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  • 1. ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﻮﺷﺶ: ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺑﻰ: ﺳﻴﺪﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ، ﻃﺎﻫﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻉ، ﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻤﺎﻝﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﻰ، ﺳﻴﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ، ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﮔﻠﺒﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﺭﺍﻳﻰ: ﻣﺆﺳﺴﻪ ﺭﻭﺡﺍﻻﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﻠﺪ: ﻣﺆﺳﺴﻪ ﺍﺑﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﻴﻦ: ﻣﺆﺳﺴﻪ ﺍﺑﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﺮ: ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﻪ ﺍﺑﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﭼﺎپ: ﭼﺎپ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ 0931‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ: 0002‬
  • 2. ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ: ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻭﻻﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ: ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﻣﺒﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎء ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ:‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻣﺘﻘﻰ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ،‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺍﻥ، ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺩ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬‫ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﺪﺍﻥ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻣﻠﻜﻮﺗﻴﺎﻥ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻔﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺯ ﻛﺮﻣﻰ،‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺗﻮﻛﻠﻰ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺤﻤﻴﺪ ﺻﺤﺮﺍﻳﻰ، ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻧﺒﻰﺍﻟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﻰ، ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻛﻠﻬﺮ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺣﺠﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﺍﻳﺰﺩﻯ، ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺍﻳﺰﺩﻯ‬
  • 3. ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬‫8. ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺗﻮ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫9. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﻬﻴﺪﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫01. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫11. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫21. ﻣﻮﺝ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ،ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻜﺎﻟﻴﺰﻡ‬ ‫31. ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫41. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫51. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫61. ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻏﻼﻳﻴﻨﻰ، ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻧﻰ)ﻣﻨﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻢ(‬‫71. ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻃﻠﻴﻌﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬
  • 4. ‫03. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫81. ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫91. ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺍﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻈﺮﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫13. ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫02. ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻬﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫23. ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ؛ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺁﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻯ)ﺣﻔﻈﻪ ﺍﷲ(‬ ‫12. ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ )ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ )ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ(‬ ‫33. ﺩﻻﺋﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺏ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫22. ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫32. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻜﺮﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫43. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻱ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺩﺭﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﻪ ﺍﻻﻗﺼﻰ‬ ‫42. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫53. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫63. ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫52. ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﻭ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫73. ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫62. ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﮕﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫83. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫93. ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫72. ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻴﻬﺎﻯ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﻝ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺳﻰ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫04. ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﺰﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫82. ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬ ‫14. ﻧﻘﺶ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﺎ، ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ، ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫92. ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫)ﺭﻩ(ﻭ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ)ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ( ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬‫24. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻻﻫﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬
  • 5. ‫55. ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺑﺮ‬ ‫34. ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ )ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ(‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ(ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ)‬ ‫65. ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬ ‫44. ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻃﻠﻴﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫75. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﻫﻬﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻯ:‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ‬‫85. ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫54. ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮ ﻋﻘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻓﻄﺮﺕﻫﺎ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻯ (‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻰ)‬ ‫64. ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫95. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫06. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ‬ ‫74. ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﺨﻲ‬ ‫16. ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫84. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫26. ﻓﻘﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫94. ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫36. ﻭﺍﻛﺎﻭﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫05. ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻳﻤﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫46. ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫56. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ، ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﺖ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫66. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﻮﻝ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫15. ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﻫﻬﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫76. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺰﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫25. ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﻫﺎﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻬﺎﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫86. ﭼﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎ، ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻫﺎ،‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ،ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍء ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫35. ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺪ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ؛ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫45. ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻭ ﺷﻬﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺰﻡ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬
  • 6. ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬
  • 7. ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ :‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺘﮕﻰ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﻰ ﻭﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺸﺎء ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ، ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ، ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥﺳﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬‫ﺷﺪ. ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻢ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﺦ ﻭ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦ،‬‫ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ، ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬‫، ﺧﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺧﻴﺰﺵ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻣﺮﻫﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ، ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻣﻰ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬‫ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰﺭﻏﻢ ﻧﺎﺑﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭژﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺷﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺷﻌﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﻫﻨﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﺩ.‬‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ 91-81 ﺷﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺮﻯ ﻗﻤﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﺎ‬‫72-62 ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ 0931 ﻫﺠﺮﻯ ﺷﻤﺴﻰ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ 81-71 ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ 1102‬‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ 007 ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ، ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ، ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ‬‫ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ‬‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﺶ ﻭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ، ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬‫ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﮕﺮ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﮕﺸﺎﻯ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺁﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻯ‬‫) ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻰ( ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ، ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﺭﺍء ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻧﻈﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ. ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻫﺎ، ﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ، ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ-ﻫﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ »ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ« ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﺪ.‬‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ، ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬
  • 8. ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ‬‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ » ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ. ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺫﻳﻞ ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺳﺮ ﻟﻮﺣﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ :‬‫ﺍﻟﻒ- ﺍﺣﻴﺎء ﺍﺻﻮﻝ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ، ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ؛‬ ‫ﺏ – ﺍﺣﻴﺎء ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻭ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ؛‬‫ﺡ – ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﻳﻦ ،‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ؛‬‫ﺩ – ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ،ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻫﺎ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎ ؛‬‫ﻫـ- ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺒﻬﻪ ﻛﻔﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ؛‬ ‫ﻭ- ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺳﻰ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ؛‬‫ﺯ- ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺧﻮﺩﺑﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺠﻤﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﻠﻄﻪ ؛‬‫ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺶ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺷﺪ.ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻣﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ :‬ ‫1- ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ، ﻓﻜﺮﻯ، ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫2- ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫3- ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ)ﺿﻌﻒ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ( ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫4- ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻖ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫5- ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎ، ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ 031 ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ‬‫ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ 07 ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ 04 ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬‫ﭼﺎپ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﻨﺘﺨﺐ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ 07 ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‬‫ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻜﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﻧﺰﺩ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺸﻜﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ‬‫ﺳﺮﻭﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬
  • 9. ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺗﻮ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫*‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻼ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ ﻧﻘﺪﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺳﺠﺎﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻰ ﻧﻘﺪﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺭﻣﺰ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺳﺮﺑﻠﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺭﻣﺰ ﺑﻘﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎ‬‫ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥﻫﺎﺳﺖ. ﺍﻣﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺗﻔﺮﻗﻪﺍﻓﻜﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻨﻰ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻣﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ،‬‫ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻔﺮﻗﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺼﺐ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺎﻕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ‬‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪ. ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬‫ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ. ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻃﻠﻴﻌﻪ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻣﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻭ ﻃﻼﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺖ، ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ، ﻭﺣﺪﺕ،‬ ‫01 01‬‫ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ. ﻫﻢﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‬‫ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺁﻥﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻩﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻩﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺁﮔﺎﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩ: ﻭﺣﺪﺕ، ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ، ﺍﻣﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ، ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ،‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ.‬ ‫*ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺮﺏ‬
  • 10. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﻬﻴﺪﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺳﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﻣﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺣﻤﻴﺪﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ، ﺍﺣﻴﺎﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺲ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ. ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ، ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻧﻬﻀﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ، ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺳﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻔﻜﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺘﻨﺪ، ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺑﺨﺶﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻫﻨﻤﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ، ﻣﻨﺸﺄ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬‫11 11‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ.‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺘﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ »ﺷﻬﻴﺪﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ« ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻓﻜﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻋﻮﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﮔﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺰﺕﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺍﻓﺮﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﻪﺳﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻋﺰﺕ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺕ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻮﺷﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﮔﺮﺍﻧﻪ »ﺷﻬﻴﺪﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ« ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩ: ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭ، ﻗﺮﺁﻥ، ﺍﺣﻴﺎﮔﺮﻯ، ﺧﺮﺍﻓﺎﺕ، ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﻯ.‬
  • 11. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻧﺼﺮﺕ ﺧﺎﺗﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻮﻯ‬‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ، ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ، ﻋﻠﺖ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎ،‬ ‫ّ‬‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺻﺪ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺷﺖ. ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺗﻼﺵ، ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ »ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ« ﻣﻰﻧﺎﻣﻨﺪ. ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ؛ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎ، ﻗﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫21 21‬‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺓ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬‫ﺳﻌﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﺡ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ : ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺟﻬﺎﻥﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ(،‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬
  • 12. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﺭﻭﺑﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺟﻨﺒﺸﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺸﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘ ًﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ، ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺗﻤﺪﻧﻰ، ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ‬‫31 31‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻯ، ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺼﺒﺎﺕ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ.... ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭﻯ، ﻻﺋﻴﺴﻴﺘﻪ، ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ، ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﻢ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺮﺏ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺷﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻗﻮﺕ، ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ : ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻟﮕﻮﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ، ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ، ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬
  • 13. ‫ﻣﻮﺝ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ، ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻜﺎﻟﻴﺰﻡ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻗﺎﺳﻢ ﻭﻓﺎﻳﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﻣﻮﺝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ 1102 )ﻡ( ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ‬‫ﻓﺮﺍﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ‬‫ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺏ؛ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫41 41‬‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢﺭﻳﺨﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺝ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺁﺑﺴﺘﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺛﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﺳﻠﻄﻪﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﺒﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻠﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻱ ﺧﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﺍﻩ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬‫ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ.‬
  • 14. ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﻣﻮﺣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﻋﺼﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ ﻋﺰﺕ ﻭ ﺷﻮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﭘﺎﻱﻣﺎﻝ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺗﻪﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﻰ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﻣﻐﺎﻥ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﻗﻪﻯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻝ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻮﺷﻪ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺠﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻈﻤﺖ ﺩﻳﺮﻳﻨﻪﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻬﻀﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺮﺩﻩ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﺍﻯ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺯﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ، ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺟﻬﺎﻥﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ، ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﺳﺘﻴﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫51 51‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻧﻰ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ، ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﮕﺮﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺮﺷﻰ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻰ،‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ،‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ:‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ، ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﺳﺘﻴﺰﻯ،‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮﻯ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﺍﻯ، ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ، ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻴﺰﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺍﻋﺘﻼﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺗﻤﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱﺑﺨﺶ، ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ـ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ، ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ، ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺱ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻦ، ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﻭ ﻫﻢﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ، ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﻃﺮﺡ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ(، ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ،‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬
  • 15. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫*‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻳﺤﻴﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ‬‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ. ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ؛ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺗﺸﻴﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﺩ. ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﺎ‬‫ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ، ﺳﻮﺍﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ: 1 ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ؟ 2 ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺣﺬﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ؟ 3 ﻭﻯ ﭼﻪ ﻧﻘﺸﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻱ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﻴﻌﻴﺎﻥ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬‫ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ: 1 ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻲ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. 2 ﻭﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫61 61‬‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.3 ﺍﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻛﺴﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ‬‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯﮔﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ. 4 ﻭﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ،‬‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﮕﻮﻯ ﺍﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﺬﺍﻫﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ. 5‬‫ﻓﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. 6‬‫ﻭﻯ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺑﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﺰﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﻴﻌﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. 7 ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺟﻬﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺐ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ، ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺘﻢ ﻭ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ، ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻦ، ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺧﻮﺩﺑﺎﻭﺭﻯ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬ ‫*ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ‬
  • 16. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻩ ﺩﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻗﺮﻥ 12 ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ، ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﻴﺪ، ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ، »ﺷﺒﺎﺏ«، ﻧﺎﻡﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ: »ﺍﺋﺘﻼﻑ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ«، »ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ 6 ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ«، »ﺍﺋﺘﻼﻑ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ« ﻭ .... ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ، ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺪﺗ ًﺎ ﺑﻰﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ، ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ، ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺒﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ، ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺘﻰ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻛﻬﻦ، ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻏﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻮﻯ، ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎ،‬‫71 71‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻔﻜﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﻴﻦ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺖ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ 051‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ. ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﺸﻪﺩﺍﺭﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪﺗﺮ ﻛﻢ ﻛﻢ ﻟﮕﺎﻡ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ، ﻭﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺓ »ﻣﺼﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ« ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ، ﺑﺎ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻧﻘﺶ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺧﺼﻮﺻ ًﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ، ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺼﺮ، ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻛﻴﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ،‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻣﺼﺮ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ52 ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ، ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ.‬
  • 17. ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻏﻼﻳﻴﻨﻰ، ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫)ﻣﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻢ(‬‫*‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬‫**‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻭﻕ ﻧﻌﻤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻧﻰ، ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻏﻼﻳﻴﻨﻰ )ﻑ4491( ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺭﺯﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻭ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻯ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺷﺪ. ﻭﻯ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﺎﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻰ، ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍء ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ. ﺍﻭ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ‬‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ، ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻗﺼﺎﺋﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻭﻃﻦ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ، ﺑﻴﻨﺶ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﻴﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﻭﻃﻦ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺰﺕ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﻮﺩ. ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫81 81‬‫ﺿﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯﺍﺵ، ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺪ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ؛ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻧﺎﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩ.‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ، ﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺷﻌﺮ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻳﻴﻨﻰ.‬ ‫*ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫**ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻯ ﺩﻛﺘﺮﻯ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﺯﻯ‬
  • 18. ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻃﻠﻴﻌﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖ ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫»ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ« ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺗﻮ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ، ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﺮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ، ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻛﻮﺷﺪ، ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻛﺎﻥ »ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ« ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ، ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻱ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ:1. ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ، 2. ﺩﺷﻤﻦﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ، 3. ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ، 4. ﻭﺣﺪﺕﮔﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫5. ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻱ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬‫91 91‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺑﻌﺪﭘﺎﺳﺦﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ :‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻒ( ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺏ( ﺳﻜﻮﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ )ﺑﻰﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ(، ﺝ( ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺲ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻱ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ: ﺍﻟﻒ(‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ: ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕ، ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ، ﺷﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ،‬ ‫ﺳﺮﭼﺸﻤﻪ، ﻣﺴﺠﺪ، ﺣﺠﺎﺏ، ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺒﻚ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻲ. ﺏ( ﺳﭙﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ، ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻛﺎﻭﻱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﺍﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ، ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ، ﺍﺭﻛﺎﻥ،‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ، ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ.‬
  • 19. ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ‬‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻣﺤﻴﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ‬‫» ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ، ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻫﻮﻥ‬‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩ؛ ﻫﻢﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﺍ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ، ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻧﻬﺪ.«‬‫»ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻨﺖ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻛﻬﻒ ﺑﻪﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﻓﺮﻭ‬‫ﺭﻭﻳﻢ، ﺳﭙﺲ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ، ﺳﻮﺍﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﻤﺎﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﻓﺮﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﻢ.«‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡﮔﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﻀﺖ ﺍﻣﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ‬‫ﺍﻛﺮﻡ)ﺹ( ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ)ﺹ( ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫02 02‬‫ﺭﺍ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻰ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒﺮ)ﺹ( ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩ: ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ، ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ.‬‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ّ ً‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻔﺼﻼ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬
  • 20. ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺍﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻈﺮﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻲ ﻣﻠﻜﻮﺗﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ، ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺶﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﻧﻘﺶ، ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ)ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻲ( ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻲ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﻮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ.‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻲ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ، ﻫﻴﭻ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻳﺎ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻲ ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺻﺮﻓ ًﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬‫12 12‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺫﻫﻨﻴﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻱ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ،‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ)ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﺻﺪﺭ، ﺳﻨﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ، ﺑﻲﺗﺎ، ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ(.ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺭﺯﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ، ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﻮ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺜﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺏ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺆﺍﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻱ، ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ،‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﭼﻴﺴﺘﻲ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺤﺜﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﻣﻲﮔﺸﺎﺋﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ، ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ، ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ، ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﺗﺤﻘﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲ.‬
  • 21. ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ‬‫ﻓﺮﺯﺍﻥ ﺷﻬﻴﺪﻯ‬‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻴﺰﺵ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ »ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ« ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻭ‬‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺳﻪ ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ،‬‫ﻣﺼﺮ ﻭ ﻟﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻧﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻏﺮﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺸﻦ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻛﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺸﺎء ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ، ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ، ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬‫ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ. ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﻫﻢﭼﻮﻥ ﺷﻜﺎﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﻃﺎﺋﻔﻪﺍﻯ، ﺭﺳﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﺩ، ﻓﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ، ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺑﺮ ﺣﺠﻢ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ، ﻟﺬﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻫﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﻣﺴﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬‫ﭘﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺇﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﻭ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﮕﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﻫﻢﭼﻮﻥ ﻣﺼﺮ، ﺗﻮﻧﺲ، ﻟﻴﺒﻰ، ﻳﻤﻦ ﻭ...ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭﻯ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺳﻠﻄﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ، ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎ، ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﺧﻼﺻﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﺑﺮﻗﺪﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻋﻴﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ، ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ. ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺭژﻳﻢ‬‫ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺝ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺟﺒﻬﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫22 22‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ.‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺑﻰ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ.‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ،‬‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻏﻠﺒﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ. ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﺎﻇﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﺩﺭ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺪﺍﻕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﻃﺒﻌ ًﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺎﻗﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻃﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺩﻫﻪ، ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺑﻪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺭﻫﻨﻤﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ، ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬
  • 22. ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ )ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻯ )ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ( ﺑﺮﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎﺻﺪﺭﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟﻼﻟﻰ ﻓﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻧﺮﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﻧﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ، ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺳﻴﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺴﻠﻂ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻞﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﻠﻄﻪﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﻱﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻣﺮﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻜﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺟﺒﻬﻪﺍﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺧﻴﺰﺵ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﺔ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ.‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺑﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻫﺮﺍﺱ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻬﺪﺍﻡ‬‫32 32‬ ‫ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺰﻭﺍ ﻛﺸﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺝ، ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ. ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻯ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ، ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﺮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺯﺩﻳﺎﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ: »ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺿﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﻃﻠﺐﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﭗ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻀﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﺑﺨﺶ،‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ. ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻘﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ـ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻳﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ، ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺿﺪﻳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪـ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻛﻦﺷﺎﻥ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ.«‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ)ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ( ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ(، ﺍﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ)ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ(، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ.‬
