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# Instructions for Using Excel

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• 1. Organizing and Presenting Data
• 2.
• Create a table using Excel :
• Open new document (Excel).
• Type Title in A1
• Type the independent variable (mass, angle, length) and units in A2. Input values for independent variable starting in A4. (leave A3 blank)
• Label dependent variable (Time Period) and units in B2. You will need to merge cells to have heading cover all of the labels in the next step
• Label for the 3 trials, group 1 average, group 2 average, and final average in B3-G3.
• Enter values for all trials and averages.
• 6. Optional: Set formula to get average of 3 trials. Click on cell where you want answer to go. Click on “Formula” tab and then “Insert Function”. Choose “Average” and select cells with your trial data.
• 7. Edit table (center, justify, etc).
• 8. Set Borders
• Tips:
• Merging Cells: Select all the cells you want  Right click  Format cell  alignment  merge
• Fixing average values
• Right click on cell  Format cells  number tab  number category  Select 2 decimal places
• 3.
• Create a graph using Excel :
• Select and drag down first column (independent variable)  let go of the mouse  click control key  select and
• drag down average Time period column
• 2. Select “ Insert” tab then click “scatter”
• 3. Choose the first scatter choice (upper left).
• Your graph will pop up. Then click on the
• “ Layout” tab to input the Title and label X
• and Y axis.
• Gridlines (tick Major gridlines)  Click Next
• 5. Select (as Object in Sheet 1).
• Label title of document.
• 6. Click Finish
• 7. To delete background, left double click,
• select none (Area).
• 4.
• Using the graph to predict swing height:
• Right click on any data point in the graph  Select Add Trend line  Click Options  Select Power  click OK.
• Making projections : ( target- 2.8 sec )
• Backward forecast : Right click on trend line  Format trend line  click Options  Backward  enter 9.99 (this shows curve of line from 0)
• Forward forecast : Right click on trend line  Format trend line  Options  Forward  enter 50 or higher
• Finding 2.8 sec (Time Period):
• Make sure the Format Tab Is Selected. Double Click On an Axis. Then click on Format Selection. Change major unit (5 or 10) for X axis  Change major unit for Y axis (0.2)
• 4. Mark predicted length based on a 2.8 Time Period.
• 5. PLAYGROUND DESIGN LAB (Swings)