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Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
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Grammar book

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  • 1. GRAMMAR BOOKMaría Lind
  • 2. Table of Contents1. Qué vs. Cual2. Ser3. Gustar4. Estar5. Transition words6. Imperfect7. Triggers8. Acabar de + infinitive9. Hace+time+que+present
  • 3. Qué vs. Cual¿ Qué? ¿Cual? Used when asking  Usually used before for definitions „es‟ and other Ser Most often used forms when not before nouns seeking a definition Same singular and plural forms
  • 4. Ser Description: ¿Qué es? Origin: ¿De dondé es? Characteristics: ¿Como es? Time: ¿Qué hora es? Occupation: ¿Qué hace? Relationships: ¿Quien es? Possession: ¿De quien es? Events: ¿Cuando/Donde es? Dates: ¿Qué dia es hoy?
  • 5. Estar Health: ¿Como estas? Emotions: ¿Como estas? Location (en): ¿Donde estas? Present Condition: ¿Como esta? I Ar- ando Er/ir- endo ¿Qué estas haciendo? N -yendo G
  • 6. Gustar Hay solo formas: gusta y gustan me te le nos os les Usa gusta antes de un sustantivo singular. Usa gusta antes de un infinitivo. No comes before me, te, le, nos, os, les. “a” emphasizes.
  • 7. Transition words Tambien Primero Segundo Ahora Despues Ni-ni Por-eso Asi-que Y entonces
  • 8. imperfect IR- yo=iba, tu+ibas, el/ella/usted=iba, nosotros =ibamos, ellos/ella/ustedes=iban SER- yo=era, tu=eras, el/ella/usted=era, nosot ros=eramos, ellos/ellas/ustedes=eran VER- yo=veia, tu=veias, el/ella/usted=veia, no sotros=veiamos, ellos/ellas/ustedes=veian
  • 9. Triggers Todos los dias A menudo A veces Siempre Cada dia Generalmente Los lunes mientras
  • 10. Acabar de+infinitiveTo have just done something (in the recent past)Acabo de llevar a mi hermana a su casa
  • 11. Hace+ time+que+present Hace+time+que+conjugated verb How long you‟ve been doing something What needs to be done
  • 12. VERBS LIKE GUSTAR Means “it pleasures me”-me gusta -nos gusta-te gusta - os gusta-le gusta -les gusta When object receiving the verb is plural change gusta to gustan.
  • 13. FORMULAS 3 formulas:1. Hace + time + que + conjugated verb2. Hace + que + infinitive3. Se prohibe + infinitive
  • 14. Reflexive Maquillarse Ducharse Drop the „se‟ Change the doer to the receiver
  • 15. Tu commands Di decir Has hacer Ve ver pen pener Sal saler Se ser Ten tener Ven vener
  • 16. DOP and placement I am bathing Me estoy banando. Estoy banandome.

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