  • 23. ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻃﺮﺯﻯ‬‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻓﻼﺣﺘﻰ‬‫ﺑﻦﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﮔﺮﻳﺨﺖ، ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﻫﻬﺎ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﻛﺎﺥ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ،‬‫ﻣﻮﺝ ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ، ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻴﻮﻥ ﻟﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﺍﺗﻪ ﻭ ...‬‫ﺍﻳﻦﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ، ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺲ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺨﺶ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬‫ﻣﺨﻮﻑﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﭼﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫42 42‬‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭﺧﻴﺰ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺑﻮﺩ؟ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻛﻮﺏ، ﺍﻋﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ، ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ، ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ، ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺖ، ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﮕﺎﺭﺷﻰ‬
  • 24. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻜﺮﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺩﺭﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫*‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻼ ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ‬ ‫**‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺟﻮﺍﺩﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻋﺮﺍﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 1102 ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﭘﻲﺩﺭﭘﻲ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﺍﻡﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻧﺲ، ﻣﺼﺮ، ﻟﻴﺒﻲ ﻭ ﻳﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻛﻢﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ، ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺘﺮﻗﺒﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ 0102 ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﺎﻇﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﮔﺮ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻧﺎﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻡﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺧﻴﺰﺵ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ، ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ، ﺧﺸﻢ ﻭ… ﻧﺎﻡﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺸﺎء ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻓﻜﺮﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ، ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ‬‫52 52‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺩﺭﺍﻛﻲ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ ﻏﺮﺏ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺧﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ، ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻔﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻱ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺋﻦ ﻭ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ، ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﺷﻜﻨﻲ، ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ،‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻳﺖ، ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ.‬ ‫*ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻯ ﺩﻛﺘﺮﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫**ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ‬
  • 25. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻯ ﻧﺪﻭﺷﻦ‬‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻼﺷﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ. ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺩﻳﻨﻰ‬‫ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫62 62‬‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﺩﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﺕ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﭼﻬﺎﺭﭼﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ، ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﺓ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﺕ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻭ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻠﺘﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ، ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻧﺎﺏ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ، ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻋﺰﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ.‬
  • 26. ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﻭ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺫﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺑﻦﻋﻠﻰ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ‬ ‫»ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﮕﻮﻥ« ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻰﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺳﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬‫72 72‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ »ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻀﻪ« ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺳﺲ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺷﻴﺦ »ﺭﺍﺷﺪﺍﻟﻐﻨﻮﺷﻰ« ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻗﺮﺍﺋﺖ ﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻮﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺏ ﺭﺍﺷﺪﺍﻟﻐﻨﻮﺷﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﭼﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ؟ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻧﺴﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﭘﺎﺱﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ، ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺗﻮﻧﺲ، ﺍﺳﻼﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ، ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻀﻪ،‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺷﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻮﺷﻰ.‬
  • 27. ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﻼﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺻﺤﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬‫ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮ‬‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻧﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺫﻫﻦ‬‫ً‬‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺗﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ، ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺧﻴﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ، ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫82 82‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻱ )ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻧﻔﻲ ﻧﻈﻢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ(، ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻱ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ )ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ(‬‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ. ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ، ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ، ﻗﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ، ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻯ، ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺍﺳﻼﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ،‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ.‬
  • 28. ‫ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﻝ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺳﻰ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺩﻫﺪﺷﺘﻰ ﺍﺭﺩﻛﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻣﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ. ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ، ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ، ﺩﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ،‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺑﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺧﻂﺩﻫﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﺪﻧﺪ. ﻓﻠﺬﺍ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎ، ﺳﻌﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺖﮔﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ، ﻋﻘﺒﺔ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻯﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ. ﻟﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺪﻑ، ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﺪﻧﺪ، ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺴﻮ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ. ﻟﺬﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻓﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ...!؟ ﺁﺭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻜﻮﻻﺭ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬‫92 92‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ، ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻫﻮﻳﺘﻰ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺭﻛﻮﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﺭﺿﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﻟﺬﺍ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﻫﻨﺪ، ﻏﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺟﺰ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭ ﭘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﮔﻢﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎ،‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ. ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻣﻐﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ. ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺭﻕ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﭘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺑﻪﺭﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡﺳﺎﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ، ﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺑﺪﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻜﻮﻻﺭ ﻭ ﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﻝ، ﺁﻓﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﻠﻮﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖﻫﺎ، ﺩﺭ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻣﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﻠﻄﻪ، ﺳﻜﻮﻻﺭﻳﺴﻢ، ﻟﻴﺒﺮﺍﻝ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺳﻰ، ﺍﻧﺴﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮﻯ، ﺍﻧﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ، ﺍﻧﺤﻄﺎﻁ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ.‬
  • 29. ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﻮﺭﺩﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﺟﺎﻧﺴﻴﺮ،‬‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺑﻬﻤﻨﺶ‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻧﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ، ﻣﺼﺮ ﻭ ﻟﻴﺒﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻧﺎﺁﺭﺍﻣﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﻦ، ﻳﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ،‬‫ﺍﺭﺩﻥ، ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺍﻳﺮ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﮔﺸﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﺩﺭﮔﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﺸﻪﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩ ﺩﭼﺎﺭﮔﺸﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ.‬‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺭﻩﻳﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻫﻮﻳﺖﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺸﻪﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ 91ﺩﻯ 9831‬‫ﺗﺎ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ 62ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ0931، ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺳﻌﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺑﻰ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﺳﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫03 03‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ، ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻫﻴﺎﻓﺖﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﻴﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻴﻢ.‬‫ﻓﺮﺽ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻰ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺍﺯﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ‬‫ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ، ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﻧﻬﻨﺪ. ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻃﻰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ، ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ، ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ، ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﺳﺘﻴﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺖﺳﺘﻴﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ‬‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ : ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ، ﻣﺮﺩﻡ،‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬
  • 30. ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ )ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ( ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺜﻢ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ، ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ، ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ، ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺩ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ،ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬‫13 13‬ ‫ﺁﻥ، ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫)ﺭﻩ( ﻭ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ )ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ( ﻭﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ،‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻟﺬﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ، ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ.‬
  • 31. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﺖ‬‫ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ، ﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﺖ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻰ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻋﻠﻞ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍً ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻀﺎﺩ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫23 23‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ‬‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﻛﻢﺭﻧﮓ ﺷﺪﻥ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺺ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ.‬‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻨﻰ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﺖ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ، ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬
  • 32. ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻮﺏ ﻓﻴﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫33 33‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻋﻠﻤﺎ ﺧﺼﻮﺻ ًﺎ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺭﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺸﺎءﺍﷲ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ(، ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻳﺎﺕ.‬
  • 33. ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ؛ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺁﻳﺖﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ)ﺣﻔﻈﻪ ﺍﷲ(‬‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ‬‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﺭﻩ( ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ »ﺧﺮﺩﻩ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ« ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ »ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ« ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﺔ‬‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ. ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ، ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺁﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﻪ‬‫ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ، ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪﺩﻫﻨﺪﺓ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺭﺍﺣﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ.‬‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ، ﻓﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﺎ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ‬‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ؟ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ ﺻﻮﺭﺕﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؟ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ،‬ ‫43 43‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ‬‫ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﺓ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻧﺎﺳﻴﻮﻧﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﻋﺮﺑﻰﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻔﺼﻞﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﻝ‬‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ، ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ. ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ، ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺛﻘﻞ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ_ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻲﺯﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻲﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻨﺪ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ، ﻫﻮﻳﺖ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻧﺎﺳﻴﻮﻧﺎﻟﻴﺴﻢ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ، ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ.‬
  • 34. ‫ﺩﻻﺋﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺏ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ، ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻟﻴﺒﻰ، ﻣﺼﺮ، ﻭ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻛﻨﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻳﻤﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺷﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻞ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻋﻠﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ‬‫53 53‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ .‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻐﻔﻮﻝ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ، ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺤﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﺪ، ﭘﺲ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﺔ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ،‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ .‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻭﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥﻣﻨﺪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ، ﻧﻘﺶ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ، ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ،‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻓﺪﺍﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺎﻣﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌ ًﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ .‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻬﺎ، ﻣﺮﺩﻡ، ﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻋﺮﺏ.‬
  • 35. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﻪ ﺍﻻﻗﺼﻰ‬‫ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﻰ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‬‫ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﻪ ﺍﻻﻗﺼﻰ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ.‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻔﻰ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﺸﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ‬‫ﻣﻮﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻪ ﺍﺭﺩﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﻪ ﺍﻻﻗﺼﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺳﻨﺠﻴﻢ.‬ ‫63 63‬‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻥﮔﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬‫ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ،‬‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ، ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﻪ ﺍﻻﻗﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻧﻘﺶ، ﺯﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻰ، ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﻪ ﺍﻻﻗﺼﻰ، ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ،‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ، ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﻢ.‬
  • 36. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﺠﺎﺭﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﻗﺎﺟﺎﺭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﻧﻬﻀﺖ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻃﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ 9191)ﻡ(‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﺛﻮﻕﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ »ﻭﺛﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻪﻛﺎﻛﺲ« ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩ، ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﺩﻫﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ. ﺍﻭ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺳﺮﺳﺨﺖ ﺑﻴﮕﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﺍﺟﻨﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ.‬‫73 73‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻋﺸﻖ ﻣﻰﻭﺭﺯﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺋﻦ ﺯﺍﻧﻮ ﻧﻤﻰﺯﺩ. ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺷﺮﺍﻓﺖﻣﻨﺪﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ.‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺩﻳﻦﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ، ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺰء ﺁﺭﺯﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺳﻌﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻱ، ﻧﻘﺶ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺷﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻲ، ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻭﺛﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻛﺲ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ،‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬
  • 37. ‫ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺭﻫﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺟﻴﻦ‬‫ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍً ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬‫ﻭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻧﻮﻋ ًﺎ ﺿﺪ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺮﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬‫ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﭙﻴﻤﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ‬‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ، ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ... ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺑﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺶﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ‬ ‫83 83‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﻧﺎﻣﻨﺪ ﺧﻴﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻛﻤﻮﻧﻴﺴﻢ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ. ﺁﻥﭼﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬
  • 38. ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩ.ﻟﻴﺮﺍ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺯﻭﺩﮔﺬﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻰ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻮء ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺁﻝ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬‫93 93‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺁﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺧﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ، ﻟﺒﺎﺱ، ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺒﻚ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺁﻝ.‬
  • 39. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﭘﺎﺩﺍﺷﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻋﻘﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰﻣﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺤﺾ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ، ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﻓﺮﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬‫ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ، ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﺠﺎ‬‫ﻛﻪ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﺘﻤﺪﻥ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺿﺪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ،‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺣﺴﺐ »ﻣﺮﺗﺠﻊ«، »ﺳﻨﺖ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻌﺼﺐ« ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﻨﺪ.‬ ‫04 04‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﺭﻭﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻬﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ. ﻣﺨﻠﺺ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺘﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ،‬‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺷﻜﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﭼﻴﺰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﻛﺲ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ.‬
  • 40. ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺭﺟﺐ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ، ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻇﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺿﺪﻳﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻄﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﻯ، ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻋﻄﻒ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫14 14‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺮﻥ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺩﻫﻢ ﻫﺠﺮﻯ ﻗﻤﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﺁﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ، ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ. ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺳﻠﻄﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺎ ﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝﮔﺮ ﻗﺪﺱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻢ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ، ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻟﮕﻮ ﺩﻫﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ،‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ.‬
  • 41. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﺎ، ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ، ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻛﺴﻴﻢ ﺣﺴﻦ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ‬‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﺎ، ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬‫ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫24 24‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻓﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺭﺍﻙ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻢﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﺮﺟﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ‬‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻟﻴﻜﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺟﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻝ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ »ﺍﻣﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻩ« ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ .‬
  • 42. ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﺰﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﺕﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ.‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ، ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻧﻬﻀﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭﺍﻻﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻋﺰﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ)ﺣﻔﻈﻪ ﺍﷲ( ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﭼﻢﺩﺍﺭ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬‫34 34‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻋﺰﺕﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻲﺑﺪﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻜﻲ ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻫﺔ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﮕﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﻋﺰﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺼﻲ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﺰﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﻪ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﺍﻛﺎﻭﻱ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻋﺰﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻋﺰﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ.‬
  • 43. ‫» ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻻﻫﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ«‬‫*‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻳﺤﻴﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬‫ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻻﻫﻮﺭﻱ، ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺷﺒﻪ ﻗﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺓ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻩﮔﺬﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﻪ‬‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺮﻕ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ، ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷﺒﻪ ﻗﺎﺭﺓ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻠﻄﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ.‬‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻻﻫﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬‫ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ:1 ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫44 44‬‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻬﻀﺖ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ؛ 2 ﻋﺸﻖ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺑﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ؛ 3 ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺷﺮﻕ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻏﺮﺏﺯﺩﮔﻰ؛‬‫4 ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ؛ 5 ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ؛ 6 ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﻳﺸﺘﻦ؛ 7 ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ؛ 8 ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻇﺮﻑ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻻﻫﻮﺭﻯ، ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻧﻬﻀﺖ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ.‬ ‫*ﺩﺍﻧﺶﻳﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎﻩ‬
  • 44. ‫ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ)ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ(‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻰ،‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺧﻴﺮﻯ،‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻳﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ، ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻋﻼﻣﺖ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺭﻭﻳﻰ، ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺧﻂ ﺍﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺰﺵ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻫﻤﻴﻦﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻏﻔﻠﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺧﺮﺩﻫﺎ‬‫54 54‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻝﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻓﻜﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﺸﺘﺎﺑﻨﺪ. ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ، ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺕ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻨﺤﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗَﺒﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺮﺯ ﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺏ، ﺍﻗﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ، ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ،ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬
  • 45. ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻃﻠﻴﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻲ)ﺭﻩ( ﺗﻼﺷﻲ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯﻱ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﭘﺮﺷﻜﻮﻩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﮕﺮﻑ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫64 64‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻋﻠﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﻴﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ .‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ،ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ،ﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬
  • 46. ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮ ﻋﻘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻓﻄﺮﺕﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺳﻴﺪﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ )4521ﻕ( ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺎﻃﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﻏﺮﺏ، ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﻯ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺳﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﻏﺮﺏﺯﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻏﺮﺏﮔﺮﺍ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻣﺘﻔﻜﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪ‬‫74 74‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ. ﻟﺬﺍ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﻜﺮﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻞ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻯ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺳﻴﺪﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ، ﻏﺮﺑﺰﺩﮔﻰ، ﺍﺳﻼﻡ.‬
  • 47. ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺭﻗﻴﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻰ‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ، ﻃﺒﻌ ًﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژﻯ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ، ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻼﻑ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ، ﺗﻮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ، ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻌﺖ ﺁﺣﺎﺩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﭘﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﻧﻴﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭﮔﺮﻭ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫84 84‬‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬‫ﻭ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻭﻱ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺎﻳﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ. ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ، ﺩﻭﻟﺖ، ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ، ﻧﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻯ ﻓﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻮﻝ، ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻋﻠﻤﻴﻪ ﻗﺒﺎ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬
  • 48. ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫*‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ، ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻭﺍژﻩ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻫﻴﺨﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻰ ﻗﺮﻭﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ، ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ‬‫94 94‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬ ‫*ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻄﻔﻰ)ﺹ( ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﻪ‬
  • 49. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺼﺮ‬‫*‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻪ ﺣﻤﻴﺪﻯ‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ .‬‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ 52 ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ 1102 ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺣﺴﻨﻰ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ، ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﻳﮋﻩ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ.‬‫ﺁﻥ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ، ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻮﻋﻰﺍﺻﻼﺡﮔﺮﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ.‬‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫05 05‬‫ﺩﻣﻜﺮﺍﺗﻴﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﻫﺪﻓﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻣﺴﺄﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺎﺳ ًﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﻫﺎ، ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺟﻬﺔ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ، ﺳﻮﺍﻟﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻣﺼﺮ، ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ.‬ ‫*ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻄﻔﻰ)ﺹ( ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﻪ‬
  • 50. ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﺘﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻬﻨﻪ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻫﺎ، ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﺰﺕ، ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ .ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ،‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻙ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖﻫﺎ، ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ ﺗﻮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ‬‫15 15‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺟﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻧﮕﺮﺵﻫﺎ، ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻙ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ. ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭼﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺍﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺎﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺷﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ، ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻯ،‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻬﺎ، ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎ، ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬
  • 51. ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺯﻫﺮﻩ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﺗﻤﻨﺪ،‬‫ﻓﺮﺯﺍﺩ ﺳﻌﺎﺩﺗﻤﻨﺪ‬‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬‫ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺎﺗﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻬﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻰ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ، ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭ‬‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪ، ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ‬‫ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻨﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺲ ﻧﻴﻜﺮﺕ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ 35 ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﻭ ﺳﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ. ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐّﻴﺮﻫﺎ)ﺳﺆﺍﻻﺕ( ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺳﺆﺍﻻﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ‬‫ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺁﻟﻔﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﻭﻥﺑﺎﺥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ 4,49 ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﺳﮕﺎﻥ، ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ)06 ﻧﻔﺮ( ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ. ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫25 25‬‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻔﻰ)ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ، ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ، ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ( ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺒﺎﻃﻰ )ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺎﻧﺲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻭ ‪ t‬ﺗﻚ‬‫ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻩ( ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ. ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ، ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ، ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ، ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ‬‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺎﺗﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ، ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺖ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺗﻴﺪ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺩﺍﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ، ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ، ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ، ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ، ﺭﻭﺵ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﻴﺮﻯ،‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬
  • 52. ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻳﻤﻦ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﻠﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺶ ﻧﻤﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ .‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺷﺎﻋﻪ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻓﺤﺸﺎ ﻭ ﺁﺗﺶ ﻓﺘﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺷﻌﻠﻪ ﻭﺭ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺳﻼﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩ . ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺸﻬﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﺴﻴﻞ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ. ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻬﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻴﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺋﺘﻼﻑ ﻣﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ . ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻇﻠﻢ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﻓﺎﺣﺶ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻄﻮﺭﻳﻜﻪ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻡ ﻣﺮگ ﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ .‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ، ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ، ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ، ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺖ‬‫35 35‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻨﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻴﺎﻕ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ، ﻟﺬﺍ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻬﺎﻯ ﻳﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺸﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺗﺤﺼﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﻛﻨﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﻭ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ . ﻧﻘﻼﺑﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﺷﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﻴﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻤﺖ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻃﺮﺣﻬﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ . ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻤﺖ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻳﻤﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ .‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ : ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻳﻤﻦ، ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ، ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ، ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬
  • 53. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬‫ﻋﺸﺮﺕ ﻣﻬﺮﺍﺑﻰ،‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﮔﻮﺩﺭﺯﻯ،‬‫*‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﺮﺍﺑﻰ‬‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻ ًﺎ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ، ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬‫ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ، ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ .‬‫ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻃﺎﻗﺖﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ، ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ، ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪ، ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ‬‫ﻫﺮ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﺪﻳﻦ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﻰ ﺧﻮﺷﻪ‬‫ﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ 313 ﺑﺮگ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ 55 ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ‬ ‫45 45‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺮ ﺳﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ، ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ .‬‫ﺍﻟﻒ: ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻰ ، ﺏ: ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ، ﺝ: ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺩ: ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪ ﺍﻯ‬‫ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﺪﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬‫ﻫﺮ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻣﻌﻨﻰﺩﺍﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ )5٪ <‪ (p‬ﻭ ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻴﻜﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺘ ًﺎ ﻫﻤﮕﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ، ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﺧﻰﺩﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﻗﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻭ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﺩ.‬ ‫* ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬
