The European DirectivesThe Italian contextThe GMESOS ELECTRICITY BILL - How to read it?- Tariffs- Electricity Bill- Home Displayer- Innovative Proposals
THE LIBERALISATION OF THE ELECTRIC MARKET The Community contest: The openining of the electricity market The directive 96/92/CE The directive 2003/54/CE The directive 2009/72/CE relating to common regulations for the electricity market
THE ITALIAN CONTESTThe transposition of the directives: The Bersani act 79/3/99 The green certificates Incentive on renewable resources
THE PRINCIPLE OF THE ELECTRIC SECTORLIBERALIZATION INTRODUCED BY THE BERSANI ACT • Guarantee of a plurality of producers • Free access to the Grid • Free choices for elegible customers (In 2003 elegible customers should consume 100.000 kWh annually, while since 2007 every customer is elegible to have access to the free market) Vertical Separation of the monopolist of the electric sector (in the next slides Company “X”)
ENERGY GOVERNANCE IN ITALY• The Bersani Act provides for the activity of distribution through concessions released by the Minister of Productive Activity until 2030• The Authority for Electric Energy and Gas was established by the Law n. 481/1995 It is an Indipendent Authority For Regulation and Control• Introduction of the “single autorization” (Law n. 55/ 2002)• Unified Act on the Electric Market approved in 2003• Trasmission and dispaching activity to the GSE (ex GRTN) The energy transmission is managed by TERNA (Act Introduced in 2004)
Electric energy producersBilateral Agreements Electrical market Wholesalers Exclusive buyer Supply agreements Eligible Customers Bounded Customers
THE ELECTRIC SYSTEM • Virtual zones • Points of offer • Points of immission • Dispatching user
WHAT IS THE GMEGestore dei Mercati Energetici is the companywhich was set up by “Gestore della Rete diTrasmissione Nazionale S.p.A.” (now “Gestoredei Servizi Energetici – GSE S.p.A.) with themission of organising and economicallymanaging the Electricity Market, underprinciples of neutrality, transparency,objectivity and competition betweenproducers, as well as of economically managingan adequate availability of reserve capacity.
THE GME’S MARKETS THE DAY BEFORE MARKET (MGP)It’s executed the morning before the delivery day THE ADJUSTMENT MARKET (MA)Carried out right after the MGP, on the first afternoon hours THE DISPATCH SERVICE MARKET (MSD)Operators present modifications of their offer, whether to increase or reduce the amount of potency inserted on or taken from the grid.
QUESTIONS Is the Italian market fully liberalized? Which is The role of the Electrical Authority? Which is The role of communication towards consumers?
ELECTRICY TARIFF OFFERS (same seller different offers) Free market Household of 3 person with 3kW of power used and annual consumption of 28000 kWh of which: 35% in fascia 1 30% in fascia 1 30% in fascia 2 25% in fascia 2 35% in fascia 3 45% in fascia 3 Estimated Estimated annual Nr. Offers Seller Tipology annual Seller Tipology Nr. Offert expenditure expenditure A Company “X” locked 448,043 A Company”X” locked 448,03 B B Company “X” locked 453,49 Company”X” locked 440,52(tariffa bioraria) (tariffa bioraria) C Company “X” locked 521,42 C Company”X” locked 521,42 D Company “X” locked 567,82 D Company”X” locked 567,82 E E Company “X” locked 578,57 Company”X” locked 553,14(tariffa bioraria) (tariffa bioraria)
ELECTRICY TARIFF OFFERS (different sellers similar tariffs) Free market Household of 3 person with 3kW of power used and annual consumption of 28000 kWh of which: 35% in fascia 1 30% in fascia 1 30% in fascia 2 25% in fascia 2 35% in fascia 3 45% in fascia 3 Estimated EstimatedSeller Tipology annual Seller Tipology annual expenditure expenditure Y locked 452,09 Y locked 439,12 Z locked 450,14 Z locked 450,14 W locked 480,21 W locked 476,45 K locked 501,98 K locked 499,76 T locked 539,22 T locked 535,29
ELECTRICY TARIFF OFFERTS Enhanced Protection Household of 3 person with 3kW of power used and annual consumption of 28000 kWh of which: 35% in fascia 1 30% in fascia 1 30% in fascia 2 25% in fascia 2 35% in fascia 3 45% in fascia 3 Estimated Estimated Nr. Offer Seller Tipology annual Seller Tipology annual expenditure Nr. Offer expenditureServizio Adjusted by Indexed by Servizio Adjusted Indexed bymaggior 474,13 472,52 AEEG AEEG maggior tutela by AEEG AEEGtutela SMT (prezziSMT (prezzi Adjusted Indexed by Adjusted by Indexed by biorari 473,2biorari 474,57 by AEEG AEEG AEEG AEEG transitori)transitori)SMT (prezzi SMT (prezzi Adjusted by Indexed by Adjusted Indexed bybiorari a 474,79 biorari a 474,13 AEEG AEEG by AEEG AEEGrichiesta) richiesta)
GRAPHIC OF THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FREE MARKET AND PROTECTION SERVICE 300 250 200 150 Free market band 1kWh Free market band 2 Protection service band 2 100 Protection service band 1 50 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 €
Some problems for the User!!!!The Enhanced Protection Electric Billfor households does not fully reflectthe dynamics of the electricity market:The volatility of the energy costfollows fossil fuels’ price trends!!He doesn’t understand what he’sgoing to payHe wants to know how to pay less(The quota is fixed by the Authority forElectric Energy and Gas)
ELECTRIC ENERGY PRICE Set annually by the local distributor and approved by the AEEG National Taxes R&D costs + renewable energy incentives etc… defined and update by AEEG
ELECTRICITY BILL PROPOSALS• The items description• The highest consumption band• Consumption Graphic Trends
HOME DISPLAY Energy’s availabilityProduction Meter light Fascia Tariffaria 1-2-3 / Display as a percentual ratio between available power and PZ Max Val % currently used power PZ Utilizzata Consumo/ (gg/set/mese) Costi/ Period’s statitics selection key Produzione (gg/set/mese) Ricavi Fascia 1 Consumption/production Fascia 2 statistics selection key Fascia 3 ToT % Di Consumo o Produzione/Energia Daily, weekly, monthly energy’s utilizzata consumption/production statistics (percentual) N° Cliente data - ora
HOME DISPLAYER APPLICATIONSFascia Tariffaria 1-2-3 /PZ Max Val %PZ UtilizzataConsumo/Produzione (gg/set/mese) Costi/ Application for smartphones and computers,Ricavi with the same display’s interface, alwaysFascia 1 userfriendlyFascia 2Fascia 3ToT% Di Consumo oProduzione/EnergiautilizzataN° Cliente data - ora
Company X: How to inform the userE-MAIL USER PROFILEWhen? EVERY 3 MONTHS DATABASE ELECTRIC BILL ( month, annual)THE BILL:It will be attached to an e- - INTERACTIVE CHARTS:mail and there will be a There is the possibility toLINK to access to your highlight the consumptionprivate profile, through range on a monthly orwhich you will be able to hourly basis.pay and to watch yourconsumption Chart Measure Units: • kWh/Monthly or Daily • €/kWh CHAT &FUNCTIONAL CALL-CENTER - HOME DISPLAYER• Short waiting time TUTORIAL• Clear answers
NEW GENERATION OF TECHNOLOGY GOOD!You have enough power European standard for the available household appliances BE CAREFUL, PLEASE! You’re almost at the maximum usage level ATTENTION! You have exceeded your maximum power consumption!