2011 iscram summerschoolprogrambook


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Program Book of the 2011 ISCRAM Summer School on Humanitarian Information Management and Logistics

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2011 iscram summerschoolprogrambook

  1. 1. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School onHumanitarian Information Management and Logistics The case of the Haiti Earthquake Program Book August 17-26, 2011 TILBURG UNIVERSITY Tilburg, the Netherlands
  2. 2. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program ISCRAM International Association ivzw p/a Hermann Debrouxlaan 40 1160 Brussels - BelgiumFoundational Partners of the Summer School:B-FAST, BelgiumGlobal Risk Forum GRF DavosICT4Peace FoundationInstitute for Disaster Prevention ChinaJoint Research Center of the Europan CommissionUN OCHA2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program Directors:Paulo Goncalves, Universita della Svizzera italiana, SwitzerlandBartel Van de Walle, Tilburg University, the Netherlands2011 ISCRAM Summer School Local Organizing Team:Janneke Liebregts – van MaarleRon de MildeJan Otten (chair)Paul Pattynama The 2011 ISCRAM Summer School is grateful for the financial support by the City of Tilburg, ICET, Safety Region Midden- en West Brabant, TIAS-NIMBAS Business School, the Tilburg School of Economics and Management, and the Information Management Department. 2/22
  3. 3. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program 2011 ISCRAM SUMMER SCHOOL PROGRAM BOOK This version: August 10 2011TABLE OF CONTENTS1. Practical Information: Daily schedule, Venue, Travel ............................................ 42. Program Overview ............................................................................................... 113. Participants .......................................................................................................... 154. Lecturers .............................................................................................................. 175. Lectures - short abstracts.................................................................................... 19 3/22
  4. 4. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program1. Practical Information: Daily schedule, Venue, TravelThe fourth ISCRAM Summer School takes place at Tilburg University, from August 16to 26 2011. The university website is: http://www.tilburguniversity.nl . The contactperson at the University is Mrs. Alice Kloosterhuis, Secretary Office of theDepartment of Information Systems and Management. Mrs. Kloosterhuis can bereached at +31 13 466 2188 during regular office hours.On-site registration takes place on Wednesday, August 17 at Tilburg University, inbuilding K (Koopmans Building, the tallest building on the campus), Office K725 (inBuilding K, see campus map below), from 10 am in the morning until 1 pm. At 1 pm,lunch is offered at the student cafetaria.The daily program consists of morning and afternoon lectures, focusing on theoryand practice. All lectures take place on campus in building T (the TIAS Building, seecampus map below) in room TZ2. All lectures start at 9:00 am, until noon. Lunch willbe held in the Student Cafeteria. The afternoon sessions start at 2 pm until the endof the afternoon. Dinner will take place in various locations in town. 4/22
  5. 5. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program Tilburg and the NetherlandsWith a population of nearly 200,000 inhabitants, Tilburg is the Netherlands sixthlargest city and is located in the South of the country, close to the Belgian border, inthe Province of ‘North Brabant’. 5/22
  6. 6. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School ProgramFor more (tourist) information on the Netherlands and Tilburg, see for instance:http://www.tilburg.nl/english/ep/home.dohttp://www.vvvtilburg.nl/ 6/22
  7. 7. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program From Schiphol Airport to Tilburg (Tilburg Central Train Station):The easiest way is to take the train. For details on how to get from Schiphol toTilburg by train, see:http://www.tilburguniversity.nl/contact/route/air.htmland here:http://www.tilburguniversity.nl/contact/route/train.htmlThe Dutch Railways (NS or Nationale Spoorwegen) website is here:http://www.ns.nl/ (choose English version). Hotel Address:All participants at the Summer Schools are staying in hotel ‘De Postelse Hoeve’ whichis located in Tilburg.Hotel Contact Information:Hotel De Postelse HoeveDr. Deelenlaan 105042 AD TilburgPhone: +31 13 4636335 (or 013 463 6335 when you are in the country)Fax: +31 13 4639390E-mail: info@depostelsehoeve.nlhttp://www.depostelsehoeve.nl/ 7/22
  8. 8. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program How to get from Tilburg Central train station (lower right flag on map) to De Postelse Hoeve hotel (upper left flag on the map): You can take a bus to the hotel, or a taxi. However, at the hotel, we have bikes waiting for you (after all, this is Holland!) that you can use to get to the university. 8/22
  9. 9. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program How to get from Hotel De Postelse Hoeve (upper right flag on map) to Tilburg University campus (lower left flag on map): 9/22