  • 54. ‫ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ،ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣﻴﺮﺗﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺔ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ.ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪﺓ ﺟﻨﺒﺶﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ، ﻣﻠﺖ، ﻗﻮﻡ، ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﺩ. ﺑﻰ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﺷﻴﺮﻳﻦﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺍﺏﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻴﺰﺵ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ؛‬‫55 55‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﮔﺬﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﺸﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﻧﺸﺎﻁ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ، ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺘﮕﻰ،‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎ، ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻴﺰﺵ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺆﺛﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺸﺔ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎ، ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ،‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻬﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﻢ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺷﺎﺧﺺ، ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ، ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻬﺎﺕ‬
  • 55. ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺪ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ؛ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ ﻃﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻧﺪ:»ﺷﻚ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻢ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮ، ﻋﺮﺍﻕ، ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ، ﺭﺍﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬‫ﭘﻴﺶﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪ. ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻩ، ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬‫ﻣﺠﻤﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺪﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ – ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯﮔﺮ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺼﺮ‬‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ.‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺳﻴﺪﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺮﻭﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ‬ ‫65 65‬‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ. ﺳﻴﺪﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﺒﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﺣﺎﺩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻰ ﺗﺮﻭﺭ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ، ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﻗﻠﻊ ﻭ ﻗﻤﻊ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ، ﺑﺮ‬‫ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﺟﻨﺒﺶ ﺑﺪﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻧﻰ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﺘﺒﺪ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻏﺮﺏ ﺑﻜﻮﺷﻨﺪ، ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺪ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ،ﺟﻨﺒﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ،ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬
  • 56. ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺰﻡ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻨﻮﺭ‬ ‫»ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ« ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺍﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺏ‬ ‫»ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ« ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻄﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﺎﺕ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻄﻔﻪ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻬﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻇﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ.‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺰﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ، ﺍﻳﻨﻚ‬‫75 75‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺒﺪ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻫﻢﺳﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﻥ 81 ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻗﺮﻥ 91، ﺳﻴﻄﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﭙﺮﺍﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺳﻠﻄﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ، ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ، ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪﻫﺎ، ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﺩ‬
  • 57. ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ )ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ(‬‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻓﻼﺡ ،‬‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﺎﺋﻴﻨﻰ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻻﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺭﻭﺷﻨﮕﺮ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖﮔﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ، ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻣﺸﻌﻠﻰ ﺗﺎﺑﻨﺎﻙ ﺑﺮﺟﻨﺒﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻀﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﺑﺨﺶ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬‫ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ )ﺭﻩ( ﺑﺮ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ، ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻤﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ، ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺷﻜﺎﻓﻲ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻨﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﻐﻔﻮﻝ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺧﺼﻮﺻ ًﺎ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﻭ‬‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ)ﺭﻩ( ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻ ًﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺌﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﺫﻳﻞ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ:‬ ‫1( ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ )ﺭﻩ( ﭼﻪ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫85 85‬‫2( ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬‫3( ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺭﺍﺣﻞ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻜﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺌﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺠﺰﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ. ﻓﺮﺽ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ )ﺭﻩ( ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ، ﺗﻼﺯﻡ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ، ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ، ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕﻃﻠﺒﻰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺰﺏﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﻢ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬‫ﮔﻮﺷﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ )ﻗﺪﺱ ﺳﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ ( ﺑﺮ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ )ﺭﻩ(، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ، ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ، ﻭﻻﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻴﻪ، ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺕ ﻃﻠﺒﻰ، ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻳﺨﻮﺍﻫﻰ، ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻦ، ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻃﻠﺒﻰ، ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ.‬
  • 58. ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬ ‫*‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﻣﺮﺳﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﺝ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻡ، ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺝ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ، ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ، ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻛﺎﻭﻯ ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﭘﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﻦ، ﻳﻤﻦ، ﻟﻴﺒﻰ، ﺍﺭﺩﻥ، ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ، ﻣﺼﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺿﺪﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺿﺪﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎ، ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺥ ﺳﻔﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﺕ، ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﺝ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ،‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬‫95 95‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻛﺎﻭﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﻓﺮﺽ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ، ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ،‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻟﺬﺍ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻴﺰﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ، ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺷﻴﺐ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺫﻳﺮﺑﻂ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺗﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ، ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ، ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ،‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ، ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ، ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫* ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫‪Email: morsalif@yahoo.com‬‬
  • 59. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻯ‬‫ﻫﺎﺷﻢ ﺭﺍﺳﺨﻰ ﺗﺒﺎﺭ،‬‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ)ﻏﻔﻠﺖ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻼﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﻯ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ؛ ﺟﻮﺷﺶ‬‫ﻭ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻳﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻤﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ.ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﻯ‬‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﻰ، ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺲ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﺪ.ﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭگﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﻯ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬‫ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺥ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻋﺼﺮﻯ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﺯﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﻩﻯ ﭘﻨﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ، ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺒﻴﺎء ﺍﻟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﺳﺨﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ )ﻉ( ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ‬‫ﺭﻭﺷﻨﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺒﻴﺎء ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﮔﻬﺮﺑﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺣﺬﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻻﻟﻰ ،ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫06 06‬‫ﻃﺒﻴﺐ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻮﺷﺰﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ. ﻣﺎﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺑﺴﺘﻦ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ)ﻉ( ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ‬‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺬﺭ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﻔﺸﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻰ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﻓﺰﺍﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺶ، ﻓﺮﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻛﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ.ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻨﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ، ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻜﻮﺷﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻰ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ ﻟﻴﺴﺎﻧﺲ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ،ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ.)52 ﺳﺎﻝ(.‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺳﻰ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ.‬
  • 60. ‫ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻯ )ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻰ(‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻰ ﺟﻮﻧﻘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺱ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻫﻮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ، ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ، ﺳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻌﻪ، ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻠّﻴﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻼﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻧﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ،‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬‫16 16‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﻣﻐﺎﻥ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ، ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ،‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﺒﺮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻫﺎ،‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎ، ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺣﻀﺮﺕﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ، ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻯ.‬
  • 61. ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺳﺘﻤﻰ‬‫ﺍﻣﻮﺍﺝ ﭘﺮﺗﻼﻃﻢ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻄﺢ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻏﻢ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺘﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺭﺑﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻋﺰﻳﻤﺖ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﺝ ﺗﻮﻓﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﺍﻙ ﭘﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ.ﭼﻨﺎﻧﻜﻪ‬‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻭﺝﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬‫ﺑﻮﺩ.ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺠﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺣﺰﺏﺍﷲ‬‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒﺮﺩ 33 ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻏﺰﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒﺮﺩ 22 ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﺎﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ.‬‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺨﺼﻮﺹ‬‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮ، ﺗﻮﻧﺲ، ﺑﺤﺮﻳﻦ، ﻳﻤﻦ ﻭ ﻟﻴﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻌﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫26 26‬‫ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻭﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺒﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻭﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪﺩﻫﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ.‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻋﻄﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻄﻮﺭﻳﻜﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻴﻬﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ‬‫ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺴﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ .ﭘﺴﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻰ‬‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺸﺮ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﮕﻮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ)ﺳﻴﺪﺟﻤﺎﻝ ،ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻻﻫﻮﺭﻯ،ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬‫ﻋﺒﺪﻩ،ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ،ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻯ،ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺟﺰﺍﻳﺮﻯ ،ﻋﻤﺮﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ،ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﺳﻨﻮﺳﻰ،ﻧﺠﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺑﻜﺎﻥ ،ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺻﺪﺭ،ﺳﻴﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﺮﺻﺪﺭ،ﺑﺮﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺭﺑﺎﻧﻰ ،ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮﺣﻜﻴﻢ‬‫،ﻋﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻗﺴﺎﻡ،ﺳﻌﺪ ﻏﺰﻭﻝ ﻭ...(ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ.‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ‬
  • 62. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﺑﻠﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺒﻴﺒﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ،‬ ‫ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﺑﻠﺨﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 9221 ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﻳﻪ ﺳﺮﭘﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺁﻣﺪ. ﺍﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻔﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻭﻱ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ –ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢﻭﻃﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺷﻴﻌﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ. ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻲ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻃﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻣﻲﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭ ﺑﺮﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻨﺒﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭﻃﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻧﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ .ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﻮﻱ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺷﮕﺮﻑ‬‫36 36‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ُﺧﻠﻖ ﺷﺎﻋﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻭﺳﺖ، ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻬﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺸﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﺷﻌﺎﺭﺵ ﻧﻘﺺﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ،‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﻣﻲ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺮﻱ ﺣﺘﻲ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ.ﻋﻼﻣﻪ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻱ ﺍَﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻜﻮﻻﺭﻳﺴﻢ ﺗﻦ ﻧﻤﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺸﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺎﻫﻲ، ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻯ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ: ﺗﻨﺒﻠﻲ، ﺗﺮﻙ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ،ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪ ﻛﻮﺭﻛﻮﺭﺍﻧﻪ، ﻗﻮﻣﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﭘﺮﺳﺘﻰ، ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﻓﻠﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﺯﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻲﻧﻤﺎﻫﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﮕﺎﻧﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺏﺯﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺑﻠﺨﻰ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﺷﻌﺎﺭ، ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ.‬
  • 63. ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺷﺮﻑ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮﮔﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻥ‬‫ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻰ‬‫ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ، ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻭ ﻋﺰﺕ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻠﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺩﻣﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺑﻮﻳﮋﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻄﻒ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﻨﺶ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﻋﺰﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‬‫ﺑﻮﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ، ﻣﺼﺮ، ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ، ﻏﺰﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ... ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻭﺻﻔﻰ‬ ‫46 46‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺸﺎءﺍﷲ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻮ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ، ﻋﺰﺕ، ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬‫ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﺗﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻼﺷﻬﺎ‬‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﺎﺋﻖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺨﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬‫ﺑﭙﻴﻤﺎﻳﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ، ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺷﺌﻮﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ، ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ... ﺳﺮ ﻟﻮﺣﻪ ﻯ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ، ﻋﺰﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺟﻮﺍﻥ، ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬
  • 64. ‫ﻓﻘﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ، ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ، ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺷﺎﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻭ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ، ﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ، ﺳﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ، ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺘﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺼﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺸﺪ. ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺮﺍ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫56 56‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﺁﻥ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ(‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻘﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ، ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻓﻘﻴﻬﺎﻥ ﺷﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ، ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ، ﺁﻥ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ، ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ، ﻣﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻘﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ)ﺭﻩ( ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪﺍﻯ)ﻣﺪﻇﻠﻪ( ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ .‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ، ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻯ، ﺳﻴﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻝ، ﻓﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ، ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ‬
  • 65. ‫ﻭﺍﻛﺎﻭﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻓﻘﻴﻬﻲ ﻭﺍﻋﻈﻲ،‬‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻋﺠﻢ،‬‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻫﻨﺮﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺗﺸﻴﻊ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻲ‬‫ﺑﺪﻳﻞ ﻭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻮﺹ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ . ﺍﻳﻦ‬‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ:‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﻭﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ، ﻋﻤﻞ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ‬‫، ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻣﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﺟﻬﺖ‬‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺫﻫﻨﻲ ﻭﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﻣﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﺯﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ‬‫ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﻓﻜﺮﺍﻥ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺯﺩﻩ ،ﻃﻲ ﺩﻭ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫66 66‬‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺎﻻﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﻭ ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻠﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﺩﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻱ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻓﺮﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻋﺼﺮ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺩﺭﺱ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﺳﺎﺯﻱ، ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ.‬
  • 66. ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﻟﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺸﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺍﻧﺪ.ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻫﺠﻤﻪ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ، ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ؟ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺙ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻧﺎﺏ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ؟ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ، ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﺍﺏ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﻳﺶ،ﻛﻪ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ،ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﺝ ﺧﺮﻭﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ؟ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ، ﺁﺭﻯ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ، ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ)ﻋﺞ(ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﺩﺭ ﺟﺒﻬﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺟﺰ ﺭﻫﻨﻤﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻓﻘﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫76 76‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺗﻮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﺁﻧﻰ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻻﺕ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ، ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﻗﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ، ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ، ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻣﻠﻰ، ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ، ‪mirhadimousavi@yahoo.com‬‬
  • 67. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ، ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨّﺖ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺍﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﻘﻮﻱ ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ّ‬‫ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺑﻴﺖ)ﻉ( ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ، ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺘﮕﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻟﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﺣﻘﺎﻳﻖ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻝ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻃﺎﻋﺖ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺸﺎﺕ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﺎﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻭ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺪ‬‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﻟﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻧﻲ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ، ﺑﻪ ﻓﺰﻭﻧﻲ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻊ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺲ‬‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻬﻲ، ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﻱ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ. ﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‬‫ﻛﻴﻔﻲ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺑﻴﺖ)ﻉ(، ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ‬‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ، ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ، ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﺳﺨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫86 86‬‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺁﺩﻣﻲ ﻓﺰﻭﻧﻲ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﻱ ﺗﻘﻮﺍﻱ ﺍﻟﻬﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺩﻝ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻨﺶ ﺣﻖ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺘﻲ ﮔﺸﻮﺩﻩ‬‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻛﻞ ﻧﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ.‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻖ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻃﺎﻋﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻝ، ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬‫ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ، ﺑﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﻱ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ. ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺁﻥ، ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺖ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ)ﺹ( ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ)ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ/011(.‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﮔﺮﻱ، ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻛﺮﻳﻢ، ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺣﻖ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﻲ‬
  • 68. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﻮﻝ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻠﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﮔﺎﻡ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ،‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﻼﻝ ﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻋﺰﺕ ﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ،‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻤﻨﻪ ﺑﻠﻮﻙ ﺷﺮﻕ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻛﺸﻴﺪ، ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ، ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺩ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ‬‫96 96‬ ‫ﺯﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩﺍﻱ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻼ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﮕﻲ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺨﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺮﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ. ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ، ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺑﻊ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﻧﺸﻴﺐ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ )ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ( ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﺑﻰ ﺷﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﮕﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺗﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺗﺮ )ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﻌﻼﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺸﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ( ﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ.‬
  • 69. ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺯﻯ‬‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ، ﺭﻭﺡ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺎﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻳﺒﺨﺶ، ﻣﻨﺸﺎء ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﺑﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻬﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ – ﻋﻠﻴﺮﻏﻢ‬‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ، ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ – ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺭژﻳﻤﻰ ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻟﮕﺮ ﻭ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻯ ﺷﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﺭﻏﻢ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺭژﻳﻢ‬ ‫07 07‬‫ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺵ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺟﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻀﻌﻴﻒ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ‬‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻜﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻯ، ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬‫ﺳﻠﻄﻪ ﻓﻜﺮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺑﻜﺸﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﺤﺎﺻﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻨﮓ ﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭژﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﺪ.‬
  • 70. ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ، ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎ، ﺁﺭﺍء ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫*‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺼﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺭﻓﺖ ﻋﺰﺕ ﻭ ﺷﻮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﭘﺎﻯﻣﺎﻝ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻮﺗﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﻰ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲﻣﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻮﺷﻪ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﺭﻗﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻝ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻈﻤﺖ ﺩﻳﺮﻳﻨﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ. ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ، ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻳﻰﻓﺮﺍﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰﻗﻠﻤﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ، ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺆﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ِ‬‫17 17‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﻪﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺋﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﺰﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭﻱ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫)ﭼﻜﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ(‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺩ ﻟﺬﺍ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ، ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎ، ﺁﺭﺍء‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ، ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ)ﻉ( : »ﻫﺮﻛﺲ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﻨﺪﺩ ، ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ«‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎ: ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ، ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ، ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫*ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ)ﻉ(‬
  • 71. ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬
  • 72. ‫ﻣﮑﺎﻧﺔ واﻫﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻘﺮآن واﻟﺮوﻳﺎات ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ اﻟﺘﻘﺎرب واﻟﻮﺣﺪة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﲆ ﺻﺎدﻗﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﺎد : ﻋﲇ ﺳﺠﺎد ﺻﺎدﻗﻲ وﻋﲇ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﺎﳌﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة ﻫﻲ رﻣﺰ ﺳﻌﺎدة واﻓﺘﺨﺎر وﻏﻠﺒﺔ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ،ﻫﻲ رﻣﺰ ﺗﺪاوم‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﻮب واﻟﺤﻀﺎرات‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ اﻷﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﳌﻮﺣﺪة وﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ وﺗﻮﺳﻴﻊ ﻧﺸﺎط ﻋﻨﺎﴏﻫﺎ وارﻛﺎﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫راﺳﺨﺔ اﻹﻋﺘﻘﺎد ان ﺗﻮاﺟﻪ‬ ‫وﺗﺠﺎﺑﻪ اﻋﺪاء اﻻﻣﺔ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺴﻌﻮن اﱃ ﺑﺚ اﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ واﻟﻨﻌﺮات اﻟﻄﺎﺋﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻓﺎﻋﻞ اﻛرث‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮن ﺳﻨﺔ وﺷﻴﻌﺔ ﻗﺎدرون ﻋﲆ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ ﺑني اﳌﺬاﻫﺐ‬ ‫واﺳﺘﺌﺼﺎل اي ﺧﻄﺮ ﻳﺆدي اﱃ اﻟﺘﻔﺮﻗﺔ واﻟﺘﻌﺼﺐ واﻟﻨﻔﺎق ﰲ ﻗﻠﺐ اﻣﺔ واﺣﺪة ﻣﻮﺣﺪة‬ ‫ﻷن اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﺑﺎﺗﺤﺎدﻫﻢ ﻳﺸﻜﻠﻮن ﺧﻄﺮا ﻋﲆ اﳌﺴﺘﻌﻤﺮﻳﻦ وﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻌﻮض ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤني‬ ‫، ﻗﻴﺎم اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﺸﺎﺋﺮ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ اﻷﻣﺔ‬‫37 37‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﳌﻮﺣﺪة‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺴﻌﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ اﱃ ﺗﺒﻴني دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻛﻤﻨﺎدﻳﻦ ﻟﻠﻮﺣﺪة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ورأس ﺣﺮﺑﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ،وﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺒﻴني ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫اﻹﺗﺤﺎد ، اﻟﻮﺣﺪة ، اﻟﻮﺣﺪة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ . وﺗﺒﻴني اﻗﺴﺎم اﻟﻮﺣﺪة ﰲ اﻷﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻧﻨﺎﻗﺶ‬ ‫ﴐورة واﻫﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻳﻀﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻔﻬﻮم اﻹﺗﺤﺎد ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﻘﺮآن واﻟﺮواﻳﺎت ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻠﻮل ﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﻹﺷﺎرة اﱃ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ إﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﻮﺣﺪة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﺨﺘﺎم ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق اﱃ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﺒﺤﺚ واﺳﺘﺨﻼص ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ وﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻋﺮض ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺣﻮل ﺗﻮﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻖ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة واﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﻮﺣﺪة ، اﻹﺗﺤﺎد ، اﻷﻣﺔ اﻟﻮاﺣﺪة ، اﻟﻮﺣﺪة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬
  • 73. ‫دور اﻟﺸﻬﻴﺪ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﻧﺠﺎد ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎس ﻋﲇ أﺧﻮان ارﻣيك‬‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺣﻤﻴﺪﻳﺎن‬‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﺧﺎﻓﻴﺎ ﻋﲆ اﺣﺪ دور اﻹﺳﻼم ﰲ اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ، اﻹﺣﻴﺎء واﻟﺘﻤﺪن ﻋﲆ ﻣﺪى اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ‬‫مل ﻳﻜﻦ اﻹﺳﻼم ﺳﺒﺒﺎ ﰲ اﻧﺘﺸﺎر اﻟﻌﻠﻮم اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ ﺑﻞ ﻛﺎن ﻟﻪ دور ﻣﻬﻢ ﰲ ﻇﻬﻮر‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺘﺤﺮرﻳﺔ .‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺑني اﻟﻌﻠامء اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﺛﺎر اﻧﺎس ﻣﺜﻘﻔﻮن ﻣﺘﻔﻜﺮون وﻣﻊ أﺧﺬ اﻹﻟﻬﺎم ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺮآن‬ ‫وﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ اﻟﺤﻨﻴﻒ ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﺳﺒﺒﺎ ﰲ اﻛرث اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ .‬‫واﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺆﻻء اﳌﺘﻔﻜﺮﻳﻦ ﻫﻮ اﻟﺸﻬﻴﺪ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﻧﺠﺎد . ﰲ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫47 47‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻛﺎن واﺣﺪا ﻣﻦ اﳌﺼﻠﺤني واﳌﺘﻨﻮرﻳﻦ ،‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫واﻟﺬي ﻛﺎن ﻟﺪﻋﻮﺗﻪ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻹﺟﺮاء ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻟﻘﺮآن واﻟﴩﻳﻌﺔ وﻟﻌﺰة وﺷﻤﻮخ اﻷﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوراﻷﺑﺮز‬‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ، وﺳﻌﻴﺎ ﻹﺣﻴﺎءﻋﺰة وﺳﻴﺎدة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻧﺒﻴني اﺳﺲ ﻓﻜﺮ اﻟﺸﻬﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﻧﺠﺎد ﺣﻮل اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻹﺳﻼم ، اﻹﺳﺘﻌامر ، اﻟﻘﺮآن ، ﺑﺚ اﻟﺮوح )إﺣﻴﺎء(، اﻟﺨﺮاﻓﺔ ، اﻹﻧﻔﺘﺎح‬
  • 74. ‫دور اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻧﺘﺸﺎر اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﴫت ﺧﺎﺗﻮن ﻋﻠﻮي‬ ‫اﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﻴﻮم ﻫﻲ اﻷﻛرث ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل وﺳﺒﺐ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﻫﻮ ﺗﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤني اﱃ اﻟﺘﺨﻠﻒ واﻟﺘﻘﻮﻗﻊ واﻟﻨﻘﺺ اﳌﻮﺟﻮد ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﻨﺒﻪ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ دﻓﻊ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ اﳌﺌﺔ ﻋﺎم اﻷﺧرية اﱃ اﻟﺘﺤﺮك واﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺠﺪ اﻛرث‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻟﺴﻌﻲ واﻟﺠﻬﺪ اﳌﺒﺬول ﻫﻮ اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ) ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ (‬ ‫، اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻛﺎت واﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت واﻟﺜﻮرات اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ واﻟﺘﻲ متﺜﻞ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻫﻤﻬﺎ واﺷﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬‫57 57‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻧﴩ اﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ واﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل .‬ ‫اﺑﻌﺎد ﺗﺄﺛري اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، واﺳﻌﺔ وﻣﻌﻤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ اﱃ ﺗﺒﻴني وﴍح اﻫﻤﻴﺔ ودور اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ – ﻛﺜﻮرة ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ –‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﻋﻲ واﻟﺼﺤﻮة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ، اﻹﻣﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ) ره ( ، اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬
  • 75. ‫دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﴍﻳﻒ روﺑﻮ‬‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﺻﻼﺣﻴﺔ ﺑﺪأت ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﺬ اﻟﻘﺮن‬‫اﳌﻨﴫم وﺗﻜﺎﻣﻠﺖ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺪرﻳﺠﻲ ﰲ اﳌﺠﺎﻟني اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ واﻟﻌﻤﲇ وﻻ زاﻟﺖ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮة ﺣﺘﻰ‬‫زﻣﺎﻧﻨﺎ ﻫﺬا ، واﻟﻴﻮم ﻓﺮﺿﺖ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻛﺄﻣﺮ واﻗﻊ ﰲ اﳌﻴﺎدﻳﻦ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ واﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﻟﻌﺎمل ﻛﻜﻞ‬‫ﰲ اﻟﻮاﻗﻊ ﻣﻦ اﳌﻤﻜﻦ أن ﺗﻮاﺟﻪ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮة ﰲ ﺑﺪاﻳﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت ﰲ‬‫اﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ ، اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺘﻤﺪﻧﻴﺔ ، اﻷﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ ، واﻟﻌﻤﻼﻧﻴﺔ، اﻹدارﻳﺔ‬ ‫67 67‬‫واﻟﺘﻌﺼﺐ اﻟﻄﺎﺋﻔﻲ و..... واﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻟﺪﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮرﻳﺔ ، اﻹﻟﺤﺎد ، اﻹﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬‫اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ، اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ واﻹﻋﻼم اﳌﻀﻠﻞ ، ﺳﻌﻲ اﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺬﻛري ﺑﻨﻘﺎط‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫اﻟﻘﻮة ، اﻟﻔﺮص وﻗﺪرات اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ان ﻳﺸري اﱃ اﻻﺧﻄﺎر اﳌﱰﺑﺼﺔ ﺑﻬﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫واﻟﺪور اﻟﺒﺎرز اﻟﺬي ﻳﻠﻌﺒﻪ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، اﻹﻗﺘﺪاء ، اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت ، اﻻﴐار ، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬
