دور اﻟﻨﺨﺐ , اﻟﻌﻠامء , اﳌﺜﻘﻔني و اﻟﺨﱪاء ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔﻛﺴﻴﻢ ﺣﺴﻦاﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻫﻲ أن اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺣﺪﺛﺖ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻟﻌﺮيب و اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ ,ﻣام ﻳﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻌﻠامء و اﳌﺜﻘﻔني و اﻟﺨﱪاء ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻴﺔ ﻛﺒرية و اﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﲆ ذﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ أﻧﻬﻢﻳﺘﺤﻤﻠﻮن وﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻫﻮ أﻧﻬﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮن ﺗﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﻘﺪرة اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ و ﻟﻬﻢ ﻗﺪرة ﻓﻬﻢ و 021 021 ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ )ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(ادراك اﻟﺘﻐﻐﻴريات اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ و ﻟﻬﻢ ﺧﱪة ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﺠﺎل , ﻫﺬه اﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﺮﻋﲆ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ و ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﺨﻮاص و اﻟﻌﻮام ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻮﻧﻬﺎ , ﻟﺬا ﻓﻤﻬام ﻛرثت اﳌﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻲ اﻟﺤﻞ ﻟﻴﺲ اﻟﺤﺮب و اﻟﺠﺪال ﺑﻞ اﻟﺤﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺧﻠﻖ أﻣﺔ واﺣﺪة .
ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺔ اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ )ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ( ﻧﻈﺮاً ﻟﺪورﻫﺎ اﻻﺳﺎﳼ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﻬﺪي ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﻳﻌﺪ اﻟﺴﻌﻲ وراء اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﺣﺪى اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ اﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ . و ﻗﺪ اﺛﺒﺖ ﻫﺬااﳌﻮﺿﻮع ﺗﺄﺛريه ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻨﻮاﺣﻲ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ , اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ و اﻷﻣﻨﻴﺔ . و ﻗﺪ أﻋﻠﻨﺖ اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﻨﺎﺷﻄﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ أن ﻣﻦ اﻫﺪاﻓﻬﻢ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺑﺪء اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﺣﻴﺎء و اﺳﱰﺟﺎع ﻋﺰة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني اﳌﺴﻠﻮﺑﺔ . و ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﺠﺎل ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ (ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ)اﻟﺬي ﻫﻮ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻮاء ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻧﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻲ اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ أن ﺗﺄﺳﺲ اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎﺗﺎﻷﺻﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة و121 121 اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ؛ رأي ﻗﺎﻃﻊ و اﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻲ , و ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄن ﻗﺮاﺋﺖ و ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺮأﻳﻔﻲ ﻫﺬه ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ )ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت( اﻟﺤﻘﺒﺔ اﻟﺰﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻟﻪ دور ﻣﻮض و ﻣﺆﺛ ّﺮ و أن ﻳﺴﻬﻞ ّ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل اﱃ ﻏﺎﻳﺎﺗﻬﻢ و أن ﻳﺤﻴﻲ ﻋﺰة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني اﳌﺴﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﰲ أرﺟﺎء اﻟﻌﺎمل . ﻳﺘﻨﺎوﻟﻬﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﺑﺪاﻳﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎً ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﺰة و ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻧﺘﻄﺮق ﻟﻔﻬﻢ و ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻸﻓﻜﺎرر و اراء اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ (ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ) ﰲ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻃﺮق اﺣﻴﺎؤﻫﺎ . اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت: اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ , اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ , اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ (ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ)__
International Conference onYouth and Islamic Awakening (Abstracts of Papers)
Martyr Hasheminejad›s role in Islamicawakening Abbas Ali Akhavan Armaki Fatemeh Hamidian The role of Islam in creating movements and revivingcultures in history is no secret to anyone. Islam not onlyprepared the ground for advancing and spreading varioussciences but also played a signiﬁcant role in the emergenceof emancipating movements. Many honest upright peoplehave emerged from Muslim thinkers. They became thesources of many developments in Islamic countries bybeing committed to liberator instructions of Islam andinspired by its guidelines. 123 123 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Martyr Hasheminejad is one of the thinkers. He wasone of the intellectuals who played a substantial rolein the Islamic awakening and called on Muslims toexecute Quran›s orders and Islamic teachings to bringthe Muslims glory. The study tries to introduce and explain MartyrHasheminejad›s revivifying thoughts about Islamicawakening. Keywords: Islam, Colonialism, Quran, Reviviﬁcation,Superstitions, Intellectualism
Position and importance of Islamic unity under the auspices of Holy Quran and Hadith with an emphasis on the youth›s role in Islamic awakening and integration Leila Sadeghi Naghdali Sajjad Sadeghi Naghdaliolya Unity is a key factor for the prosperity, glory, and victory of Muslims and the survival of nations and cultures. The Islamic Ummah facing the enemies, who cause discord among Muslim people, can move more efﬁciently and competently through establishing and developing its genuine features. Young Muslims within the Islamic Ummah whether Shia or Sunni, can help promote unity among the Muslim people and eliminate prejudice and dissension within them through focusing their efforts on the afﬁnities shared by them, because the youth of the Islamic Ummah are considered a serious threat to colonialist powers and a great opportunity to Muslims. The uprising of the youth of Muslim nations in the region and the Islamic124 124 awakening are in the vanguard of the establishment of the Islamic (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Ummah. The writing intends to examine the role of the youth as heralds of the Islamic awakening and the unity between Muslims. In addition to describing the concepts of Ummah, unity, solidarity, and different types of unity among Islamic nations, the writing will examine the necessity and importance of the Islamic unity. It will also review the concept of unity from the viewpoint of verses of holy Quran and Hadith (Islamic traditions). Then it will propose solutions for promoting the unity within the Muslim world and will deal with the role of the youth in fostering Islamic unity and establishing the Islamic awakening movement. And ﬁnally we will sum up and provide several solutions for informing the youth about the Islamic awakening and unity. Keywords: Unity, Solidarity, United Ummah, Islamic Unity, Islamic Awakening, the Youth
The youth›s role in confronting thechallenges of Islamic awakening Mohammad Sharif Roubro Islamic awakening is a reform movement that began acentury ago in Islamic societies and gradually developedin scientiﬁc and practical areas. It continues to exist nowand is considered a political and social fact in the world.The awakening is obviously at the staring point of itstrend and can be faced with internal challenges such asintellectual, political, ethical, and behavioral challengesas well as those concerning civilization, management, 125 125ethnic prejudice etc and external challenges like (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ondictatorship, secularism, global arrogance, Zionism, anddestructive media. In this study, the writer intends torecount the strong points, capabilities, and opportunitiesof the Islamic awakening as well as its damages. Inaddition the writer aims to discuss the youth›s role inconfronting the challenges of Islamic awakening. Keywords: Islamic awakening, patterning, challenges,damages, the youth
The role of Islamic Revolution in promoting Islamic awakening Nosrat Khatoon-Alavi Today, Islamic groups are the most active political currents in the world. The reason behind this activeness, which is also serious and comprehensive, is to make Muslims aware of their backwardness and current deﬁcits in the Muslim world. It is the awareness that has led them to make efforts and try hard over the past century. The endeavor is the very phenomenon which is called «Islamic Awakening Movement.» Different movements, uprisings, and revolutions, of which the126 126 Islamic Revolution is the greatest, are the fruits of the awakening. The Islamic Revolution itself has led to an (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on increase in the Islamic awareness and awakening in the world. The Islamic Revolution has already had a major impact on Islamic awakening. In this paper, it has been tried to discuss the role of the Islamic Revolution, as a world revolution, in the awareness and awakening of Muslims in the region and the world. Keywords: The Islamic Awakening, Islamic Revolution, Muslim World, Imam Khomeini (RA), Islamic movements
The inﬂuence of the Islamic Revolutionand the Supreme Leader›s thoughts onthe youth of Muslim countries Mohsen Movahedi The Islamic Revolution of Iran has had a major impacton the awakening of Muslims in the world and the revivalof religious beliefs. In an age that the glory of Islam wasbeing trampled by colonialist powers and the enemiesof Islam, and Islamic values and ethics were fading intooblivion, the Islamic Revolution led by Imam Khomeini(RA) took place and brought genuine Islamic culture andcivilization to the people and led millions of Muslimsaround the world to feel sparks of hope. It also broughtabout the revival of Islam and the old grandeur of Muslimworld. The cultural movement could create favorable 127 127conditions for dialogue. In addition to conceptualizing (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onand reconstructing some beliefs and thoughts, it couldshape a new culture based on religious democracy, revivalof Islamic thought, Islamic civilization›s universalism,the centrality of cultural activity, strengthening the newsocial movements and the culture of ﬁghting againstthe global arrogance and the culture of independenceseeking. Islamic Revolution of Iran caused enormous changesin the country›s political, cultural, social, and economicsituation and had a tremendous impact on the internationaldevelopments. In this paper, after taking a brief lookat the Supreme Leader›s viewpoints on the importanceof youth, the characteristics of the youth, the role ofIslamic Revolution in awakening the Muslims around the
world, and the political cultural inﬂuences of the Islamic Revolution will be examined under the following titles: Fostering the culture of religious democracy, the culture of independence seeking, the culture of ﬁghting against the global arrogance, and the culture of reform in the new social movements, strengthening intellectual and cultural activity, increasing cultural interactions, resurgence of Islam in social life, cultural advancement128 128 in the unity of the civilized Muslim world, the restoration (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on of the liberation movements, political cultural discourse, the restoration of religious identity, the idea of Islamic government, defending the sacred cause of Palestine, creating Islamic unity and solidarity, the role of discourse at an international level. Keywords: Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), the Supreme Leader, the youth, the Islamic awakening.