  10. 10. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program Map of Tilburg University Campus with all Buildings indicated:Campus address: Warandelaan 2, 5000 LE Tilburg, the Netherlands. Contact Information Organizers:During the Summer School, you can always contact Bartel:Bartel Van de Walle:Cell phone (any time): +32 479 45 7117Home phone: +32 14 84 20 79University office: +31 13 466 2016Email: bartel@uvt.nl or bvdwalle@gmail.com 10/22
  11. 11. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program2. Program OverviewAll Summer School locations are on the Tilburg University campus. Please note thatthe program may still be subject to last-minute changes.Day 1: Wednesday, August 17 2011Registration takes place at Tilburg University, building K, room K713 (room 13 on the7th floor) between 10 am - 1pm, followed by a light lunch at 1 pm, and later thatafternoon a welcome reception offered by the University at 4 pm.Important Notice: Bikes (yes, this is Holland!) will be waiting for you at the Hotelupon your arrival on the 17th, so you can use your bike to get to the University forthe registration. A member of the organising team will be at the Hotel in themorning to help you with the bikes, and hand over your bike. If you are arriving later,you can get the keys for your bike at the hotel reception desk. Time Location Activity 10 am – 1 pm K713 (Bartel’s office) On-site Registration 1 pm – 2 pm Student Cafetaria Light lunch 2 – 4 pm T-building, room TZ2 Introduction to the Summer School: why are we here? 4 – 6 pm Tilburry III (on Campus) Welcome Reception offered by the department of Information ManagementDay 2: Thursday, August 18 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am T-building – room TZ2 Haiti experiences: Geert Gijs (B-FAST), Jen Janice (TNT), Gerard De Groot (Tilburg University) 12:30 – 2 pm Student Cafeteria Lunch 2 – 5pm T-building – room TZ2 Making Sense of it all, by Chris Ansell, Berkeley 11/22
  12. 12. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program University, USA 7 pm Dinner Museum of Textiles, TilburgDay 3: Friday, August 19 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am T-building – room TZ2 GDACS: the Global Disaster Alerting and Communication System by Tom De Groeve, JRC Ispra 12 – 1 pm Student Cafeteria Lunch 1 – 4 pm T-building – room TZ2 Early Warning and more by Ioannis Dokas, UCC Cork, Ireland 4 – 6 pm T-building – room TZ2 USAR, by Peter Bos 7 pm Restaurant Dinner in Café Karel, TilburgDay 4: Saturday, August 20 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am Hotel Postelse Hoeve Design Workshop by Jonas Landgren, IT University, Gothenburg, Sweden 12 – 1 pm Hotel Postelse Hoeve Lunch Afternoon Brewery Beer tasting at Brewery (Tilburg) Evening BarbequeDay 5: Sunday, August 21 2011Day off – time to explore the Netherlands! 12/22
  13. 13. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School ProgramDay 6: Monday, August 22 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am T-building – room TZ2 Humanitarian Information Management in Haiti (Andrew Alspach, UN OCHA) 12 – 1 pm Student Cafeteria Lunch 1 – 4 pm T-building – room TZ2 Geographical Information Systems (Beate Stollberg, JRC Ispra) 4 – 6 pm T-building – room TZ2 Geographical Information Systems in the Field (Naomi Morris) 7 pm Restaurant Dinner at La Cabana, TilburgDay 7: Tuesday, August 23 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am T-building – room TZ2 The logistics of Humanitarian Operations (Robin Mays, USA) 12 – 1 pm Student Cafeteria Lunch 1 – 3 pm T-building – room TZ2 Lecture by Rene Moraal (training, Falck NL) 3 – 6 pm T-building – room TZ2 Crisis Information Management (Sanjana Hattutowa, ICT4Peace) 7 pm Restaurant Dinner at Peerke Donders, Tilburg 13/22
  14. 14. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School ProgramDay 8: Wednesday, August 24 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am T-building – room TZ2 Crisis Information Management (Sanjana Hattutowa, ICT4Peace) 12 – 1 pm Student Cafeteria 1 – 5 pm T-building – room TZ2 Health Challenges (Jules Pieters, WHO) 7 pm Restaurant Dinner at La Grotta, TilburgDay 9: Thursday, August 25 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am Hotel De Postelse Hoeve Leaving for exercise day in BelgiumDay 10: Friday, August 26 2011 Time Location Activity 9 am T-building – room TZ2 Closing Session 12 – 1 pm Student Cafeteria Farewell Lunch 14/22
  15. 15. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program3. Participants Andersson, Dennis FOI Sweden Bo, Tao Earthquake Administration China Castaneda Acevedo, Jaime Andres University of Lugano Switzerland Defree, Dimitri Crisis Management Service, Health Department Belgium Desjardins, Janie Pearson Peacekeeping Center Canada Granasen, Magdalena FOI Sweden Gupta, Kailash University of North Texas USA Harrington, Bekky-Jay Nepal Ministry of Home Affairs Nepal Ho, Joanne University of Washington USA Jiang, Jingui Harbin Engineering University China Kluckner, Sigmund University of Stuttgart Germany 15/22
  16. 16. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School ProgramLebak, AdolfCBRN Defense Center of ExcellenceCzech RepublicLendholt, MatthiasGFZ German Research Center for GeosciencesGermanyMollmann, StefanKarlsruher Institute of TechnologyGermanyMoshtari, MohammedUniversity of LuganoSwitzerlandRane, SanjayUN OCHAKenyaRoy, PriyankaUniversity of AstonUKSun, YouweiChina Institute of Disaster PreventionChinaVillaveces, JeffreyUN OCHAColombiaWidera, AdamUniversity of MunsterGermanyZhang, TaoNational Earthquake Response ServiceChina 16/22