  • 76. ‫اﳌﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻻوﺳﻂ وﻣﺆاﻣﺮات‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮب ، اﻟﺘﻮﺗﺮات ﰲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ واﻟﺮادﻳﻜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻗﺎﺳﻢ وﻓﺎﻳﻲ زاده‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة اﻟﺘﻲ اﺟﺘﺎﺣﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎم‬ ‫١١٠٢ ، اوﺟﺪت ﺗﺤﻮﻻت ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ واﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫اﺑﺮزﻫﺎ ﺳﻘﻮط ﺣﻠﻔﺎء اﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ واﻟﻐﺮب واﻟﺘﻲ ﻏريت ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎت واﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎت اﻟﺪول‬‫77 77‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﰲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮة وﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻻوﺳﻂ ﺷﻬﺪت اﻛرث ﻣﻦ اي‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫وﻗﺖ ﻣﴣ ﺣﻮادث ارﻗﺖ ﻧﻮم ﻃﺎﻣﻌﻲ اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ واﳌﺴﺘﺒﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺠﻤﻞ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﺗﺄﺛريات اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺛﻮرات اﻟﴩق اﻻوﺳﻂ اﳌﺘﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ وﺗﺒﺤﺚ اﻟﻐﺮب وﻣﺆاﻣﺮاﺗﻬﻢ ﰲ ﻗﺒﺎل‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ إﻃﺎر اﻻﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎت اﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺑﺴﺎط اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬
  • 77. ‫ﺗﺄﺛري اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ‬ ‫دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﻣﻮﺣﺪي‬‫ﻟﻌﺒﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ دورا ﺑﺎرزا ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻲ اﻟﻌﺎمل وﺑﺚ اﻟﺮوح ﰲ‬‫اﳌﻌﺘﻘﺪات اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ، ﰲ زﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻏﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﺰة وﺷﻮﻛﺔ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﳌﺴﺘﻌﻤﺮﻳﻦ‬‫واﻋﺪاء اﻹﺳﻼم ، واﺻﺒﺤﺖ اﻷﺧﻼق واﻟﻘﻴﻢ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻃﻲ اﻟﻨﺴﻴﺎن ، ﻗﺎﻣﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﺑﻘﻴﺎدة اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ره( واﻋﺎدت اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ واﻟﺘﻤﺪن اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ اﻷﺻﻴﻞ وﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻧﺎﻓﺬة‬‫اﻣﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮب ﻣﻼﻳني اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﻌﻠﻢ وادت اﱃ ﺗﺠﺪد ﺣﻴﺎة اﻹﺳﻼم‬ ‫وﻋﻮدة اﻟﺮوح اﱃ ﻣﺠﺪ وﻋﻈﻤﺔ اﻹﺳﻼم اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ ان ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﺟﻮا ﺣﻮارﻳﺎ ﻳﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﻛﻞ اﻷراء ووﺟﻬﺎت‬‫اﻟﻨﻈﺮ وﺿﻤﻦ اﻃﺎر ﺗﺸﻜﻞ اﳌﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ واﻋﺎدة ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ اﻷﻓﻜﺎر واﻟﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪ ، ﺗﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻣﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺣﻜﻢ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺳﻘﻒ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ ، اﺣﻴﺎء اﻟﻔﻜﺮ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻧﴩ اﻟﺘﻤﺪن‬‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎ ،ﻣﺤﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ، ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة ،‬‫ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﻫﻀﺔ اﻹﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر، واﻹﺳﺘﻘﻼﻟﻴﺔ اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ان ﺗﺤﺪث ﺗﺤﻮﻻ‬‫ﻋﻈﻴام ﰲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﳌﺠﺎﻻت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ، اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ واﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻳﺮان وﻛﺎن‬ ‫87 87‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﺗﺄﺛري ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﰲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﻌﺎمل . ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﻘﺎء ﻧﻈﺮة ﴎﻳﻌﺔ ﻋﲆ وﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺣﻮل اﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ،ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ودور اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ‬‫ﺻﺤﻮة ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ، اﻟﺘﺄﺛريات اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ – اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺤﺚ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻮﺟﻬﺎت ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻌﻨﺎوﻳﻦ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ :‬‫اﻟﱰوﻳﺞ ﻟﻠﺪميﻘﺮاﻃﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺳﻘﻒ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ ، اﻟﱰوﻳﺞ ﻟﻺﺳﺘﻘﻼﻟﻴﺔ وﻣﻨﺎﻫﻀﺔ اﻹﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر‬‫، ﺗﺪﻋﻴﻢ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ اﻹﺻﻼح ﰲ اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة ، دﻋﻢ اﻟﻨﺸﺎﻃﺎت اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ ،‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ واﻟﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪﻳﺔ ، رﻓﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﺘﺒﺎدل اﻟﺜﻘﺎﰲ ، ﻧﻬﻮض اﻹﺳﻼم ﻣﺠﺪدا ﰲ ﻣﻴﺎدﻳﻦ‬‫اﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ ، إﻋﺎدة اﺣﻴﺎء دور اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ ، اﻟﻘﻴﺎم ﺑﺤﻮار ﺳﻴﺎﳼ‬‫– ﺛﻘﺎﰲ ، اﺣﻴﺎء اﻟﻬﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ، ﻃﺮح ﻣﴩوع اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺪﻓﺎع ﻋﻦ ﻓﻠﺴﻄني‬‫اﳌﺤﺘﻠﺔ ،اﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﻮﺣﺪة واﻟﺘﻼﺣﻢ ﺑني اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ، اﻟﺪور اﳌﺆﺛﺮ اﻟﺬي ﻳﻠﻌﺒﻪ ﻣﴩوع اﻟﺤﻮار‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﺻﻌﻴﺪ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ) ره( ، ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ،‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬
  • 78. ‫دور اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﻮﳻ اﻟﺼﺪر ﰲ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫.ﻳﺤﻴﻰ ﻣﻌﺮوف‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﻮﳻ اﻟﺼﺪر دور ﻓﺎﻋﻞ ﰲ ﺑﺚ روح اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب.‬ ‫ﻣﻊ أن ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﻛﺎن ﻣﻜﺎن ﻧﺸﺎط اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺼﺪر، ﻟﻜﻨﻪ مل ﻳﻐﻔﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ أﺟﻤﻊ. ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ، اﻟﺤﻮزة اﻟﻌﻠﻴﻤﺔ، اﻹﺗﺤﺎد اﻟﻌﺮيب-اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﳌﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﻌﺪو اﻹﴎاﺋﻴﲇ و ﻧﴩ اﻟﺘﺸﻴﻊ ﰲ ﺷامل أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ، أﻛرث اﳌﻠﻔﺎت اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻠﺖ ذﻫﻦ اﻹﻣﺎم.‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻄﺎع ﺑﻘﺮاﺋﺘﻪ اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ أن ﻳﻔﻬﻢ ان اﻣﺘﻼك ﻗﻮة ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﻻ ميﻜﻦ أن ﻳﺤﺪث ﺗﻐﻴريا‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎت ﺑني اﻟﺪول و ﺳﻌﻰ إﱃ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻤﺔ و ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬ ‫اﳌﺆﻣﻦ اﳌﺘﺪﻳﻦ و اﳌﺠﺎﻫﺪ.‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ اﻟﺴﺆال اﻷﺳﺎﳼ اﳌﻄﺮوح ﻫﻮ: ﻣﺎذا ﻛﺎن دور اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﻮﳻ اﻟﺼﺪر ﰲ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻮة اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ.‬‫97 97‬ ‫٢ ﳌﺎذا أﺑﻌﺪ اﻹﻣﺎم ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن؟‬ ‫٣ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ دوره ﰲ ارﺗﻘﺎء اﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺎت اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻫﻲ: إرﺷﺎدات اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﻮﳻ اﻟﺼﺪر ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺆﺛﺮة ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫أﺻﺒﺢ اﻹﻣﺎم ﻗﺪوة ﻟﻠﺸﺒﺎب ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼ اﻟﺘﺄﺛري اﻟﺬي ﻛﺎن ﻟﺪﻳﻪ و ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻢ و اﻟﻌﻤﻞ.‬ ‫ﻛﺎن أول ﻣﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ ﳌﻔﻬﻮم اﳌﻘﺎوﻣﺔ ﺿﺪ اﻟﻌﺪو اﻹﴎاﺋﻴﲇ ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ و ﺳﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞ اﳌﻘﺎوﻣﺔ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن.‬ ‫ﻗﺎد ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻹﺻﻼح اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻲ و اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ و اﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ و ﺣﻮار اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﺑني‬ ‫اﳌﺬاﻫﺐ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن.‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺐ اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﻮﳻ اﻟﺼﺪر دور ﰲ ﺗﺄﺧري ﻗﻴﺎم اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻛﺎن ﺳﺒﺐ ﺗﺠﺪد روح اﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﺲ و اﻟﻌﺰة ﺑني اﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎرﺑﺔ اﻟﺠﻞ و اﻟﺘﺨﻠﻒ اﻟﻔﻜﺮي، ﻣﺤﺎرﺑﺔ اﻟﻈﻠﻢ و اﻟﻔﺴﺎد اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ و اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻓﺎع ﻋﻦ ﻓﻠﺴﻄني ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻤﻠﺔ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺼﺪر.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﻮﳻ اﻟﺼﺪر، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب، اﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﺲ.‬
  • 79. ‫دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺴﺘﻘﻠني ﰲ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﳌﴫﻳﺔ.‬‫.وﺣﻴﺪ ﺧﻮرﺷﻴﺪي‬‫ﻓﻴام ﻛﺎن اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻳرن ﺑﱰﻗﺐ إﱃ ﻣﻴﺪان اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﰲ اﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮة و اﻟﻜﻞ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ أﻛﱪ‬‫اﻧﻘﻼب ﰲ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ و اﻟﻌﴩﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺼﻞ إﱃ ﻣﺴﺎﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﻋﺒﺎرات ﻏري ﻣﺄﻟﻮﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻫﻨﺎك، ﻋﻨﺎوﻳﻦ ﺗﺸﱰك ﰲ ﻋﺒﺎرة واﺣﺪة ))اﻟﺸﺒﺎب(( أﺳامء ﻛﺎﺗﻼف ﺷﺒﺎب اﻟﺜﻮرة، ﺣﺮﻛﺔ‬‫ﺷﺒﺎب ٦ اﺑﺮﻳﻞ، إﺋﺘﻼف اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻟﻠﺤﺮﻳﺔ و اﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ و.... ﻫﺆﻻء اﻟﺬﻳﻦ أﺻﺒﺤﻮا ﻧﻮاة اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت‬‫اﻟﺜﻮرﻳﺔ، ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻬﻢ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻛﺸﺒﺎب ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻢ و ﰲ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻋﺎﻃﻞ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ‬‫ﻣﺪن ﻣﴫ اﻟﻜﱪى. اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻫﻤﺖ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ، ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ‬‫اﻻﺟﺘامي ﰲ ﺗﺠﻤﻌﻬﻢ. ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ أﺧﺮى ﻫﻢ وارﺛﻮا ﺷﻌﺐ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻊ متﺪن و ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ ﻗﺪميني،‬‫أﺻﺤﺎب ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﺮﻳﻘﺔ و ﻗﺪميﺔ، ﻣﻔﻜﺮون وﻣﺼﻠﺤﻮن ﻛﺒﺎر اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮون ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﻫﺪاﻓﻬﻢ ﰲ‬‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﻫﺪاف ﺻﺤﻮة ﻣﴫ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻣﺌﺔ وﺧﻤﺴني ﻋﺎﻣﺎ ، ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺒﻊ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻧﺘﺼﺎر اﻟﺜﻮرة ﻇﻬﺮت‬‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻋﺮق وذات ﺧﱪة اﻛرث وﺑﺪأت متﺴﻚ زﻣﺎم اﻻﻣﻮر ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺪرﻳﺠﻲ ﻣﻊ ان‬ ‫08 08‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫ﻫﺬه اﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت ﺗﺄﺛﺮت ﺑﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب وﻟﻜﻦ ﰲ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻫﻢ ﻳﻌﺪون اﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻟﻘﻴﺎدة‬ ‫ﻣﴫ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة‬‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺳﻨﺴﻌﻰ ﻣﻊ ﻗﺒﻮل دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﻟﺒﺎرز وﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺴﺘﻘﻞ‬‫ﻋﲆ اﻻﻗﻞ ﰲ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎت اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻧﻘﻼب ﻣﴫ اﱃ اﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻔﻬﻢ اﻟﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ واﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدي واﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ ﰲ ﻣﴫ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺪاﻳﺎت اﻟﺜﻮرة واﺑﺮاز دور‬‫ﺑﻌﺾ اﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻟﺸﺒﺎﺑﻴﺔ اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺜﻮرة وﺗﺒني ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺣﻀﻮرﻫﻢ ﰲ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺎت وﻣﺪى‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛريﻫﻢ وﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺗﺤﺮﻛﺎﺗﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: ﻣﴫ ، ﺛﻮرة ٥٢ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ، ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻲ واﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬
  • 80. ‫ﺗﺄﺛري اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﻣﻔﻬﻮم اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ره( واﻹﻣﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺎيئ )دام ﻇﻠﻪ( ﰲ ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ رﺿﺎ ﺻﺪر اﻟﺤﺴﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻗﺪرﺗﻬﺎ اﻟﻘﺎمئﺔ وﺑﺎﻹﺳﺘﻨﺎد اﱃ اﻟﻔﻬﻮم واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻔﻜﺮ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ اﻷﺻﻴﻞ ان ﺗﺤﺪث ﺗﻐريا وﺗﺤﻮﻻ ﺑﻨﻴﻮﻳﺎ ﰲ ﺟﻮﻫﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫وﺳﻠﻮك ﺷﻌﻮب اﻟﻌﺎمل ووﺿﻊ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ وارﻛﺎﻧﻪ اﻣﺎم اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت واﺛﺒﺘﺖ ان ﻛﻼ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻴﱪاﻟﻴﺔ واﻹﺷﱰاﻛﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻂ ﻋﲆ ﺷﻌﻮب اﻟﻌﺎمل وﻣﻀﻤﻮن ﻛﻠﻴﻬام ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ واﳌﺎدﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺣﺪود ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻋﱪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺪود ﺑني اﳌﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔني واﳌﺴﺘﻜﱪﻳﻦ ، ان ﺗﺨﻠﻖ ﺟﺒﻬﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﺑني اﻟﴩق واﻟﻐﺮب‬ ‫وﺗﺴﺒﺒﺖ ﻣﺠﺪدا ﺑﻨﻬﻮض ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﻋﺪم اﻹﻧﺤﻴﺎز واﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﳌﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ وﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ دورﻫﻢ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫دراﺳﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ وﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻣﺪة ﻋﲆ ﺟﺪول اﻋامل‬ ‫اﻟﺪول اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺸﻌﺮ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮات وﻗﺪ ﺑﺬﻟﻮا ﺟﻬﻮدا ﺣﺜﻴﺜﺔ وﻫﻢ ﻳﺴﻌﻮن اﱃ ﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫و ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة ﺑﺸﻜﻞ دﻗﻴﻖ واﻟﻌﺜﻮر ﻋﲆ ﺳﺒﻞ ﳌﻮاﺟﻬﺘﻬﺎ وﻗﺘﻠﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻬﺪﻫﺎ او دﻓﻌﻬﺎ اﱃ‬‫18 18‬ ‫اﻹﻧﻌﺰال واﻟﺘﻘﻮﻗﻊ ، ﻛﺜريون ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﻈﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪون ان اﻟﺜﻮرة‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ اﳌﻬﻤﺔ واﳌﺆﺛﺮة ﰲ ﻣﺴرية اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، ووﻋﻲ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤني وإزدﻳﺎد اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت اﳌﺆﺛﺮة ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ واﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ .‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻮﺿﻮع ﻳﻘﻮل : ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻛﺜري‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان وﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﻟﺘﻴﺎرات واﻟﺸﺒﺎب ، اﳌﻌﱰﺿﻮن واﳌﻄﺎﻟﺒﻮن‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ او اﻟﻴﺴﺎرﻳني ﻳﺤﺘﻠﻮن اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺎت ، وﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﺻﺒﺢ اﻹﺳﻼم دﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫واﺳﺎس اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت واﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ . اﻟﻴﻮم ﰲ اي ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺮى اي ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺗﺜﻮر ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ وﻣﻨﺎﻫﻀﺔ اﻹﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺗﻬﺎ وﻣﺮﺟﻌﻬﺎ واﺻﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫وﺳﻨﺪﻫﺎ اﻟﻔﻜﺮ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻧﺴﻌﻰ اﱃ ﺗﺒﻴني ﺗﺄﺛري اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﻓﻜﺮ اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ واﻹﻣﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺎيئ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻟﺪور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: ﻣﴫ ، ﺛﻮرة ٥٢ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ، ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻲ ، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬
  • 81. ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻏﻼﻳﻴﻨﻲ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ و ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻟﺒﻨﺎين‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻮاء اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻷﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﻌﴩﻳﻦ‬‫اﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ و اﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻏﻼﻳﻴﻨﻲ, ﻣﻦ أﺑﺮز اﻟﻮﺟﻮه اﳌﺘﻨﻮرة و اﻻﺻﻼﺣﻴﺔ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﰲ ﻋﴫﻧﺎ ﻫﺬا . ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﱃ اﻧﺸﻐﺎﻟﻪ ﰲ اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺎﺋﻞ اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ دﺧﻞ ﻋﺎمل اﻷدب‬‫و اﻟﺸﻌﺮ . ﺗﺮﻛﺖ دﻳﻮاﻧﺎ« ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻛﺘﺬﻛﺎر ﻳﺒني ﺑﻮﺿﻮح أﻓﻜﺎره و آراءه اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬‫اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ . ﻛﺎن ﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﺎص ﻧﺤﻮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب , ﻓﻜﺎن ﻳﺒﺪأ أﻛرث ﻗﺼﺎﺋﺪه ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎ« أﺑﻨﺎء‬‫اﻟﻮﻃﻦ. و ﻳﺸﻮﻗﻬﻢ اﱃ اﻟﻌﻠﻢ , اﻟﺒﺼرية اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ اﻟﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ , ﻣﻨﺎﻫﻀﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﻌامر , و اﻟﺴﻌﻲ‬ ‫اﱃ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ اﻷوﻃﺎن و اﻟﻮﺻﻮل اﱃ اﻟﻌﺰة و اﻟﻜامل اﻻﻧﺴﺎين ..‬ ‫28 28‬‫ﺳﺠﻦ و ﻧﻔﻲ ﻋﺪة ﻣﺮات ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﺎﺗﻪ اﳌﻨﺎوﺋﺔ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻌامر , ﻟﻜﻨﻪ مل ﻳﱰاﺟﻊ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ«‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻋﻦ اﳌﻮاﺟﻬﺔ, ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﰲ ﺷﻌﺮه ﻋﻦ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة.‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ, اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ, اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ , ﺷﻌﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻏﻼﻳﻴﻨﻲ‬
  • 82. ‫اﻧﺘﺼﺎراﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ و ﺑﺸﺎﺋﺮ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮم اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﻫﻮ ﺣﻴﺎة ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﰲ ﻇﻞ اﻹﺳﻼم اﻷﺻﻴﻞ، ﻛﺜري ﻣﻦ اﳌﻨﻈﺮﻳﻦ و‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜني ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪون أن اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ إﻳﺮان ﻣﻦ أﻫﻢ اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ و اﻷﻛرث ﺗﺄﺛريا ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺎر‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻮة ووﻋﻲ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني وازدﻳﺎد اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺆﺛﺮة ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ. ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل:‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و أرﻛﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﴍح ﺗﺄﺛري اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﻲ ﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ:‬ ‫١ اﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔاﻟﻮاﺣﺪة‬ ‫٢ اﻟﻌﺪو اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ‬ ‫٣ اﻟﻬﺪف اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ‬ ‫٤ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة‬ ‫٥ اﺣﺘﻀﺎن اﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺗﺘﻤﺔ اﳌﻘﺎل ﺳﻨﺒني دﻻﺋﻞ ﺗﺄﺛﺮ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﺑﺤﺚ و ﺗﺒﻴني‬ ‫اﻷﺻﻮل اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ ﺑني اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺑﺤﺚ ردود ﻓﻌﻞ دول اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻋﲆ ﻣﺒﺪأ ﺗﺼﺪﻳﺮ اﻟﺜﻮرة و اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ اﻟﺘﺎﱄ:‬ ‫١ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ أﻫﻼف اﻟﺜﻮرة.‬‫38 38‬ ‫٢ اﻟﺴﻜﻮت ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ اﻟﺜﻮرة.‬ ‫٣ اﻟﻐﺰو اﻟﺜﻘﺎﰲ و اﻟﻐري اﻟﺜﻘﺎﰲ ﻟﻠﺜﻮرة.‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق إﱃ ﺗﺄﺛﺮ اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺘﻲ ﻧﻈﺮ:‬ ‫١اﻻﻧﻌﻜﺎس اﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ‬ ‫٢ اﻟﺘﺄﺛريات اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻲ ﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ:‬ ‫١ اﳌﻴﻮل ﻧﺤﻮ ﻣﻔﻬﻮم اﻟﺠﻬﺎد و اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة‬ ‫٢ﺗﻌﺎﻳﺶ اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﻣﻊ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ.‬ ‫٣ ﺷﻌﺎرات اﻟﺜﻮرة.‬ ‫٤ اﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ‬ ‫٥ اﻟﺤﺠﺎب.‬ ‫٦ اﳌﻈﺎﻫﺮات ﻋﲆ اﻟﻨﺴﻖ اﻹﻳﺮاين.‬ ‫٧ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺎرات اﻟﺜﻮرﻳﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺑﺤﺚ اﻧﻌﻜﺎس اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﻛﻨﻤﻮذج، وﰲ اﻟﺨﺘﺎم اﺳﺘﺨﻼص اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ و ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﺑﺤﺚ اﻟﺘﻬﺪﻳﺪات اﳌﱰﺑﺼﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ، اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺎت، اﳌﺜﻞ اﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ،‬ ‫اﻷرﻛﺎن، اﻟﺘﺄﺛريات، اﻟﺘﻬﺪﻳﺪات.‬
  • 83. ‫ﺛﻮرة اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ واﳌﺴﺎوات‬‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻣﺤﻲ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ،‬‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺸﻴﺒﺎين‬‫اﻹﺳﻼم وﻗﺒﻞ اي دﻳﻦ آﺧﺮ ﺗﺤﺪث ﻋﻦ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب وأوﻻﻫﻢ اﻫﺘامﻣﺎ ﺧﺎﺻﺎ ، ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﺬا‬‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻞ ميﻜﻦ اﻟﻘﻮل ان اﻧﺘﺸﺎر اﻹﺳﻼم ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل رﻫﻦ ﻗﺪرة اﻟﺸﺒﺎب واﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ‬‫اﻹﺳﻼم ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺒﺎب ، وﻣﻦ اﻻﺳﺒﺎب اﻟﺘﻲ دﻋﺖ اﱃ ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ اﻹﺳﻼم ﻫﻲ‬‫دورﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة اﻟﺸﻌﻮب وﺣﻔﻆ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ اﻹﻟﻬﻲ وﻧﴩ اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ اﳌﺤﻤﺪﻳﺔ اﱃ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫اﻗﻄﺎر اﻟﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫در ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ وﺗﻌﺼﺐ اﻳﻦ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﻔﻬﻮ م درﺳﺘﻲ ﻧﺪارد و ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﻧﺒﻮد.‬‫ﻳﻠﻌﺐ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﻮن دورا ﻣﺤﻮرﻳﺎ ﰲ ﻧﻬﻀﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﻮب ، ﻛﺎن اﻟﺮﺳﻮل )ص( ﰲ‬ ‫48 48‬‫ﺻﺪر اﻹﺳﻼم ﻳﺘﺤﺪث ﻛﺜريا ﻋﻦ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ، وﻧﺠﺪ اﻧﻪ ﰲ اﺣﺎدﻳﺚ ﻛﺜرية ﻳﺨﺎﻃﺐ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫وﻳﻬﺪﻳﻬﻢ . ﻛﺎن اﻟﺮﺳﻮل )ص( ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ان ﻳﻔﻬﻢ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﻧﻜﻢ اﻧﺘﻢ اﻣﻞ ﻫﺬه اﻷﻣﺔ واﻧﺘﻢ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺎﻓﻈﻮن ﻋﲆ اﻷﻣﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺆاﻣﺮات اﻷﻋﺪاء ، ﻟﺬا ﻧﺮى ان اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺤﺐ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫اﺣﻤﺪ اﺑﻮ ﻳﻌﲇ ﻳﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل )ص( ﻗﻮﻟﻪ : ان اﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺤﺐ اﻟﺸﺎب اﻟﻌﺎمل‬‫ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻫﺪه اﻟﻴﻮم ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﻷﻳﺎم ﻣﻦ ﺛﻮرات اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ودور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺘﺄﺛﺮ‬‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺒري ﻣﻦ دور اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ واﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ اﱃ دور اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ واﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ، ﺛﻮرة اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ، اﻟﻌﺪل واﳌﺴﺎوات ، اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ، واﻟﺜﻮرة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬
  • 84. ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻸﺳﺲ اﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺜﻮرة اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ و ﺗﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ و اﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻳﺘﻬﺎ.‬ ‫د. ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﻣﻠﻜﻮﺗﻴﺎن‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺠﻴﺐ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﺆال اﳌﻄﺮوح :« ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ و ﻣﺎ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺣﺪوﺛﻬﺎ؟«‬ ‫. ﺗﺘﻄﺮق ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ اﱃ اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠامء اﳌﺴﻠﻤني اﳌﻌﺎﴏﻳﻦ و ﺑﻴﺌﺔ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ) ( ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺒني دور , ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ,‬ ‫و ﻣﺪى ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ) ﻋﻠﻤﻜﺮد ( اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ و اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺣﺪوث اﻟﺜﻮرات اﻟﺘﻲ‬‫58 58‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ واﺿﺢ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺜﻮرات اﻟﻌﻠامﻧﻴﺔ وﰲ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻳﻄﺮح ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺤﻠﻮل واﻟﻄﺮق‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎظ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺜﻮرات .‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: ﺛﻮرة , ﺛﻮرة دﻳﻨﻴﺔ , اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ , ﺗﺤﻘري اﻟﺸﻌﻮب , اﻟﻘﻮة‬ ‫اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬
  • 85. ‫ﺑﺤﺚ وﺗﺒﻴني اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﳌﻮاﺟﻬﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ودور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺮور اﻛرث ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎم ﻋﲆ ﻗﻴﺎم اﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﳌﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ اﻟﻌﺮيب ﰲ ﺷامل اﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ واﻟﴩق‬‫اﻻوﺳﻂ ﺷﻬﺪت اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺳﻘﻮط ﺛﻼث دﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮرﻳﺎت ﰲ ﻣﴫ ، ﺗﻮﻧﺲ وﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ ، ﺗﺤﺘﻔﻞ ﻫﺬه‬‫اﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﻟﻴﻮم ﺑﺴﻘﻮط اﻻﻧﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮرﻳﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺮب ، وﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ اﺧﺮى ﺗﻮاﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﺸﻌﻮب ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ اﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺻﻌﺒﺔ ﻣﻠﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت واﳌﺼﺎﻋﺐ .‬‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت داﺧﻠﻴﺔ اﳌﻨﺸﺄ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﰲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻻﺑﻌﺎد اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ ، اﻻﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ.‬‫اﻻوﺿﺎع واﳌﺸﻜﻼت اﻟﺒﻨﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺪول اﻟﺜﺎﺋﺮة ، ﻛﺎﻟﻨﻌﺮات اﻟﻘﻮﻣﻴﺔ واﻟﻄﺎﺋﻔﻴﺔ ، ﺗﺮﺳﺒﺎت ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬‫اﻹﺳﺘﺒﺪاد ، ﻋﺪم وﺟﻮد ﺗﻄﻮر اﻗﺘﺼﺎدي ، اﻟﺘﺨﻠﻒ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﰲ واﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺪول اﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺣﺠﻢ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻴﺔ ، ﻟﺬﻟﻚ وﻟيك ﻧﺘﻨﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ان ﻧﺪرس ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ اوﻻ ان‬ ‫ﻧﻜﻮك ﻣﻄﻠﻌني ﻋﲆ اﻻوﺿﺎع ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان.‬‫ﺗﺘﻠﺨﺺ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﻨﺎﺗﺠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺂﻣﺮ وﺗﺪﺧﻞ اﻟﺪول اﻻﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻟﺜﺎﺋﺮة ﻛﻤﴫ وﺗﻮﻧﺲ‬‫وﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ واﻟﻴﻤﻦ و.... ﰲ اﻣﻮر ﻛﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ ، ﻣﺼﺎدرة اﻟﺜﻮرات ، ﻓﺮض منﺎذج وﻏريﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ‬‫اﻻﻣﻮر ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﺮى ان اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻻﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ وﻛﺄﻛﱪ ﻗﺪرة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل وﺗﺪﻋﻲ ﻗﻴﺎدة اﻟﻌﺎمل‬‫واﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ اﻫﺪاف ﺧﺎﻓﻴﺔ وﻇﺎﻫﺮة ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻻوﺳﻂ ، ﻫﻲ اﻛرث اﻟﺪول اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﰲ‬‫اﻟﺒﻼد اﻟﺜﻮرﻳﺔ . ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ اﺧﺮى ﻧﺮى ان اﻟﻜﻴﺎن اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮين اﻟﻐﺎﺻﺐ ﺣﻠﻴﻒ اﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ اﻻﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻲ ﰲ‬‫اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ واﳌﺘﴬر اﻻﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﺗﻮﺳﻊ ﺟﺒﻬﺔ اﳌﻘﺎوﻣﺔ ، ﻳﺴﻌﻰ دامئﺎ اﱃ‬ ‫68 68‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ اﳌﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﻟﻠﺪول اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮب واﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫ﺑﺪون ﺷﻚ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت وﻃﺮح ﺣﻠﻮل ﳌﻮاﺟﻬﺘﻬﺎ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ اﻣﺮا ﴐورﻳﺎ وﺣﻴﺎﺗﻴﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬‫اﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺪول اﻟﺜﺎﺋﺮة ﻟﻠﺨﺮوج ﻣﻦ اﳌﺄزق واﳌﺨﺎﻃﺮ اﳌﺤﺪﻗﺔ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﺠﺪ ان دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ‬‫ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت دور ﺑﺎرز وﻏري ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻟﻺﻧﻜﺎر ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ان ﺟﻮﻫﺮ وﻗﻮام اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫واﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻛﺎن ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب وﻫﺬا اﻟﺠﻴﻞ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﺬي ﻳﺠﺐ ان ﻳﺤﺪد ﻣﺴﺎر‬ ‫وﻣﺼري اﻟﺪول اﻟﺜﺎﺋﺮة واﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺤﺚ وﺗﺒﻴني ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺪول اﻟﺜﺎﺋﺮة ، ﺳﻨﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫اﱃ ﻃﺮح ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺤﻠﻮل ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻠﺐ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت ﺑﺎﻻﺗﻜﺎء ﻋﲆ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب .‬‫اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ذﻛﺮت ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺗﻨﻈﺮ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﺎم اﱃ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﻷﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﺗﺼﺪق ﻋﲆ ﻛﻞ اﻟﺪول اﻟﺜﺎﺋﺮة ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﺎم . ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺑﺤﺚ اﳌﺸﺎﻛﻞ واﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت ﻟﻜﻞ دوﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﺎج ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎ ﺧﺎﺻﺎ وﻣﻴﺪاﻧﺎ واﻟﺬي ﻳﺨﺮج ﻋﻦ ﻃﺎﻗﺔ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل .‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ اﺧﺮى ومبﺎ ان اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻻﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ وﻋﲆ ﻣﺪى ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻋﻘﻮد ﻛﺴﺐ‬‫ﺧﱪة ﻛﺒرية ﰲ ﻣﺠﺎل ﺑﻨﺎء اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ وﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﺘﻬﺪﻳﺪات واﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت، ﻟﺬا ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق اﱃ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﺎت‬ ‫اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ واﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺎيئ وﺗﺠﺎرب ومنﺎذج اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ .‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، اﻻﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ، اﻻﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺎيئ ، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ، اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻴﺔ ، اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻴﺔ.‬
  • 86. ‫اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ اﳌﺆﺛﺮة ﰲ اﻳﺠﺎد و اﻧﺘﺸﺎر اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ اﺳامﻋﻴﻞ ﻃﺮزي‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪي ﻓﻼﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ ﻋﲇ ﻫﺮب ﻣﻦ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ , ﺗﺠﻤﻊ آﻻف اﳌﴫﻳني ﻗﺮب ﻗﴫ ﻣﺒﺎرك , اﻟﺘﻈﺎﻫﺮات ﺗﻌﻢ‬ ‫أرﺟﺎء ﻣﴫ, اﻟﺜﻮار اﻟﻠﻴﺒﻴﻮن ﻳﻬﺎﺟﻤﻮن ﻣﴫاﺗﺔ... ﻫﺬه ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻨﺎوﻳﻦ اﻻﺧﺒﺎرﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺒﺚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻗﻨﻮات اﻟﻌﺎمل ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎم اﳌﻨﴫم, ﻋﻨﺎوﻳﻦ مل ﻳﻜﻦ ﻳﺘﺨﻴﻞ أﺣﺪ ﰲ ﻳﻮم‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻻﻳﺎم أن ﺗﺒﺚ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻘﻨﻮات.‬ ‫أﻛرث اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎت ﺗﺠﱪا« ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﺗﺰﻟﺰﻟﺖ ﻋﺮوﺷﻬﺎ .‬‫78 78‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ : ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ اﻟﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﴘ ﰲ ﺣﺪوث ﻫﺬا اﻟﺰﻟﺰال اﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ ﰲ دول ﺷامل‬ ‫أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﺎﺗﻮرﻳﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻟﺪول اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ أﺳﻠﻮب اﻻﻋﺪام و اﻟﻨﻔﻲ ﻛﺄﺑﺴﻂ أﺳﻠﻮب ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ اﳌﻌﺎرﺿني, ﰲ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل ﺳﻨﺴﻌﻰ اﱃ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ أﻫﻢ أﺳﺒﺎب ﻫﺬا اﻟﺰﻟﺰال اﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﴫ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: أزﻣﺔ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟرثوات , أزﻣﺔ اﻟﴩﻋﻴﺔ، أزﻣﺔ اﻟﻬﻮﻳﺔ،‬
  • 87. ‫دور اﻟﺘﻄﻮر اﻟﻔﻜﺮي ﻟﺸﻌﻮب ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ و ﺷامل‬ ‫أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻷﺧرية‬‫ﻟﻴﲆ ﺟﻌﻔﺮي ،‬‫اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟﻮاد اﻣﺎم ﺟﻤﻌﺔ زادة‬‫دون ﺗﺮدد ميﻜﻦ اﻟﻘﻮل أن ﻗﻴﺎم اﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎم ١١٠٢ ﻛﺎن أﻫﻢ و أﻛرث‬‫اﻷﺣﺪاث ﺗﺄﺛريا« ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ , ﻛﺎن اﻟﺴﻘﻮط اﳌﺘﺘﺎﱄ ﻷرﺑﻊ دﻛﺘﺎﺗﻮرﻳﺎت مل‬‫ﻳﻜﻦ أﺣﺪ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺳﻘﻮﻃﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ , ﻣﴫ , ﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ و اﻟﻴﻤﻦ و اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻄﺮﻗﺎت‬‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻣﺜﻴﻞ ﻟﻬﺎ ﰲ أﻛرث اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ , أﻣﺮا« ﻏري ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻊ , ﺣﺘﻰ أن اﳌﺤﻠﻠني اﻟﺪوﻟﻴني ﰲ‬ ‫اﻷﺷﻬﺮ اﻷﺧرية ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺎم ٠١٠٢ مل ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻌﻮا ﺣﺪوث ذﻟﻚ.‬‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻛﺎت ﻣﺎ زاﻟﺖ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮة و مل ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺣﺘﻰ اﻵن , و اﻟﻮاﻗﻊ أﻧﻪ ميﻜﻦ‬‫اﻟﻘﻮل أﻧﻬﺎ مل ﺗﻜﺘﻤﻞ ﺣﺘﻰ اﻵن , أﻳﻀﺎ« ﻳﻮﺟﺪ اﺧﺘﻼف ﻛﺒري ﰲ وﺟﻬﺎت اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺣﻮل‬‫ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة, ﻓﺎﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺳامﻫﺎ ﺛﻮرة و اﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻗﻴﺎم, آﺧﺮ ﺳامﻫﺎ ﺻﺤﻮة اﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫أو اﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ وآﺧﺮ رﺑﻴﻊ ﻋﺮيب ، ﻏﻀﺐ و ...... ﻫﺬه ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺳامء اﻟﺘﻲ أﻃﻠﻘﺖ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬه‬‫اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة ﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﻄﺮح اﻟﺴﺆال ، ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ اﺻﻞ وﻣﺒﺪأ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﺠﺎرﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ؟‬ ‫88 88‬‫ﺗﻄﺮح ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﻮل ان اﻟﻮﻋﻲ واﻟﺘﻄﻮر اﻟﻔﻜﺮي ﻟﻠﺸﻌﻮب ﻛﺎن ﻟﻪ دور‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﺳﺎﳼ ﰲ ﻓﻀﺢ اﻟﺨﻄﺎب واﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺳﻨﻘﻮم ﰲ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل ﺑﻘﺮاءة ﻣﺨﺘﴫة ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ اﻋﺘﻤﺪت ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺤﺮب اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺳﻨﺸري اﱃ دور اﻟﻌﻮﻟﺔ ﰲ اﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﻮﻋﻲ واﻹدراك‬ ‫اﻟﺬاﺗﻴني ﻟﺪى اﻟﺸﻌﻮب‬‫ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﻄﺮح دور وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻹﻋﻼم ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﻻﺣﺪاث و اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ اﻫﻢ اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﻌﻮﳌﺔ .‬‫ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل اﺳﻠﻮﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻴﺎ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻔﻴﺎ ، وﺟﻤﻊ اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮق ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫واﻟﺘﻲ ﰲ اﺳﺎﺳﻬﺎ ﻣﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺘﺐ واﻹﻧﱰﻧﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻨﺎد اﱃ ﻣﻌﻄﻴﺎت ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺸﻮاﻫﺪ واﻟﻘﺮاﺋﻦ اﳌﺘﻮاﻓﺮة ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت اﺟﺮاﻫﺎ آﺧﺮون‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﻌﻮﳌﺔ ، ﻛﴪ اﻟﻘﺎﻟﺐ ، اﻟﻬﻮﻳﺔ ، اﻹﺳﻼم ، اﻻﻋﻼم‬
  • 88. ‫دور اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ واﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة اﻟﺸﺒﺎب وﺗﺄﺛريﻫﺎ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ اﻟﺴﺎدات ﻣﻮﺳﻮي ﻧﺪوﺷﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل اﱃ ﺗﺒﻴني دور اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ واﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة اﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬ ‫وﺗﺄﺛريﻫﺎ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ . ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ اﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ اﻹﺳﻼم ، دﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ وﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻳﺄﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﻌني اﻹﻋﺘﺒﺎر ﻛﻞ اﺑﻌﺎد اﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﻟﺒﴩﻳﺔ وﻫﺪﻓﻪ ﻛامل اﻹﻧﺴﺎن وﺗﻮﻓري اﻟﺴﻌﺎدة ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬‫98 98‬ ‫وﺻﻨﻊ اﻃﺎرا ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤني واﻟﺬي ﻳﻀﻤﻦ اﻟﺴﻌﺎدة ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﻌﻴﺪﻳﻦ اﻟﻔﺮدي واﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻲ وﻷن‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ اي ﺻﻠﺔ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻬﻢ اﻟﺪور اﻷﺳﺎﳼ ﰲ ﻣﻴﺎدﻳﻦ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ، ﺗﻨري ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻹﺳﻼم‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﳌﺤﻤﺪي اﻻﺻﻴﻞ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻬﻢ ﻧﺤﻮ اﻹﺳﻼم وإﺣﻴﺎء اﻟﻘﻴﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ وﻋﺰة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﺳﻼم ، ﺻﺤﻮة ، ﺷﺒﺎب‬
  • 89. ‫ﻧﻈﺮة ﻋﲆ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ وﺗﻄﻠﻌﺎت‬ ‫اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ذوﻟﻔﻘﺎري‬‫ﻳﺮى اﳌﺮاﻗﺒﻮن اﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﻮن ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻮﻻت ﰲ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ وﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﺪء اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻳﺠﺰﻣﻮن ان اﻟﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﴘ ﻟﺴﻘﻮط ﺑﻦ ﻋﲇ ﻛﺎن اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎد ، ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﺬا ﻓﺤﺴﺐ ﺑﻞ ﻋﺪم‬‫ﻗﺪرة اﻟﻨﻈﺎم ﻋﲆ ﺗﻠﺒﻴﺔ اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺐ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ، اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ واﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ وﺳﺒﺐ ذﻟﻚ اﻟﺘﻮﺳﻊ‬‫ﻏري اﳌﺘﻜﺎﻓﺊ اﳌﺒﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﻮﺟﻪ اﱃ اﻟﺠﻮاﻧﺐ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ وإﻏﻔﺎل اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎت ﺑﺎﻟﺪميﻘﺮاﻃﻴﺔ‬‫واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﺘﻮﻧﴘ ، ﻳﺒﺤﺚ اﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻣﺮاﺣﻞ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ‬‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﻓﻜﺎر ﻣﺆﺳﺴﻬﺎ وزﻋﻴﻤﻬﺎ اﻟﺸﻴﺦ راﺷﺪ اﻟﻐﻨﻮﳾ ﰲ ﻣﻬﺪ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎت اﻟﻐﻨﻮﳾ ﻗﺮاءﺗﻪ ﻟﻠﻴﱪاﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ اﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، واﻟﻬﺪف اﻷﺳﺎﳼ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬا‬‫اﳌﻘﺎل ﻫﻮ اﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺴﺆال اﳌﻄﺮوح ، ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺗﻄﻠﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼم اﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ ﰲ‬ ‫09 09‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ؟‬‫ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ اﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ان ﺗﻘﺪم اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴني اﻟﺘﻮﻧﺴﻴني وﻧﺠﺎﺣﻬﻢ ﰲ )ﻛﺮوه ﺑﺎﺳﺪاﺷﺖ ﻛﺮاﻣﺖ‬‫اﺳﻼﻣﻲ( ، اﻟﺪور اﻟﻔﻌﺎل ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺎ ، اﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺎ واﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺎ ، ﺗﻮاﻓﺮ ارﺿﻴﺔ ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺔ اﻻﺣﺰاب‬ ‫واﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ اﻻﺧﺮى وﰲ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻹﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ ﺗﺠﺎرب اﻟﺪول اﻻﺧﺮى‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻹﺳﻼم اﻟﺴﻴﺎﳼ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺗﻮﻧﺲ ، اﻻﺳﻠﻤﺔ واﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ ، راﺷﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻐﻨﻮﳾ‬