The third wave of Islamic awakening inthe Middle East, the West›s conspiracies,regional tensions, and Radicalism Mohammad Ghasem Vafayeezadeh A new wave of Islamic awakening has rolled acrossthe Middle East region since 2011 and was followedby huge political and social developments in Muslimcountries which ended in the collapse of the allies of theUnited States and certain other Western countries. It alsodisrupted strategies and policies of the arrogant powers inthe region. The wave is still continuing, and the Middle 129 129 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onEast region is expecting some incidents which haverobbed the hegemonistic powers of sleep. This piece ofwriting intends to provide a brief analysis of the waveof Islamic awakening and the inﬂuences of the IslamicRevolution of Iran over the chain of revolutions in theMiddle East. It also aims to examine the challenges andthreats in the way of the Islamic awakening movement.In addition, the West›s policies and their conspiraciesagainst Islamic movements will be discussed within theframe work of regional polices.
The role of non-organized youth in Egypt›s revolution Vahid Khorshidi When all eyes were on Tahrir Square in Cairo and everyone was waiting for the realization of the greatest revolution in the 21st century, unfamiliar words were heard, titles that all had one thing in common: «Shabab» (the youth), titles like: «the Coalition of Revolutionary Youth», «April 6 Youth Movement», «the Coalition of Youth for Freedom and Justice» etc. On the one hand the youth, who became the main part of the revolutionary moves, are among the young educated and mostly unemployed population of the large cities of Egypt and among those to whom communication tools such as social networks were considerable help to promote their solidarity, and on the other hand the youth are heirs of a great nation with130 130 an old history and enriched culture, great ﬁgures, thinkers and reformers who found their duty in fulﬁlling the 150-year (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on awakening goals of the Egyptian people. Of course, after the victory of the revolution, the older groups with more record than the youth began to take over the reins of the developments. Although the groups were inﬂuenced by the youth›s move, they ﬁnally got prepared to manage the «New Egypt.» Accepting the inﬂuential role of the youth, particularly the non-organized youth, in the Egypt›s revolution at least at the upper levels, in this research we are seeking to consider the political, social and economic states of the country through a qualitative analysis and examine the role of the youth and their inﬂuence in the revolution and features of their moves through focusing on some of the young groups who were active in the revolution. Keywords: Egypt, January 25 revolution, social networks, the youth
Imam Musa al-Sadr›s role in encouraging theyouth in the Islamic awakening wave Yahya Maroof Imam Musa al-Sadr›s move toward the foundation of Islamic awakeninghas had a major impact on the youth. Although Lebanon was the main placeof his activities, he was always aware of the issues concerning the Muslimworld. The Islamic Revolution of Iran, the security of seminaries, the unityamong Islamic Arab nations to campaign against Israel and to developShiism in Black Africa were among the most important concerns of ImamSadr out of Lebanon. He correctly understood that without a military forcepolitical ties of a country cannot be changed. He made efforts to create astrong military force. In this paper, the main questions include: • What was the role Imam Musa al-Sadr in the awakening of the Muslimworld? • Why was Imam Musa al-Sadr eliminated from political arena ofLebanon? • What was the role Imam Musa al-Sadr in promoting the position of theShiites of Lebanon? The theories of the paper include: • Imam Musa al-Sadr›s teachings have inﬂuenced the Islamic awakening. 131 131 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on • He was one of the most inﬂuential persons that could serve aspositive role models for the youth because of their scientiﬁc and practicalcomprehensiveness. • He was the ﬁrst one who made Arab countries become acquainted withthe word «resistance», and was one of the major factors of the creation ofLebanon›s resistance against the aggression of Israel. • He revived and conducted the policy of reform of religious thought,social justice and interfaith dialogue and the proximity of religions inLebanon. • Imam Musa al-Sadr›s absence has had an impact on the delay of currentuprisings in the region. • He was one of the main factors of the revival of the spirit of self-conﬁdence and glory in Shiite Muslims. • Conducting campaigns against ignorance, mental backwardness,oppression, and social ﬁnancial corruption, and supporting the Palestiniancause were among Imam Sadr›s activities. Keywords: Imam Musa al-Sadr, the youth, self-conﬁdence
Mostafa Ghalayini, Lebanese poet and writer (The vanguard of the Islamic awakening in 20th century) Ali Salimi Farough Nemati Mostafa Ghalayini, a Lebanese poet and writer (death: 1944), was one of the greatest religious thinkers and social reformers in the contemporary history. In addition to research on Islamic issues, he entered the area of literature and poetry. He left a poetical work as a132 132 memorial which reﬂexes the brightness of his ideas and political social views. He used to attach high signiﬁcance (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on to the youth. He addressed his young compatriots in the beginning of most of his odes, and advised them to acquire knowledge and politically correct vision against colonialism, and encouraged them to strive for freedom of homeland and the human dignity and perfection. Many times he was imprisoned and exiled for his anti- colonialist thoughts. But he never gave up ﬁghting. This paper examines his poem «the awakening». Keywords: Islamic awakening, scientiﬁc awakening, political awakening, Mostafa Ghalayini›s poem
The inﬂuence of Islamic Revolution ofIran and thoughts of Imam Khomeini(RA) and the Supreme Leader over themoves of the youth in Muslim countries Seyed Reza Sadr Alhosseini Mohammad Jalalifard The Islamic Revolution made substantial changes inthe structure and function of the international system andthe attitudes of the world›s nations with reliance upon itssoft strength which stems from genuine Islamic thoughtand culture. And challenging the international systemand the regulations governing the system, the IslamicRevolution proved that liberalism and socialism both aremoving in a way to dominate the world›s nations and arehegemonistic and materialistic in nature. 133 133 Through drawing a line between «the poor and the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onarrogance», according to Imam Khomeini (RA), theIslamic revolution created a new front against the Westand the East and caused other uprisings of the Non-Alliance Movement and other independent nations andserved as a positive role model for them in the are ofinternational relations. For many years, the study of Islamic awakening andits analysis has been high on the agenda of powers thatare afraid of it. The powers have made considerableefforts to understand and identify the Islamic awakeningand to ﬁnd ways to destroy or isolate the wave. Manyof experienced commentators on the phenomenon ofIslamic movements believe that Islamic Revolution ofIran was one of the most inﬂuential factors in developing
the awakening and awareness of Muslims and increasing the efﬁcient activities in the Arab and Islamic societies. The Supreme Leader recounts the story in this way: «In many countries including Islamic countries before the victory of the Islamic Revolution, groups, youths, the134 134 unsatisﬁed, freedom-seekers, or the opposition used to get in on the act, but after the Islamic Revolution, Islam (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on became the base of the revolutionary and liberating movements. Today, everywhere in the Muslim world when a society or group wants to make a move with the aim of seeking freedom and ﬁghting against the arrogance, its acts are based on Islamic thoughts. In this research, the writer intends to describe the inﬂuence of Islamic Revolution and the thoughts of Imam Khomeini (RA) and the Supreme Leader over the Islamic awakening and moves of the youth in the Muslim countries. Keywords: Islamic awakening, the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), the Supreme Leader, the youth
An introduction to the theoreticalfoundations of religious revolutions andtheir formation and continuation Mostafa Malakootian PhD In reply to the question that what a religious revolutionis and why it happens, the writing introduces the featuresof a religious revolution from the viewpoints of somecontemporary Islamic thinkers and also the standpointof political sociology and then it explain the roles, 135 135 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference oncharacteristics and the functions of political powers andsocial (revolutionary) forces in the occurrence of suchrevolutions which are very different from non-religiousrevolutions, at the end the writing will propose solutionsto preserve the revolutions. Keywords: Revolution, religious revolution, politicalpowers, social forces, national humiliation
The victory of the Islamic Revolution, the harbinger of the Islamic awakening Hojjat Shabani Islamic awakening means reviving under the auspices of genuine Islam. Many of commentators and researchers believe that the Islamic Revolution of Iran is one of the most important factors of the development of the awakening movement and the awareness of Muslims as well as the increase in efﬁcient Islamic activities in the Muslim societies. Hence, the paper ﬁrst intends to deﬁne pillars of the Islamic awakening. Then it tries to explain the reasons behind the inﬂuence of the Islamic Revolution over the Islamic movements which include: 1.Single idea, 2. Common enemy, 3. Common cause, 4. Unitarianism and 5. People-centered approach. The rest of this writing discusses the reasons behind the inﬂuence of the Islamic Revolution over the Islamic awakening and the principles shared by the Islamic Revolution and Islamic movements. Then the world›s answer to the question of emanation of revolution, which includes A. receiving the revolution›s message, B. silence on the issue136 136 of revolution (indifference), and C. cultural and non-cultural invasion, (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on will be discussed. Then the inﬂuence of Islamic Revolution over the Islamic movements has been examined from two viewpoints: 1. Political reﬂection 2. Cultural effects Some of the cultural effects include: • Inclination toward Jihad and martyrdom • Popularity • The slogans of the revolution • Source, mosques • Hijab (the veil) • Protests in a manner like Iran›s • Writing slogans Afterwards, the reﬂection of the Islamic Revolution for example in Lebanon has been examined and in the end serious threats against the Islamic Revolution has been explored. Keywords: Islamic awakening, the Islamic Revolution, common features, causes, pillars, inﬂuences, threats
The youth’s revolution calls for the reignof justice and equality Khalid Mohyee al-Din Abd al-Ghader al-Sheibani In the philosophy of a divine religion it is not like thatwe go to sleep like As›hab-e-Kahf (companions of thecave), and awake at the time of trouble and crisis andraise a question strongly and then go back to sleep again. Islam has talked about the youth and attached highsigniﬁcance to them more than any other religion. In factthe spread of Islam is due to the youth›s strength, andGod preserved Islam by the youth. Islam has also focusedon the youth to value their contribution to the awakeningof nations and the supporting of God›s religion and thespread of Muhammad›s (peace be upon him) message tothe whole world. The role of Muslim youths in the movements ofnations is substantial. Prophet Muhammad (peace beupon him) often talked about the youth, and there aremany traditions in which Prophet Muhammad (peace be 137 137 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onupon him) has addressed the youth and led them. Theprophet was trying to tell them that they are the hopes oftheir nation and those who will save the nation from theenemies› conspiracies. As narrated by Ahmad Abuya›liin a hadith, the holy prophet said that God likes youthswho are not ignorant. What is seen in the Islamic awakening revolutions inthese days is the role of the youth which is inﬂuencedby the role of Imam Khomeini (RA) and the IslamicRevolution of Iran. In this paper we will examine the roleof Imam Khomeini (RA) and the Islamic Revolution ofIran in detail. Keywords: the youth, youth›s revolution, justiceand equality, Imam Khomeini (RA) and the IslamicRevolution of Iran.