  17. 17. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program4. Lecturers Alspach, Andrew UN OCHA Switzerland Ansell, Chris Department of Political Science University of California, Berkeley USA Bos, Peter USAR The Netherlands De Groeve, Tom Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Support to External Security Joint Research Centre of the European Commission Dokas, Ioannis Cork Constraint Computation Center University College Cork Ireland Gijs, Geert Proces Manager Operations Emergency Planning & Disaster Relief Coordinator B-FAST Incident and Crisis Management Federal Public Service Health Belgium Hattotuwa, Sanjana ICT4Peace Switzerland Landgren, Jonas IT University and Gothenburg University Sweden Mays, Robin University of Washington USA 17/22
  18. 18. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School ProgramMoraal, ReneFalck NLThe NetherlandsMorris, NaomiLivelihoods Program Manager - Pakistan - ActedHumanitarian Project Manager - Roaming - MapActionPieters, JulesWHOSwitzerlandRibbers, PietTilburg UniversityThe NetherlandsStollberg, BeateInstitute for the Protection and Security of the CitizenSupport to External SecurityJoint Research Centre of the European Commissionvan den Herik, JaapTilburg UniversityThe Netherlands 18/22
  19. 19. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Program5. Lectures - short abstracts (when available)Christopher Ansell, Making Sense of it AllThis lecture will provide an introduction to the literature on sensemaking, as developed byKarl Weick and others. This literature emphasizes the way that decisionmakers extract andinterpret cues from their information environment and how this sensemaking is an on-goingprocess. The lecture will then focus on how sensemaking is affected by four variables: thedistributed character of decisionmaking and action; the uncertainty and ambiguity ofinformation environments; the time pressures inherent in high-tempo events; and theknowledge-intensiveness of decisionmaking. Examples from a range of cases will be used asillustrations, but the lecture will investigate two cases closely in order to draw attention tochallenges of effective sensemaking. The British response to the outbreak of mad cowdisease will illustrate how cues are primed by historical experience and professional andinstitutional context. The global response to the H1N1 pandemic will them be explored toshow how formal mechanisms of information-sharing and planning can unintentionallysubordinate vital contextual information and circumscribe the on-going character ofsensemaking. The lecture will conclude with a discussion of some of the ways thatdecisionmakers might be provided with “sensemaking support.”Stollberg, Beate, GISAnalysts in international situation rooms have the difficult task of making sense of a verydynamic stream of information from multiple sources with various degrees of reliability,such as media reports, crowd sourcing data, volunteered geographic information, socialnetworking, email, expert reports and sensor data. Most of this information is associated tolocation and can thus be mapped, providing an integrating platform for heterogeneous data.A wide range of mapping tools is available, ranging from professional GeographicalInformation System (GIS) enterprise solutions to lightweight web-based maps and the OpenSource community is very actively developing new Web Mapping software.Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are a powerful tool for the analysis of large amountsof data about a location. Situational awareness for crisis management is based on thelocation of a disaster and has additional constraints: information is real-time and uncertain,analysis is performed under time pressure, and unexpected elements are typical. While GIScan help supporting situational awareness and decision making, it must be used in the rightway.If GIS expertise and equipment are available within an organization, complex Spatial DataInfrastructures (SDI) can be designed to support many crisis information management tasks.However, such expertise and infrastructure is expensive, and low-cost alternatives arebecoming more powerful. The availability of on-line geospatial Web Services providingglobal base maps, gazetteer functions and some analytical capabilities (such as routing) isincreasing. Mash-ups can provide suitable solutions for some crisis management tasks, inparticular if analytical tasks are limited and it is more important to be able to visualize datafrom multiple sources on the same map.This lecture will give an introduction to GIS, Web Mapping tools and geographic standards ingeneral, the usage of them in situation rooms during a crisis and an illustration of futuretrends in this field. In more particular, the tasks carried out in the Crisis Management 19/22
