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GIS, Mash-Ups and Geographic Standards:    Appropriate Mapping and Analysis        Tools for Situation Rooms              ...
Overview   European Civil Protection   GIS   Geographic Standards   Mash-Ups   Summary and Conclusion               G...
European Civil Protection Crisis Management Laboratory at JRC Data collection  (live media/web, own data) Validation and...
European Civil ProtectionThe Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) Operated by the EC in Brussels Heart of Community M...
European Civil ProtectionMIC during emergencies: Communications hub Information provision Supports co-ordination       ...
European Civil ProtectionExample Map              GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   6
European Civil ProtectionIn 2010 Critech produced crisis maps during thefollowing 11 disaster events:12.01.2010:   Earthqu...
European Civil ProtectionGeo-Information related Requirements              Event-specific geographic information         ...
GIS               Development of GIS (I)1980s >> first commercial GIS vendors (e.g. ESRI)      >> complex closed applicati...
GIS               Development of GIS (II)2005 >> Google Earth     >> First time maps and satellite images        of the wh...
GISA Geographic InformationSystem (GIS) is designed tocapture, store, manipulate,analyze, manage and presentall types of g...
GIS Mapping the real worldFigure from: http://giscommons.org                                     GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summe...
GIS Modeling and analyzing the real world     Concept of     “Features”                                          Figure f...
GISExample: Point-in-Polygon Analysis (Even-Odd-Rule)       Odd number of intersections >> Point inside       Even numbe...
GIS   Figure from: http://giscommons.orgGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   15
GIS                                     Raster data                                      Grid-cell data structure        ...
GIS                                     Vector data                                      Features are presented by points...
GIS     Topology = Spatial RelationshipsFirst law of geography: “Everything is related to everything else, but nearthings ...
GISSet of topology rules Each edge has two nodes Each edge has an area on the left and right side of it Each area is en...
GISInternal StorageNode Coordinates   Edge   From-To         Area     Edge-List      Edge   Left-Right1     (0,10)       a...
GISNetwork Example                  GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011
GIS                 GIS SoftwareCommercial Solutions:                Free Solutions: Autodesk                           ...
GISOpenJUMP           GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   23
GIS                    >> OpenJUMP DemoOpenJUMP and Printer PlugIn:http://openjump.org/index.htmlhttp://www.cadplan.com.au...
GISESRI ArcGIS              GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   25
GISGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   26
GISGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   27
GISGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   28
GIS  Creation of   customtoolboxes andmodels with the ModelBuilder                  Figure from: http://webhelp.esri.com  ...
GISGIS is a powerful tool for      analysis of big amounts of spatial data      storage of big amounts of spatial data    ...
GIS… is not so good for     sharing geospatial data     Web based interactive maps     handling non-GIS formats like KML, ...
StandardsOpen Geospatial Consortium (OGC)> non-profit, international, voluntary consensus standards organizationWeb Map Se...
Standards                  OGC Web Map ServiceGetCapabilitieshttp://139.191.1.149/ArcGIS93/services/GDACS/gdacsEQ/MapServe...
StandardsSpatial Data Infrastructure   …for storing, accessing and sharing distributed spatial    data in an Service Orie...
StandardsCurrent SDI topics   Geoprocessing    >> Web Processing Service (WPS)   Sensor/real-time data integration    >>...
Mash-UpsExample Report(including mapscreenshots)                 GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011   36
Mash-UpsMash-Up:   Combining different web    applications or functions   Merging existent content    with additional in...
JRC Web Map Viewer                   http://dma.jrc.it/map Web-based, client-side solution supported in all browsers No ...
JRC Web Map Viewer                                          Load Base Maps                                               A...
JRC Web Map Viewer   Geocoding functionality      What’s near? – Analysis      Measuring      Save MapSave Map (URL) witho...
Summary and ConclusionGeo-Information related Requirements                                                               M...
Summary and ConclusionMost complete solution for situation rooms                        SDI               GIS Lecture ISCR...
LinksMIChttp://ec.europa.eu/echo/civil_protection/civil/prote/mic.htmGDACShttp://www.gdacs.org/JRC Web Map Viewer http://d...
Links     Disaster Data Sources:                                 UshahidiOpenStreetMap                                    ...