An examination of challenges facing Islamic awakening and the youth›s role in confronting them Farzan Shahidi It has been more than a year that the Islamic awakening and popular uprisings called «Arab spring» occurred in the North Africa and the Middle East region. During the period the region has witnessed the collapse of at least three dictators in the countries of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. Now the people of these countries have celebrated the collapse of these West-backed dictators. But the people are experiencing a difﬁcult period of transition which is full of challenges. Some of the challenges, which appear to be in various areas such as intellectual, ethical, political and ﬁnancial, have their roots within the countries. Conditions and138 138 infrastructural problems of the revolutionary countries (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on such as ethnic and tribal divisions, the sediments of the culture of tyranny, lack of economic development, cultural backwardness and dependence on the world›s powers will increase the challenges. Therefore the examination of the challenges needs introduction to the conditions and states of each country as the ﬁrst step. Some challenges also stem from the outsiders› conspiracies, inﬂuences, and the interferences in the revolutionary countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen, etc. |The challenges can be summarized in affairs like hegemony, hijacking the revolutions, imposing models, etc. Meanwhile, the United States of America as a superpower, who proclaims the leadership of the world and at the same time pursues many open and secret objectives in the Middle East, is mostly interfering in the
revolutionary countries. Besides, the Zionist regime as astrategic ally of the United States in the region, which isafraid of the Islamic awakening wave and the developmentof resistance front more than any other country, is seekingto cause the Islamic countries trouble with reliance uponthe West and through utilizing various tools. Undoubtedly,identifying the challenges and proposing suitable solutionsin order to overcome the challenges is considered one ofthe most critical needs of the revolutionary countries for thetransition period. The role of the youth in confronting thechallenges is also prominent and undeniable, particularlywhen the essence and consistency of the Islamic awakeningand popular uprisings in the region depend on the youth.It is the very generation that should decide the fate of theIslamic and revolutionary countries. In this research, inaddition to examining and explaining the challenges facingthe Islamic awakening in the revolutionary countries, weintend to propose suitable solutions in order to overcomethe challenges with reliance upon the role of the youth. Thechallenges that have been mentioned in the research concern 139 139 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe generalities of the Islamic awakening, and since they aregeneral, they are applicable to all revolutionary countries.Naturally, the examination of the issues and challenges ofeach country needs independent and ﬁeld research, and theissues cannot be perfectly addressed in the research. Besides, the writing mentions the guidelines of ImamKhomeini (RA) and Imam Khamenei as well as theexperiences of the Islamic Republic, considering that theIslamic Revolution of Iran has gained many experiencesin establishing government and confronting challenges andthreats. Keywords: Islamic awakening, Imam Khomeini (RA)and Imam Khamenei, the youth, internal challenges,external challenges
Factors contributing to the creation and spread of the Islamic awakening Mohammad Esmaeil Tarzi Mehdi Falahati Ben Ali ﬂed from Tunisia; tens of thousands protesting near Mubarak›s castle, the wave of demonstrations has rolled across Egypt; the Libyan revolutionaries attacked Misrata, and so on. These are headlines of news reports that published from the world›s media outlets over the past140 140 year. Titles which no one thought it would be published by the media outlets some day. The most terrifying (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on governments of the world were experiencing earthquakes. What factor had caused the political earthquakes in the dictatorships of the north of Africa, countries in which suppression, execution, and banishment were among the most usual way of dealing with opposition groups? In this piece of writing we intend to brieﬂy discuss the main reasons behind the political earthquakes. Keywords: Identity crisis, crisis of resources distribution, legitimacy crisis, oligarchy
The role of Islamic teachings in theawakening of the youth and its impactson political developments Fatemeh Sadat Mousavi Nadoushan This piece of writing is an effort to explain the roleof Islamic teachings in the awakening of the youth andits impacts on political developments. Since Islam is acomprehensive and perfect religion which considers allaspects of human life and whose objective is human 141 141perfection and providing all humans with prosperity, it (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhas offered Muslims a clear framework for their publicand personal welfare. And since the youth of any nationhave a substantial role in the political arenas, utilizing theteachings of pure Islam will lead them toward Islamism,the revival of religious values and global dignity. Keywords: Islam, awakening, the youth
The role of Intellectual developments of the peoples in the Middle East and North Africa region in the recent Islamic movements Leila Jafari Seyed Javad Imamjomehzadeh Undoubtedly, the Arab uprisings were the most important and inﬂuential incidents of the world in 2011. The consecutive collapses of four lifelong dictators in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen and rare street protests by people in most Arab countries, were an unexpected phenomenon that no international analyst had expected. But the proceedings are continuing and have not stopped yet. In fact it can be said that the process has not completed. There are many disagreements even about the name of the phenomenon. Revolution, uprising, Islamic or Human awakening, Arab spring, wrath etc are among the names that have been used for the phenomenon. The main question is that what the nature and source of the current142 142 developments in the region is. The writing is based on a theory (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on that the intellectual developments of the people in the region had a direct role in challenging the west›s discourse. In these lines, the present writing, at ﬁrst, brieﬂy examines the policies implemented in the region after the world war two and then explains the role of globalization in creating awareness among the people and their efforts to challenge the dominant discourse of the west. Meanwhile, the media›s role as one of the tools involved in the process of globalization in these events is considered. The research type in this paper is analytical-descriptive and the information is collected through various methods. The writing is generally based on a library and internet method with reliance upon historical data and available evidences obtained by other researches. Keywords: Islamic awakening, globalization, destroying the structure, the dominant discourse, identity, Islam, Media
Taking a look at the circumstancesof formation of Islamic awakening inTunisia and its prospects Seyed Mohammad Zolfaghari The writer of the examination of developments andgrounds for formation of Islamic awakening movementin Tunisia believes that the main reason behind thecollapse of Ben Ali was inefﬁciency of the then systemin addressing political ﬁnancial and social demandsof the Tunisian people which itself stemmed from theheterogeneous development based on ﬁnancial aspectsand indifference to the democracy seeking aspect of thepeople and their political culture. Through examining the process of formation of anIslamic party called «Al Nehza» and the thoughts ofits current leader and founder, Rashid Al Ghanoushi, in 143 143 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe Islamic awakening grounds, the writer has showedGhanoushi›s liberal views about Islam through utilizinghis written works. The main concern of the writer of thispaper has been answering to the question that what thefate of political Islam in Tunisia is. The writer believesthat the future of the Tunisian Islamists and their successdepends on their efforts to preserve human dignity,political ﬁnancial and social efﬁciency, to prepare thegrounds for the cooperation of other political groupsand parties, and ﬁnally to use the experience of othercountries. Keywords: Political Islam, Islamic awakening,Tunisia, Islamism, Al Nehza, Rashid Al Ghanoushi
Deﬁning the Characteristics of an Islamic Democratic Government and Comparing it with Western Liberal Democracy and the Role of the Youth in its Implementation Saeed Dahashti Ardakani Speciﬁc factors and elements have always been considered in the formation of government in human societies. Factors like freedom, democracy, religion, economy, and welfare, active international diplomacy, all of which led and organized realizing an ideal cause. Thus, the leaders and founders of these regimes have attempted to gain required public support to reinforce their rules through declaring their government strategies along with144 144 pre-determined policies. Thus, through precise study of (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the target environment and human society, they set their movements and trends on the basis of the needs of their communities so that they can gain public support. They used people an instrument indeed. They used populist slogans to confront their rivals and took control of human societies and after coming to power, Western secular and capitalist regimes that have found their identities through meeting temporary human needs, consider materialistic needs as the basis and the criteria of their establishments, and in long term, they will face a severe identity crisis, which stems from dissatisfaction and failure in meeting the real needs of their communities. So the regimes that are against the religious and moral principles and ignore the people’s spiritual needs are doomed to collapse.
