://www.slideshare.net 41
http://ucilnica.gimkr.si 15
http://tecnologias-ecologicas-2011.blogspot.com 12
https://ridgebio12.wikispaces.com 10
http://www.weebly.com 8
http://avhsscience.blogspot.com 6
http://palmersci.pbworks.com 4
http://gallium.pd.local 3
http://micds6thgradescience.wikispaces.com 3
https://bransonhs.blackboard.com 1
https://pekinhigh.blackboard.com 1
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1
http://frutascalientes.blogspot.com 1
http://ihpgpuebla.blogspot.com 1
http://www.blogger.com 1
http://susanasuarezseoane.wordpress.com 1
More...

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

11 of 1

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Population Ecology Intro Population Ecology Intro Presentation Transcript

    • Population Ecology
    • What is population?
      • Group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area
    • Does population change?
      • Sea otters, kelp, and sea urchins
      • Kelp forests offer a habitat for sea otters
      • Sea urchins feed on kelp
      • Sea otters feed on sea urchins
    • Then come the hunters...
      • What do you think happens when sea otters are hunted?
        • Sea urchins increase or decrease?
        • Kelp forest increase or decrease?
      • Sea otters are then placed on the endangered species list
      • So now what happens to the population of sea otter?
        • Starts to increase
      • How does this affect the kelp and the sea urchins?
        • Sea urchins start to get eaten again=decrease in #
        • Kelp increases b/c less sea urchins to eat them
    • But now we have a new hunter….
    • What happens to the sea otter, kelp, and sea urchins?
    • What does this tell us about population?
      • Population changes
      • There are many factors that influence a population
        • Natural
        • Unnatural
      • Population density has a great impact on ecosystems
    • 3 important characteristics of Population
      • Geographic Distribution
      • Density
      • Growth Rate
      ***Population Age structure is also an important characteristic
    • Geographic Distribution
      • AKA Range
      • Describes an area inhabited by a population
      • Can vary
        • Few cubic centimeters
        • Kilometers of the ocean
    •  
    •  
    • Density
      • # of individuals per unit area
      • Low density
        • Cactus in desert
      • High density
        • Other desert plants and succulents
    •  
    • Math Time
      • Formula for calculating population density
      • Population density= Number of individuals
      • units area
      • Problem : Suppose there are 150 bullfrogs living in a pond that covers an area of 3 square kilometers. What is the density of the bullfrog population?
      • 50 bullfrogs per square kilometer
    • Growth Rate
      • Many factors affect growth rate
    • 3 Factors that affect population size
      • # of births
      • # of deaths
      • # of individuals that enter or leave population
      Population will increase or decrease depending on # of individuals added or removed
      • Have more births than deaths?
        • Population increases
      • Have more deaths than births?
        • Population decreases
      • Have equal amounts of births and deaths?
        • Population remains constant
      What happens to the population when we….
    •  
    • Immigration
      • “ im”= in
      • Migrate= to move from one place to another
      • Immigration is the individual movement into an area
      • Animals in search of mates and food in new areas
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • Emigration
      • “ E”  means ‘out’
      • Migrate  means to move from one place to another
      • Emigrate means individuals moving out of one place and into another
      • Young wolves and bears leaving as they mature
      • Shortage of food
    • Two types of growth
      • Exponential growth
        • Individuals reproduce at a constant rate
      • Logistic growth
        • Occurs when a populations growth slows or stops after a period of exponential growth
    • Exponential Growth
      • Occurs under ideal conditions with unlimited resources
      • Think about exponents in math….
      • Starts slowly then sky rockets to infinity
      • Our graph will look like a J
      • Bacteria
    • Lets look at bacteria…
      • Bacteria reproduce by splitting in half
      • Bacteria have a doubling time of 30 minutes
      • If you start will one bacterium, how many bacteria will there be after the first 30 minutes?
        • 2
      • After an hour?
        • 4
      • After an hour and a half?
        • 8
      • After two hours?
        • 16
      • After 15 hours?
        • Over a billion
    •  
    • Logistic Growth
      • As resources become less available, the growth of the population slows or stops
      • S-shape curve
      • What we usually see in nature
    •  
    • Carrying Capacity
      • The largest number of individuals that a given environment can support
      • The part of the logistic graph after the exponential growth…the flattening out
      • The point at which this flat line reaches the y-axis is the size of the population when the growth rate reaches zero
      • This doesn’t mean the population stops growing
      • Many factors slow the growth of plants and animals…
    •