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GIS, Mash-Ups and Geographic Standards

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Lecture by Beate Stollberg at the ISCRAM Summer School 2011 about GIS, Geographic Standards and Mash-Ups

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  1. 1. GIS, Mash-Ups and Geographic Standards: Appropriate Mapping and Analysis Tools for Situation Rooms Beate Stollberg Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen, Global Security and Crisis Management UnitISCRAM Summer School 2011Tilburg, 22.08.2011
  2. 2. Overview European Civil Protection GIS Geographic Standards Mash-Ups Summary and Conclusion GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 2
  3. 3. European Civil Protection Crisis Management Laboratory at JRC Data collection (live media/web, own data) Validation and processing Presentation and dissemination Situational awareness and political response Advisory role GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 3
  4. 4. European Civil ProtectionThe Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) Operated by the EC in Brussels Heart of Community Mechanism for Civil Protection Available 24/7, duty officers on shift Any country (inside or outside the EU) affected by a major disaster can launch a request for assistance through the MIC GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 4
  5. 5. European Civil ProtectionMIC during emergencies: Communications hub Information provision Supports co-ordination Map Report GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 5
  6. 6. European Civil ProtectionExample Map GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 6
  7. 7. European Civil ProtectionIn 2010 Critech produced crisis maps during thefollowing 11 disaster events:12.01.2010: Earthquake Haiti 30 maps27.02.2010: Tsunami Chile 14 maps14.04.2010: Volcano Iceland 1 map20.05.2010: Flood Poland 3 maps06.07.2010: Flood Moldova 1 map03.08.2010: Flood Pakistan 42 maps03.10.2010: Chemical Spill Hungary 5 maps18.10.2010: Typhoon Megi Philippines 1 map25.10.2010: Tsunami Sumatra 1 map05.11.2010: Hurricane Tomas Haiti 3 maps19.11.2010: Cholera Outbreak Haiti 5 maps GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 7
  8. 8. European Civil ProtectionGeo-Information related Requirements  Event-specific geographic information  Places Finding  Best available background maps  Spatial analysis  Map images (“Screenshots” for briefing reports)  Detailed (printed) maps Mapping  Shared (digital) maps with real-time information  Collaborative mapping Archiving  Store data GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 8
  9. 9. GIS Development of GIS (I)1980s >> first commercial GIS vendors (e.g. ESRI) >> complex closed applications1994 >> Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) founded >> development of common standards2000s >> Interoperable Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 9
  10. 10. GIS Development of GIS (II)2005 >> Google Earth >> First time maps and satellite images of the whole world were freely available >> Mash-Ups >> often including maps >> User Generated Content (UGC) >> often including location (cheap GPS devices) >> Location Based Service (LBS) WEB 2.0 GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 10
  11. 11. GISA Geographic InformationSystem (GIS) is designed tocapture, store, manipulate,analyze, manage and presentall types of geographically Processingreferenced data.In the simplest terms, GIS isthe merging of cartography,statistical analysis, anddatabase technology. Data(base) GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 11
  12. 12. GIS Mapping the real worldFigure from: http://giscommons.org GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 12
  13. 13. GIS Modeling and analyzing the real world Concept of “Features” Figure from: http://giscommons.org GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 13
  14. 14. GISExample: Point-in-Polygon Analysis (Even-Odd-Rule)  Odd number of intersections >> Point inside  Even number of intersections >> Point outside GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 14
  15. 15. GIS Figure from: http://giscommons.orgGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 15
  16. 16. GIS Raster data  Grid-cell data structure  Location of a cell is identified by row and column  Each cell (pixel) has an assignedFigure from: http://giscommons.org value  “Easy” creation from image data, e.g. satellite images, scans Resolution determined by pixel size Efficient representation of dense data, e.g. elevation GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 16
  17. 17. GIS Vector data  Features are presented by points, lines and polygons  Each feature may have many assigned values (attribute data)  “Complex” creationFigure from: http://giscommons.org Efficient representation of discrete data Topology creation possible GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 17
  18. 18. GIS Topology = Spatial RelationshipsFirst law of geography: “Everything is related to everything else, but nearthings are more related than distant things.” Distances between features Adjacency of features Connectivity of features GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 18
  19. 19. GISSet of topology rules Each edge has two nodes Each edge has an area on the left and right side of it Each area is enclosed by edges and nodes Each node is enclosed by edges and areas Each line crossing is a node GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 19
