Summary of  “Caught between Two Migration Realities, Mexico Passes New Immigration Legislation”  http://www.migrationinfor...
<ul><li>Since the 1980’s many Central Americans have migrated through and to Mexico to escape civil war and humanitarian c...
<ul><li>In 2010 & 2011 there were terrible, violent attacks on Central American migrants by organized crime groups in Mexi...
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Two migration realities

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Two migration realities

  1. 1. Summary of “Caught between Two Migration Realities, Mexico Passes New Immigration Legislation” http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?id=871
  2. 2. <ul><li>Since the 1980’s many Central Americans have migrated through and to Mexico to escape civil war and humanitarian crises and in pursuit of economic opportunities in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Contradictory Responses from Mexican Government … </li></ul><ul><li>During early 1990’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier access to business and investor visas & provisions allowing Guatemalans to enter and work in southern border region. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stricter access to visas for Central Americans seeking to move beyond southern border region. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a centralized immigration agency to detain and deport unauthorized migrants. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>None of these measures reduced illegal immigration; nor did they protect Central American migrants from extortion by the government and organized crime. </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism from the U.S.: Don’t throw stones from glass houses! </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In 2010 & 2011 there were terrible, violent attacks on Central American migrants by organized crime groups in Mexico. This moved immigration to the top of Mexico’s agenda. </li></ul><ul><li>April 2011 a new Migration law passed in Mexico: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respects human rights of migrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitates structured, organized movement of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meets Mexico’s labor needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarantees equal rights to Mexicans and foreigners living in Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes socio-cultural integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitated return and reintegration of Mexicans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No regulations have been drafted yet; so there is no way of telling what the impact of this law will be. </li></ul><ul><li>Critics point out that it does nothing to prevent corruption within INM, which has been a repeated source of problems. </li></ul>

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