Religious and democratic rules emerged to providehuman societies with their long-lost wants. Religiousgovernments in fact had invaluable merits. If we reviewthe history, we will understand this important realitythat religious rules have always been and will be stable.What is the secret of this Immortality? In this paper, thesecret of the immortality of religious democracies will bedeﬁned through studying the characteristics of religious 145 145democracies and the opportunities and prospects that they (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onoffer for the promotion of human values. Also, religiousdemocracies will be contrasted with secular and liberalregimes to discover the harms such western regime inﬂicton human societies. Ultimately, the role of the youth, asthe frontrunners and the main claimants in the formationof such rule, will be touched upon. Keywords: Islamic Schools, Hegemonic Rule,Secularism, Liberal Democracy, Mental Blockage,Religious Blockage, Political Decline
The examination of the role of Islamism in the developments of Arab countries Alireza Sahrayee The developments that occurred over the past seven months in the Middle East and ended in the collapse of the leaders of the Tunisian and Egyptian governments and placed some others on the brink of collapse, have played on the minds of political analysts. Usually some factors or elements are involved in the occurrence of such developments and there are some disagreements about their involvement and nature. The important factor of ideology is one of the factors. In this paper146 146 the involvement or presence of ideology (meaning (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on denying the current order and the solution of creating an alternative system) and the inﬂuence of ideology and its nature (Islamic or non-Islamic) will be discussed. For this purpose, the writing ﬁrst explains the features shared by Arab societies before the developments and after reviewing the developments, it will examine the features of the developments and the role of Islam and Islamists in the developments. Key words: The Middle East, popular uprisings, ideology, Islam, Islamism, the youth
Analytical Study of the Viewpoints of theLeader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution on theDevelopments in the Middle East and NorthAfrica Hossein Behmanesh Popular uprisings in the Middle East and North Africahave toppled governments in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya andhave given rise to widespread unrest in Bahrain and Yemen.They have also triggered limited protests in Saudi Arabia,Jordan, Algeria and Syria. The latest developments haveconfused many political and social analysts and experts.It can be said that the etymological theories of these eventshave also reached nowhere. The analyses and viewpoints ofthe Leader of the Islamic Revolution regarding these eventscan be considered as an important way to discover the rootsand the identity of the recent regional developments. In thispaper, the author has used Ayatollah Khamenei’s speechesand ofﬁcial statements from January 9, 2011 to his address 147 147at the international conference of Islamic Awakening on (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onSeptember 15. The author has tried to deﬁne his Excellency’sviews regarding these developments through a descriptiveframework and categorize them into three separate sections ofstudy of identity, etymology and study of procedures. In thispaper, it has been assumed that Ayatollah Khamenei has had aprior view and analysis of the regional events and deems thesedevelopments as the continuation of the Islamic Revolutionin Iran. That is why he calls them Islamic Awakening. Theauthor, via studying Ayatollah Khamenei’s comments, comesto the conclusion that he considers the Islamic, popular,freedom seeking, anti-US and anti-Zionism features of theseuprisings in all these nations as the same, except in Syria, andconsiders them historic and critical for the future of Muslimsand even all other people across the world. Keywords: Regional developments, Islamic Awakening,Leader of Islamic Revolution, People, US
The Necessity of Studying the Role of the Youth and the Inﬂuence of Iran’s Islamic Revolution and Imam Khomeini’s and Imam Khamenei’s views on the Performance of the Youth in Islamic Countries Meysam Heydari, Mohammad Hossein Heydari The awakening of Muslim nations, the eruption of revolutions, and the emergence of Islamic Awakening in recent decades, and during past year, in particular,148 148 indicates the return of these nations to their forgotten (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on identity and civilization. The religion revolution restored religion in Iran and revived Islam in the country and around the globe. One of its dimensions is reinforcing and strengthening Islamic political movements in the past two decades. In the meantime, the role of Iran’s Islamic Revolution and the views of late Imam Khomeini and Imam Khamenei and also the performance of the youth, as one of the most essential elements in maintaining the Islamic and revolutionary nature of these events and their fulﬁllment, continuity and non-deviation, cannot be denied. Thus, the authors, in this paper, study the role of Iran’s Islamic Revolution and also the role of the youth in the Islamic Awakening in Muslim countries.
Islamic Awakening vs. Wall-StreetMovement Zahra Mohammadi The subject of this paper is Wall-Street, Justice-seekingand reaching Islamic Awakening. It has been compiledon the basis of library studies and interment searches.This article seeks to review the causes of the Wall-StreetMovement which has lately come up in protest at the UScapitalist regime and economic inequality in the US. Thismovement, along with other similar uprisings, revealsthe formation of a new culture on international level,where nations confront with the unpopular structures. It 149 149 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onalso indicates the effects that nations can inﬂuence eachother and the fading role of governments in this regard.This paves the way for the introduction of an Islamictheory to set up new world orders, especially economicsystems. In Islamic economic system, people are free todo business but at the same time Islam, through its lawsand regulations, attempts to promote economic equalityin the society. Key words: Wall Street, Economy, Islamic EconomicSystem, Islamic Awakening
Imam Khomeini’s Prediction and Planning for Islamic Awakening Ayoob Firooz In this paper, authors seek to deﬁne the ideas and thoughts of late Imam Khomeini about the Islamic Awakening and specify to the signs of Islamic Awakening and reﬂect on the role of following up religious scholars’150 150 orders, particularly those of Imam Khomeini’s, in (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the movement of Iranian nation towards Islam and spirituality and introduce it as an epitome for the people and contribute to the formation and continuation of Islamic Awakening through proper planning. Key words: Imam Khomeini, Taking Responsibilities, Islamic Awakening, Spirituality
Discourse Analysis of Identity and theElements of Islamic Awakening on the Basisof the Comments of the Leader of Iran’sIslamic Revolution Ayatollah Khamenei Abdollah Moradi The primary and most signiﬁcant accomplishment of lateImam Khomeini was that he made Islamic Awakening asa minor discourse, to a dominant discourse in the politicalarena of Islamic countries. Afterwards, the leader of IslamicRevolution Ayatollah Khamenei continued Imam Khomeini’spath in promoting the discourse of Islamic Awakening.The present paper seeks to deﬁne and provide political anddiscourse analysis on Islamic Awakening. In this article, therecent political phenomena in the Middle East have beendeﬁned as Islamic Awakening. The author has attempted toclarify the identity of Islamic Awakening and ﬁnd an answer 151 151 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onto the main question of this paper that is how the identityand discourse of Islamic Awakening are formed and how theycan be put into a coherent semantic category. Therefore, thepresent research aims to describe the process of discoursechanges in Arab societies to explain the formation of thediscourse identity of Islamic Awakening. The identity ofIslamic Awakening as a nationalist Arab sub-discourse in theframework of the discourse of the Islamic Awakening and onthe basis of religious democracy can be promoted. Accordingto this analysis, the most important demand of people inrecent regional developments, as Ayatollah Khamenei says,is democracy for the people who live and think in an Islamiccontext. Key words: Discourse Analysis, Identity, IslamicAwakening, Arab Nationalism, Religious Democracy
The Reasons and the Causes of the Formation of Islamic Awakening in Arab World and the Role of the Youth in the Continuity and Stability of Islamic Awakening Ali Farmaniyan The recent popular uprisings and protests that have swept through Arab world have triggered some changes in regional countries. They have resulted in regime changes in some of these countries, such as Libya, Egypt and Tunisia, and in some others like Bahrain and Yemen, they have undermined the ruling regimes. Doubtlessly, there are various reasons and motives behind This152 152 Islamic Awakening movement which have managed to make people take action. These reasons will be brieﬂy (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on dealt with in this paper. Any revolution faces its own challenges which can obstruct it and even deviate it, if not dealt with properly. So, identifying challenges and the ways of handling them, can be of great beneﬁt. The youth, as the powerful arms of the society, have played a leading role in the recent developments in the region, so that it can be said that Islamic Awakening owes its success to the sacriﬁces, resistance and wakefulness of them. The young people can deﬁnitely, complete their leading roles through recognizing the challenges and obstacles lying ahead of the revolution. Key Words: Islamic Awakening, the Youth, Challenges, People, Arab Rulers
Islamic Awakening and the Role of YoungPalestinian Women in Intifada Zahra Habibi This research deals with the Islamic Awakening andits impact on the contribution of young Palestinianwomen and their various roles in Intifada. This researchis descriptive-exploratory and historical in nature. Therole of Palestinian women in Intifada has been evaluatedthrough surveys and interviews conducted at threePalestinian refugee camps in Syria. The statistics wereanalyzed with Morgan table. The ﬁnal results of the 153 153 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onresearch show that the Islamic Awakening movementhas triggered all potential capacities of freedom-seekingpeople, particularly Muslims, and has positively affectedthe involvement of young Palestinian women in cultural,social, religious, ideological and educational ﬁelds whichare key to the continuation of intifada and are consideredas symbol of Islamic Awakening. Key words: Role, Young Palestinian Woman,Intifada, cultural Identity, Participation, Zionism
The Role of Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani in Islamic Awakening Mohammad Reza Najjariyan Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani was one of the combating and freedom-seeking clergies during Qajar dynasty. He had an active role during Mashrooteh uprising. He staged an uprising against the central government of Iran and took control of Azerbaijan to protests the conclusion of 1919 contract between Vosooghodoleh government and Britain also known as Vosooghodoleh-Caucus contract, which put Iran under British hegemony. Khiyabani strongly opposed foreigners’ interference in Iran’s154 154 internal affairs. (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on He truly loved Iran and never bowed to enemies and corrupt rulers. He believed that one must forsake his life and wealth to live an honorable life. He was a religious, law-abiding, fanatic nationalist who always sought to protect the sovereignty of Iran. This paper seeks to analyze Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani’s role in the uprising of the people of Azerbaijan and its effects on the awakening of the young generation. Key Words: Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani, Vosooghodoleh-Caucus Contract, the Youth, Islamic Awakening
The Historical Perspective of IslamicAwakening Raham Bajin The recent demonstrations and protests that erupted inArab countries especially those in North Africa and theMiddle East, are anti-Zionist in nature have their owntechniques including physical presence, social networks,cyber networks and etc… Political analysts have useddifferent names for these uprisings. Some call them battle 155 155 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onagainst modern hegemony and some others describethem as a struggle against capitalism and many havelikened the military collapse of western capitalism tothe decline of Communism. What matters is that IslamicAwakening should be deeply rooted in Islamic teachingsand based on the participation of Muslims in political andsocial issues.
