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Online Interaction


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    • 1. Online Interaction Abdullah Alruhaimi
    • 2. Five Generation of Distance Education
      • Correspondence Study (1878)
      • Broadcasting (1921)
      • Open universities (1964)
      • Teleconferencing (1965)
      • Internet-Based virtual classes (1992)
    • 3. Definition of Online Interaction
      • Wagner defined interaction in distance learning as an interplay and exchange in which individuals and groups influence each other.
      • Moore defined interaction in distance learning as “two way communication among two or more persons for purposes of explaining and challenging perspectives”
    • 4. Methods in Distance Learning are Divided into Two Types. Synchronous Asynchronous Video conference E-mail and board discussion Telephone CD and DVD chatting Static web pages Audio-conference Fax Web-conference Textbooks and handouts
    • 5. Online Interaction
      • Most of the studies show that high levels of interaction generate high quality of learning and high levels of satisfaction.
      • In 1980, Moore developed the theory of Transactional Distance.
      • Moore stated three forms of interaction in distance learning:
    • 6. Moore’s forms of interaction
      • Instructor-Learner Interaction
      • Student-Student Interaction
      • Student-Content Interaction
    • 7. Anderson and Garrison (1998) added three more forms of interaction in distance learning
      • Teacher-Content Interaction
      • Teacher-Teacher Interaction
      • The Content-Content Interaction
    • 8. I have added eight form of interaction in distance learning
      • Student-Content-Instructor Interaction
      • Facilitator-student Interaction
      • Facilitators-Content Interaction
      • Facilitator-Teacher Interaction
      • Facilitator-Facilitator Interaction
      • Students-Teacher- Facilitator Interaction
      • Facilitator-Content-Teacher Interaction
      • Facilitator-Content-Teacher-Student Interaction
    • 9. Moore and Kearsley (2005) said that interaction is developed and utilized in distance education course instruction is dependent upon factors such as the instructor’s philosophy of instruction.
    • 10. Multiple Intelligences Theory Gardner believed that we should not use the same methods and strategies for teaching and assessing all students.
    • 11. Vygotsky ZPD “ Through others, we become ourselves.” “ What children can do with the assistance of others might be in some sense even more indicative of their mental development than what they can do alone.” Zone of Proximal Development Learner’s Current Ability
    • 12. Internet tools Mastering internet tool will help the instructor to increase the level of interactions.
    • 13. In conclusion We have to integrate between the educational theories and the internet tools and technologies to achieve high level of interaction.