  20. 20. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School ProgramLaboratory at the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission after the earthquake inHaiti will be presented.Ioannis Dokas, Early Warning Systems and Systems SafetyThe devastating consequences of natural and man – made disasters have brought a globalattention to the need of being proactive and resilient. Over the last years, especially afterthe first Global Early Warning conference which, was organised by the UN in PostdamGermany in 1998, significant efforts to improve the effectiveness of early warning systemshave been made. These efforts are mainly focused around EWS for Natural Disasters.Unfortunately, inadequate attention is given to EWS for man – made disasters. In thisLecture I will discuss the elements that constitute an effective early warning system and Iwill briefly describe the different types of EWS that exist. Furthermore I will discuss thechallenges which emerge when it is to design an EWS. Emphasis will be given to EWS formanmade disasters. Therefore, basic concepts and methods from the domain of systemssafety will be presented and explained.Jonas Landgren, Design WorkshopMy plan for the summer school is to talk about Design and our role as designers oftechnology use for citizen response and crisis preparedness. The day will start with a 3* 45min lectures on design, field research and prototyping. This will be based on the HumanCentered Design Method from IDEO.com and experiences from my own fieldwork.The afternoon will include a field study where the students go out in the city of Tilburg. Theirtask is to make a series of observations and short interviews in order to get material toformulate design ideas for Citizen crisis preparedness. The output from this afternoon will bea set of proposals describing how IT could improve the citizens ability to collaborate with theauthorities in case of crises and large scale accidents.Tom De Groeve: From mash-ups to modelling: technology for crisis situation awarenessLarge catastrophes often trigger international humanitarian response. This is a particularcontext in which many independent actors, including governmental agencies (e.g. searchand rescue teams), non-governmental organizations (NGO’s such as Doctors WithoutBorders), corporations (e.g. Google or Microsoft) and international organizations (includingthe United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) work together toprovide first response and subsequent relief and reconstruction assistance. In the absence ofa clear command and control structure, situational awareness needs to be acquired by eachactor independently. Needless to say that this community is eager to develop and usetechnology and systems to acquire and share information, and that collaboration andinformation sharing is generally considered as mutually benefitting.In the early onset of disasters, information is sparse. Traditionally, there are three mainsources of information: scientific monitoring systems (e.g. seismological or meteorologicalnetworks), official information (briefings by the local emergency management agency) andmedia reports. Information management for each source requires different technologicalsolutions, respectively focused on modelling, web portals for information sharing, and 20/22
  21. 21. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School Programlinguistic processing. However, more recently a fourth source of information is becomingavailable through Web 2.0: information from citizens, sometimes labelled crowd-sourcing. Incase of a disaster, local (and remote) citizens can and do provide information (e.g.eyewitness reports) or analysis (e.g. compiling reports in an information feed). However, thisfourth source is not widely used yet by emergency managers because the reliability of theinformation is not well understood and hard to assess in a time-critical environment.My lecture will address three different topics in this context:- Mash-ups: combining information from the Web. Based on the experience of the Joint Research Centre, the principles and advantages of mash-ups in crisis response is shown. Technology and data sources are reviewed, and research challenges highlighted. The following example is used: http://dma.jrc.it/map.- Modelling: information from various sources can be combined using scientific models to derive new knowledge. In particular for sudden onset disasters, real-time characteristics of the event can be combined with knowledge about the location of the event to derive impact on population. Technology, models and data sources are reviewed, and research challenges highlighted. The following example is used: http://www.gdacs.org.- Volunteered Geographic Information and collaborative mapping. Creating geographic information, whether it is for base maps or to map damage, is time consuming, but not necessarily difficult. Tools are emerging to allow collaborative mapping, such as OpenStreetMap or Google Map Maker. Technology and data sources are reviewed, and research challenges highlighted. The following example is used: http://www.openstreetmap.org.Sanjana Hattotuwa, Crisis Information ManagementThis lecture is aimed at individuals interested in humanitarian coordination who areinterested in learning more about the role of information management, and how itcontributes to the decision-making process. In this lecture, you will find a general overviewof what information management is, and what its aims and objectives are. The course willflag cutting-edge platforms and tools now in use for crisis information management, withinand outside the UN system and the role that information management can play in theprocess of informed decision-making. The skills learnt can apply to a much wider context,including peacekeeping and peacebuilding. 21/22
  22. 22. 2011 ISCRAM Summer School ProgramISCRAM Summer School Program Book – this version August 10 2011 © 2011 ISCRAM ivzw 22/22