Muslim Youth and Their Role in Islamic Awakening Edlira Assemani Islamic Awakening is not a passing and temporary movement. If it was so, it wouldn’t trigger the propaganda of the West. Throughout history, there have been some people who have always attempted to establish an ideal society to secure a peaceful life. This ideal life must156 156 be based on indigenous culture, music, clothing, and (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on shouldn’t copy American model. Muslims must have an Islamic lifestyle. This research reviews the youth’s responsibilities in Islamic Awakening. Key Words: Youth, Islamic Awakening, Propaganda, Ideal Society
Islamic Awakening and YoungGeneration Aziz Mahdi Islamic Awakening is a divine reward given to us forour true faith in God and absolute obedience to him.During the past several decades, the enemies of Muslimshave raised baseless charges against them and underthe current anti-Islamic circumstances, the West labels 157 157 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onMuslims as “fanatic and prejudiced traditionalists”.Islam, using the spiritual and divine aspects, providesa comprehensive lifestyle that directs our lives towardsa moral and logical path. In brief, this path leads tosalvation and prosperity. There is no doubt that the Quranhas many things to offer for human beings.
Reviewing the Role and Function of Global Hegemony against the Islamic Revolution in Iran, as a Country Inspiring Islamic Awakening Struggles Hossein Rajabzadeh Islamic Awakening has primarily been a domestic issue related to Muslims’ social matters but the activists involved in the movement against the hegemony of foreign forces and arrogant powers, so that the global hegemony deemed Islamic Awakening as a vital issue. In fact, it seems that the turning point of the uprisings should be sought in the last years of the 14th (A.H)158 158 century when the Islamic Revolution broke out in Iran and these developments and achievements emerged in (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on all cultural, economic and political and international ﬁelds. This paper will review the strategic policy of the capitalism hegemony especial that of the United States of America regarding the Islamic Awakening. It also seeks to delve into the repercussions of Islamic Awakening on the Zionist Regime and its western supporters and the U-S strategic policy and the pro-American Sheikhs and their stances towards the Islamic Awakening from an immunological viewpoint. Key Words: Global Arrogance, Middle East, Islamic Awakening, Revolutionary Patterns, Immunology
The Role of Intellectuals, ReligiousScholars and Experts in IslamicAwakening Islamic Awakening has taken place in Arab World andthe Middle East and religious scholars, intellectuals andexperts shoulder heavy responsibilities in this regard, asthey are capable of adapting the movement to the certain 159 159 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ontimes and places and are also able to comprehend thesocial developments and can lead the public as they haveinﬂuence on people. Therefore, the establishment of auniﬁed Ummah, not war and conﬂict, is the solution tothe problems in the Muslim World.
The Position of Islamic Dignity and its Basic Role in Islamic Awakening from Ayatollah Khamenei’s Viewpoint Sayyed Mahdi Hosseini Islamic dignity is considered as one of the most important elements in Islamic Awakening. It has positively affected all political, social and security ﬁeld. The Islamic uprisings and the active movements involved in Islamic Awakening have already declared the restoration of Muslim’s long-lost dignity as one of their great causes. As part of this movement, the Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution has the leader of an establishment arisen out of Islamic Awakening movements has managed to160 160 found genuine awakening movements aimed at reviving (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the dignity of Muslims. Studying Ayatollah Khamenei’s unique and strategic views regarding Islamic Awakening can be of great beneﬁt in the current juncture of Islamic Awakening movement and pave the way for the Muslims to accomplish their causes and restore the dignity of Muslims all over the world. In this paper, the author ﬁrst gives a deﬁnition of dignity and its relation with Islamic Awakening and then reviews the ideas and viewpoints of the Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution regarding the Islamic dignity and the ways of reviving it. Key Words: Islamic Dignity, Islamic Awakening, Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution
Islamic Awakening and the Issue ofKashmir Abdolhossein Kashmiri Kashmir was turned into an Islamic country by SultanSadredin Ranchen Shah and through the leadership ofSayyed Abdulkarim Shaks al-din Mousavi Bolbol Shahback in 1320 and was an independent Muslim countryuntil the end the rule of Yousef Shah, the last Muslimruler of Kahsmir. The people of Kashmir have beenﬁghting for their independence since the occupation 161 161of Kashmir back in 1856 and particularly in 1931. The (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onissue of Kashmir, has been deemed as a political conﬂictbetween India and Pakistan and recently China. This ishalf of the truth about Kashmir while the main issue, thatis Islam, has been overlooked. That is to say, Kashmirneither belongs to Pakistan nor India, but it is part ofthe Muslim world. The people of Kashmir have provedthat they will go to any lengths for Islam. The presentpaper refers to the Islamic nature of popular uprisingsin Kashmir and its dos and don’ts in the frame work ofIslamic Awakening.
The Role of Eqbal Lahouri in Motivating the Youth in Islamic Awakening Allameh Mohammad Iqbal Lahouri is one of the most eminent Muslim intellectuals and poets who promoted the essence of Islamic culture and civilization in the Indian peninsula. He had also played a key role in awakening of the youth and raising their morale and motivating them to stand up for their freedom and ﬁght against the hegemonic rule in the 20th century in the East, especially in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Indian Peninsula. This article reviews Allameh Iqbal Lahouris methods in encouraging the youth in the following sections: Using Ashura uprising and the lessons of freedom from162 162 Imam Hossein’s school (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Love to Prophet and his household and taking lessons from them Relying on eastern values and avoiding westoxiﬁcation Proposing the unity of Muslim World Giving special attention to Iranian Youth Proposing return to self-awareness Reliance on domestic capabilities Utilizing poetry to convey his views and ideas Key Word: Iqbal Lahouri, Motivation, Islamic Awakening, Ashura Uprising
Deﬁning Decision Making Criteria in IslamicManagement from Religious Perspective( withan Approach towards Establishing a Patternfor Religious Democracy in the Country) Dr. Hamid Reza Bahrami, Dr. Hassan Kheiri, Rezwan Nouri Alawije The Islamic Revolution led by late Imam Khomeini, surprisedthe people of the world by the capability of Islam in creatingrevolutions and training people and countering the challengesahead of the revolutions and setting up stability. This revolutionmade the Muslims understand the capability of Islam inbringing about revolutions and responding to challenges andposing challenges and setting up independent governmentsbased on Islamic legislation and religious authority. Thatwas how the Islamic Awakening was born and awakenedMuslims. They were enlightened by the Islamic thoughts andopinions. The light of Islam also eliminated ignorance from the 163 163 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhearts and minds of Muslims and prompted them to embracechallenges. Muslims would say the revolutionary movementsmust be based on Islamic concepts to unite thought, practiceand performance of a Muslim so that he, as a devout believer,doesn’t get lost in politics. So it is necessary to research theissue of Islamic management and decision making basedon Islamic approach. Accordingly, this article has taken anexploratory method to discover decision making criteria inIslamic management. Islamic Awakening in Arab world isconsidered as the regional supremacy of the Islamic Revolutionand the Islamic Establishment must pave the way to follow upits causes overseas. This paper has provided the criteria in theprocess of Islamic decision making and its related patterns. Key Words: Decision Making, Islamic Management,Islamic Awakening, Revolution
Islamic Revolution of Iran the Front- runner in Islamic Awakening via Reliance on the Youth and the Principles of Islamic Awakening from Ayatollah Khamenei’s Viewpoint Mohammad Ismailzadeh The Islamic revolution of Iranian nation led by late Imam Khomeini is seen as an attempt for globalizing Islam and the revival of the glorious Islamic civilization. This revolution had its own literature and conveyed the164 164 message that if religion can have a considerable inﬂuence (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on on decision making internationally, it can also inﬂuence not only behavioral rules, but also interactive structures. Meanwhile, the youth have played a leading role. This paper seeks to review the reasons and causes behind the Islamic Awakening in Islamic countries and the role of Iran’s Islamic Revolution, as a pioneer in the modern Islamic Awakening in the world. Key words: Islamic Revolution, Islamic Awakening, Islamic Civilization, Factors, inﬂuence, Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution, the Youth.