  20. 20. GISInternal StorageNode Coordinates Edge From-To Area Edge-List Edge Left-Right1 (0,10) a 1-2 A a,b,f,g,h a W-A2 (2,11) b 2-3 B c,d,e,f b X-A3 (5,11) c 3-4 C g,e,k,j,i c X-B4 (8,11) d 4-5 d Y-B5 (8,9) e 5-6 e C-B6 (5,8) f 6-3 f A-B7 (2,7) g 6-7 g C-A8 (5,5) h 7-1 h V-A9 (3,6) i 7-9 i C-V J 9-8 J C-Z k 8-5 k C-Y GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 20
  21. 21. GISNetwork Example GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011
  22. 22. GIS GIS SoftwareCommercial Solutions: Free Solutions: Autodesk  uDig Bentley Systems  gvSIG ERDAS IMAGINE  OpenJUMP ESRI  Quantum GIS Intergraph  GRASS GIS MapInfo  SAGA GIS Smallworld …… GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 22
  23. 23. GISOpenJUMP GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 23
  24. 24. GIS >> OpenJUMP DemoOpenJUMP and Printer PlugIn:http://openjump.org/index.htmlhttp://www.cadplan.com.au/JumpPrinterV1.29.jarHaiti Data:http://download.geofabrik.de/osm/http://cegrp.cga.harvard.edu/haiti/?q=content/haiti-earthquake-gis-datahttp://geocommons.com GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 24
  25. 25. GISESRI ArcGIS GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 25
  26. 26. GISGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 26
  27. 27. GISGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 27
  28. 28. GISGIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 28
  29. 29. GIS Creation of customtoolboxes andmodels with the ModelBuilder Figure from: http://webhelp.esri.com GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 29
  30. 30. GISGIS is a powerful tool for analysis of big amounts of spatial data storage of big amounts of spatial data production of cartographic maps GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 30
  31. 31. GIS… is not so good for sharing geospatial data Web based interactive maps handling non-GIS formats like KML, GeoRSS GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 31
  32. 32. StandardsOpen Geospatial Consortium (OGC)> non-profit, international, voluntary consensus standards organizationWeb Map Service (WMS) >> VisualizationWeb Feature Service (WFS) >> Vector data accessWeb Coverage Service (WCS) >> Raster data accessCatalogue Service for the Web (CSW) >> Search...http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 32
  33. 33. Standards OGC Web Map ServiceGetCapabilitieshttp://139.191.1.149/ArcGIS93/services/GDACS/gdacsEQ/MapServer/WMSServer?REQUEST=GetCapabilitiesGetMaphttp://139.191.1.149/ArcGIS93/services/GDACS/gdacsEQ/MapServer/WMSServer?REQUEST=GetMap&SERVICE=WMS&VERSION=1.1.1&LAYERS=0&FORMAT=image/png&TRANSPARENT=TRUE&STYLES=&SRS=EPSG:4326&BBOX=-180,-90,180,90&WIDTH=800&HEIGHT=400 GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 33
  34. 34. StandardsSpatial Data Infrastructure …for storing, accessing and sharing distributed spatial data in an Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Standardized interfaces like OGC WMS, WFS etc. usually government-related, e.g. NSDI in the US, INSPIRE in the EU GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 34
  35. 35. StandardsCurrent SDI topics Geoprocessing >> Web Processing Service (WPS) Sensor/real-time data integration >> Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 35
  36. 36. Mash-UpsExample Report(including mapscreenshots) GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 36
  37. 37. Mash-UpsMash-Up:  Combining different web applications or functions  Merging existent content with additional information  Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), e.g. Google Maps API Easy access to base map data, e.g. Google, Bing, OpenStreetMap Easy integration of “Web 2.0 data”, e.g. KML, GeoRSS GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 37
  38. 38. JRC Web Map Viewer http://dma.jrc.it/map Web-based, client-side solution supported in all browsers No need to install software GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 38
  39. 39. JRC Web Map Viewer Load Base Maps Add a base Add external Load WMS map layer GEORSS file images Add overlays Add external KML fileOverlay GeoRSS, KML, WMS GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 39
  40. 40. JRC Web Map Viewer Geocoding functionality What’s near? – Analysis Measuring Save MapSave Map (URL) withoutHeader/Footer/Controls forintegration in own website GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 40
  41. 41. Summary and ConclusionGeo-Information related Requirements Mash-Up  Event-specific geographic information  Places Mash-Up Finding Mash-Up  Best available background maps GIS  Spatial analysis Mash-Up  Map images (“Screenshots” for briefing reports) GIS  Detailed (printed) maps Mash-Up Mapping  Shared (digital) maps with real-time information Mash-Up SDI  Collaborative mapping SDI Archiving  Store data GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 41
  42. 42. Summary and ConclusionMost complete solution for situation rooms SDI GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 42
  43. 43. LinksMIChttp://ec.europa.eu/echo/civil_protection/civil/prote/mic.htmGDACShttp://www.gdacs.org/JRC Web Map Viewer http://dma.jrc.it/map/OpenJUMPhttp://openjump.org/Geo-Data Sharinghttp://geocommons.comOGChttp://www.opengeospatial.org/ beate.stollberg@jrc.ec.europa.eu GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 43
  44. 44. Links Disaster Data Sources: UshahidiOpenStreetMap Google GeoCommons GIS Lecture ISCRAM Summer School 2011 44
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