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BiomassA sustainable source of energy<br />Grant Hauber<br />
Biomass is any living plant matter<br />Biomass energy is energy made from something that is or once was plant matter<br />
Types of<br />Biomass<br />
Biomass is the oldest source of energy<br />
As a fire burns down, it gets hotter<br />
Heat can be used to cook, boil water<br />
Harnessing fire to make steam<br />
Turning Biomass into Electricity<br />Boiler<br />Biomass<br />High Heat<br />Steam<br />Steam spins the turbine blades<br...
Inside a biomass steam boiler<br />Pipes filled with water are heated to make steam<br />Fire heats the water<br />
Steam Turbine<br />Boiler<br />
What biomass can you burn to make fire?<br />
Types of<br />Biomass<br />
What is this?<br />How much of this do you eat?<br />
Rice<br />
Rice husk<br />1 bowl = 1000 grains of rice<br />1 bowl per day x 365 days per year = 365,000 grains of rice per year<br /...
Farmers often burn their crop waste to get rid of it<br />
How can we stop this?<br />Biomass Power!<br />
Grown Biomass = Energy Crops<br />
Seedlings<br />(2 months)<br />Saplings (1 year)<br />Tree Plantations<br />3 years<br />7 years<br />
Lumber Logs<br />Slash Bundles<br />Pulp Logs<br />Tree Harvesting<br />
Forest Products<br />From Lumber Logs<br />From Pulp Logs<br />
Different trees, different logs<br />
Cutting<br />Sorting<br />Loading<br />Hauling<br />
Chipping<br />
Bringing it all together…with no waste!<br />Electricity and Steam are used by the Paper Mill<br />Paper Mill<br />Biomass...
Biogas<br />
Farms can be dirty places<br />
Making food can leave behind a lot of nasty waste<br />
Food or animal waste ferments in the pond, releasing methane gas<br /> Methane is highly flammable!!<br />
Humans also generate lots of waste! Covered landfills capture methane like a balloon<br />This methane can be used to gene...
Biogas Capture Process<br />Methane gas builds up under the rubber sheet<br />Thick rubber sheets cover the pond<br />
Tank type biogas plant<br />Power Generator<br />Biogas Capture Tanks<br />Methane Gas Pipe<br />
 Biomass presentation to ISM Grade 3  Feb. 2011
 Biomass presentation to ISM Grade 3  Feb. 2011
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Biomass presentation to ISM Grade 3 Feb. 2011

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  • It is a really nice presentation which shows a lot of information on biomass which is one of important clean and renewable energies. I also enjoyed the presentation. Justin Shin's Daddy
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Transcript of " Biomass presentation to ISM Grade 3 Feb. 2011"

  1. 1. BiomassA sustainable source of energy<br />Grant Hauber<br />
  2. 2. Biomass is any living plant matter<br />Biomass energy is energy made from something that is or once was plant matter<br />
  3. 3. Types of<br />Biomass<br />
  4. 4. Biomass is the oldest source of energy<br />
  5. 5. As a fire burns down, it gets hotter<br />
  6. 6. Heat can be used to cook, boil water<br />
  7. 7. Harnessing fire to make steam<br />
  8. 8. Turning Biomass into Electricity<br />Boiler<br />Biomass<br />High Heat<br />Steam<br />Steam spins the turbine blades<br />Rotating magnets create electricity<br />
  9. 9. Inside a biomass steam boiler<br />Pipes filled with water are heated to make steam<br />Fire heats the water<br />
  10. 10. Steam Turbine<br />Boiler<br />
  11. 11. What biomass can you burn to make fire?<br />
  12. 12. Types of<br />Biomass<br />
  13. 13. What is this?<br />How much of this do you eat?<br />
  14. 14. Rice<br />
  15. 15. Rice husk<br />1 bowl = 1000 grains of rice<br />1 bowl per day x 365 days per year = 365,000 grains of rice per year<br />365,000 grains of rice<br />36,500 grains per kg = 10 kg per year per person<br />13,000,000 people in Manila x 10 kg per person = 130,000,000 kg <br />Rice husk mountain!<br />
  16. 16. Farmers often burn their crop waste to get rid of it<br />
  17. 17. How can we stop this?<br />Biomass Power!<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. Grown Biomass = Energy Crops<br />
  20. 20. Seedlings<br />(2 months)<br />Saplings (1 year)<br />Tree Plantations<br />3 years<br />7 years<br />
  21. 21. Lumber Logs<br />Slash Bundles<br />Pulp Logs<br />Tree Harvesting<br />
  22. 22. Forest Products<br />From Lumber Logs<br />From Pulp Logs<br />
  23. 23. Different trees, different logs<br />
  24. 24. Cutting<br />Sorting<br />Loading<br />Hauling<br />
  25. 25. Chipping<br />
  26. 26. Bringing it all together…with no waste!<br />Electricity and Steam are used by the Paper Mill<br />Paper Mill<br />Biomass power and heat plant<br />Saw mill<br />Wood chips from forestry waste<br />Harvested Logs<br />Saw dust from sawmill<br />
  27. 27. Biogas<br />
  28. 28. Farms can be dirty places<br />
  29. 29. Making food can leave behind a lot of nasty waste<br />
  30. 30. Food or animal waste ferments in the pond, releasing methane gas<br /> Methane is highly flammable!!<br />
  31. 31. Humans also generate lots of waste! Covered landfills capture methane like a balloon<br />This methane can be used to generate electricity<br />
  32. 32. Biogas Capture Process<br />Methane gas builds up under the rubber sheet<br />Thick rubber sheets cover the pond<br />
  33. 33. Tank type biogas plant<br />Power Generator<br />Biogas Capture Tanks<br />Methane Gas Pipe<br />
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