Sayyed Jamalodin, the Promoter ofwisdom and Instinct Fatemeh Sadat Ebrahimi This paper seeks to review the role of SayyedJamalodin (1254 A.H) in the awakening of Muslims. Hehas managed to propose new profound ideas through hismastery over Islamic and the Western schools of thoughtand introduce a third way between Westoxicated and Pro-Western ideology. The inﬂuence of this school of thoughtcan be conspicuously seen in the views of Shia and Sunniintellectuals. So, studying his views, is necessary to ﬁnd 165 165 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ona way out of this situation. First, his biology will bereviewed brieﬂy and then his thoughts and views will bediscussed and his opinions about the reasons behind theunderdevelopment of Muslim countries will be touchedon and ﬁnally, his ideology for Islamic Awakening willbe taken into consideration. Key words; Islamic Awakening, Sayyed Jamalodin,Westoxﬁcation, Islam
Planning Popular and Islamic Patterns and their Implementation to Maintain the Achievements of Islamic Awakening Roqayeh Bahrami “Muslims have felt the breeze of awakening and have smelt the scent of return to the teachings of Islam.” Imam Khamenei, the Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution The revolutions that have taken place during the Islamic Awakening, deﬁnitely different from non-religious revolutions. It is natural that, unlike non-religious revolutions, masses of people, are not eliminated from the scene for the fulﬁllment of Islamic causes. Therefore,166 166 the Islamic government and regime need the support of (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the people both for its establishment and its maintenance and stability. Popular support can protect ﬂedging Islamic government against the plots of all internal and foreign enemies. The realization of this issue, in a revolutionary society, requires the formation of popular institutions that are introduced as organized systems which use social patterns to meet the basic needs of the Islamic society and involve the ultimate values of that society. This paper deals with popular institutions and their roles in stabilizing Islamic Awakening movement. Keywords: Sovereignty, Government, Organization, Institution
Expansion of Islamic Awakening in theMiddle East Fatemeh Najaﬁ This paper seeks to study the nature of IslamicAwakening and the people who had an effect on thismovement. In this article, ﬁrst the meaning of IslamicAwakening and its elements have been deﬁned and thena brief history of Islamic Awakening and the obstacleslying ahead of it has been given and also those scholarsand intellectuals that have had a role in the restoration 167 167 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onof Islamic values have been named and ﬁnally, theinﬂuences of these uprisings on the formation of a newMiddle East without the presence of global arrogantpowers have been touched upon. Keywords: Islamic Awakening, Middle East, IslamicRevolution
The Role of Social Networks in the Egyptian Revolution Sediqeh Hamidi This research paper seeks to study the role of social networks in the revolution in Egypt. The popular protests that took place in Egypt on January 24, 2011 to topple the regime of Hosni Mubarak raised some questions on the role of the public media, particularly social networks, in the political developments in this country. A kind of religious reformism aimed at the establishment of a social system base on Islam and a religious method called168 168 Islamic Awakening can be seen in these protests. But the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on question is, to what extent these media have inﬂuenced developments in the country and why western analysts focus on the role of social networks in the democratic developments in Arab countries and what purposes they pursue and whether these analyses correspond to the Islamic nature of these revolutions or their popular aspects? These are the questions that the present article seeks to answer. Keywords: Egypt, Social Networks , Revolution, Media.
Reviewing and Deﬁning the Challenges Lyingahead of Islamic Awaking, their Solutionsand the Role of the Youth in the Battle. Salman Karamiyan, Esmail Hematiyan Islamic Awakening and the recent developments across theMuslim world show the formation of new trends and eventsin the framework of political discourse that is based on thepresuppositions of Islamic dignity, restoration of dignity,authenticity, and Islamic identity. Therefore, due to the natureand its authenticity, proper and timely understanding of itselements and outlining a reasonable perspective based on facts,causes and the real demands of the popular masses, can setup a brighter future for the Muslim world and those involvedin the recent Islamic uprisings. Thus, the Islamic Awakening 169 169has inﬂuenced not only the regional developments but also (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe international relations and has changed the attitudes,structures, and resulted in the formation of new thoughtmovements on the international level. These changes havebrought about challenges and harms for these revolutions thatset a basis for getting a better understanding of those involvedin and committed to Islamic Awakening in future struggles.The fundamental question is what challenges and harms lieahead of the Islamic Awakening. Brief response to this questionwill be: The necessity of taking required measures to use allpotentials and capacities of Islamic societies for confrontingand dealing with the challenges ahead is an undeniable matter. Keywords: Islamic Awakening, Future Struggles, RegionalDisputes, Challenges , Harms, Democratization, Perspectiveof Islamic Awakening
Globalization of Educational Systems and Islamic Awakening Zohreh Saadatmand, Farzad Saadatmand The present research aims to study the role globalization on education from the points of views of professors of the Educational Sciences faculties in Isfahan city. The inﬂuence of globalization on content objectives, education and evaluation methods was studied. The data was gathered through a 53-item questionnaire developed by the researcher. The results indicated a signiﬁcant correlation between the variables (questions). The reliability of the test was 94.4 based on alpha Kronbach. The participants (60 people) were the university professors at Azad University of Khorasegan,170 170 State University of Isfahan, Payam-e-Nour University of Isfahan. No sampling was used due to the limited number (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on of participants. Data analysis was conducted through descriptive methods(median, frequency, percentage, standard deviation) and other statistical methods (Variance, MANOVA, t. test) to analyze data. The results indicated that the effect of globalization on objectives, contents, methods and evaluation was more than average level. There is a signiﬁcant difference among the responses based on the sex of the participants and there were no signiﬁcant differences in other dimensions of the study population. Keywords: Globalization, Education, Objectives, Content, Learning Method, Evaluation
Regional and international interferencein Yemeni revolution and role of theyouth Ali Saleh Ahemd It is known to everyone that the Islamic world has beenunder attack constantly and the ﬂames of this ﬁre are notcoming down. The hegemonistic powers, besides spreading corruptionand immorality among Islamic societies, they are alsocreating divisions among Muslims; and time to time theyinterfere militarily. On the other hand, we have rulersin the Islamic countries who have sold their souls toWestern powers, and they gang up with Westerners andharm their people. In these societies we see millions ofpeople facing social injustice, class divisions and dyingof hunger as well as lack of clothes. Like their Arab brethrens, Yemenis have also 171 171 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ondemonstrated great hunger for freedom and justice.So, the revolution took place in those areas under AliAbdullah Saleh’s rule. Yemeni people took to the streetsand asked Saleh to step down and called for a newgovernment, which would allow people to express theirideas and thoughts in total freedom. The revolutionariesoccupied public squares persistently and many sacriﬁcedtheir lives everyday until the revolution reached thetipping point and the regime was about to fall andthe revolution to succeed, but Saudi Arabia and theUnited States interfered. They hatched plots against therevolution and offered Saleh long-term guaranties. Thisarticle deals with the salient features of Saudi Arabianand American intervention in nonviolent Yemeni youngpeople’s revolution. Key words: Islamic awakening, Yemen, foreigninterference, Saudi Arabia, the United States
Role of Islamic teaching in youth awakening and its impact on political changes Eshrat Mehrabi, Ali Mohammad Goodarzi, Rezvan Mehrabi ((masters in philosophy of Islamic teaching and upbringing If the various aspects of Islamic beliefs are learnt and they are transferred to the society particularly to the younger generation through right and well-trodden paths, it can improve morals of the society, and it also can make developments in different political, social, economic, cultural, scientiﬁc and technological ﬁelds of life. Teachers have key responsibility in this ﬁeld. This research article deals with Islamic and moral behaviors as well as teaching methods and its transfer through four important channels: family, school, social environment and historical and contemporary models. This article will focus on teacher’s role in these four factors and also viewpoints of principals, Islamic studies teachers and religious students of high schools in Lorestan province in a random cluster172 172 sampling and distributing 313 questionnaires containing 55 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on questions relating to these four factors. The results of the research show that all three groups believe that the aforementioned factors have a role in making moral and religious behaviors as follows: 1: Family factors 2: Historical and contemporary models 3: Environment and social factors 4: School There are meaningful differences between the viewpoints of principals, Islamic teachers and students in four categories of questions (p<%5). There is also agreement between viewpoints of principals and Islamic teachers more than the two groups and students. However, the order and percent of the answers follow a homogenous trend having abovementioned results. For analyzing the statistical data, we have utilized frequency, percent of frequency, and average. Focusing on results and details of the research can bring up our weak and strong points.