  • 90. ‫ﺑﺤﺚ دور اﻷﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت ﰲ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲇ رﺿﺎ ﺻﺤﺮاﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻠﺖ ﺗﺤﻮﻻت اﻻﺷﻬﺮ اﻟﺴﺒﻌﺔ اﻻﺧرية ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻻوﺳﻂ واﻟﺘﻲ اﺳﻘﻄﺖ‬ ‫زﻋامء ﻣﴫ وﺗﻮﻧﺲ ووﺿﻌﺖ آﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺣﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺴﻘﻮط ، أذﻫﺎن اﳌﺤﻠﻠني واﻟﺨﱪاء‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴني . ﰲ ﺗﺤﻮﻻت ﻛﻬﺬه ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ واﻗﺴﺎم ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ دﺧﻴﻠﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻮﺿﻮع وﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ اﺧﺘﻼف‬ ‫ﰲ وﺟﻬﺎت اﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺣﻮل ﺗﻮاﺟﺪﻫﺎ او ﻋﺪﻣﻪ واﻳﻀﺎ ﺣﻮل ﻣﻀﻤﻮﻧﻬﺎ . اﺣﺪ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ ،‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ اﻹﻳﺪﻳﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺎﺋﺰ ﻋﲆ اﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻛﺒرية .‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎل ﻧﺒﺤﺚ ﺣﻀﻮر اﻹﻳﺪﻳﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ مبﻌﻨﻰ اﻧﻜﺎر اﻟﻨﻈﻢ اﳌﻮﺟﻮد واﻟﺴﻌﻲ اﱃ‬‫19 19‬ ‫اﻳﺠﺎد ﻧﻈﺎم ﺑﺪﻳﻞ وﻣﺪى ﺗﺄﺛري اﻹدﻳﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ وﻣﻀﻤﻮﻧﻬﺎ ) اﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ او ﻏري اﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ( ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫، ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ ﺗﻢ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺨﺼﺎﺋﺺ اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﻐريات ،‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺮور ﴎﻳﻊ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت ﻧﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻻﺧرية ودور اﻻﺳﻼم‬ ‫واﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴني ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﴩق اﻻوﺳﻂ ، اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ، اﻹدﻳﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ، اﻻﺳﻼم ، اﻻﺳﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب‬
  • 91. ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﴏﺧﺔ ﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ ﻧﻬﻀﺔ وال ﺳﱰﻳﺖ‬‫زﻫﺮاء ﻣﺤﻤﺪي‬‫وﺿﻮع ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ، وال ﺳﱰﻳﺖ ﴏﺧﺔ ﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ واﻟﻮﺻﻮل إﱃ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫ﻋﲆ أﺳﺎس اﻟﺒﺤﻮث اﳌﻜﺘﺒﻴﺔ واﻟﺒﺤﻮث اﻹﻳﻨﱰﻧﺘﻴﺔ اﳌﺪوﻧﺔ واﻟﻬﺪف ﻣﻦ ذﻟﻚ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ أﺳﺒﺎب‬‫ﻧﻬﻀﺔ وال ﺳﱰﻳﺖ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺸﺄت ﻣﺆﺧﺮا اﻋﱰاﺿﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﺮأﺳامﻟﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﻨﺎﻗﺾ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﰲ أﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ.‬‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ واﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻷﺧﺮى اﳌﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺛﻘﺎﰲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﰲ اﳌﺒﺎين اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ‬‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮم ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﺸﻌﻮب مبﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﳌﺒﺎين اﻟﻐري ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ وﺗﺒني ﺗﺄﺛري وﺗﺄﺛﺮ اﻟﺸﻌﻮب ﺑﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬‫وﻏﻴﺎب ﺗﺄﺛري دور اﻟﺪول اﻟﺬي ﻫﻮ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ أﺳﺎس وأوﺟﺪ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻹﻇﻬﺎر ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫29 29‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼم ﰲ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﺒﺎن ﺟﺪﻳﺪة وﺑﺎﻟﺨﺼﻮص اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎدي.‬‫ﰲ ﻧﻈﺎم اﻹﺳﻼم اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎدي ﰲ ﻧﻘﺲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﻟﺬي ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﺣﺮا ﰲ اﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ ﻟﻜﻦ اﻹﺳﻼم ﺳﻌﻰ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ اﻟرثوة ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﱪ ﻋﺮض اﻟﻘﻮاﻧني.‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: وال ﺳﱰﻳﺖ، اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎد، اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻹﻗﺘﺼﺎدي اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬
  • 92. ‫ﻧﻈﺮة ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻨﻈﺮة اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ ﺣﻮل ﺗﺤﻮﻻت ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق‬ ‫اﻷوﺳﻂ وﺷامل أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺴني ﺑﻬﻤﻨﺶ‬ ‫إن وﻗﻮع اﻟﺜﻮرات اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ وﺷامل أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ اﻟﺘﻲ أدت‬ ‫إﱃ ﺳﻘﻮط رؤوس اﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﰲ دول ﺗﻮﻧﺲ، ﻣﴫ وﻟﻴﺒﻴﺎ واﺣﺪة ﺗﻠﻮ اﻷﺧﺮى وﺳﺒﺒﺖ‬ ‫اﻹﺿﻄﺮاﺑﺎت اﻟﻮاﺳﻌﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ، اﻟﻴﻤﻦ واﻹﻋﱰاﺿﺎت اﳌﺤﺪودة ﰲ اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ، اﻷردن،‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺰاﺋﺮ وﺳﻮرﻳﺔ. أوﻗﻌﺖ اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﱪاء اﻟﻌﻠﻮم اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ وأﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﺮأي ﰲ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت‬ ‫اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺣرية وﺗﻌﺠﺐ وميﻜﻦ اﻟﻘﻮل أن ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺎت ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺟﺬور ﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﻮادث أﻳﻀﺎً‬ ‫أﺻﻴﺒﺖ ﰲ ﻋﺪة ﻣﻮاﻗﻊ ﺑﻬﺬه اﻟﻌﻠﺔ.‬ ‫ميﻜﻦ أن ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻮﺟﻪ إﱃ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ وﻧﻈﺮة اﻟﻘﻴﺎدة ﺣﻮل ﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﻮادث ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﻬﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ وﺟﺬور ﺗﺤﻮﻻت اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ. ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ اﺳﺘﻔﯿﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻄﺎﺑﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫وﺑﯿﺎﻧﺎﺗﻪ اﻟﺮﺳﻤﯿﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ ٩١ دی ٩٨٣١ ﺣﺘﯽ ﺧﻄﺎﺑﻪ ﰲ ﻣﺆمتﺮ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪوﱄ ﺑﺘﺎرﯾﺦ ٦٢ ﺷﻬﺮﯾﻮر ٠٩٣١.‬‫39 39‬ ‫ﺗﻢ اﻟﺴﻌﻲ اﻟﯽ وﺿﻊ آراءه ﰲ اﻃﺎر ﻣﺒﯿﻦ وﺿﻤﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ اﻗﺴﺎم ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﻬﻮﯾﺔ, ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺬور وﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﻨﻬﺞ ﺑﺼﻮرة ﻣﺮﺣﻠﯿﺔ ﺣﺘﯽ ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﯽ ﻧﻬﺞ ﻧﻈﺮي وﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺳامﺣﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت.‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺿﯿﺔ اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﺒﻨﯿﺔ ﻋﻞ اﺳﺎس ان اﻟﺴﯿﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ ﮐﺎن ﯾﻤﺘﻠﮏ ﻧﻈﺮة وﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻣﺴﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ اﺣﺪاث اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ وﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت ﰲ ﻣﺴﯿﺮ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ اﻻﯾﺮاﻧﯿﺔ وﺣﺪوﺛﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺎرﯾﺦ ﯾﻌﻨﻲ ﺣﻠﻮل اﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ. ﻟﻬﺬا اﻟﺴﺒﺐ اﺳامﻫﺎ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ. ﮐﺎﺗﺐ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ وﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﮐﻼم ﺳامﺣﺘﻪ ﯾﺼﻞ اﻟﯽ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻨﺘﯿﺠﺔ ان ﺳامﺣﺘﻪ ﯾﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻤﯿﺰات‬ ‫ﮐﺎﳌﯿﻞ ﻟﻼﺳﻼم ﮐﻮن اﻻﻧﺴﺎن ﺷﻌﺒﯿﺎ ﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺤﺮﯾﺔ اﻟﻌﺪاء ﻻﻣﺮﯾﮑﺎ واﻟﺼﻬﯿﻮﻧﯿﺔ ﻣﺸﱰک‬ ‫ﰲ ﺟﻤﯿﻊ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺪول اﻻ ﺳﻮرﯾﺔ وﯾﻌﺘﱪ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻮل ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺻﺎﻧﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺎرﯾﺦ وﻣﺤﺪدة‬ ‫ﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ اﳌﺴﻠﻤﯿﻦ وﺣﺘﯽ اﻟﻌﺎمل.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﮑﻠامت: ﺗﺤﻮﻻت اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ. اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ. اﻟﺴﯿﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ . اﻟﻨﺎس. آﻣﺮﯾﮑﺎ‬
  • 93. ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎت اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﻗﺪس ﴎه( ﺑﺨﺼﻮص اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬‫أﻳﻮب ﻓريوز‬‫ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻳﺴﻌﻰ اﻟﻜﺘّﺎب ﻋﱪ ﺑﻴﺎن ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ وآراء اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﺨﺼﻮص‬‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﻹﺷﺎرة إﱃ ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﻣﻊ اﻹﺳﺘﻨﺎد إﱃ ﺧﺎﺻﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ّّ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﻟﺪى اﻟﻌﻠامء ﺧﺎﺻﺔ اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺮاﺣﻞ مبﻮﺟﺒﺎت ﺗﺤﻮل اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻹﻳﺮاين ﻧﺤﻮ اﻹﺳﻼم‬ ‫49 49‬‫وإﻋﺎدة إﻇﻬﺎر اﳌﻌﻨﻮﻳّﺎت و إﻇﻬﺎرﻫﻢ ﻛﻘﺪوة وﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﻟﻌﺎمل ﻟيك ﻳﺘﻢ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﺗﺪاوﻣﻬﺎ.‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ، اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻜﻠﻴﻒ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﳌﻌﻨﻮﻳﺎت.‬
  • 94. ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺧﻄﺎيب ﺣﻮل ﻫﻮﻳﺔ وﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ آﻳﺔ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺌﻲ )ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ(‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﺮادي‬ ‫أول وأﻫﻢ ﻣﻜﺘﺴﺐ ﻟﻺﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﻗﺪس ﴎه( ﻛﺎن أﻧﻪ ﺑﺪّل ﺧﻄﺎب اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻄﺎب رﻛﻴﻚ إﱃ ﺧﻄﺎب ﻗﻮي وﻣﺘﺴﻠﻂ ﰲ ﺳﺎﺣﺔ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ. ﺑﻌﺪ ذﻟﻚ أﻳﻀﺎ ﻛﺎن اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ آﻳﺔ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺌﻲ ﻣﻜﻤﻼ ﻟﺨﻂ اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺮاﺣﻞ ﰲ ﴍح‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎب اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﻬﺪف إﱃ ﺗﺒﻴني، ﻓﻬﻢ وﻋﺮض ﺗﺤﻠﻴﲇ ﺳﻴﺎﳼ ﺧﻄﺎيب ﻋﻦ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ. ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ اﳌﻘﺼﻮد ﻣﻦ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﻫﻮ أﺣﺪاث اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﴩق‬ ‫اﻷوﺳﻂ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ اﻷﺧرية. ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺴﻌﯽ اﻟﯽ اﻻﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﯽ اﻟﺴﺆال اﻻﺳﺎﳼ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺬي ﻫﻮ ﻫﻮﯾﺔ وﺧﻄﺎب اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ وﮐﯿﻔﯿﺔ ﺗﺸﮑﻠﻬﺎ وﮐﯿﻒ ﺗﮑﻮن ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﺔ‬‫59 59‬ ‫ذات ﻣﻌﻨﯽ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ ﻋﱪ ﺗﺒﯿﯿﻦ ﻫﻮﯾﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ، اﻟﺒﺤﺚ اﻟﺤﺎﱄ ﻳﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻄﺮؤ إﱃ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺳري ﺗﻐريات اﻟﺨﻄﺎب ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺧﻄﺎب اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ وﰲ اﻟﺮد ﻋﲆ اﻟﺴﺆال اﻷﺳﺎﳼ ﻳﺘﺒﻨﻰ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺸﻌﺎر: ﻫﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺧﻄﺎب ﻗﻮﻣﻲ ﻋﺮيب ﰲ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﻌﺒﯿﺮ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫دﻟﻴﻞ اﻟﺪميﻮﻗﺮاﻃﻴﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ اﻷﺳﺎﳼ .‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ، ﻓﺈن ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺛﻘﻞ إرادة اﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﰲ ﺗﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ ﺗﻌﺒري اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ.ﻟﻠﺪميﻮﻗﺮاﻃﻴﺔ، ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﺬي ﻳﻌﻴﺶ ﰲ ﻣﻬﺪ إﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻔﻜﺮ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﺨﻄﺎب، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ، اﻟﺪميﻮﻗﺮاﻃﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ.‬
  • 95. ‫ﴐورة ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب وﺗﺄﺛري اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫وﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ واﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺌﻲ )دام ﻇﻠﻪ( ﻋﲆ دور‬ ‫ﺷﺒﺎب اﻟﺪول اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻣﻴﺜﻢ ﺣﻴﺪري،‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴني ﺣﻴﺪري‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻮة اﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﳌﺴﻠﻤﺔ، ﺑﺪء اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﺜﻮرﻳﺔ وﻧﺸﻮء ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻘﻮد اﻷﺧرية ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﳌﻨﴫﻣﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ، ﺗﺤيك ﻋﻦ ﻋﻮدة ﻫﺬه اﻟﺸﻌﻮب إﱃ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻳﺘﻬﺎ ومتﺪﻧﻬﺎ اﳌﻨﺴﻴني. اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻟﻨﺎﺷﺌﺔ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺬﻫﺐ، أﺳﻬﻤﺖ ﰲ إﺣﻴﺎء اﻟﺪﻳﻦ وﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫69 69‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ إﻳﺮان واﻟﻌﺎمل، اﻟﺘﻲ إﺣﺪى أﺑﻌﺎدﻫﺎ، وﻻدة واﻹﺳﻬﺎم ﰲ ﺗﻮاﺻﻞ ﺣﻴﺎة‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﳌﻌﺎﴏة ﺧﻼل اﻟﻌﻘﺪﻳﻦ اﻷﺧريﻳﻦ.‬‫ﻫﻨﺎ، ﻓﺈن اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ وﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ+ واﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺌﻲ وأﻳﻀﺎً‬ ‫اﻟﺪور اﻟﺬي ﻳﻠﻌﺒﻪ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻫﻲ أﺣﺪ أﻫﻢ ﻋﻨﺎﴏ ﺣﻔﻆ اﻟﺠﻮﻫﺮ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﻟﺜﻮري ﰲ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ إمثﺎر، إﺳﺘﻤﺮار وﻋﺪم اﻹﻧﺤﺮاف ﻋﻦ ﻣﺴري ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﻐري ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻺﻧﻜﺎر. ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺤﻠﻞ دور اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ وأﻳﻀﺎ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة اﻟﺪول اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ.‬
  • 96. ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﻛﺸﻤري.‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺤﺴني اﻟﻜﺸﻤريي.‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻟﺖ ﻛﺸﻤري إﱃ ﺑﻠﺪ إﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎم ٠٢٣١ ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎن ﺻﺪر اﻟﺪﻳﻦ رﻧﺘﺸني‬ ‫ﺷﺎه و ﺑﻘﻴﺎدة اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺷﻤﺲ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﻮي ﺑﻠﺒﻞ ﺷﺎه و ﺑﻘﻴﺖ دوﻟﺔ إﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ إﱃ‬ ‫زﻣﺎن آﺧﺮ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ و ﻫﻮ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺷﺎه. ﻣﺎزال اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﻟﻜﺸﻤريي و ﻣﻨﺬ اﻟﻌﺎم ٦٥٨١ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ اﻻﺣﺘﻼل و ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﻌﺎم ١٣٩١ و ﺣﺘﻰ اﻵن ﻳﺤﺎرب ﻟﻜﺴﺐ اﻻﺳﺘﻘﻼل.‬ ‫ﻟﻄﺎﳌﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻛﺸﻤري ﻣﺤﻮرا ﻟﻠﺴﺠﺎﻻت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺑني اﻟﻬﻨﺪ و ﺑﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎن و ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ‬‫79 79‬ ‫اﻷﺣﻴﺎن اﻟﺼني، و ﻟﻜﻦ اﻟﻮاﻗﻊ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺘﻐﺎﴇ ﻋﻨﻪ اﻵﺧﺮون و ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع اﻹﺳﻼم،‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫مبﻌﻨﻰ أن ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﻛﺸﻤري ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ، ﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﻬﻨﺪ و ﻻ ﺑﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎن، ﻣﻊ أن ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﺪول ﻃﺮف ﰲ اﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ، ﻛﺸﻤري دوﻟﺔ إﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻗﺪ أﺛﺒﺖ اﻟﻜﺸﻤريﻳﻮن ﺗﻔﺎﻧﻴﻬﻢ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﻹﺳﻼم. ﰲ اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ و ﺿﻤﻦ اﻹﺷﺎرة إﱃ اﳌﺎﻫﻴﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺸﻤريي، ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق إﱃ ﻣﺤﺎذﻳﺮ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ ﰲ إﻃﺎر اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬
  • 97. ‫دور اﻗﺒﺎل ﻻﻫﻮري ﰲ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﺧﻼﺻﺔ.‬‫اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ اﻗﺒﺎل ﻻﻫﻮري اﻟﻌﺎمل و اﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ اﳌﺴﻠﻢ واﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ أﺑﺮز اﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎت‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ و اﳌﺘﺤﴬة ﰲ ﺷﺒﻪ اﻟﻘﺎرة اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ، ﻛﺎن ﻳﻄﺮح اﻟﺠﻮﻫﺮة اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ و‬‫اﻟﺘﻤﺪن اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﰲ اﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ اﳌﻌﺎﴏة، ﻛﺎن ﻻﻗﺒﺎل أﺛﺮ ﻛﺒري ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة و رﻓﻊ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻳﺎت‬‫ﺷﺒﺎب اﳌﴩق و ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ أﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎن، و ﺑﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎن ﺷﺒﻪ اﻟﺠﺰﻳﺮة اﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ، ﻟﻜﺴﺐ ﺣﺮﻳﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻄﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﻌامر ﰲ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﻌﴩﻳﻦ.‬‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻃﺮق اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ اﻗﺒﺎل ﻻﻫﻮري ﰲ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﺗﺘﻤﺤﻮر ﻋﲆ ﻋﺪة ﻣﺤﺎور‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺒﺤﺜﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل:‬ ‫١ اﻻﺳﺘﻠﻬﺎم ﻣﻦ ﺛﻮرة ﻋﺎﺷﻮراء و دروس اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ.‬ ‫٢ ﻣﺤﺒﺔ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل و آل ﺑﻴﺘﻪ و اﻻﻗﺘﺪاء ﺑﻬﻢ.‬ ‫89 89‬ ‫٣ اﻻﻋﺘامد ﻋﲆ اﻟﴩق و ﺗﺠﻨﺐ اﻟﻐﺮب.‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫٤ اﻟﺪﻋﻮة إﱃ ﺗﻮﺣﺪ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ.‬ ‫٥ اﻻﻫﺘامم اﻟﺨﺎص ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﻹﻳﺮاين.‬ ‫٦ اﻟﺪﻋﻮة إﱃ اﻟﻌﻮدة ﻟﻠﺬات.‬ ‫٧ اﻻﻛﺘﻔﺎء ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎﻗﺎت اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻴﺔ.‬ ‫٨ اﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻛﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﺒﻴﺎن اﻷﻓﻜﺎر.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻗﺒﺎل ﻻﻫﻮري، ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﺷﻮراﺋﻴﺔ.‬
  • 98. ‫ﺗﺒﻴني و ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﻳري ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻘﺮار ﰲ اﻹدارة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ) ﻋﲆ ﻧﻬﺞ اﻧﺸﺎء منﻮذج ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪميﻮﻗﺮاﻃﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺒﻼد(‬ ‫دﻛﱰ ﺣﻤﻴﺪ رﺿﺎ ﺑﻬﺮاﻣﻲ،‬ ‫دﻛﱰ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺧريي،‬ ‫رﺿﻮان ﻧﻮري ﻋﻠﻮﻳﺠﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ اﻟﺜﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ أن ﺗﻀﻊ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺳﺆال ﻛﺒرية ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻛﻞ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﺣﻮل ﻗﺪرة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼم ﻋﲆ إﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﺜﻮرات، و ﺑﻨﺎء اﻹﻧﺴﺎن، و ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺼﻄﻨﻌﻬﺎ اﻵﺧﺮون‬ ‫و اﻟﻘﺪرة ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﻤﻮد، اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﻚ و اﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻳﺔ. ﻫﺬه اﻟﺜﻮرة ﻣﻜﻨﺖ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻖ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﻮرات و اﻟﺮد اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت و ﺧﻠﻖ اﳌﺸﻜﻼت، و ﺑﻨﺎء اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻻﻛﺘﻔﺎء اﻟﺬايت‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻗﻮاﻧني اﻹﺳﻼم اﳌﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ اﺳﺎس اﻻﺟﺘﻬﺎد، و ﻫﻜﺬا ﺗﻮﻟﺪت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫أﻳﻘﻈﺖ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﺎﺗﻬﻢ.‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪوا ﻧﻮرا اﻧﺎر اﻷﻓﻜﺎر و اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ. ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﻼﺣﻆ ﻛﻴﻒ أن اﻟﺜﻮرة‬‫99 99‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ أﻳﻘﻈﺖ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﻦ ﻏﻔﻠﺘﻬﻢ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺧﺘﻤﺖ ﻋﲆ ﻗﻠﻮﺑﻬﻢ و ﻋﻘﻮﻟﻬﻢ وﻛﺒﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﺴﻮا ﳌﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﳌﺤﺪﻗﺔ. ﻛﺎن اﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮن ﻳﺆﻛﺪون ﻋﲆ ﴐورة أن ﺗﻘﻮم‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺜﻮرﻳﺔ ﻋﲆ اﳌﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻋﻤﻞ و ﻓﻜﺮ و وﺟﻬﺎت ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﻮﺣﺪة. ﻻ أن ﻧﻜﻮن ﰲ اﻟﻌﺒﺎدة ﻣﺴﻠﻤني و ﰲ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻛﻔﺎرا و ﻧﻨﺤﺮف ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻮاب. ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﴬوري اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع اﻹدارة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺒﻊ ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺮار ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ إﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ. ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺮى أن ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻛﺘﺒﺖ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﺳﺘﻜﺸﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﻳري ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻘﺮار ﰲ اﻹدارة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ. اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻟﻌﺮيب، ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻗﻮة ﻟﻠﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻋﲆ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ أن‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن أرﺿﻴﺔ ﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ اﻷﻫﺪاف اﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ. ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺼﺪد ﺗﻢ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ اﳌﻌﺎﻳري اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻘﺮار ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺗﻢ ﻋﺮض منﺎذج اﺗﺨﺎذ اﻟﻘﺮار.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻘﺮار، اﻹدارة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺜﻮرة.‬
  • 99. ‫اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﺎﺗﺤﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘامد ﻋﲆ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و أرﻛﺎن اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﻌﺐ اﻹﻳﺮاين ﺑﻘﻴﺎدة اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺤﺎوﻟﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻟﻌﻮﳌﺔ‬‫اﻹﺳﻼم و ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻟﻠﺤﻀﺎرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﻳﻘﺔ. ﻫﺬا اﻟﻨﻈﺎم ﺑﺄدﺑﻴﺎﺗﻪ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻛﺎن‬‫ﻳﺤﻤﻞ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﻔﺎدﻫﺎ: إذا اﺳﺘﻄﺎع اﻟﺪﻳﻦ أن ميﺘﻠﻚ ﺗﺄﺛريا ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺎ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ و‬‫ﻋﲆ ﻧﻈﺎم ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻘﺮار اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ، ﻓﻬﺬا ﻳﻌﻨﻲ أﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻘﻮاﻋﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻼﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ‬‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ ﺑﻞ ﺳﻴﻜﻮن ﻟﻪ ﺗﺄﺛري ﻋﲆ اﻟﻬﻴﺎﻛﻞ اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ أﻳﻀﺎ. ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﺮى أن دور‬ ‫001 001‬‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﻣﻔﻴﺪ و ﺟﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻻﻫﺘامم. ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل ﺳﻨﺒﺤﺚ أﺳﺒﺎب و ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق إﱃ دور اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﻛﺮاﺋﺪ و ﻗﺎﺋﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل.‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺤﻀﺎرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ،‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺄﺛري، ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب,‬
  • 100. ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل اﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻆ اﻟﻌﻘﻮل و اﻟﻐﺮاﺋﺰ.‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺳﺎدات إﺑﺮاﻫﻴﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻢ اﻟﺘﻄﺮق إﱃ اﻟﺪور اﻟﺬي ﻟﻌﺒﻪ اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل اﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل.‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻄﺎع اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻃﻼﻋﻪ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻌﺎرف اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻔﻜﺮ اﻟﻐﺮيب و‬ ‫رؤﻳﺘﻪ اﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ أن ﻳﻄﺮح ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة و ﺣﻼ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﻜريﻳﻦ اﳌﺘﺄﺛﺮو اﳌﻮاﱄ ﻟﻠﻐﺮب و ميﻜﻦ‬‫101 101‬ ‫أن ﻧﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺿﻮح ﺗﺄﺛري ﻫﺬه اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻓﻜﺮ اﳌﻔﻜﺮﻳﻦ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ و اﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ. ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﴬوري اﻟﺘﻄﺮق إﱃ أﻓﻜﺎره ﻟﻠﺨﺮوج ﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﺮاﻫﻦ.‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﺒﺪاﻳﺔ ﺳﻨﻘﺪم ﻣﺠﻤﻼ ﻋﻦ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﴫ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺳﻨﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ أﻓﻜﺎره و ﻣﺒﺎﻧﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ و ﰲ اﻟﺘﺘﻤﺔ ﺳﻨﺸري إﱃ أﺳﺒﺎب ﺗﺨﻠﻒ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮه و ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺳﻨﺸري إﱃ أﻳﺪﻳﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺘﻪ ﺣﻮل اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل اﻟﺪﻳﻦ، اﻟﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮب، اﻹﺳﻼم.‬
  • 101. ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ أمنﺎط اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎت اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ و اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻔﻆ إﻧﺠﺎزات اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫.رﻗﻴﺔ ﺑﻬﺮاﻣﻲ‬ ‫))اﺳﺘﺸﻌﺮت اﻷﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻧﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﻴﻘﻈﺔ، و اﺷﺘﻤﺖ ﻋﻄﺮ ﻋﻮدة ﻣﻌﺎرف اﻹﺳﻼم((‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻨﺌﻲ.‬‫اﳌﻌﺘﻘﺪات اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﻜﻠﺖ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎ ﺟﺬرﻳﺎ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻻﻳﺪﻳﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎت اﳌﺘﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻮرات اﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﻟﻐري دﻳﻨﻴﺔ.‬‫ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﺟﻠﻴﺎ أﻧﻪ ﻟيك ﻧﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ إﺣﺮاز اﻷﻫﺪاف اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ أن ﻧﺒﻘﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬‫ﰲ اﻟﺴﺎﺣﺔ و أن ﻻ ﻧﺤﺬﻓﻪ ﻛام ﻳﺤﺪث ﰲ اﻟﺜﻮرات ﻏري اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ، ﻷﻧﻪ ﻛام ﺗﺤﺘﺎج اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫201 201‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫ﻟﻠﺸﻌﺐ أﺛﻨﺎء ﺗﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﺎج إﻟﻴﻬﻢ أﻳﻀﺎ ﰲ اﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻳﺘﻬﺎ، و ميﻜﻦ ﻟﺪﻋﻢ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬‫أن ﺑﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎت و اﻟﺪول اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ، ﰲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻛﻞ أﻋﺪاء اﻟﺪاﺧﻞ و‬‫اﻟﺨﺎرج. ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻟﺜﻮرﻳﺔ ﺗﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻫﺬه اﻷﻣﻮر ﰲ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎت ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻛﻨﻈﺎم‬‫ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ و ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟـﻨامط اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ، ﻟﺮﻓﻊ اﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎت اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ،‬‫و ﺣﻤﻞ و اﺣﺘﻮاء ﻗﻴﻢ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﳌﻬﻤﺔ. ﻟﺬا ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق إﱃ ﺑﺤﺚ اﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴامت‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ و دورﻫﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺤﺎﻛﻤﻴﺔ، اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ، ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ، ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ.‬
  • 102. ‫اﻧﺘﺸﺎر اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ.‬ ‫.ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﻧﺠﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺪف ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ، ﺗﻮﺳﻴﻊ اﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ مبﺎﻫﻴﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎت اﳌﺆﺛﺮة‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ.‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل ﺗﻢ اﻟﺘﻄﺮق ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ إﱃ ﻣﻔﻬﻮم ﻋﺒﺎرة اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و أﺟﺰاﺋﻬﺎ اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ،‬‫301 301‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺑﺤﺜﻨﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﴫ ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ و اﳌﻮاﻧﻊ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻮاﺟﻬﻬﺎ ﰲ اﻟﻘﺮون اﻷﺧرية. ﰲ إداﻣﺔ اﳌﻘﺎل ﺗﻢ ذﻛﺮ اﻟﻌﻠامء و اﻟﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻢ دور ﰲ إﺣﻴﺎء ﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﴩﻳﻌﺔ ﻃﻮال اﻟﻘﺮون اﳌﺎﺿﻴﺔ. و ﰲ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ متﺖ اﻹﺷﺎرة إﱃ مثﺮة‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﺜﻮرات و اﻟﺘﻲ أدت إﱃ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﴍق أوﺳﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﺎل ﻣﻦ دول اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ، اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬
  • 103. ‫دور ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ ﰲ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﳌﴫﻳﺔ.‬‫.ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﻤﻴﺪي‬‫ﻩذا اﳌﻘﺎل ﻫﻮ ﻟﺠﻬﺔ ﺑﺤﺚ دور ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ ﰲ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﳌﴫﻳﺔ.‬‫اﻻﻋﱰاﺿﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﰲ ﻣﴫ ﻣﻨﺬ ٥٢ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ١١٠٢ ﻹﺳﻘﺎط ﻧﻈﺎم ﺣﺴﻨﻲ ﻣﺒﺎرك‬‫ﻃﺮﺣﺖ ﺗﺴﺎؤﻻت ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﺣﻮل دور وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻹﻋﻼم و ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻲ‬‫ﰲ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﺪﺛﺖ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﻠﺪ. ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸﻬﺪه ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﻻﻋﱰاﺿﺎت ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻻﺻﻼح‬‫اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻲ ﺑﻬﺪف إﱃ وﺿﻊ أﺳﺲ ﻧﻈﺎم اﺟﺘامﻋﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻻﺳﻼم ﺑﺄﺳﻠﻮب دﻳﻨﻲ و‬ ‫401 401‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫ﻣﺎ ﻧﻌﱪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ. أﻣﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺪى ﺗﺄﺛري ﻫﺬه اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻹﻋﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت‬‫ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﻠﺪ و ﳌﺎذا ﻳﺆﻛﺪ اﳌﺤﻠﻠﻮن اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﻮن ﻋﲆ دور ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ ﰲ‬‫اﻟﺘﺢ و ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ أﻫﺪاﻓﻬﻢ؟ و أﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﻫﻞ ﺗﺘﻮاﻓﻖ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼت ﻣﻊ اﳌﻀﻤﻮن اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﺜﻮرة أو ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺜﻮرات؟ أﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺳﻨﺴﻌﻰ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل ﻟﻺﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: ﻣﴫ، ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ، اﻟﺜﻮرة، اﻹﻋﻼم.‬
  • 104. ‫ﺑﺤﺚ و ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮاﺟﻬﻬﺎ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و دور‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺘﻬﺎ و اﻟﺨﺮوج ﻣﻨﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﺳﻠامن ﻛﺮﻣﻴﺎن،‬ ‫اﺳامﻋﻴﻞ ﻫﻤﺘﻴﺎن.‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، و اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﺤﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺟﻐﺮاﻓﻴﺎ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺗﺤيك‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞ اﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎت و ﺣﻮادث ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﰲ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺣﻮار ﺳﻴﺎﳼ ﻣﺒﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﻠامت اﻟﻜﺮاﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﺰة، أﺻﺎﻟﺔ و اﻟﻬﻮﻳﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ. ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻳﺒﺪو أن اﻟﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻟﻠامﻫﻴﺔ و‬ ‫اﻷﺻﺎﻟﺔ، و اﻹدراك اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﰲ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ اﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻷﺟﺰاﺋﻬﺎ وﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ رؤﻳﺔ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻴﺔ ﻣﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﻮاﻗﻊ، ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ذﻟﻚ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ اﻟﺠﻬﺎت اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺣﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ أن ﺗﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼ أﻓﻀﻞ ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻃﻤﻮﺣﺎت و أﻫﺪاف اﻟﺸﻌﻮب اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ. ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﺮى أن ﺗﺄﺛري‬‫501 501‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﲆ ﺻﻌﻴﺪ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ، و امنﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﻪ اﻧﻌﻜﺎﺳﺎت ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺔ و‬ ‫ﻛﺒرية ﻋﲆ اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎت اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ، و أدى ﺗﻐﻴري ﰲ اﳌﻮاﻗﻒ، اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ، و ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﻴﺎرات ﻓﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﺎمل. و مبﻮازات ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﻐريات أوﺟﺪت ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺎت و أﺧﻄﺎر ﺗﻬﺪد‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺎء اﻟﺜﻮرات و ﺗﺪاوﻣﻬﺎ. ﻣام ﺳﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﲆ ﻓﻬﻢ و إدراك أﻓﻀﻞ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺎت اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﺔ و اﳌﺘﻌﻬﺪة‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻨﺰاﻋﺎت اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ. اﻟﺴﺆال اﳌﻄﺮوح ﻫﻨﺎ: ﻫﻞ ﺳﺘﻮاﺟﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺎت و أﺧﻄﺎر؟ اﻟﺠﻮاب اﻟﻜﲇ ﺳﻴﻜﻮن ﻋﲆ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ اﻟﺘﺎﱄ: اﺗﺨﺎذ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺪاﺑري اﻟﻼزﻣﺔ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺎدة اﳌﺴﺒﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺎت ﰲ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﳌﻮاﺟﻬﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت اﻟﻘﺎدﻣﺔ و اﻟﺨﺮوج ﻣﻨﻬﺎ أﻣﺮ ﴐوري و ﻏري ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻟﻺﻧﻜﺎر.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: ﻣﻮﺟﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﻨﺰاﻋﺎت اﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ، اﻟﻨﺰاﻋﺎت اﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ،‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت، اﻷﺧﻄﺎر، ﻧﴩ اﻟﺪميﻮﻗﺮاﻃﻴﺔ، ﺗﻄﻠﻌﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬
  • 105. ‫ﻋﻮﳌﺔ ﻧﻈﺎم اﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ و اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫زﻫﺮة ﺳﻌﺎدمتﻨﺪ،‬‫ﻓﺮزاد ﺳﻌﺎدمتﻨﺪ.‬‫ﻛﺎن اﻟﻬﺪف ﻣﻦ إﺟﺮاء ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﺤﺚ دور ﻇﺎﻫﺮة اﻟﻌﻮﳌﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻦ وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮ اﺳﺎﺗﺬة ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎت اﻟﻌﻠﻮم اﻟﱰﺑﻮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ أﺻﻔﻬﺎن، ﺑﺤﺜﺖ ﰲ ﻫﺬه‬‫اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺗﺄﺛري ﻇﺎﻫﺮة اﻟﻌﻮﳌﺔ ﻋﲆ أﻫﺪاف اﳌﺤﺘﻮى، ﻃﺮق اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ و اﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ، و أﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ. أﺳﻠﻮب ﺟﻤﻊ اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻛﺎن ﻋﱪ اﻻﺳﺘﺒﻴﺎن اﻟﺬي ﻧﻈﻤﻪ اﳌﺤﻘﻖ‬‫ﻋﲆ ﻣﻘﻴﺎس ﻧﻴﻜﺮت ﺷﻤﻞ ٣٥ ﺳﺆال ة ٣ أﺟﻮﺑﺔ و ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺻﺤﺘﻬﺎ متﺖ اﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ‬‫ﺑﺄﺳﻠﻮب اﻟﺜﺒﺎت اﻟﻬﻴﻜﲇ. اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﺤﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﺗﻌﻄﻲ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻟﻠﱰاﺑﻂ ﺑني اﳌﺘﻐريات )اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ(‬ ‫601 601‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫و ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ متﺖ اﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻞ اﻟﻔﺎ ﻟﻜﺮون ﺑﺎخ و اﻟﺬي ﻛﺎن‬‫ﺣﺎﺻﻠﻪ ٤٫٤٩. اﳌﺤﻘﻘﻮن ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻫﻢ أﺳﺎﺗﺬة ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎت وﻋﺪدﻫﻢ ٠٦ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ آزاد‬‫ﰲ ﺧﻮارﺳﻜﺎن، ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﻴﺎم ﻧﻮر ﰲ أﺻﻔﻬﺎن. ﻟﺬﻟﻚ و ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻋﺪد اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻹﺣﺼﺎيئ مل‬‫ﻧﺄﺧﺬ ﻋﻴﻨﺎت. ﰲ اﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻹﺣﺼﺎيئ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ اﺳﺘﻌﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﻹﺣﺼﺎء اﻟﻮﺻﻔﻲ )اﳌﻌﺪل، اﻟﻮﻓﺮة،‬‫اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ اﳌﺌﻮﻳﺔ، اﻻﻧﺤﺮاف اﳌﻌﻴﺎري(، و اﻹﺣﺼﺎء اﻻﺳﺘﻨﺒﺎﻃﻲ )ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺘﻐري ﻋﲆ ﺣﺪة(.‬ ‫و اﻻﻧﺤﺮاف اﳌﻌﻴﺎري‬
  • 106. ‫اﻟﺘﺪﺧﻼت اﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ و اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺛﻮرة اﻟﻴﻤﻦ و دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﺪﺧﻼت.‬ ‫ﻋﲇ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ أﺣﻤﺪ داوود‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﺧﺎﻓﻴﺎ ﻋﲆ أﺣﺪ أن اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻛﺎن دامئﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺮض اﻟﻬﺠامت و ﴍارات‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮوب. ﺗﺴﻌﻰ دول اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر إﱃ إﺷﻌﺎر ﻧﺎر اﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﺑني اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﱃ إﺷﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺴﺎد و اﻟﻔﺤﺸﺎء. و ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻷﺣﻴﺎن ﺗﺒﺎدر إﱃ اﻟﺘﺪﺧﻞ اﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮي. و ﺗﻨﴩ ﻗﻮاﺗﻬﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﻼد اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ. ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ أﺧﺮى ﻧﺸﻬﺪ ﻋﴫ ﺣﻜﺎم ﺑﺎﻋﻮا ﺿامﺋﺮﻫﻢ ﻟﻠﻐﺮب و ﺧﺎﻧﻮا‬ ‫ﺷﻌﻮﺑﻬﻢ و اﺗﺤﺪوا ﻣﻊ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ. ﻧﺸﻬﺪ ﰲ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻇﻠام اﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺎ واﺿﺤﺎ و‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺮوﻗﺎت اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎﺗﻴﺔ، ﻟﺪرﺟﺔ أن ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ اﳌﻼﻳني ﻋﲆ ﻋﺘﺒﺔ اﳌﻮت ﺑﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﺠﻮع و اﻟﻔﻘﺮ.‬ ‫اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﻮن أﻳﻀﺎ ﻛﺒﺎﻗﻲ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﻣﺘﻌﻄﺸني و ﻣﺸﺘﺎﻗني ﻟﻠﺤﺮﻳﺔ ،اﻟﻌﺪاﻟﺔ و‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺮاﻣﺔ، ﻟﺬﻟﻚ اﻧﺘﻔﻀﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة ﰲ ﻛﻞ اﳌﺤﺎﻓﻈﺎت اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻋﲇ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ.‬‫701 701‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺰل اﳌﻌﺘﺼﻤﻮن إﱃ اﻟﺸﻮارع و اﳌﻴﺎدﻳﻦ، ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒني ﺑﻌﺰل و اﺧﺮاج ﺻﺎﻟﺢ و ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﺗﻔﺴﺢ اﳌﺠﺎل ﻟﻠﺸﻌﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺒري ﻋﻦ آراﺋﻬﻢ و أﻓﻜﺎرﻫﻢ ﺑﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺣﺮﻳﺘﻬﻢ. اﻟﺜﻮار‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺘﻮا ﰲ اﳌﻴﺎدان و ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﻳﻘﺪﻣﻮن اﻟﺸﻬﺪاء ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم ﺣﺘﻰ وﺻﻠﺖ اﻟﺜﻮرة إﱃ أوﺟﻬﺎ و أﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم ﻋﲆ ﺷﻔري اﻟﻬﺎوﻳﺔ و ﺷﺎرف اﻟﻨﻈﺎم ﻋﲆ اﻟﺴﻘﻮط، و ﻛﺎدت اﻟﺜﻮرة ﺗﻨﺘﴫ، ﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ و اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻟﺘﻔﻮا ﻋﲆ اﻟﺜﻮرة ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل دﺳﺎﺋﺴﻬﻢ و ﻣﺆاﻣﺮاﺗﻬﻢ ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺛﻮرة اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﻟﺴﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻋﺮض ﻃﺮوح ﺟﺪﻳﺪة و ﻣﺒﺘﻜﺮة ﻟﺘﺄﺧري و إﻓﺸﺎل اﻟﺜﻮرة،‬ ‫و اﻟﻀامﻧﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ أﻋﻄﻴﺖ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻣﻦ أﺟﻞ اﺳﺘﻤﺮارﻳﺔ ﺣﻜﻤﻪ. ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺸري إﱃ أﺑﺮز‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺧﻼت اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ و اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة ﰲ ﺛﻮرة ﺷﺒﺎب اﻟﻴﻤﻦ اﻟﺴﻠﻤﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﻴﻤﻦ، اﻟﺘﺪﺧﻼت اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻴﺔ، اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﻳﺔ، أﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ.‬
  • 107. ‫دور اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ و اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﺗﺄﺛرياﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ.‬‫ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ اﳌﻘﺎل: ﻋﴩت ﻣﻬﺮايب‬‫ﻋﲇ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻏﻮدرزي، رﺿﻮان ﻣﻬﺮايب‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺟﻴﺴﺘري ﰲ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﺔ اﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫اذا ﻋﺮﻓﺖ اﳌﻌﺘﻘﺪات اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ و ﻣﺠﺮب و ﻧﻘﻠﺖ إﱃ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ و‬‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ اﻟﺠﻴﻞ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ، ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮن أن ﻳﻮﻓﺮوا ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺎت رﺷﺪ اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﻷﺧﻼﻗﻲ، ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‬‫أﺧﺮى ﻳﻮﻓﺮون اﻷرﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﰲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ اﻷﺑﻌﺎد اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ، اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ، اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ،‬ ‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ، اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ.‬‫ﺗﻘﻊ ﻋﲆ ﻋﺎﺗﻖ اﳌﻌﻠﻤني ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻴﺔ ﻛﺒرية و ﺷﺎﻗﺔ. ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬‫اﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎت اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ و اﻷﺧﻼﻗﻴﺔ، ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق إﱃ أﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ و ﻧﻘﻞ اﻟﻌﻠﻮم ﻋﱪ أرﺑﻊ‬‫ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ: اﻷﴎة، اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ، اﳌﺤﻴﻂ اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻲ، و اﻟﻘﺪوات اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ و اﳌﻌﺎﴏة.‬‫أﻳﻀﺎ ﺳﻨﻨﺎﻗﺶ دور اﳌﻌﻠﻢ ﰲ اﻟﺘﻮاﺻﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ اﻟﺘﻲ ذﻛﺮﻧﺎﻫﺎ و إﱃ رأي اﳌﺪراء،‬‫أﺳﺎﺗﺬة اﻟﺪﻳﻦ، و ﻃﻼب اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎن، ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﺳﺘﻄﻼع ﻟﻠﺮأي‬ ‫801 801‬‫ل ٣١٣ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺗﻀﻢ ٥٥ ﺳﺆاﻻ ﺗﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ اﻟﺘﻲ ذﻛﺮﻧﺎﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﻄﻼع ﺣﻮل‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫وﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﻢ ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ اﻟﺘﺎﱄ:‬ ‫١ اﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔ )اﻷﴎة(. ٢ اﻟﻘﺪوة ٣ اﳌﺪرﺳﺔ ٤ اﳌﺤﻴﻂ و اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ.‬‫ﻣﻊ وﺟﻮد اﻻﺧﺘﻼف ﰲ أراء ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺪراء و أﺳﺎﺗﺬة اﻟﺪﻳﻦ و اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ اﳌﺘﺪﻳﻨني ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ اﻷرﺑﻌﺔ، وﺟﺪﻧﺎ إﻧﺴﺎﺟﺎﻣﺎ أﻛرث ﰲ أﺟﻮﺑﺔ اﳌﻌﻠﻤني‬‫و اﳌﺪراء ﻣﻨﻬﺎ إﱃ اﻟﻄﻼب، و ﻟﻜﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ اﻷﺟﻮﺑﺔ ﻛﺎن ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﻘﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺒري. و اﺳﺘﻄﻌﻨﺎ‬‫اﻟﺤﺼﻮل ﻋﲆ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ مل ﺗﻜﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻌﺔ. ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﳌﻌﻄﻴﺎت اﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ اﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﻨﺎ اﻟﻜرثة،‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ اﳌﺌﻮﻳﺔ، اﳌﻌﺪل و اﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﺤﺎدي ﻋﴩ.‬‫ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﰲ اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ و اﻟﺠﺰﺋﻴﺎت اﻟﺤﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ميﻜﻦ إﻟﻘﺎء اﻟﻀﻮء ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎط اﻟﻀﻌﻒ و اﻟﻘﻮة.‬
