Instructions for Using Excel

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  • 1. Organizing and Presenting Data
  • 2.
    • Create a table using Excel :
    • Open new document (Excel).
    • Type Title in A1
    • Type the independent variable (mass, angle, length) and units in A2. Input values for independent variable starting in A4. (leave A3 blank)
    • Label dependent variable (Time Period) and units in B2. You will need to merge cells to have heading cover all of the labels in the next step
    • Label for the 3 trials, group 1 average, group 2 average, and final average in B3-G3.
    • Enter values for all trials and averages.
    • 6. Optional: Set formula to get average of 3 trials. Click on cell where you want answer to go. Click on “Formula” tab and then “Insert Function”. Choose “Average” and select cells with your trial data.
    • 7. Edit table (center, justify, etc).
    • 8. Set Borders
    • Tips:
    • Merging Cells: Select all the cells you want  Right click  Format cell  alignment  merge
    • Fixing average values
    • Right click on cell  Format cells  number tab  number category  Select 2 decimal places
  • 3.
    • Create a graph using Excel :
    • Select and drag down first column (independent variable)  let go of the mouse  click control key  select and
    • drag down average Time period column
    • 2. Select “ Insert” tab then click “scatter”
    • 3. Choose the first scatter choice (upper left).
    • Your graph will pop up. Then click on the
    • “ Layout” tab to input the Title and label X
    • and Y axis.
    • Gridlines (tick Major gridlines)  Click Next
    • 5. Select (as Object in Sheet 1).
    • Label title of document.
    • 6. Click Finish
    • 7. To delete background, left double click,
    • select none (Area).
  • 4.
    • Using the graph to predict swing height:
    • Right click on any data point in the graph  Select Add Trend line  Click Options  Select Power  click OK.
    • Making projections : ( target- 2.8 sec )
    • Backward forecast : Right click on trend line  Format trend line  click Options  Backward  enter 9.99 (this shows curve of line from 0)
    • Forward forecast : Right click on trend line  Format trend line  Options  Forward  enter 50 or higher
    • Finding 2.8 sec (Time Period):
    • Make sure the Format Tab Is Selected. Double Click On an Axis. Then click on Format Selection. Change major unit (5 or 10) for X axis  Change major unit for Y axis (0.2)
    • 4. Mark predicted length based on a 2.8 Time Period.
  • 5. PLAYGROUND DESIGN LAB (Swings)