Fundamental theoretical and ideologicalframeworks of Islamic awakening, theindicator of genuineness and continuity Seyyed Mohammad Mirtabaar The Islamic awakening is a common belief among allthe Muslims around the Islamic world. This awakeninghaving a non-governmental core makes Islamicmovements beyond a speciﬁc religion, nation, nationality,race and country and is present everywhere. No doubtthere is nothing more heart-pleasing than the uprising andreturn of Muslims to Islam in Middle Eastern countries:for it has opened a new and key chapter in the history ofIslamic ummah (community). This great awakening is 173 173 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe inception of a lively and revolutionary tide. Of thefundamental factors of this great uprising are passion,experience, awareness, and …..One of the most effectivemethods to indentify the essence of every phenomenonis the investigation of meanings, indexes and peculiarcharacteristics of it. The investigation of these indexeshelps to get to know the differences and similarities withother phenomena. Key words: Islamic awakening, index, thinking,differences and similarities
Seyyed Jamaluddin Asad Abadi, inspirer and instigator of the youth in Islamic awakening Mohammad Reza ahmado Taame The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution said in the ﬁrst Islamic awakening meeting: “with no doubt, great social changes have always had historical and civilizational background and they are the fruits of condensation of awareness and experience. Great Jihadi and ideological personalities who have created Islamic waves in last 150 years in Egypt, Iraq, Iran, India and some other Asian and African countries can be called as harbingers of the current situation of the Islam world.” In line with the Supreme Leader’s saying, we’ll investigate brieﬂy the thoughts of Seyyed Jamluddin Asad abadi as the predecessor of the Islamic awakening in the current world, who has had a positive inﬂuence on younger generation of Egypt for the Islamic awakening.174 174 In the beginning Seyyed Jamal was a reformist, who (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on believed that reform should start from intellectuals, but as he developed close relations with courtesans he realized that this ideology would not work. Seyyed Jamal believed that in order to ﬁght the cruel rulers in the Islamic countries it the power of people is necessary. He didn’t believe in individual will but that the elite should try its best to awaken the people. According to Seyyed Jamal, instead of persecuting and killing the people the elite classes should form a fundamental movement of Muslims in order to topple the despotic government allied with the Western powers. This has happened during the current movements in the Islamic countries that were formed by the young people to depose the tyrannical rulers. Key words: Islamic awakening, Seyyed Jamaluddin Asad Abadi, young people, Islamic movement, Islamic government
Analysis of plots, threats and methods ofworld tyranny and international Zionistversus Islamic awakening Khola Banoor The Islamic awakening, which is called Arab Springby most of the satellite channels and Arab intellectuals,is facing grave challenges. It can destroy the Arabrevolution in inception and bring back the old tyranny innew form. The return of old despotism is the new goal ofglobal hegemonistic powers especially the United Statesand Zionist regime. The global hegemonistic powersand former colonialists tried their best to keep their 175 175mercenaries in the ofﬁce but after much effort they have (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onrealized that they cannot merely trust and depend uponthese despotic rulers. This is not very strange becausethe nature of hegemony is to go along with change. Justlike the cases in the late 18th century and the beginningof the 19th century when the colonialists developedtheir hegemony over Arab and Islamic world during theleanest patch in the Muslim world. In this article we will discuss plots, challenges andthreats of global hegemony and international Zionismagainst Islamic awakening. Key words: Islamic awakening, threats, challenges,plots, despotism
Analysis of the inﬂuence of Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on Islamic awakening Hossein Fllah, Seyyed Mohammad Naeeni The splendid thoughts of Imam Khomeini, which had enlightened anda guided Iranian Islamic Revolution, are inﬂuencing the current Islamic and freedom movements just like a luminous torch. Meanwhile, the young people of Lebanon’s Hezbollah, who have secured great victories in the region, beneﬁted from Imam Khomeini’s ideology. And they are now role models for the young people in other Islamic countries. The inﬂuence of Imam Khomeini’s ideology on Hezbollah is one of the important issues, which can be analyzed in details in various political, ideological, cultural and social aspects. This essay will analyze different less known aspects Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on the Islamic awakening, especially on the Lebanese Islamic resistance Hezbollah, so that for the characteristics the Imam is known should be mentioned here: 1) What role Imam Khomeini’s thoughts played on the Islamic176 176 awakening? (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on 2) Did Hezbollah succeed because of following Imam Khomeini’s ideology? 3) Did the Imam’s ideas on the nations’ willpower against hegemonists as well as the necessity of the Islamic awakening play any role in forming Lebanon’s Hezbollah? To answer this question, we should ﬁrst investigate the signs of inﬂuence of Imam Khomeini over Hezbollah. There are assumptions that Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on velyat-e faghih (……….), the union of religion and politics, forming of Islamic governments, Islamic awakening, the defending of Islamic nations, desire for freedom and longing for martyrdom, have great inﬂuence in forming and successes of Hezbollah. We are going to mention few of them in this article and analyze Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on Hezbollah. Key words: Imam Khomeini, Isalmic awakening, Hezbollah of Lebanon, ideology, velyat-e faghih, longing for martyrdom, desire for freedom, Palestine, independentism, Islamic government.
Study of the effects of Islamic awakening onsecurity interests of US in the Middle East andNorth Africa Fatemeh Morsali The recent popular uprisings in the Middle East and NorthAfrica, which are known as the 4th Islamic awakening waveafter the 1st to 3rd waves, have great importance, sensitivity andinﬂuence on different countries’ national security, especially onthe security of regional and international powers. An inquiry intothe trend of uprisings shows that a new Middle East is in themaking, which will be fundamentally different with the old one; itwill make Islamic principles as its base for the government craft. Since the under attack governments of Bahrain, Yemen, Libya,Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Tunisia are totally dependanton the United States, and also because of the anti-hegemonisticand anti-despotism nature of the uprisings, it seems that it hasstrategic effects on Washington’s short-term as well as long-termsecurity. After brieﬂy studying the four-sided Islamic awakening waves 177 177this article will investigate recent popular uprisings from the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onviewpoint of geographical security and America’s interests inthe region. The article’s presumption is that the aforementionedchanges have threatened Washington’s militaristic, political,economic, cultural and social activities in the region; however, theIslamic awakening has created golden opportunities for regionalIslamic countries, especially for the Islamic Republic of Iran.So, manipulating the popular uprisings, American government isplotting to direct the trend of the changes according its own goalsand interests in the region. Utilizing the opportunity, Washingtonis also turning its weak points to the strong ones. Understanding these points is extremely important for Iranianpolicy makers and should be taken into consideration in each andevery strategy Tehran adopts. Key words: Islamic awakening, national security, nationalinterests, United States of America, North Africa, securitythreats.
Social awakening according to Imam Ali’s teachings Lack of awareness deﬁnes the plight of people and societies in this century. An ignorant society is deprived of global upward movement, lacks livelihood and enthusiasm, and suffers from dependence and languidness. It needs a great work and a global revolution to awaken such a society from a deep slumber. Ignorance, one of the most fatal moral diseases of the modern days, which is the enemy of humanity, God’s slavery as well as piety, have been eminent in every era. Awaken the people and remove the illusion from their eyes have had a great178 178 place in teachings of Gods’ messengers. Imam Ali (PBUH) following the illuminating teachings (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on of the prophets used to warn people against ignorance and pointed out the causes as well as the remedies just like a doctor. We are about to exercise the teachings of Imam Ali (PBUH) and stand against the international powers, since the international powers intend to spread the seeds of ignorance in countries in order to exploit them. More than others Muslim nations are the target of this exploitation. That’s why with a global and popular awakening we should intentionally try to defuse the enemies’ designs.