  • 108. ‫اﻷﻃﺮ اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ و اﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺔ اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﺻﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب، ﻣﺆﴍات اﻷﺻﺎﻟﺔ، ﺣﻔﻈﻬﺎ و ﺑﻘﺎﺋﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣريﺗﺒﺎر.‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻋﻘﻴﺪة ﻣﺸﱰﻛﺔ ﺑني اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ أﻧﺤﺎء اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ.‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮة ذات اﳌﺒﺪأ ﻏري اﻟﺮﺳﻤﻲ )اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﻲ( أوﺟﺪت اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫أﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ أو ﻣﻠﺔ أو ﻗﻮم أو ﻋﺮق أو أرض و ميﻜﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺗﻬﺎ ﰲ أي ﻣﻜﺎن. دون ﺷﻚ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎك ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ أﺟﻤﻞ و أﺣﲆ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻴﺎم و اﻟﺘﺠﺪد و ﻋﻮدة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﺠﺪدا إﱃ اﻹﺳﻼم‬‫901 901‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﺪول اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ. ﻷﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ و ﻣﻔﺼﲇ ﰲ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺼري‬ ‫اﻷﻣﺔ. ﻫﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ ﺗﻴﺎر ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻠﺊ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺸﺎط و ﺑﻨﺎء ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ و‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﺛﻮري، اﻹﺛﺎرة ، اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب، اﻟﻮﻋﻲ و اﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺗﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻫﻢ ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻘﻴﺎم اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ. إﺣﺪى‬ ‫أﻫﻢ اﻟﻄﺮق ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺔ و ﺟﺬور اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ، ﻫﻲ: اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ اﳌﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ، اﳌﻌﺎﻳري و‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ. اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻌﺎﻳري ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﰲ اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ اﺧﺘﻼف‬ ‫و ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮة ﻣﻊ ﻇﻮاﻫﺮ أﺧﺮى.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﳌﻌﻴﺎر، اﻟﻔﻜﺮ، اﻻﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎت و اﻟﺘﺸﺎﺑﻬﺎت.‬
  • 109. ‫اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل اﻟﺪﻳﻦ أﺳﺪ آﺑﺎدي، ﻣﻠﻬﻢ و ﻣﺤﺮك اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ رﺿﺎ أﺣﻤﺪي ﻃﺎﻣﺔ.٣‬‫ﻣﻦ أﻗﻮال ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻹﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ أول ﻣﺆمتﺮ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ: ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ‬‫أدىن ﺷﻚ أن اﻟﺘﺤﻮﻻت اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ اﻟﻜﱪى دامئﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﻨﺪ إﱃ دﻋﺎﺋﻢ ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ و ﺣﻀﺎرﻳﺔ و‬‫ﻧﺎﺗﺠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺮاﻛﻢ اﳌﻌﺎرف و اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب. اﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎت اﻟﻔﻜﺮﻳﺔ و اﻟﺠﻬﺎدﻳﺔ اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻴﺎرات‬‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎدﻳﺔ ﰲ ٠٥١ ﻋﺎم اﻷﺧرية و اﳌﺘﻮاﺟﺪة ﰲ ﻣﴫ، إﻳﺮان، اﻟﻌﺮاق، اﻟﻬﻨﺪ، و دول أﺧﺮى ﻣﻦ‬‫آﺳﻴﺎ و أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ، ميﻜﻦ ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﻤﻬﺪﻳﻦ ﻟﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ اﻟﺤﺎﱄ. ﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﲆ ﻣﺎ ذﻛﺮ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮق ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﴫ إﱃ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻓﻜﺮ اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل اﻟﺪﻳﻦ أﺳﺪ آﺑﺎدي ﻛﻤﻔﺠﺮ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة‬‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﰲ ﻋﴫﻧﺎ ﻫﺬا و ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﺗﺄﺛريه ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺻﺤﻮة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني و ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ‬ ‫اﳌﴫي و اﻵﺛﺎر اﻹﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺟﻴﻞ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺸﺎرك ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫ﰲ اﻟﺒﺪاﻳﺔ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﺒﺪأ اﻹﺻﻼح ﰲ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ اﻟﺤﺎﻛﻤﺔ، و ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻗﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫011 011‬‫اﻟﺤﻜﺎم ﺗﻮﺻﻠﺖ ﺗﺪرﻳﺠﻴﺎ إﱃ ﻗﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺑﺄن اﻹﺻﻼح ﰲ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ اﻟﺤﺎﻛﻤﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺆيت أﻛﻠﻪ. ﺗﺮﺳﺦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬‫ﻟﺪى اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل اﻋﺘﻘﺎد أﻧﻪ ﻳﺤﺐ اﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺎت أﻓﺮاد اﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﳌﺒﺎرزة ﺣﻜﺎم‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤني اﳌﺴﺘﺒﺪﻳﻦ. مل ﻳﻜﻦ ﻳﺆﻣﻦ مبﺒﺪأ اﻏﺘﻴﺎل اﻷﻓﺮاد، ﻛﺎن ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ أﻧﻪ ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻨﺨﺐ‬‫أن ﻳﺴﺨﺮوا اﻫﺘامﻣﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻮة اﻟﺸﻌﻮب ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻤﻊ و ﺣﺬف اﻷﺷﺨﺎص. ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ أن‬‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮا ﻋﲆ متﺘني أﺳﺲ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ اﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﻹﺳﻘﺎط اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎت اﳌﺴﺘﺒﺪة اﻟﻌﻤﻴﻠﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻐﺮب. ﺣﺪﺛﺖ أﻣﻮر ﻣامﺛﻠﺔ – ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻣﻊ زﻣﺎﻧﻨﺎ ﻫﺬا- ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺤﻀﻮر اﻟﺒﺎرز‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﺟامل اﻟﺪﻳﻦ أﺳﺪ آﺑﺎدي، اﻟﺸﺒﺎب، اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬
  • 110. ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺆاﻣﺮات و ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪات و أﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ و‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻟﺔ ﺑﻨﻮر‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻲ أﻃﻠﻘﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻴﺎت و اﻟﻨﺨﺐ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮيب، ﺗﻮاﺟﻪ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪات واﻗﻌﻴﺔ و ﺧﻄرية ميﻜﻦ أن ﺗﺪﻣﺮ اﻟﺜﻮرات اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ،‬ ‫و ﺗﻌﻴﺪ اﻷوﺿﺎع ﻛام ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﰲ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ و ﻳﻈﻬﺮ وﺟﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻈﻠﻢ و اﻟﺪﻳﻜﺘﺎﺗﻮرﻳﺔ.‬ ‫ﻫﺪف اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ و ﻋﲆ رأﺳﻬﻢ أﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ و اﻟﻜﻴﺎن اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮين ﻫﻮ ﻋﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ اﻻﺳﺘﺒﺪادي. دول اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر و اﻻﺳﺘﻌامر ﺗﻌﻠﻢ أﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺬﻟﺖ ﺟﻬﻮدا ﺣﺜﻴﺜﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎظ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﻋﻤﻼﺋﻬﺎ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘني ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ، و اﻵن وﺻﻠﻮا إﱃ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ أﻧﻪ ﻻ ميﻜﻨﻬﻢ‬‫111 111‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻴﻊ ﻧﻔﻮدﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘامد ﻋﲆ ﻫﺆﻻء اﻟﺤﻜﺎم و اﻻﻛﺘﻔﺎء ﺑﻬﻢ، و ﻫﺬا ﻟﻴﺲ ﻏﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻓﻬﺬه‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻬﻢ، رﻛﻮب ﻣﻮﺟﺎت اﻟﺘﻐﻴري. اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ اﻻﻣﱪاﻃﻮرﻳﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﻌامرﻳﺔ أن ﺗﻔﺮض ﺳﻠﻄﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ أواﺧﺮ اﻟﻘﺮن ٨١ و أواﺋﻞ اﻟﻘﺮن ٩١ ﰲ وﻗﺖ ﻛﺎن اﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮن ﰲ‬ ‫أﺿﻌﻒ ﺣﺎﻻﺗﻬﻢ.‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺳﻨﻨﻄﺮق إﱃ اﳌﺆاﻣﺮات و اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت و ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪات اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ و‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺳﻨﺸري إﱃ أﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻷﻋﺪاء.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻬﺪﻳﺪات، اﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎت، اﳌﺆاﻣﺮات، اﻻﺳﺘﺒﺪاد٢٢.‬
  • 111. ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﺄﺛري ﻓﻜﺮ اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ )ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ ﺷﺒﺎب ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن(.‬‫.ﺣﺴني ﻓﻼح- ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﺎﺋﻴﻨﻲ‬‫اﻓﻜﺎر اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ اﻟﺮﻓﻴﻌﺔ، ﺗﻌﱪ ﻣﻨرية و ﻫﺎدﻳﺔ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، وﻗﺪ أﺛﺮت‬‫ﻛﺎﳌﺸﻌﻞ اﳌﴤء ﻋﲆ اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﳌﻌﺎﴏة و اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ. ﻫﻨﺎ‬‫اﺳﺘﻄﺎع ﺷﺒﺎب ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن أن ﻳﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪوا و ﻳﺘﺄﺛﺮوا ﺑﻔﻜﺮ اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻟﻴﺤﻘﻘﻮا‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﺳﺐ ﻫﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﲆ ﺻﻌﻴﺪ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ. و أﺻﺒﺤﻮا ﻣﺜﺎﻻ ﻳﺤﺘﺬى ﺑﻪ ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬‫ميﻜﻦ دراﺳﺔ أﺑﻌﺎد ﺗﺄﺛري اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﺑني ﺻﻔﻮف ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ اﳌﺠﺎﻻت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ،‬‫اﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎدﻳﺔ و اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ و اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ. ﻧﺼﺒﻮا ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل إﱃ دراﺳﺔ اﻷﺑﻌﺎد اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﻟﺴﺒﺐ إﻫامل ﺗﺄﺛري أﻓﻜﺎر اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، و ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ‬‫ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن، ﻟﻨﺘﺤﺪث ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪﻣﻬﺎ اﻹﻣﺎم ﻟﻠﻌﺎمل و ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤني، ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻛﺎن ﻳﺠﺐ اﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ:‬ ‫-ﻣﺎ ﻣﺪى ﺗﺄﺛري ﻓﻜﺮ اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ؟‬ ‫211 211‬ ‫-ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎن ﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺔ ﺷﺒﺎب ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻮﻻﻳﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﺗﺄﺛري ﰲ اﻧﺘﺼﺎراﺗﻬﻢ؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫-ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎن ﻟﺮأي اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺮاﺣﻞ ﺣﻮل إرادة اﻟﺸﻌﻮب، ة ﻟﺰوم اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ دور ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ؟‬‫ﻟﻺﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬه اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ أوﻻ أن ﻧﺪرس ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﻣﺪى ﺗﺄﺛﺮ ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ. ﻧﻔﱰض أن آراء اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﺣﻮل: وﻻﻳﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ، ﻋﺪم ﻓﺼﻞ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬‫ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ، إﻗﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺪﻓﺎع ﻋﻦ ﻛﻴﺎن و أرض‬‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤني، اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ، و ﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة، ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺗﺄﺛريات ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة ﻋﲆ ﻧﺠﺎﺣﺎت ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ،‬‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻨﺸري إﱃ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل. ﺳﻨﺴﻌﻰ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﻘﺎل إﱃ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺛريات‬ ‫أﻓﻜﺎر اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن.‬‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ، ﻓﻜﺮ، وﻻﻳﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ،‬ ‫ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة، ﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ، ﻓﻠﺴﻄني، ﻃﻠﺐ اﻻﺳﺘﻘﻼل، اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ.‬
  • 112. ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ آﺛﺎر ﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ)ﻗﺪس ﴎه( ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ )ﻣﻊ اﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻋﲆ ﺷﺒﺎب ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن(‬ ‫ﺣﺴني ﻓﻼح – ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﺎﺋﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫إن ﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﻗﺪس ﴎه( اﻟﺮﻓﻴﻌﺔ ﻫﺎدﻳﺔ وﻣﻨرية ﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺛﻮرة إﻳﺮان‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، وﻫﻲ مبﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﺸﻌﻞ ﻣﺸﻊ ﻋﲆ اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﳌﻌﺎﴏة و ذات ﺗﺄﺛري‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﻟﺘﺤﺮرﻳﺔ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل. ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﻷﺛﻨﺎء ﻇﻬﺮ ﺷﺒﺎب ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﺮوا ﺑﺘﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ وﺣﻘﻘﻮا إﻧﺠﺎزات ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺔ اﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﰲ اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ وﻏﺪوا ﻗﺪوة‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ.‬ ‫إن ﺗﺄﺛريات ﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﻗﺪس ﴎه( ﻋﲆ ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن، ﻣﻦ ﺟﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻮاﺿﻴﻊ اﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻷﺑﻌﺎد اﳌﺘﻌﺪدة اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ، اﻟﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪﻳﺔ واﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ، اﻹﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺪﻗﻴﻖ واﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ. ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻬﺪف إﱃ ﺗﺠﺰﺋﺔ وﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻷﺑﻌﺎد اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ اﳌﺘﺠﺎﻫﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺗﺄﺛريات ﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺪول‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، وﺗﺤﻠﻞ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺧﺎص ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﲆ ﻗﺴﻢ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎت اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻌﺎمل ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني. ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻫﺬا اﻷﻣﺮ ﻳﺠﺐ‬ ‫اﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ:‬‫311 311‬ ‫١( ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺄﺛريات ﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ؟‬ ‫٢( ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎن اﺗﺒﺎع ﺷﺒﺎب ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﻟﻮﱄ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ذات ﺗﺄﺛري ﻋﲆ اﻹﻧﺘﺼﺎرات‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻘﺖ؟‬ ‫٣( ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﻈﺮة اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺮاﺣﻞ ﺣﻮل إرادة اﻟﺸﻌﻮب ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﳌﺴﺘﻜﱪﻳﻦ‬ ‫وﴐورة اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ذات ﺗﺄﺛري؟‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﲆ ﻫﺬه اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻳﺠﺐ أوﻻ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺼﺎدﻳﻖ ﺗﺄﺛﺮ ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن ﺑﺎﻹﻣﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﻗﺪس ﴎه( ﺑﺼﻮرة ﻣﻔﺼﻠﺔ. ﻳﺤﺘﻤﻞ أن ﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﻗﺪس‬ ‫ﴎه( ﺣﻮل وﻻﻳﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ، ﻣﻼزﻣﺔ اﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ، ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺪﻓﺎع ﻋﻦ اﻟﻜﻴﺎن واﻷرض اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، اﻟﺘﺤﺮر وﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة ﻛﺎن ﻟﻬام ﺗﺄﺛريات‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة ﻋﲆ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ وإﻧﺠﺎزات ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ، اﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺘﺘﻢ اﻹﺷﺎرة إﱃ ﻋﺪة أﻣﻮر ﻣﻨﻬﺎ. ﻫﺬه‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻬﺪف إﱃ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺄﺛريات ﺗﻔﻜﺮات اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﻋﲆ ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن.‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﻜﻠامت: اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﺨﻤﻴﻨﻲ )ﻗﺪس ﴎه(، اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﺣﺰب اﻟﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎن،‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﻜﺮ، وﻻﻳﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ، ﻃﻠﺐ اﻟﺸﻬﺎدة، اﻟﺘﺤﺮر، ﻓﻠﺴﻄني، ﻃﻠﺐ اﻹﺳﺘﻘﻼل، اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ.‬
  • 113. ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺄﺛريات اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ أﻣﻦ وﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ آﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ وﺷامل أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ‬‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﻣﺮﺳﲇ‬‫إن اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ اﻷﺧرية ﰲ اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ وﺷامل آﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﺮﻓﺖ مبﻮﺟﺔ‬‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻟﺮاﺑﻌﺔ، ﺑﻌﺪ اﳌﻮﺟﺎت اﻷول واﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ واﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ، ذات أﻫﻤﻴﺔ وﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫411 411‬‫وﺗﺄﺛري ﻛﺒري ﻋﲆ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى أﺑﻌﺎد اﻷﻣﻦ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﺪول اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ وﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﻗﻮى اﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬‫واﻟﻘﻮى اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻴﺔ. ﺣﺘﻰ أن ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺳري اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت ﺗﺒني ﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ أن اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﺬي ﻫﻮ ﻗﻴﺪ اﻟﻨﺸﻮء ﻳﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ‬
  • 114. ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و دور اﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎت اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺎت ﰱ اﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﺔ اﻻﻗﴡ‬ ‫زﻫﺮا ﺣﺒﻴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﰲ ﻫﺬه اﳌﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻧﺒﺤﺚ ﺣﻮل اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﺗﺄﺛريﻫﺎ ﻋﲆ ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺔ اﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺎت و ادوارﻫﻦ اﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﰱ اﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﺔ اﻻﻗﴡ ﻳﺼﻨﻒ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺿﻤﻦ اﻟﺒﺤﻮث‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴّﺔ و اﻻﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ أﻳﻀﺎ .‬ ‫و ﻧﻘﻴﺲ أﻳﻀﺎً دور اﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎت اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺎت ﰱ اﻧﺘﻔﺎﴇ اﻻﻗﴡ ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫اﻷرض و وﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﺎس (اﻻﺳﺘامرة و اﳌﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ) و اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﺟﺪول ﻣﻮرﻏﺎن (ﰲ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻴامت ﰲ ﺳﻮرﻳﺔ) اﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺗﺒني أن ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺑﻬﺪف‬‫511 511‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻮاﻫﺐ اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺒني ﻟﻠﺤﺮﻳﺔ و ﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﻣﻨﻬﻢ و ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﺗﺄﺛري‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻫﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮة ﰲ ﻣﺸﺎرﻣﺔ اﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎت اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺎت ﻋﲆ اﳌﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎت اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ , اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫, اﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ , اﻻﻳﺪﻳﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ و اﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ و ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻫﺬه اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ ﻫﻰ اﻟﺘﻰ أﺛﺮت ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻤﺮار اﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﺔ اﻻﻗﴡ و اﻟﺘﻰ ﻫﻰ ﻣﻦ أﻫﻢ ﻣﻈﺎﻫﺮ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ .‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت: دور , اﻟﻔﺘﺎة اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ , اﻧﺘﻔﺎﺿﺔ اﻻﻗﴡ , اﻟﻬﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ , اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ,‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ .‬
  • 115. ‫دور اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎىن ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫: اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻣﺤﻤﺪ رﺿﺎ ﻧﺠﺎرﻳﺎن‬‫اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻠامء اﳌﺠﺎﻫﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ اواﺧﺮ ﻋﻬﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺟﺎرﻳﺔ و ﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ‬‫اﳌﻄﺎﻟﺒني ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ و ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪﻳﻦ ﻧﻬﻀﺔ اﳌﴩوﻃﻴﺔ , وو ﻧﻈﻢ ﻧﻬﻀﺔ ﺿﺪ اﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ اﳌﺮﻛﺰﻳﺔ‬‫ﰲ اﻋﱰاﺿﻪ ﻋﲆ ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪة دوﻟﺔ وﺛﻮق اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ١٩١٩ م و اﳌﻌﺮوﻓﺔ‬ ‫مبﻌﺎﻫﺪة »وﺛﻮق اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ ﺳﺎﻳﻜﺲ » اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ -‬‫ﺗﻀﻊ اﻳﺮان ﺗﺤﺖ اﻟﻮﺻﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ و اﺳﺘﻄﺎع أن ﻳﺴﻴﻄﺮ ﻋﲆ اذرﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎن , و ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﻋﺪوا ً ﻟﺪودا ً ﻟﻸﺟﺎﻧﺐ و ﺗﺪﺧﻠﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺷﺆون اﻳﺮان اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻴﺔ .‬‫ﻛﺎن ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎين ﻋﺎﺷﻘﺎً ﻻﻳﺮان و اﻻﻳﺮاﻧﻴني و ﻻ ﻳﺮﻛﻊ أﻣﺎم اﻟﻌﺪو و اﻷﻣﺮاء اﻟﻔﺎﺳﺪﻳﻦ و‬ ‫611 611‬‫اﻟﺨﺎﺋﻨني , ﻛﺎن ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺟﻮب اﻟﺘﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﺲ و اﳌﺎل ﻣﻦ أﺟﻞ اﻟﻌﻴﺶ اﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ , و ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺎً ﻟﻠﺪﻳﻦ واﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮن وﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ اﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎت و ﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ و وﺣﺪة اﻳﺮان ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ادى‬ ‫اﻣﻨﻴﺎﺗﻪ .‬‫ﺣﺎول ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ أن ﻳﺒني دور ﻧﻬﻀﺔ اذرﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎن ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺑني ﺟﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ ﻇﻞ اﻫﻬﺘامم اﻟﺸﻴﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎين ﺑﺎﻟﱰﺑﻴﺔ اﳌﻌﻨﻮﻳﺔ .‬‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت: اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎين , ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪة وﺛﻮق اﻟﺪوﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻛﺲ , اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ,اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ –‬
  • 116. ‫اﻟﺮؤﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫رﻫﺎم ﺑﺎﺟني‬ ‫اﳌﻈﺎﻫﺮات و اﻻﻋﱰاﺿﺎت اﻷﺧرية اﻟﺘﻰ اﻧﺘﴩت ﰲ اﻟﺒﻠﺪان اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ ﺷامل‬ ‫أﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻧﻮﻋﺎً ﻣﺎ ﻣﻀﺎدة ﻟﻠﺼﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺔ و ﻛﻞ وادة ﻣﻨﻬﺎ اﺗﺒﻌﺖ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺘﻌﺒري‬ ‫ﻋﻦ اﻻﻋﱰاﺿﺎت و اﳌﻈﺎﻫﺮات و ﻗﺪ اﺳﺘﻔﺎدت ﻣﻦ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻋﺪة ﻣﻨﻬﺎ اﻟﺤﻀﻮر اﻟﺠﺴﺪي‬‫711 711‬ ‫و اﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺠﺘامﻋﻴﺔ و اﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎت اﳌﺠﺎزﻳﺔ و ... , وﺿﻊ اﻟﺨﱪاء اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳني اﺳامء ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت ﻓﻘﺪ اﻋﺘﱪﻫﺎ اﻟﺒﻌﺾ أﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﻔﺎح ﺿﺪ اﻻﺳﺘﻌامر اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ و اﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻋﺘﱪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫ﻧﻀﺎل ﺿﺪ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎت اﻟﺮأﺳامﻟﻴﺔ , و ﻗﺪ ﺣﻠﻞ اﻟﻜﺜري ﺑﺄن ﺳﻘﻮط أﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺮأﺳامﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮب ﻫﻮ ﻣامﺛﻞ ﻟﺴﻘﻮط اﻟﺸﻴﻮﻋﻴﺔ , اﳌﻬﻢ ﻫﻮ أن ﺗﻜﻮن ﻫﺬه اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻧﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ اﻻﺳﻼم و ﺧﺎﺿﻌﺔ ﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ اﳌﺴﺎﺋﻞ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ و اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ .‬
  • 117. ‫اﻟﺸﺒﺎب اﳌﺴﻠﻤني و دورﻫﻢ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ادﻟريا اﺳامىن‬‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﺔ ﻋﺎﺑﺮة و ﻣﻦ دون اﺳﺎس و ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻜﺬا ﳌﺎ واﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻻﻋﻼم اﻟﻐﺮيب اﻟﴘء .‬‫ﻛﺎن اﻻﻧﺴﺎن ﻋﲆ ﻣﺮ اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ ﻳﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﺜﺎﱄ و أﻓﻀﻞ و ﻳﺮﻳﺪ أن ﻳﻌﻴﺶ‬‫ﰲ ﺳﻼم و أﺧﻮة ﻣﻊ اﻻﺧﺮﻳﻦ , ﻫﺬه اﻟﺤﻴﺎة اﳌﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﺗﻜﻮن ﻋﲆ اﺳﺎس ﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫811 811‬‫اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻻ أن ﺗﻜﻮن اﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ , اﻟﻠﺒﺲ , اﻟﻄﺎﺑﻊ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﰲ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ , ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﲆ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني أن ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮا ﻋﲆ اﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﻬﺪف ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ﻫﻮ اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ دور اﻟﺸﺒﺎب ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ .‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت: اﻟﺸﺒﺎب , اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ , اﻻﻋﻼم و اﳌﺠﺘﻤﻊ اﳌﺜﺎﱄ .‬
  • 118. ‫ﺑﺤﺚ دور و أداء اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫اﻳﺮان ﻛﺒﻠﺪ ﻣﻠﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴني رﺟﺐ زاده‬ ‫ﰲ اﻟﺒﺪاﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎً داﺧﻠﻴﺎً ﻳﺮﺗﺒﻂ مبﺴﺎﺋﻞ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫و ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺒﺎﻋﺜني ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺿﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ و ﺳﻠﻄﺔ اﻟﻘﻮى‬ ‫اﻻﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ و اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎرﻳﺔ ﺗﺒﺪﻟﺖ اﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺑﺼﻮرة أﺻﺒﺤﺖ اﻟﻘﻮى اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎرﻳﺔ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع ﻣﻬﻢ و ﺣﻴﻮي ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ . ﰲ اﻟﻮاﻗﻊ ﻳﺒﺪو أﻧﻪ ﻳﺠﺐ اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻄﻒ و ﺗﺤﻮل اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﳌﺒﺘﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ اواﺧﺮ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﴩ ﻟﻠﻬﺠﺮة ﰲ اﻧﺘﺼﺎر اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﻻﻳﺮاﻧﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻐﻴريات اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة اﻟﺘﻰ ﻃﺮأت ﻋﲆ‬‫911 911‬ ‫أﺳﺎﺳﻬﺎ ﻷن ﻫﺬه اﻟﺘﻐﻴريات و اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ازدﻫﺮت ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻨﻮاﺣﻲ اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ و اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫و اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ و اﻟﺪوﻟﻴﺔ .‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﻄﺮق ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻫﻮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎت ﺳﻠﻄﺔ اﻻﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﺮأﺳامﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎت اﳌﺘﺤﺪة اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻣﺤﺎوﻟﺔ ﺗﺒني ﺗﺒﻌﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة‬ ‫اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻋﲆ رؤﻳﺔ اﻻﺣﺘﻼل اﻻﴎاﺋﻴﲇ و ﺣﻠﻔﺎﺋﻪ اﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴني و اﻻﺷﺎرة اﱃ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎت أﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻮاﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ اﻟﺒﺎﺛﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ .‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت: اﻟﺴﺘﻜﺒﺎر اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ , اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ , اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ , اﻟﺜﻮرة اﻟﻘﺪوة‬ ‫, ﺑﺎﺛﻮﻟﻮﺟﻲ .‬
  • 119. ‫دور اﻟﻨﺨﺐ , اﻟﻌﻠامء , اﳌﺜﻘﻔني و اﻟﺨﱪاء ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻛﺴﻴﻢ ﺣﺴﻦ‬‫اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻫﻲ أن اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺣﺪﺛﺖ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل اﻟﻌﺮيب و اﻟﴩق اﻷوﺳﻂ ,‬‫ﻣام ﻳﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻌﻠامء و اﳌﺜﻘﻔني و اﻟﺨﱪاء ﻣﺴﺆوﻟﻴﺔ ﻛﺒرية و اﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﲆ ذﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ أﻧﻬﻢ‬‫ﻳﺘﺤﻤﻠﻮن وﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻫﻮ أﻧﻬﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮن ﺗﺮﻗﻴﺔ اﻟﻘﺪرة اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ و ﻟﻬﻢ ﻗﺪرة ﻓﻬﻢ و‬ ‫021 021‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬‫ادراك اﻟﺘﻐﻐﻴريات اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ و ﻟﻬﻢ ﺧﱪة ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﺠﺎل , ﻫﺬه اﳌﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﺮ‬‫ﻋﲆ اﻟﺸﻌﺐ و ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﺨﻮاص و اﻟﻌﻮام ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻮﻧﻬﺎ , ﻟﺬا ﻓﻤﻬام ﻛرثت اﳌﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﰲ اﻟﻌﺎمل‬ ‫اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻲ اﻟﺤﻞ ﻟﻴﺲ اﻟﺤﺮب و اﻟﺠﺪال ﺑﻞ اﻟﺤﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺧﻠﻖ أﻣﺔ واﺣﺪة .‬
  • 120. ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺔ اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ )ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ( ﻧﻈﺮاً‬ ‫ﻟﺪورﻫﺎ اﻻﺳﺎﳼ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﻬﺪي ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺪ اﻟﺴﻌﻲ وراء اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ اﺣﺪى اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ اﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ . و‬ ‫ﻗﺪ اﺛﺒﺖ ﻫﺬااﳌﻮﺿﻮع ﺗﺄﺛريه ﰲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻨﻮاﺣﻲ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ , اﻻﺟﺘامﻋﻴﺔ و اﻷﻣﻨﻴﺔ . و ﻗﺪ‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻨﺖ اﻟﻨﻬﻀﺎت اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ واﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﻨﺎﺷﻄﺔ ﰲ اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ أن ﻣﻦ اﻫﺪاﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺑﺪء اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ اﺣﻴﺎء و اﺳﱰﺟﺎع ﻋﺰة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻠﻮﺑﺔ . و ﰲ ﻫﺬا اﳌﺠﺎل ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ (ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ)اﻟﺬي ﻫﻮ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻮاء ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻧﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻲ اﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ أن ﺗﺄﺳﺲ اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺎﺗﺎﻷﺻﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻮة و‬‫121 121‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ؛ رأي ﻗﺎﻃﻊ و اﺳﱰاﺗﻴﺠﻲ , و ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄن ﻗﺮاﺋﺖ و ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺮأﻳﻔﻲ ﻫﺬه‬ ‫ﻣﻮمتﺮ اﻟﺸﺒﺎب و اﻟﺼﺤﻮةاﻻﺳﻼﻣﯿﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻠﺨﺺ اﳌﻘﺎﻻت(‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻘﺒﺔ اﻟﺰﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺎت اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻟﻪ دور ﻣﻮض و ﻣﺆﺛ ّﺮ و أن ﻳﺴﻬﻞ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺔ اﳌﺴﻠﻤني ﰲ اﻟﻮﺻﻮل اﱃ ﻏﺎﻳﺎﺗﻬﻢ و أن ﻳﺤﻴﻲ ﻋﺰة اﳌﺴﻠﻤني اﳌﺴﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﰲ أرﺟﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎمل . ﻳﺘﻨﺎوﻟﻬﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﺑﺪاﻳﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎً ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﺰة و ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻧﺘﻄﺮق ﻟﻔﻬﻢ و ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻸﻓﻜﺎرر و اراء اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ (ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ) ﰲ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع اﻟﻌﺰة‬ ‫اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ و ﻃﺮق اﺣﻴﺎؤﻫﺎ .‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت: اﻟﻌﺰة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ , اﻟﺼﺤﻮة اﻻﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ , اﻟﺴﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﺪ (ﺣﻔﻈﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ)__‬
  • 121. International Conference onYouth and Islamic Awakening (Abstracts of Papers)
  • 122. Martyr Hasheminejad›s role in Islamicawakening Abbas Ali Akhavan Armaki Fatemeh Hamidian The role of Islam in creating movements and revivingcultures in history is no secret to anyone. Islam not onlyprepared the ground for advancing and spreading varioussciences but also played a significant role in the emergenceof emancipating movements. Many honest upright peoplehave emerged from Muslim thinkers. They became thesources of many developments in Islamic countries bybeing committed to liberator instructions of Islam andinspired by its guidelines. 123 123 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Martyr Hasheminejad is one of the thinkers. He wasone of the intellectuals who played a substantial rolein the Islamic awakening and called on Muslims toexecute Quran›s orders and Islamic teachings to bringthe Muslims glory. The study tries to introduce and explain MartyrHasheminejad›s revivifying thoughts about Islamicawakening. Keywords: Islam, Colonialism, Quran, Revivification,Superstitions, Intellectualism
  • 123. Position and importance of Islamic unity under the auspices of Holy Quran and Hadith with an emphasis on the youth›s role in Islamic awakening and integration Leila Sadeghi Naghdali Sajjad Sadeghi Naghdaliolya Unity is a key factor for the prosperity, glory, and victory of Muslims and the survival of nations and cultures. The Islamic Ummah facing the enemies, who cause discord among Muslim people, can move more efficiently and competently through establishing and developing its genuine features. Young Muslims within the Islamic Ummah whether Shia or Sunni, can help promote unity among the Muslim people and eliminate prejudice and dissension within them through focusing their efforts on the affinities shared by them, because the youth of the Islamic Ummah are considered a serious threat to colonialist powers and a great opportunity to Muslims. The uprising of the youth of Muslim nations in the region and the Islamic124 124 awakening are in the vanguard of the establishment of the Islamic (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Ummah. The writing intends to examine the role of the youth as heralds of the Islamic awakening and the unity between Muslims. In addition to describing the concepts of Ummah, unity, solidarity, and different types of unity among Islamic nations, the writing will examine the necessity and importance of the Islamic unity. It will also review the concept of unity from the viewpoint of verses of holy Quran and Hadith (Islamic traditions). Then it will propose solutions for promoting the unity within the Muslim world and will deal with the role of the youth in fostering Islamic unity and establishing the Islamic awakening movement. And finally we will sum up and provide several solutions for informing the youth about the Islamic awakening and unity. Keywords: Unity, Solidarity, United Ummah, Islamic Unity, Islamic Awakening, the Youth
  • 124. The youth›s role in confronting thechallenges of Islamic awakening Mohammad Sharif Roubro Islamic awakening is a reform movement that began acentury ago in Islamic societies and gradually developedin scientific and practical areas. It continues to exist nowand is considered a political and social fact in the world.The awakening is obviously at the staring point of itstrend and can be faced with internal challenges such asintellectual, political, ethical, and behavioral challengesas well as those concerning civilization, management, 125 125ethnic prejudice etc and external challenges like (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ondictatorship, secularism, global arrogance, Zionism, anddestructive media. In this study, the writer intends torecount the strong points, capabilities, and opportunitiesof the Islamic awakening as well as its damages. Inaddition the writer aims to discuss the youth›s role inconfronting the challenges of Islamic awakening. Keywords: Islamic awakening, patterning, challenges,damages, the youth
  • 125. The role of Islamic Revolution in promoting Islamic awakening Nosrat Khatoon-Alavi Today, Islamic groups are the most active political currents in the world. The reason behind this activeness, which is also serious and comprehensive, is to make Muslims aware of their backwardness and current deficits in the Muslim world. It is the awareness that has led them to make efforts and try hard over the past century. The endeavor is the very phenomenon which is called «Islamic Awakening Movement.» Different movements, uprisings, and revolutions, of which the126 126 Islamic Revolution is the greatest, are the fruits of the awakening. The Islamic Revolution itself has led to an (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on increase in the Islamic awareness and awakening in the world. The Islamic Revolution has already had a major impact on Islamic awakening. In this paper, it has been tried to discuss the role of the Islamic Revolution, as a world revolution, in the awareness and awakening of Muslims in the region and the world. Keywords: The Islamic Awakening, Islamic Revolution, Muslim World, Imam Khomeini (RA), Islamic movements
  • 126. The influence of the Islamic Revolutionand the Supreme Leader›s thoughts onthe youth of Muslim countries Mohsen Movahedi The Islamic Revolution of Iran has had a major impacton the awakening of Muslims in the world and the revivalof religious beliefs. In an age that the glory of Islam wasbeing trampled by colonialist powers and the enemiesof Islam, and Islamic values and ethics were fading intooblivion, the Islamic Revolution led by Imam Khomeini(RA) took place and brought genuine Islamic culture andcivilization to the people and led millions of Muslimsaround the world to feel sparks of hope. It also broughtabout the revival of Islam and the old grandeur of Muslimworld. The cultural movement could create favorable 127 127conditions for dialogue. In addition to conceptualizing (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onand reconstructing some beliefs and thoughts, it couldshape a new culture based on religious democracy, revivalof Islamic thought, Islamic civilization›s universalism,the centrality of cultural activity, strengthening the newsocial movements and the culture of fighting againstthe global arrogance and the culture of independenceseeking. Islamic Revolution of Iran caused enormous changesin the country›s political, cultural, social, and economicsituation and had a tremendous impact on the internationaldevelopments. In this paper, after taking a brief lookat the Supreme Leader›s viewpoints on the importanceof youth, the characteristics of the youth, the role ofIslamic Revolution in awakening the Muslims around the
  • 127. world, and the political cultural influences of the Islamic Revolution will be examined under the following titles: Fostering the culture of religious democracy, the culture of independence seeking, the culture of fighting against the global arrogance, and the culture of reform in the new social movements, strengthening intellectual and cultural activity, increasing cultural interactions, resurgence of Islam in social life, cultural advancement128 128 in the unity of the civilized Muslim world, the restoration (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on of the liberation movements, political cultural discourse, the restoration of religious identity, the idea of Islamic government, defending the sacred cause of Palestine, creating Islamic unity and solidarity, the role of discourse at an international level. Keywords: Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), the Supreme Leader, the youth, the Islamic awakening.