Role of the youth and factors of Islamicawakening By Mohammad RostamiThe awakening waves have occupied developingcountries, especially non-aligned and Islamic states. Itseems that the victory of the Islamic Revolution and roleof intellectuals and political scholars in late twentiethcentury has been the deﬁning moment for these stormywaves. As a matter of fact, a political quake happened inthe Islamic world along with the victory of the IslamicRevolution in Iran. The ﬁrst wave of this quake was seenin strengthening the Islamic resistance in Palestine andLebanon. Spreading its roots, the Islamic awakeningliberated south Lebanon and caused Intifada 1 andIntifada 2 in Palestine. The Islamic awakening peaked 179 179 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onwhen Lebanon’s Hezbollah won a 33-day war and a22-day historic resistance of Gaza people succeededin an unequal war. It is now some months that Islamiccountries have been witnessing another wave of Islamicawakening.Although some regional states, European countries andthe United States tried to show that there were no relationbetween the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the Islamicawakening, the demands of people to hold Friday prayers,chanting slogans of Allaho Akbar, to model themselveson religious leaders and political scholars, their impactand political struggle show that we cannot ignore the roleof the Islamic Revolution of Iran, Islamic intellectualsand scholars, who came during last few decades and
formed new circle of Islamic awakening especially in countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Bahrain, Yemen and Libya. One of the characteristics of Islamic awakening is that it can be called the youth awakening; for the youth has formed the spinal chord of this movement. Young men and women who are mostly educated and open- minded people, have taken their model from the leaders and intellectuals of the Islamic world such as Seyyed Jamal, Muhammad Iqbal, Mohammad Abde, Imam180 180 Khomeini, Ayatollah Khamenei, Abdolghader Jazayeri, (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Umar Mokhtar, Seyyed Mohammad Sanosi, Najmuddin Erbakan, Imam Mousa Sadr, Seyyed Mohammad Bagher Sadr, Borhanuddin Rabbani, Mohammad Bagher Hakim, Azizuddin Ghasam, Sade Ghazool,…. With an outlook to the recent wars of the Islamic awakening we see that the youth has not been satisﬁed with the fall of their dictators alone, but they will continue their movement until they reach their desired goals and implement a system of Islamic values and also form an Islamic democratic system. Key words: Islamic awakening, the youth, Islamic political intellectuals, Islamic democracy
Inﬂuential factors of Iran’s IslamicRevolution on Islamic awakening fromAyatollah Khamenei’s perspective Mohsen Matlabi Jonghani Iranian Islamic Revolution has had great impactsoverseas and on account of its supporters, it is considereda major power by regional and international players. TheIranian revolution has had a role in restoring self-esteemof Muslims, whether Sunni or Shia, putting aside theirnationalities or political tendencies; it has been one ofthe most signiﬁcant revolutions of this century. Thisevaluation is made not only based on its achievements inthe Persian Gulf, the Middle East and the Islamic Worldbut also is based on its fruits for the whole world; it canbe claimed that the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 181 181 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onIran is the most prominent event of last century. Iran’sIslamic Revolution has had the most inﬂuence on theMuslims. Many of the researchers believe that thisrevolution and its factors demonstrated by its leaders,are one of the most important and inﬂuential factors inMuslims’ awakening, awareness and increase of Islamicmovements in Islamic societies. This article deals withbases, challenges, causes and inﬂuential factors of theIranian Islamic Revolution in the Islamic awakeningaccording to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Seyyed AliKhamenei’s perspective. Key words: construction, factor, Islamic Awakenig,Ayatollah Khamenei
Islamic awakening according to Allamah Seyyed Ismail Balkhi Habibe Sadat Alizade, Zahra Heydari Seyyed Ismail Balkhi was born in 1229 in Sarpol village, Afghanistan. He visited many countries such as Iran, for his Islamic education. After he graduated, he returned to his home, Afghanistan, and established close relation with Shia Muslims. During his stay in Afghanistan, he attempted many political and cultural moves such as making different political parties and giving sermons in different parts of the country. Though he was subject to prison and exile by the then Afghan regime, he didn’t give in his awakening plans. One of his effective tools, which inﬂuenced many people, was his poetic nature. He employed this blessing to awaken and inﬂuence the people. He used to mention shortcomings of people and182 182 government in his poems, and this way he would stimulate (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on people’s emotions. One can easily get to know the trend of his ideas by reading his poetry. He takes Islam as the basis for all decisions made by individuals and society and never accepts secularism. He says that people, especially the young should go after knowledge, both of religion and of Nature and that they should avoid laziness, imitation without thinking, nationalism and racism, unawareness of modern knowledge, and also avoid those who falsely pretend to be clergies but prevent people from reaching perfection. He also says that they should not let the foreigners and westerners make decisions for them. Key words: Allamh Balkhi, Islamic awakening, poetry, ﬁght
Young Muslims and their role in Islamicawakening Mohammad Ali Ashraf This article studies the essential role of the youth inmodern societies of the Islamic world. Islam enlightensthe spiritual personality of societies. This spiritualenlightenment of Muslim youths has caused Islamicawakening. The Muslim youth has played a key role inthis awakening. These young men with grace of AlmightyAllah are struggling to restore the lost honor of theMuslims which has been usurped by global hegemonistsespecially by the United Stated. This exceptional successagainst the hegemonists has been achieved in Muslimcountries especially in Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon, the 183 183Gaza Strip and Iran. These successes have brought great (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhonor for the Muslim ummah and by grace of God theprocess is ﬂourishing. It will bring freedom, respect,justice and prosperity for Muslim countries based onGod’s commands and Islamic principles. The young generation comprises the main humanforce in any society. The young force can overcome theproblems more easily and more successfully. That’s whyin modern world there is a special consideration towardsthe youth in all political, social, economic and industrialﬁelds.Key words: global hegemonist, Islamic honor, theyouth, human force
Political Islamic jurisprudence (Fegh’h) and its impacts on Islamic awakening This article investigates the trends of Islamic awakening before and after Iran’s Islamic Revolution. The ﬁrst Islamic awakening trend was established by scholars such as Seyyed Jamal and it continued by his students such as Mohammad Abde, Rashid Reza, Seyyed Ghotb and Hasan Bana. Though this trend has made a great contribution to the Islamic awakening, it didn’t meet the main goals of its founders. But the second Islamic awakening trend founded by Imam Khomeini succeeded to reach to the goals and it also could originate an Islamic government based on Islamic teachings which has earned its legitimacy from this channel as well. The theme of this article is to ﬁnd out the differences between the two Islamic awakening trends. The results show that with the backing of political jurisprudence184 184 which has been organized during the centuries by Shia (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on jurisprudents (foghaha), Imam Khomeini presented the Islamic ummah a competent system with speciﬁc standards that could prevent it from deviation. The Islamic awakening trend before Imam Khomeini era had not paid any attention to this difference. At the end of this article we will talk of the new wave of the Islamic awakening in different countries and it will be mentioned that it is formed with the inﬂuence from politicized jurisprudence presented by Imam Khomeini and exercised by Ayatollah Khamenei. Key words: Islamic awakening, Imam Khomeini, Ayatollah Khamenei, Seyyed Jamal, political Islamic jurisprudence, velayat faghigh
Studying role of the youth in the IslamicRevolution as a model for global youth inIslamic awakening Seyyed Mehdi Faghihi, Medi Ajam, Hasan HonarvarWith inspiration from the Islamic teachings and Shiaschool of thought, the Iranian Islamic Revolution hashad major and exceptional inﬂuences on different globaland regional areas, particularly on the Islamic awakeningin the Middle Eastern states. These inﬂuences can bestudied in four categories: studying the categories such asrenovation in thought, pragmatism in religious behavior,organizing and modeling for societies as well as economicand political relations are of greater importance. Thereis a negative attitude towards global hegemony and 185 185westerner intellectuals in last two centuries. On the other (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhand, with respect to the Islamic democracy and Velayat-eFaghih, the proﬁcient ruling of Islamic Republic of Iranhas had great inspiration on the Islamic awakening, aswell as to solve the problems and get rid of regionaldictators. Everyone knows the key role of the youth inIranian Islamic Revolution and its success. The faithfuland determined youth who have made the revolutionsucceed with love of their Leader. The movement of theyouth of thirty years ago has been the role model for theyouth nowadays in regional Islamic awakening.Key words: the Islamic revolution, Islamic awakening,the youth, organizing and modeling, velayat faghih
The youth are responsible to continue the revolution Mir Hadi Mousavi Gharalary The youth comprise the main class of any society, and in fact they are the successive owners of the country. The question is that whether we can be hopeful of future of the youth who are under unprecedented attack by Islam’s enemies? Can we count on them as the true inheritor of the pure Islam and the revolution? Can we save them from this psychotic vortex which is born from the devil? Can we teach them with teachings of the Islamic Revolution of Iran and send them to ﬁght the stormy thoughts and distorted pieces of news? The answer is, yes. We can guide them to a true path and prevent them from falling into deviation. With the hope of special blessings from186 186 Imam Mehdi (PBUH) they can be sent on the path of the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on truth with expectation of success. And this path would be nothing except a way chosen according to the teaching of Imam Khomeini and Supreme Leader of the Iranian Revolution Ayatollah Khamenei based on the guidance of the Holy Quran. This article presents the best way to continue the revolutionary path, truthful brand making for the Iranian nation, which has a revolution that is dubbed as mother of all the Islamic revolutions, and the ways of youth-friendly as well as government policy making and nongovernmental exercises; this way we would be able to show the true face of revolution. Key words: Imam Khomeini, Supreme Leader of the Iranian Revolution Ayatollah Khamenei, youngsters, national brand, foreign politics, common diplomacy
Youths and awakening in the Holy Quran Mohammad Amin Taghavi FardoodThe Holy Quran and the teachings of the House of theProphet (PBUH) have been a source of guidance for eachand every person through out the Islamic history who hasopened their hearts and eyes to accept the truth and givelife to their heart and soul by obeying Allah Almighty’scommands as well as his friends’. In many verses theHoly Quran itself has mentioned the youth who haveacquired guidance and ultimately the awakening of thesoul by their faithfulness. Following this they have felttheir responsibility in the depth of their hearts and theyhave tried to awaken others just like God’s Messengers.The author of this article has studied the contents of theverses of the Holy Quran and sayings of the House ofthe Prophet (PBUH) and selected those pieces which are 187 187related to this subject and have analyzed them. The result (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onof this research shows that the ﬁrst principle in awakeningis an unshakable faith that is followed by an augmentedguidance. And with piety this awakening will lengthenand strengthen its roots. In result, his heart will be openedto the inner perception of the truth, which will enlightenhis path to reach certainty of faith and ultimately a totalreliance in Allah Almighty. This truthfulness, whichis considered the true life by obeying and surrenderingto God, will result in giving life to others that is calledawakening. By studying the roots of this point we will getto one Islamic principle that for which Allah Almightyhas called the Nation of the Prophet (PBUH) of Islam asthe best Nation (Al Imran/110).