  • 128. The third wave of Islamic awakening inthe Middle East, the West›s conspiracies,regional tensions, and Radicalism Mohammad Ghasem Vafayeezadeh A new wave of Islamic awakening has rolled acrossthe Middle East region since 2011 and was followedby huge political and social developments in Muslimcountries which ended in the collapse of the allies of theUnited States and certain other Western countries. It alsodisrupted strategies and policies of the arrogant powers inthe region. The wave is still continuing, and the Middle 129 129 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onEast region is expecting some incidents which haverobbed the hegemonistic powers of sleep. This piece ofwriting intends to provide a brief analysis of the waveof Islamic awakening and the influences of the IslamicRevolution of Iran over the chain of revolutions in theMiddle East. It also aims to examine the challenges andthreats in the way of the Islamic awakening movement.In addition, the West›s policies and their conspiraciesagainst Islamic movements will be discussed within theframe work of regional polices.
  • 129. The role of non-organized youth in Egypt›s revolution Vahid Khorshidi When all eyes were on Tahrir Square in Cairo and everyone was waiting for the realization of the greatest revolution in the 21st century, unfamiliar words were heard, titles that all had one thing in common: «Shabab» (the youth), titles like: «the Coalition of Revolutionary Youth», «April 6 Youth Movement», «the Coalition of Youth for Freedom and Justice» etc. On the one hand the youth, who became the main part of the revolutionary moves, are among the young educated and mostly unemployed population of the large cities of Egypt and among those to whom communication tools such as social networks were considerable help to promote their solidarity, and on the other hand the youth are heirs of a great nation with130 130 an old history and enriched culture, great figures, thinkers and reformers who found their duty in fulfilling the 150-year (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on awakening goals of the Egyptian people. Of course, after the victory of the revolution, the older groups with more record than the youth began to take over the reins of the developments. Although the groups were influenced by the youth›s move, they finally got prepared to manage the «New Egypt.» Accepting the influential role of the youth, particularly the non-organized youth, in the Egypt›s revolution at least at the upper levels, in this research we are seeking to consider the political, social and economic states of the country through a qualitative analysis and examine the role of the youth and their influence in the revolution and features of their moves through focusing on some of the young groups who were active in the revolution. Keywords: Egypt, January 25 revolution, social networks, the youth
  • 130. Imam Musa al-Sadr›s role in encouraging theyouth in the Islamic awakening wave Yahya Maroof Imam Musa al-Sadr›s move toward the foundation of Islamic awakeninghas had a major impact on the youth. Although Lebanon was the main placeof his activities, he was always aware of the issues concerning the Muslimworld. The Islamic Revolution of Iran, the security of seminaries, the unityamong Islamic Arab nations to campaign against Israel and to developShiism in Black Africa were among the most important concerns of ImamSadr out of Lebanon. He correctly understood that without a military forcepolitical ties of a country cannot be changed. He made efforts to create astrong military force. In this paper, the main questions include: • What was the role Imam Musa al-Sadr in the awakening of the Muslimworld? • Why was Imam Musa al-Sadr eliminated from political arena ofLebanon? • What was the role Imam Musa al-Sadr in promoting the position of theShiites of Lebanon? The theories of the paper include: • Imam Musa al-Sadr›s teachings have influenced the Islamic awakening. 131 131 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on • He was one of the most influential persons that could serve aspositive role models for the youth because of their scientific and practicalcomprehensiveness. • He was the first one who made Arab countries become acquainted withthe word «resistance», and was one of the major factors of the creation ofLebanon›s resistance against the aggression of Israel. • He revived and conducted the policy of reform of religious thought,social justice and interfaith dialogue and the proximity of religions inLebanon. • Imam Musa al-Sadr›s absence has had an impact on the delay of currentuprisings in the region. • He was one of the main factors of the revival of the spirit of self-confidence and glory in Shiite Muslims. • Conducting campaigns against ignorance, mental backwardness,oppression, and social financial corruption, and supporting the Palestiniancause were among Imam Sadr›s activities. Keywords: Imam Musa al-Sadr, the youth, self-confidence
  • 131. Mostafa Ghalayini, Lebanese poet and writer (The vanguard of the Islamic awakening in 20th century) Ali Salimi Farough Nemati Mostafa Ghalayini, a Lebanese poet and writer (death: 1944), was one of the greatest religious thinkers and social reformers in the contemporary history. In addition to research on Islamic issues, he entered the area of literature and poetry. He left a poetical work as a132 132 memorial which reflexes the brightness of his ideas and political social views. He used to attach high significance (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on to the youth. He addressed his young compatriots in the beginning of most of his odes, and advised them to acquire knowledge and politically correct vision against colonialism, and encouraged them to strive for freedom of homeland and the human dignity and perfection. Many times he was imprisoned and exiled for his anti- colonialist thoughts. But he never gave up fighting. This paper examines his poem «the awakening». Keywords: Islamic awakening, scientific awakening, political awakening, Mostafa Ghalayini›s poem
  • 132. The influence of Islamic Revolution ofIran and thoughts of Imam Khomeini(RA) and the Supreme Leader over themoves of the youth in Muslim countries Seyed Reza Sadr Alhosseini Mohammad Jalalifard The Islamic Revolution made substantial changes inthe structure and function of the international system andthe attitudes of the world›s nations with reliance upon itssoft strength which stems from genuine Islamic thoughtand culture. And challenging the international systemand the regulations governing the system, the IslamicRevolution proved that liberalism and socialism both aremoving in a way to dominate the world›s nations and arehegemonistic and materialistic in nature. 133 133 Through drawing a line between «the poor and the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onarrogance», according to Imam Khomeini (RA), theIslamic revolution created a new front against the Westand the East and caused other uprisings of the Non-Alliance Movement and other independent nations andserved as a positive role model for them in the are ofinternational relations. For many years, the study of Islamic awakening andits analysis has been high on the agenda of powers thatare afraid of it. The powers have made considerableefforts to understand and identify the Islamic awakeningand to find ways to destroy or isolate the wave. Manyof experienced commentators on the phenomenon ofIslamic movements believe that Islamic Revolution ofIran was one of the most influential factors in developing
  • 133. the awakening and awareness of Muslims and increasing the efficient activities in the Arab and Islamic societies. The Supreme Leader recounts the story in this way: «In many countries including Islamic countries before the victory of the Islamic Revolution, groups, youths, the134 134 unsatisfied, freedom-seekers, or the opposition used to get in on the act, but after the Islamic Revolution, Islam (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on became the base of the revolutionary and liberating movements. Today, everywhere in the Muslim world when a society or group wants to make a move with the aim of seeking freedom and fighting against the arrogance, its acts are based on Islamic thoughts. In this research, the writer intends to describe the influence of Islamic Revolution and the thoughts of Imam Khomeini (RA) and the Supreme Leader over the Islamic awakening and moves of the youth in the Muslim countries. Keywords: Islamic awakening, the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), the Supreme Leader, the youth
  • 134. An introduction to the theoreticalfoundations of religious revolutions andtheir formation and continuation Mostafa Malakootian PhD In reply to the question that what a religious revolutionis and why it happens, the writing introduces the featuresof a religious revolution from the viewpoints of somecontemporary Islamic thinkers and also the standpointof political sociology and then it explain the roles, 135 135 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference oncharacteristics and the functions of political powers andsocial (revolutionary) forces in the occurrence of suchrevolutions which are very different from non-religiousrevolutions, at the end the writing will propose solutionsto preserve the revolutions. Keywords: Revolution, religious revolution, politicalpowers, social forces, national humiliation
  • 135. The victory of the Islamic Revolution, the harbinger of the Islamic awakening Hojjat Shabani Islamic awakening means reviving under the auspices of genuine Islam. Many of commentators and researchers believe that the Islamic Revolution of Iran is one of the most important factors of the development of the awakening movement and the awareness of Muslims as well as the increase in efficient Islamic activities in the Muslim societies. Hence, the paper first intends to define pillars of the Islamic awakening. Then it tries to explain the reasons behind the influence of the Islamic Revolution over the Islamic movements which include: 1.Single idea, 2. Common enemy, 3. Common cause, 4. Unitarianism and 5. People-centered approach. The rest of this writing discusses the reasons behind the influence of the Islamic Revolution over the Islamic awakening and the principles shared by the Islamic Revolution and Islamic movements. Then the world›s answer to the question of emanation of revolution, which includes A. receiving the revolution›s message, B. silence on the issue136 136 of revolution (indifference), and C. cultural and non-cultural invasion, (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on will be discussed. Then the influence of Islamic Revolution over the Islamic movements has been examined from two viewpoints: 1. Political reflection 2. Cultural effects Some of the cultural effects include: • Inclination toward Jihad and martyrdom • Popularity • The slogans of the revolution • Source, mosques • Hijab (the veil) • Protests in a manner like Iran›s • Writing slogans Afterwards, the reflection of the Islamic Revolution for example in Lebanon has been examined and in the end serious threats against the Islamic Revolution has been explored. Keywords: Islamic awakening, the Islamic Revolution, common features, causes, pillars, influences, threats
  • 136. The youth’s revolution calls for the reignof justice and equality Khalid Mohyee al-Din Abd al-Ghader al-Sheibani In the philosophy of a divine religion it is not like thatwe go to sleep like As›hab-e-Kahf (companions of thecave), and awake at the time of trouble and crisis andraise a question strongly and then go back to sleep again. Islam has talked about the youth and attached highsignificance to them more than any other religion. In factthe spread of Islam is due to the youth›s strength, andGod preserved Islam by the youth. Islam has also focusedon the youth to value their contribution to the awakeningof nations and the supporting of God›s religion and thespread of Muhammad›s (peace be upon him) message tothe whole world. The role of Muslim youths in the movements ofnations is substantial. Prophet Muhammad (peace beupon him) often talked about the youth, and there aremany traditions in which Prophet Muhammad (peace be 137 137 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onupon him) has addressed the youth and led them. Theprophet was trying to tell them that they are the hopes oftheir nation and those who will save the nation from theenemies› conspiracies. As narrated by Ahmad Abuya›liin a hadith, the holy prophet said that God likes youthswho are not ignorant. What is seen in the Islamic awakening revolutions inthese days is the role of the youth which is influencedby the role of Imam Khomeini (RA) and the IslamicRevolution of Iran. In this paper we will examine the roleof Imam Khomeini (RA) and the Islamic Revolution ofIran in detail. Keywords: the youth, youth›s revolution, justiceand equality, Imam Khomeini (RA) and the IslamicRevolution of Iran.
  • 137. An examination of challenges facing Islamic awakening and the youth›s role in confronting them Farzan Shahidi It has been more than a year that the Islamic awakening and popular uprisings called «Arab spring» occurred in the North Africa and the Middle East region. During the period the region has witnessed the collapse of at least three dictators in the countries of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. Now the people of these countries have celebrated the collapse of these West-backed dictators. But the people are experiencing a difficult period of transition which is full of challenges. Some of the challenges, which appear to be in various areas such as intellectual, ethical, political and financial, have their roots within the countries. Conditions and138 138 infrastructural problems of the revolutionary countries (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on such as ethnic and tribal divisions, the sediments of the culture of tyranny, lack of economic development, cultural backwardness and dependence on the world›s powers will increase the challenges. Therefore the examination of the challenges needs introduction to the conditions and states of each country as the first step. Some challenges also stem from the outsiders› conspiracies, influences, and the interferences in the revolutionary countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen, etc. |The challenges can be summarized in affairs like hegemony, hijacking the revolutions, imposing models, etc. Meanwhile, the United States of America as a superpower, who proclaims the leadership of the world and at the same time pursues many open and secret objectives in the Middle East, is mostly interfering in the
  • 138. revolutionary countries. Besides, the Zionist regime as astrategic ally of the United States in the region, which isafraid of the Islamic awakening wave and the developmentof resistance front more than any other country, is seekingto cause the Islamic countries trouble with reliance uponthe West and through utilizing various tools. Undoubtedly,identifying the challenges and proposing suitable solutionsin order to overcome the challenges is considered one ofthe most critical needs of the revolutionary countries for thetransition period. The role of the youth in confronting thechallenges is also prominent and undeniable, particularlywhen the essence and consistency of the Islamic awakeningand popular uprisings in the region depend on the youth.It is the very generation that should decide the fate of theIslamic and revolutionary countries. In this research, inaddition to examining and explaining the challenges facingthe Islamic awakening in the revolutionary countries, weintend to propose suitable solutions in order to overcomethe challenges with reliance upon the role of the youth. Thechallenges that have been mentioned in the research concern 139 139 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe generalities of the Islamic awakening, and since they aregeneral, they are applicable to all revolutionary countries.Naturally, the examination of the issues and challenges ofeach country needs independent and field research, and theissues cannot be perfectly addressed in the research. Besides, the writing mentions the guidelines of ImamKhomeini (RA) and Imam Khamenei as well as theexperiences of the Islamic Republic, considering that theIslamic Revolution of Iran has gained many experiencesin establishing government and confronting challenges andthreats. Keywords: Islamic awakening, Imam Khomeini (RA)and Imam Khamenei, the youth, internal challenges,external challenges
  • 139. Factors contributing to the creation and spread of the Islamic awakening Mohammad Esmaeil Tarzi Mehdi Falahati Ben Ali fled from Tunisia; tens of thousands protesting near Mubarak›s castle, the wave of demonstrations has rolled across Egypt; the Libyan revolutionaries attacked Misrata, and so on. These are headlines of news reports that published from the world›s media outlets over the past140 140 year. Titles which no one thought it would be published by the media outlets some day. The most terrifying (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on governments of the world were experiencing earthquakes. What factor had caused the political earthquakes in the dictatorships of the north of Africa, countries in which suppression, execution, and banishment were among the most usual way of dealing with opposition groups? In this piece of writing we intend to briefly discuss the main reasons behind the political earthquakes. Keywords: Identity crisis, crisis of resources distribution, legitimacy crisis, oligarchy
  • 140. The role of Islamic teachings in theawakening of the youth and its impactson political developments Fatemeh Sadat Mousavi Nadoushan This piece of writing is an effort to explain the roleof Islamic teachings in the awakening of the youth andits impacts on political developments. Since Islam is acomprehensive and perfect religion which considers allaspects of human life and whose objective is human 141 141perfection and providing all humans with prosperity, it (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhas offered Muslims a clear framework for their publicand personal welfare. And since the youth of any nationhave a substantial role in the political arenas, utilizing theteachings of pure Islam will lead them toward Islamism,the revival of religious values and global dignity. Keywords: Islam, awakening, the youth
  • 141. The role of Intellectual developments of the peoples in the Middle East and North Africa region in the recent Islamic movements Leila Jafari Seyed Javad Imamjomehzadeh Undoubtedly, the Arab uprisings were the most important and influential incidents of the world in 2011. The consecutive collapses of four lifelong dictators in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen and rare street protests by people in most Arab countries, were an unexpected phenomenon that no international analyst had expected. But the proceedings are continuing and have not stopped yet. In fact it can be said that the process has not completed. There are many disagreements even about the name of the phenomenon. Revolution, uprising, Islamic or Human awakening, Arab spring, wrath etc are among the names that have been used for the phenomenon. The main question is that what the nature and source of the current142 142 developments in the region is. The writing is based on a theory (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on that the intellectual developments of the people in the region had a direct role in challenging the west›s discourse. In these lines, the present writing, at first, briefly examines the policies implemented in the region after the world war two and then explains the role of globalization in creating awareness among the people and their efforts to challenge the dominant discourse of the west. Meanwhile, the media›s role as one of the tools involved in the process of globalization in these events is considered. The research type in this paper is analytical-descriptive and the information is collected through various methods. The writing is generally based on a library and internet method with reliance upon historical data and available evidences obtained by other researches. Keywords: Islamic awakening, globalization, destroying the structure, the dominant discourse, identity, Islam, Media
  • 142. Taking a look at the circumstancesof formation of Islamic awakening inTunisia and its prospects Seyed Mohammad Zolfaghari The writer of the examination of developments andgrounds for formation of Islamic awakening movementin Tunisia believes that the main reason behind thecollapse of Ben Ali was inefficiency of the then systemin addressing political financial and social demandsof the Tunisian people which itself stemmed from theheterogeneous development based on financial aspectsand indifference to the democracy seeking aspect of thepeople and their political culture. Through examining the process of formation of anIslamic party called «Al Nehza» and the thoughts ofits current leader and founder, Rashid Al Ghanoushi, in 143 143 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe Islamic awakening grounds, the writer has showedGhanoushi›s liberal views about Islam through utilizinghis written works. The main concern of the writer of thispaper has been answering to the question that what thefate of political Islam in Tunisia is. The writer believesthat the future of the Tunisian Islamists and their successdepends on their efforts to preserve human dignity,political financial and social efficiency, to prepare thegrounds for the cooperation of other political groupsand parties, and finally to use the experience of othercountries. Keywords: Political Islam, Islamic awakening,Tunisia, Islamism, Al Nehza, Rashid Al Ghanoushi
  • 143. Defining the Characteristics of an Islamic Democratic Government and Comparing it with Western Liberal Democracy and the Role of the Youth in its Implementation Saeed Dahashti Ardakani Specific factors and elements have always been considered in the formation of government in human societies. Factors like freedom, democracy, religion, economy, and welfare, active international diplomacy, all of which led and organized realizing an ideal cause. Thus, the leaders and founders of these regimes have attempted to gain required public support to reinforce their rules through declaring their government strategies along with144 144 pre-determined policies. Thus, through precise study of (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the target environment and human society, they set their movements and trends on the basis of the needs of their communities so that they can gain public support. They used people an instrument indeed. They used populist slogans to confront their rivals and took control of human societies and after coming to power, Western secular and capitalist regimes that have found their identities through meeting temporary human needs, consider materialistic needs as the basis and the criteria of their establishments, and in long term, they will face a severe identity crisis, which stems from dissatisfaction and failure in meeting the real needs of their communities. So the regimes that are against the religious and moral principles and ignore the people’s spiritual needs are doomed to collapse.
  • 144. Religious and democratic rules emerged to providehuman societies with their long-lost wants. Religiousgovernments in fact had invaluable merits. If we reviewthe history, we will understand this important realitythat religious rules have always been and will be stable.What is the secret of this Immortality? In this paper, thesecret of the immortality of religious democracies will bedefined through studying the characteristics of religious 145 145democracies and the opportunities and prospects that they (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onoffer for the promotion of human values. Also, religiousdemocracies will be contrasted with secular and liberalregimes to discover the harms such western regime inflicton human societies. Ultimately, the role of the youth, asthe frontrunners and the main claimants in the formationof such rule, will be touched upon. Keywords: Islamic Schools, Hegemonic Rule,Secularism, Liberal Democracy, Mental Blockage,Religious Blockage, Political Decline
  • 145. The examination of the role of Islamism in the developments of Arab countries Alireza Sahrayee The developments that occurred over the past seven months in the Middle East and ended in the collapse of the leaders of the Tunisian and Egyptian governments and placed some others on the brink of collapse, have played on the minds of political analysts. Usually some factors or elements are involved in the occurrence of such developments and there are some disagreements about their involvement and nature. The important factor of ideology is one of the factors. In this paper146 146 the involvement or presence of ideology (meaning (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on denying the current order and the solution of creating an alternative system) and the influence of ideology and its nature (Islamic or non-Islamic) will be discussed. For this purpose, the writing first explains the features shared by Arab societies before the developments and after reviewing the developments, it will examine the features of the developments and the role of Islam and Islamists in the developments. Key words: The Middle East, popular uprisings, ideology, Islam, Islamism, the youth
  • 146. Analytical Study of the Viewpoints of theLeader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution on theDevelopments in the Middle East and NorthAfrica Hossein Behmanesh Popular uprisings in the Middle East and North Africahave toppled governments in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya andhave given rise to widespread unrest in Bahrain and Yemen.They have also triggered limited protests in Saudi Arabia,Jordan, Algeria and Syria. The latest developments haveconfused many political and social analysts and experts.It can be said that the etymological theories of these eventshave also reached nowhere. The analyses and viewpoints ofthe Leader of the Islamic Revolution regarding these eventscan be considered as an important way to discover the rootsand the identity of the recent regional developments. In thispaper, the author has used Ayatollah Khamenei’s speechesand official statements from January 9, 2011 to his address 147 147at the international conference of Islamic Awakening on (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onSeptember 15. The author has tried to define his Excellency’sviews regarding these developments through a descriptiveframework and categorize them into three separate sections ofstudy of identity, etymology and study of procedures. In thispaper, it has been assumed that Ayatollah Khamenei has had aprior view and analysis of the regional events and deems thesedevelopments as the continuation of the Islamic Revolutionin Iran. That is why he calls them Islamic Awakening. Theauthor, via studying Ayatollah Khamenei’s comments, comesto the conclusion that he considers the Islamic, popular,freedom seeking, anti-US and anti-Zionism features of theseuprisings in all these nations as the same, except in Syria, andconsiders them historic and critical for the future of Muslimsand even all other people across the world. Keywords: Regional developments, Islamic Awakening,Leader of Islamic Revolution, People, US
  • 147. The Necessity of Studying the Role of the Youth and the Influence of Iran’s Islamic Revolution and Imam Khomeini’s and Imam Khamenei’s views on the Performance of the Youth in Islamic Countries Meysam Heydari, Mohammad Hossein Heydari The awakening of Muslim nations, the eruption of revolutions, and the emergence of Islamic Awakening in recent decades, and during past year, in particular,148 148 indicates the return of these nations to their forgotten (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on identity and civilization. The religion revolution restored religion in Iran and revived Islam in the country and around the globe. One of its dimensions is reinforcing and strengthening Islamic political movements in the past two decades. In the meantime, the role of Iran’s Islamic Revolution and the views of late Imam Khomeini and Imam Khamenei and also the performance of the youth, as one of the most essential elements in maintaining the Islamic and revolutionary nature of these events and their fulfillment, continuity and non-deviation, cannot be denied. Thus, the authors, in this paper, study the role of Iran’s Islamic Revolution and also the role of the youth in the Islamic Awakening in Muslim countries.
  • 148. Islamic Awakening vs. Wall-StreetMovement Zahra Mohammadi The subject of this paper is Wall-Street, Justice-seekingand reaching Islamic Awakening. It has been compiledon the basis of library studies and interment searches.This article seeks to review the causes of the Wall-StreetMovement which has lately come up in protest at the UScapitalist regime and economic inequality in the US. Thismovement, along with other similar uprisings, revealsthe formation of a new culture on international level,where nations confront with the unpopular structures. It 149 149 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onalso indicates the effects that nations can influence eachother and the fading role of governments in this regard.This paves the way for the introduction of an Islamictheory to set up new world orders, especially economicsystems. In Islamic economic system, people are free todo business but at the same time Islam, through its lawsand regulations, attempts to promote economic equalityin the society. Key words: Wall Street, Economy, Islamic EconomicSystem, Islamic Awakening
  • 149. Imam Khomeini’s Prediction and Planning for Islamic Awakening Ayoob Firooz In this paper, authors seek to define the ideas and thoughts of late Imam Khomeini about the Islamic Awakening and specify to the signs of Islamic Awakening and reflect on the role of following up religious scholars’150 150 orders, particularly those of Imam Khomeini’s, in (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the movement of Iranian nation towards Islam and spirituality and introduce it as an epitome for the people and contribute to the formation and continuation of Islamic Awakening through proper planning. Key words: Imam Khomeini, Taking Responsibilities, Islamic Awakening, Spirituality
  • 150. Discourse Analysis of Identity and theElements of Islamic Awakening on the Basisof the Comments of the Leader of Iran’sIslamic Revolution Ayatollah Khamenei Abdollah Moradi The primary and most significant accomplishment of lateImam Khomeini was that he made Islamic Awakening asa minor discourse, to a dominant discourse in the politicalarena of Islamic countries. Afterwards, the leader of IslamicRevolution Ayatollah Khamenei continued Imam Khomeini’spath in promoting the discourse of Islamic Awakening.The present paper seeks to define and provide political anddiscourse analysis on Islamic Awakening. In this article, therecent political phenomena in the Middle East have beendefined as Islamic Awakening. The author has attempted toclarify the identity of Islamic Awakening and find an answer 151 151 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onto the main question of this paper that is how the identityand discourse of Islamic Awakening are formed and how theycan be put into a coherent semantic category. Therefore, thepresent research aims to describe the process of discoursechanges in Arab societies to explain the formation of thediscourse identity of Islamic Awakening. The identity ofIslamic Awakening as a nationalist Arab sub-discourse in theframework of the discourse of the Islamic Awakening and onthe basis of religious democracy can be promoted. Accordingto this analysis, the most important demand of people inrecent regional developments, as Ayatollah Khamenei says,is democracy for the people who live and think in an Islamiccontext. Key words: Discourse Analysis, Identity, IslamicAwakening, Arab Nationalism, Religious Democracy
  • 151. The Reasons and the Causes of the Formation of Islamic Awakening in Arab World and the Role of the Youth in the Continuity and Stability of Islamic Awakening Ali Farmaniyan The recent popular uprisings and protests that have swept through Arab world have triggered some changes in regional countries. They have resulted in regime changes in some of these countries, such as Libya, Egypt and Tunisia, and in some others like Bahrain and Yemen, they have undermined the ruling regimes. Doubtlessly, there are various reasons and motives behind This152 152 Islamic Awakening movement which have managed to make people take action. These reasons will be briefly (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on dealt with in this paper. Any revolution faces its own challenges which can obstruct it and even deviate it, if not dealt with properly. So, identifying challenges and the ways of handling them, can be of great benefit. The youth, as the powerful arms of the society, have played a leading role in the recent developments in the region, so that it can be said that Islamic Awakening owes its success to the sacrifices, resistance and wakefulness of them. The young people can definitely, complete their leading roles through recognizing the challenges and obstacles lying ahead of the revolution. Key Words: Islamic Awakening, the Youth, Challenges, People, Arab Rulers
  • 152. Islamic Awakening and the Role of YoungPalestinian Women in Intifada Zahra Habibi This research deals with the Islamic Awakening andits impact on the contribution of young Palestinianwomen and their various roles in Intifada. This researchis descriptive-exploratory and historical in nature. Therole of Palestinian women in Intifada has been evaluatedthrough surveys and interviews conducted at threePalestinian refugee camps in Syria. The statistics wereanalyzed with Morgan table. The final results of the 153 153 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onresearch show that the Islamic Awakening movementhas triggered all potential capacities of freedom-seekingpeople, particularly Muslims, and has positively affectedthe involvement of young Palestinian women in cultural,social, religious, ideological and educational fields whichare key to the continuation of intifada and are consideredas symbol of Islamic Awakening. Key words: Role, Young Palestinian Woman,Intifada, cultural Identity, Participation, Zionism
  • 153. The Role of Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani in Islamic Awakening Mohammad Reza Najjariyan Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani was one of the combating and freedom-seeking clergies during Qajar dynasty. He had an active role during Mashrooteh uprising. He staged an uprising against the central government of Iran and took control of Azerbaijan to protests the conclusion of 1919 contract between Vosooghodoleh government and Britain also known as Vosooghodoleh-Caucus contract, which put Iran under British hegemony. Khiyabani strongly opposed foreigners’ interference in Iran’s154 154 internal affairs. (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on He truly loved Iran and never bowed to enemies and corrupt rulers. He believed that one must forsake his life and wealth to live an honorable life. He was a religious, law-abiding, fanatic nationalist who always sought to protect the sovereignty of Iran. This paper seeks to analyze Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani’s role in the uprising of the people of Azerbaijan and its effects on the awakening of the young generation. Key Words: Sheikh Mohammad Khiyabani, Vosooghodoleh-Caucus Contract, the Youth, Islamic Awakening
  • 154. The Historical Perspective of IslamicAwakening Raham Bajin The recent demonstrations and protests that erupted inArab countries especially those in North Africa and theMiddle East, are anti-Zionist in nature have their owntechniques including physical presence, social networks,cyber networks and etc… Political analysts have useddifferent names for these uprisings. Some call them battle 155 155 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onagainst modern hegemony and some others describethem as a struggle against capitalism and many havelikened the military collapse of western capitalism tothe decline of Communism. What matters is that IslamicAwakening should be deeply rooted in Islamic teachingsand based on the participation of Muslims in political andsocial issues.
  • 155. Muslim Youth and Their Role in Islamic Awakening Edlira Assemani Islamic Awakening is not a passing and temporary movement. If it was so, it wouldn’t trigger the propaganda of the West. Throughout history, there have been some people who have always attempted to establish an ideal society to secure a peaceful life. This ideal life must156 156 be based on indigenous culture, music, clothing, and (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on shouldn’t copy American model. Muslims must have an Islamic lifestyle. This research reviews the youth’s responsibilities in Islamic Awakening. Key Words: Youth, Islamic Awakening, Propaganda, Ideal Society
  • 156. Islamic Awakening and YoungGeneration Aziz Mahdi Islamic Awakening is a divine reward given to us forour true faith in God and absolute obedience to him.During the past several decades, the enemies of Muslimshave raised baseless charges against them and underthe current anti-Islamic circumstances, the West labels 157 157 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onMuslims as “fanatic and prejudiced traditionalists”.Islam, using the spiritual and divine aspects, providesa comprehensive lifestyle that directs our lives towardsa moral and logical path. In brief, this path leads tosalvation and prosperity. There is no doubt that the Quranhas many things to offer for human beings.
  • 157. Reviewing the Role and Function of Global Hegemony against the Islamic Revolution in Iran, as a Country Inspiring Islamic Awakening Struggles Hossein Rajabzadeh Islamic Awakening has primarily been a domestic issue related to Muslims’ social matters but the activists involved in the movement against the hegemony of foreign forces and arrogant powers, so that the global hegemony deemed Islamic Awakening as a vital issue. In fact, it seems that the turning point of the uprisings should be sought in the last years of the 14th (A.H)158 158 century when the Islamic Revolution broke out in Iran and these developments and achievements emerged in (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on all cultural, economic and political and international fields. This paper will review the strategic policy of the capitalism hegemony especial that of the United States of America regarding the Islamic Awakening. It also seeks to delve into the repercussions of Islamic Awakening on the Zionist Regime and its western supporters and the U-S strategic policy and the pro-American Sheikhs and their stances towards the Islamic Awakening from an immunological viewpoint. Key Words: Global Arrogance, Middle East, Islamic Awakening, Revolutionary Patterns, Immunology
  • 158. The Role of Intellectuals, ReligiousScholars and Experts in IslamicAwakening Islamic Awakening has taken place in Arab World andthe Middle East and religious scholars, intellectuals andexperts shoulder heavy responsibilities in this regard, asthey are capable of adapting the movement to the certain 159 159 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ontimes and places and are also able to comprehend thesocial developments and can lead the public as they haveinfluence on people. Therefore, the establishment of aunified Ummah, not war and conflict, is the solution tothe problems in the Muslim World.
  • 159. The Position of Islamic Dignity and its Basic Role in Islamic Awakening from Ayatollah Khamenei’s Viewpoint Sayyed Mahdi Hosseini Islamic dignity is considered as one of the most important elements in Islamic Awakening. It has positively affected all political, social and security field. The Islamic uprisings and the active movements involved in Islamic Awakening have already declared the restoration of Muslim’s long-lost dignity as one of their great causes. As part of this movement, the Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution has the leader of an establishment arisen out of Islamic Awakening movements has managed to160 160 found genuine awakening movements aimed at reviving (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the dignity of Muslims. Studying Ayatollah Khamenei’s unique and strategic views regarding Islamic Awakening can be of great benefit in the current juncture of Islamic Awakening movement and pave the way for the Muslims to accomplish their causes and restore the dignity of Muslims all over the world. In this paper, the author first gives a definition of dignity and its relation with Islamic Awakening and then reviews the ideas and viewpoints of the Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution regarding the Islamic dignity and the ways of reviving it. Key Words: Islamic Dignity, Islamic Awakening, Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution
  • 160. Islamic Awakening and the Issue ofKashmir Abdolhossein Kashmiri Kashmir was turned into an Islamic country by SultanSadredin Ranchen Shah and through the leadership ofSayyed Abdulkarim Shaks al-din Mousavi Bolbol Shahback in 1320 and was an independent Muslim countryuntil the end the rule of Yousef Shah, the last Muslimruler of Kahsmir. The people of Kashmir have beenfighting for their independence since the occupation 161 161of Kashmir back in 1856 and particularly in 1931. The (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onissue of Kashmir, has been deemed as a political conflictbetween India and Pakistan and recently China. This ishalf of the truth about Kashmir while the main issue, thatis Islam, has been overlooked. That is to say, Kashmirneither belongs to Pakistan nor India, but it is part ofthe Muslim world. The people of Kashmir have provedthat they will go to any lengths for Islam. The presentpaper refers to the Islamic nature of popular uprisingsin Kashmir and its dos and don’ts in the frame work ofIslamic Awakening.
  • 161. The Role of Eqbal Lahouri in Motivating the Youth in Islamic Awakening Allameh Mohammad Iqbal Lahouri is one of the most eminent Muslim intellectuals and poets who promoted the essence of Islamic culture and civilization in the Indian peninsula. He had also played a key role in awakening of the youth and raising their morale and motivating them to stand up for their freedom and fight against the hegemonic rule in the 20th century in the East, especially in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Indian Peninsula. This article reviews Allameh Iqbal Lahouris methods in encouraging the youth in the following sections: Using Ashura uprising and the lessons of freedom from162 162 Imam Hossein’s school (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Love to Prophet and his household and taking lessons from them Relying on eastern values and avoiding westoxification Proposing the unity of Muslim World Giving special attention to Iranian Youth Proposing return to self-awareness Reliance on domestic capabilities Utilizing poetry to convey his views and ideas Key Word: Iqbal Lahouri, Motivation, Islamic Awakening, Ashura Uprising
  • 162. Defining Decision Making Criteria in IslamicManagement from Religious Perspective( withan Approach towards Establishing a Patternfor Religious Democracy in the Country) Dr. Hamid Reza Bahrami, Dr. Hassan Kheiri, Rezwan Nouri Alawije The Islamic Revolution led by late Imam Khomeini, surprisedthe people of the world by the capability of Islam in creatingrevolutions and training people and countering the challengesahead of the revolutions and setting up stability. This revolutionmade the Muslims understand the capability of Islam inbringing about revolutions and responding to challenges andposing challenges and setting up independent governmentsbased on Islamic legislation and religious authority. Thatwas how the Islamic Awakening was born and awakenedMuslims. They were enlightened by the Islamic thoughts andopinions. The light of Islam also eliminated ignorance from the 163 163 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhearts and minds of Muslims and prompted them to embracechallenges. Muslims would say the revolutionary movementsmust be based on Islamic concepts to unite thought, practiceand performance of a Muslim so that he, as a devout believer,doesn’t get lost in politics. So it is necessary to research theissue of Islamic management and decision making basedon Islamic approach. Accordingly, this article has taken anexploratory method to discover decision making criteria inIslamic management. Islamic Awakening in Arab world isconsidered as the regional supremacy of the Islamic Revolutionand the Islamic Establishment must pave the way to follow upits causes overseas. This paper has provided the criteria in theprocess of Islamic decision making and its related patterns. Key Words: Decision Making, Islamic Management,Islamic Awakening, Revolution
  • 163. Islamic Revolution of Iran the Front- runner in Islamic Awakening via Reliance on the Youth and the Principles of Islamic Awakening from Ayatollah Khamenei’s Viewpoint Mohammad Ismailzadeh The Islamic revolution of Iranian nation led by late Imam Khomeini is seen as an attempt for globalizing Islam and the revival of the glorious Islamic civilization. This revolution had its own literature and conveyed the164 164 message that if religion can have a considerable influence (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on on decision making internationally, it can also influence not only behavioral rules, but also interactive structures. Meanwhile, the youth have played a leading role. This paper seeks to review the reasons and causes behind the Islamic Awakening in Islamic countries and the role of Iran’s Islamic Revolution, as a pioneer in the modern Islamic Awakening in the world. Key words: Islamic Revolution, Islamic Awakening, Islamic Civilization, Factors, influence, Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution, the Youth.
  • 164. Sayyed Jamalodin, the Promoter ofwisdom and Instinct Fatemeh Sadat Ebrahimi This paper seeks to review the role of SayyedJamalodin (1254 A.H) in the awakening of Muslims. Hehas managed to propose new profound ideas through hismastery over Islamic and the Western schools of thoughtand introduce a third way between Westoxicated and Pro-Western ideology. The influence of this school of thoughtcan be conspicuously seen in the views of Shia and Sunniintellectuals. So, studying his views, is necessary to find 165 165 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ona way out of this situation. First, his biology will bereviewed briefly and then his thoughts and views will bediscussed and his opinions about the reasons behind theunderdevelopment of Muslim countries will be touchedon and finally, his ideology for Islamic Awakening willbe taken into consideration. Key words; Islamic Awakening, Sayyed Jamalodin,Westoxfication, Islam
  • 165. Planning Popular and Islamic Patterns and their Implementation to Maintain the Achievements of Islamic Awakening Roqayeh Bahrami “Muslims have felt the breeze of awakening and have smelt the scent of return to the teachings of Islam.” Imam Khamenei, the Leader of Iran’s Islamic Revolution The revolutions that have taken place during the Islamic Awakening, definitely different from non-religious revolutions. It is natural that, unlike non-religious revolutions, masses of people, are not eliminated from the scene for the fulfillment of Islamic causes. Therefore,166 166 the Islamic government and regime need the support of (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on the people both for its establishment and its maintenance and stability. Popular support can protect fledging Islamic government against the plots of all internal and foreign enemies. The realization of this issue, in a revolutionary society, requires the formation of popular institutions that are introduced as organized systems which use social patterns to meet the basic needs of the Islamic society and involve the ultimate values of that society. This paper deals with popular institutions and their roles in stabilizing Islamic Awakening movement. Keywords: Sovereignty, Government, Organization, Institution
  • 166. Expansion of Islamic Awakening in theMiddle East Fatemeh Najafi This paper seeks to study the nature of IslamicAwakening and the people who had an effect on thismovement. In this article, first the meaning of IslamicAwakening and its elements have been defined and thena brief history of Islamic Awakening and the obstacleslying ahead of it has been given and also those scholarsand intellectuals that have had a role in the restoration 167 167 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onof Islamic values have been named and finally, theinfluences of these uprisings on the formation of a newMiddle East without the presence of global arrogantpowers have been touched upon. Keywords: Islamic Awakening, Middle East, IslamicRevolution
  • 167. The Role of Social Networks in the Egyptian Revolution Sediqeh Hamidi This research paper seeks to study the role of social networks in the revolution in Egypt. The popular protests that took place in Egypt on January 24, 2011 to topple the regime of Hosni Mubarak raised some questions on the role of the public media, particularly social networks, in the political developments in this country. A kind of religious reformism aimed at the establishment of a social system base on Islam and a religious method called168 168 Islamic Awakening can be seen in these protests. But the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on question is, to what extent these media have influenced developments in the country and why western analysts focus on the role of social networks in the democratic developments in Arab countries and what purposes they pursue and whether these analyses correspond to the Islamic nature of these revolutions or their popular aspects? These are the questions that the present article seeks to answer. Keywords: Egypt, Social Networks , Revolution, Media.
  • 168. Reviewing and Defining the Challenges Lyingahead of Islamic Awaking, their Solutionsand the Role of the Youth in the Battle. Salman Karamiyan, Esmail Hematiyan Islamic Awakening and the recent developments across theMuslim world show the formation of new trends and eventsin the framework of political discourse that is based on thepresuppositions of Islamic dignity, restoration of dignity,authenticity, and Islamic identity. Therefore, due to the natureand its authenticity, proper and timely understanding of itselements and outlining a reasonable perspective based on facts,causes and the real demands of the popular masses, can setup a brighter future for the Muslim world and those involvedin the recent Islamic uprisings. Thus, the Islamic Awakening 169 169has influenced not only the regional developments but also (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe international relations and has changed the attitudes,structures, and resulted in the formation of new thoughtmovements on the international level. These changes havebrought about challenges and harms for these revolutions thatset a basis for getting a better understanding of those involvedin and committed to Islamic Awakening in future struggles.The fundamental question is what challenges and harms lieahead of the Islamic Awakening. Brief response to this questionwill be: The necessity of taking required measures to use allpotentials and capacities of Islamic societies for confrontingand dealing with the challenges ahead is an undeniable matter. Keywords: Islamic Awakening, Future Struggles, RegionalDisputes, Challenges , Harms, Democratization, Perspectiveof Islamic Awakening
  • 169. Globalization of Educational Systems and Islamic Awakening Zohreh Saadatmand, Farzad Saadatmand The present research aims to study the role globalization on education from the points of views of professors of the Educational Sciences faculties in Isfahan city. The influence of globalization on content objectives, education and evaluation methods was studied. The data was gathered through a 53-item questionnaire developed by the researcher. The results indicated a significant correlation between the variables (questions). The reliability of the test was 94.4 based on alpha Kronbach. The participants (60 people) were the university professors at Azad University of Khorasegan,170 170 State University of Isfahan, Payam-e-Nour University of Isfahan. No sampling was used due to the limited number (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on of participants. Data analysis was conducted through descriptive methods(median, frequency, percentage, standard deviation) and other statistical methods (Variance, MANOVA, t. test) to analyze data. The results indicated that the effect of globalization on objectives, contents, methods and evaluation was more than average level. There is a significant difference among the responses based on the sex of the participants and there were no significant differences in other dimensions of the study population. Keywords: Globalization, Education, Objectives, Content, Learning Method, Evaluation
  • 170. Regional and international interferencein Yemeni revolution and role of theyouth Ali Saleh Ahemd It is known to everyone that the Islamic world has beenunder attack constantly and the flames of this fire are notcoming down. The hegemonistic powers, besides spreading corruptionand immorality among Islamic societies, they are alsocreating divisions among Muslims; and time to time theyinterfere militarily. On the other hand, we have rulersin the Islamic countries who have sold their souls toWestern powers, and they gang up with Westerners andharm their people. In these societies we see millions ofpeople facing social injustice, class divisions and dyingof hunger as well as lack of clothes. Like their Arab brethrens, Yemenis have also 171 171 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference ondemonstrated great hunger for freedom and justice.So, the revolution took place in those areas under AliAbdullah Saleh’s rule. Yemeni people took to the streetsand asked Saleh to step down and called for a newgovernment, which would allow people to express theirideas and thoughts in total freedom. The revolutionariesoccupied public squares persistently and many sacrificedtheir lives everyday until the revolution reached thetipping point and the regime was about to fall andthe revolution to succeed, but Saudi Arabia and theUnited States interfered. They hatched plots against therevolution and offered Saleh long-term guaranties. Thisarticle deals with the salient features of Saudi Arabianand American intervention in nonviolent Yemeni youngpeople’s revolution. Key words: Islamic awakening, Yemen, foreigninterference, Saudi Arabia, the United States
  • 171. Role of Islamic teaching in youth awakening and its impact on political changes Eshrat Mehrabi, Ali Mohammad Goodarzi, Rezvan Mehrabi ((masters in philosophy of Islamic teaching and upbringing If the various aspects of Islamic beliefs are learnt and they are transferred to the society particularly to the younger generation through right and well-trodden paths, it can improve morals of the society, and it also can make developments in different political, social, economic, cultural, scientific and technological fields of life. Teachers have key responsibility in this field. This research article deals with Islamic and moral behaviors as well as teaching methods and its transfer through four important channels: family, school, social environment and historical and contemporary models. This article will focus on teacher’s role in these four factors and also viewpoints of principals, Islamic studies teachers and religious students of high schools in Lorestan province in a random cluster172 172 sampling and distributing 313 questionnaires containing 55 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on questions relating to these four factors. The results of the research show that all three groups believe that the aforementioned factors have a role in making moral and religious behaviors as follows: 1: Family factors 2: Historical and contemporary models 3: Environment and social factors 4: School There are meaningful differences between the viewpoints of principals, Islamic teachers and students in four categories of questions (p<%5). There is also agreement between viewpoints of principals and Islamic teachers more than the two groups and students. However, the order and percent of the answers follow a homogenous trend having abovementioned results. For analyzing the statistical data, we have utilized frequency, percent of frequency, and average. Focusing on results and details of the research can bring up our weak and strong points.
  • 172. Fundamental theoretical and ideologicalframeworks of Islamic awakening, theindicator of genuineness and continuity Seyyed Mohammad Mirtabaar The Islamic awakening is a common belief among allthe Muslims around the Islamic world. This awakeninghaving a non-governmental core makes Islamicmovements beyond a specific religion, nation, nationality,race and country and is present everywhere. No doubtthere is nothing more heart-pleasing than the uprising andreturn of Muslims to Islam in Middle Eastern countries:for it has opened a new and key chapter in the history ofIslamic ummah (community). This great awakening is 173 173 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onthe inception of a lively and revolutionary tide. Of thefundamental factors of this great uprising are passion,experience, awareness, and …..One of the most effectivemethods to indentify the essence of every phenomenonis the investigation of meanings, indexes and peculiarcharacteristics of it. The investigation of these indexeshelps to get to know the differences and similarities withother phenomena. Key words: Islamic awakening, index, thinking,differences and similarities
  • 173. Seyyed Jamaluddin Asad Abadi, inspirer and instigator of the youth in Islamic awakening Mohammad Reza ahmado Taame The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution said in the first Islamic awakening meeting: “with no doubt, great social changes have always had historical and civilizational background and they are the fruits of condensation of awareness and experience. Great Jihadi and ideological personalities who have created Islamic waves in last 150 years in Egypt, Iraq, Iran, India and some other Asian and African countries can be called as harbingers of the current situation of the Islam world.” In line with the Supreme Leader’s saying, we’ll investigate briefly the thoughts of Seyyed Jamluddin Asad abadi as the predecessor of the Islamic awakening in the current world, who has had a positive influence on younger generation of Egypt for the Islamic awakening.174 174 In the beginning Seyyed Jamal was a reformist, who (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on believed that reform should start from intellectuals, but as he developed close relations with courtesans he realized that this ideology would not work. Seyyed Jamal believed that in order to fight the cruel rulers in the Islamic countries it the power of people is necessary. He didn’t believe in individual will but that the elite should try its best to awaken the people. According to Seyyed Jamal, instead of persecuting and killing the people the elite classes should form a fundamental movement of Muslims in order to topple the despotic government allied with the Western powers. This has happened during the current movements in the Islamic countries that were formed by the young people to depose the tyrannical rulers. Key words: Islamic awakening, Seyyed Jamaluddin Asad Abadi, young people, Islamic movement, Islamic government
  • 174. Analysis of plots, threats and methods ofworld tyranny and international Zionistversus Islamic awakening Khola Banoor The Islamic awakening, which is called Arab Springby most of the satellite channels and Arab intellectuals,is facing grave challenges. It can destroy the Arabrevolution in inception and bring back the old tyranny innew form. The return of old despotism is the new goal ofglobal hegemonistic powers especially the United Statesand Zionist regime. The global hegemonistic powersand former colonialists tried their best to keep their 175 175mercenaries in the office but after much effort they have (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onrealized that they cannot merely trust and depend uponthese despotic rulers. This is not very strange becausethe nature of hegemony is to go along with change. Justlike the cases in the late 18th century and the beginningof the 19th century when the colonialists developedtheir hegemony over Arab and Islamic world during theleanest patch in the Muslim world. In this article we will discuss plots, challenges andthreats of global hegemony and international Zionismagainst Islamic awakening. Key words: Islamic awakening, threats, challenges,plots, despotism
  • 175. Analysis of the influence of Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on Islamic awakening Hossein Fllah, Seyyed Mohammad Naeeni The splendid thoughts of Imam Khomeini, which had enlightened anda guided Iranian Islamic Revolution, are influencing the current Islamic and freedom movements just like a luminous torch. Meanwhile, the young people of Lebanon’s Hezbollah, who have secured great victories in the region, benefited from Imam Khomeini’s ideology. And they are now role models for the young people in other Islamic countries. The influence of Imam Khomeini’s ideology on Hezbollah is one of the important issues, which can be analyzed in details in various political, ideological, cultural and social aspects. This essay will analyze different less known aspects Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on the Islamic awakening, especially on the Lebanese Islamic resistance Hezbollah, so that for the characteristics the Imam is known should be mentioned here: 1) What role Imam Khomeini’s thoughts played on the Islamic176 176 awakening? (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on 2) Did Hezbollah succeed because of following Imam Khomeini’s ideology? 3) Did the Imam’s ideas on the nations’ willpower against hegemonists as well as the necessity of the Islamic awakening play any role in forming Lebanon’s Hezbollah? To answer this question, we should first investigate the signs of influence of Imam Khomeini over Hezbollah. There are assumptions that Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on velyat-e faghih (……….), the union of religion and politics, forming of Islamic governments, Islamic awakening, the defending of Islamic nations, desire for freedom and longing for martyrdom, have great influence in forming and successes of Hezbollah. We are going to mention few of them in this article and analyze Imam Khomeini’s thoughts on Hezbollah. Key words: Imam Khomeini, Isalmic awakening, Hezbollah of Lebanon, ideology, velyat-e faghih, longing for martyrdom, desire for freedom, Palestine, independentism, Islamic government.
  • 176. Study of the effects of Islamic awakening onsecurity interests of US in the Middle East andNorth Africa Fatemeh Morsali The recent popular uprisings in the Middle East and NorthAfrica, which are known as the 4th Islamic awakening waveafter the 1st to 3rd waves, have great importance, sensitivity andinfluence on different countries’ national security, especially onthe security of regional and international powers. An inquiry intothe trend of uprisings shows that a new Middle East is in themaking, which will be fundamentally different with the old one; itwill make Islamic principles as its base for the government craft. Since the under attack governments of Bahrain, Yemen, Libya,Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Tunisia are totally dependanton the United States, and also because of the anti-hegemonisticand anti-despotism nature of the uprisings, it seems that it hasstrategic effects on Washington’s short-term as well as long-termsecurity. After briefly studying the four-sided Islamic awakening waves 177 177this article will investigate recent popular uprisings from the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onviewpoint of geographical security and America’s interests inthe region. The article’s presumption is that the aforementionedchanges have threatened Washington’s militaristic, political,economic, cultural and social activities in the region; however, theIslamic awakening has created golden opportunities for regionalIslamic countries, especially for the Islamic Republic of Iran.So, manipulating the popular uprisings, American government isplotting to direct the trend of the changes according its own goalsand interests in the region. Utilizing the opportunity, Washingtonis also turning its weak points to the strong ones. Understanding these points is extremely important for Iranianpolicy makers and should be taken into consideration in each andevery strategy Tehran adopts. Key words: Islamic awakening, national security, nationalinterests, United States of America, North Africa, securitythreats.
  • 177. Social awakening according to Imam Ali’s teachings Lack of awareness defines the plight of people and societies in this century. An ignorant society is deprived of global upward movement, lacks livelihood and enthusiasm, and suffers from dependence and languidness. It needs a great work and a global revolution to awaken such a society from a deep slumber. Ignorance, one of the most fatal moral diseases of the modern days, which is the enemy of humanity, God’s slavery as well as piety, have been eminent in every era. Awaken the people and remove the illusion from their eyes have had a great178 178 place in teachings of Gods’ messengers. Imam Ali (PBUH) following the illuminating teachings (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on of the prophets used to warn people against ignorance and pointed out the causes as well as the remedies just like a doctor. We are about to exercise the teachings of Imam Ali (PBUH) and stand against the international powers, since the international powers intend to spread the seeds of ignorance in countries in order to exploit them. More than others Muslim nations are the target of this exploitation. That’s why with a global and popular awakening we should intentionally try to defuse the enemies’ designs.
  • 178. Role of the youth and factors of Islamicawakening By Mohammad RostamiThe awakening waves have occupied developingcountries, especially non-aligned and Islamic states. Itseems that the victory of the Islamic Revolution and roleof intellectuals and political scholars in late twentiethcentury has been the defining moment for these stormywaves. As a matter of fact, a political quake happened inthe Islamic world along with the victory of the IslamicRevolution in Iran. The first wave of this quake was seenin strengthening the Islamic resistance in Palestine andLebanon. Spreading its roots, the Islamic awakeningliberated south Lebanon and caused Intifada 1 andIntifada 2 in Palestine. The Islamic awakening peaked 179 179 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onwhen Lebanon’s Hezbollah won a 33-day war and a22-day historic resistance of Gaza people succeededin an unequal war. It is now some months that Islamiccountries have been witnessing another wave of Islamicawakening.Although some regional states, European countries andthe United States tried to show that there were no relationbetween the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the Islamicawakening, the demands of people to hold Friday prayers,chanting slogans of Allaho Akbar, to model themselveson religious leaders and political scholars, their impactand political struggle show that we cannot ignore the roleof the Islamic Revolution of Iran, Islamic intellectualsand scholars, who came during last few decades and
  • 179. formed new circle of Islamic awakening especially in countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Bahrain, Yemen and Libya. One of the characteristics of Islamic awakening is that it can be called the youth awakening; for the youth has formed the spinal chord of this movement. Young men and women who are mostly educated and open- minded people, have taken their model from the leaders and intellectuals of the Islamic world such as Seyyed Jamal, Muhammad Iqbal, Mohammad Abde, Imam180 180 Khomeini, Ayatollah Khamenei, Abdolghader Jazayeri, (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on Umar Mokhtar, Seyyed Mohammad Sanosi, Najmuddin Erbakan, Imam Mousa Sadr, Seyyed Mohammad Bagher Sadr, Borhanuddin Rabbani, Mohammad Bagher Hakim, Azizuddin Ghasam, Sade Ghazool,…. With an outlook to the recent wars of the Islamic awakening we see that the youth has not been satisfied with the fall of their dictators alone, but they will continue their movement until they reach their desired goals and implement a system of Islamic values and also form an Islamic democratic system. Key words: Islamic awakening, the youth, Islamic political intellectuals, Islamic democracy
  • 180. Influential factors of Iran’s IslamicRevolution on Islamic awakening fromAyatollah Khamenei’s perspective Mohsen Matlabi Jonghani Iranian Islamic Revolution has had great impactsoverseas and on account of its supporters, it is considereda major power by regional and international players. TheIranian revolution has had a role in restoring self-esteemof Muslims, whether Sunni or Shia, putting aside theirnationalities or political tendencies; it has been one ofthe most significant revolutions of this century. Thisevaluation is made not only based on its achievements inthe Persian Gulf, the Middle East and the Islamic Worldbut also is based on its fruits for the whole world; it canbe claimed that the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 181 181 (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onIran is the most prominent event of last century. Iran’sIslamic Revolution has had the most influence on theMuslims. Many of the researchers believe that thisrevolution and its factors demonstrated by its leaders,are one of the most important and influential factors inMuslims’ awakening, awareness and increase of Islamicmovements in Islamic societies. This article deals withbases, challenges, causes and influential factors of theIranian Islamic Revolution in the Islamic awakeningaccording to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Seyyed AliKhamenei’s perspective. Key words: construction, factor, Islamic Awakenig,Ayatollah Khamenei
  • 181. Islamic awakening according to Allamah Seyyed Ismail Balkhi Habibe Sadat Alizade, Zahra Heydari Seyyed Ismail Balkhi was born in 1229 in Sarpol village, Afghanistan. He visited many countries such as Iran, for his Islamic education. After he graduated, he returned to his home, Afghanistan, and established close relation with Shia Muslims. During his stay in Afghanistan, he attempted many political and cultural moves such as making different political parties and giving sermons in different parts of the country. Though he was subject to prison and exile by the then Afghan regime, he didn’t give in his awakening plans. One of his effective tools, which influenced many people, was his poetic nature. He employed this blessing to awaken and influence the people. He used to mention shortcomings of people and182 182 government in his poems, and this way he would stimulate (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on people’s emotions. One can easily get to know the trend of his ideas by reading his poetry. He takes Islam as the basis for all decisions made by individuals and society and never accepts secularism. He says that people, especially the young should go after knowledge, both of religion and of Nature and that they should avoid laziness, imitation without thinking, nationalism and racism, unawareness of modern knowledge, and also avoid those who falsely pretend to be clergies but prevent people from reaching perfection. He also says that they should not let the foreigners and westerners make decisions for them. Key words: Allamh Balkhi, Islamic awakening, poetry, fight
  • 182. Young Muslims and their role in Islamicawakening Mohammad Ali Ashraf This article studies the essential role of the youth inmodern societies of the Islamic world. Islam enlightensthe spiritual personality of societies. This spiritualenlightenment of Muslim youths has caused Islamicawakening. The Muslim youth has played a key role inthis awakening. These young men with grace of AlmightyAllah are struggling to restore the lost honor of theMuslims which has been usurped by global hegemonistsespecially by the United Stated. This exceptional successagainst the hegemonists has been achieved in Muslimcountries especially in Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon, the 183 183Gaza Strip and Iran. These successes have brought great (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhonor for the Muslim ummah and by grace of God theprocess is flourishing. It will bring freedom, respect,justice and prosperity for Muslim countries based onGod’s commands and Islamic principles. The young generation comprises the main humanforce in any society. The young force can overcome theproblems more easily and more successfully. That’s whyin modern world there is a special consideration towardsthe youth in all political, social, economic and industrialfields.Key words: global hegemonist, Islamic honor, theyouth, human force
  • 183. Political Islamic jurisprudence (Fegh’h) and its impacts on Islamic awakening This article investigates the trends of Islamic awakening before and after Iran’s Islamic Revolution. The first Islamic awakening trend was established by scholars such as Seyyed Jamal and it continued by his students such as Mohammad Abde, Rashid Reza, Seyyed Ghotb and Hasan Bana. Though this trend has made a great contribution to the Islamic awakening, it didn’t meet the main goals of its founders. But the second Islamic awakening trend founded by Imam Khomeini succeeded to reach to the goals and it also could originate an Islamic government based on Islamic teachings which has earned its legitimacy from this channel as well. The theme of this article is to find out the differences between the two Islamic awakening trends. The results show that with the backing of political jurisprudence184 184 which has been organized during the centuries by Shia (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on jurisprudents (foghaha), Imam Khomeini presented the Islamic ummah a competent system with specific standards that could prevent it from deviation. The Islamic awakening trend before Imam Khomeini era had not paid any attention to this difference. At the end of this article we will talk of the new wave of the Islamic awakening in different countries and it will be mentioned that it is formed with the influence from politicized jurisprudence presented by Imam Khomeini and exercised by Ayatollah Khamenei. Key words: Islamic awakening, Imam Khomeini, Ayatollah Khamenei, Seyyed Jamal, political Islamic jurisprudence, velayat faghigh
  • 184. Studying role of the youth in the IslamicRevolution as a model for global youth inIslamic awakening Seyyed Mehdi Faghihi, Medi Ajam, Hasan HonarvarWith inspiration from the Islamic teachings and Shiaschool of thought, the Iranian Islamic Revolution hashad major and exceptional influences on different globaland regional areas, particularly on the Islamic awakeningin the Middle Eastern states. These influences can bestudied in four categories: studying the categories such asrenovation in thought, pragmatism in religious behavior,organizing and modeling for societies as well as economicand political relations are of greater importance. Thereis a negative attitude towards global hegemony and 185 185westerner intellectuals in last two centuries. On the other (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onhand, with respect to the Islamic democracy and Velayat-eFaghih, the proficient ruling of Islamic Republic of Iranhas had great inspiration on the Islamic awakening, aswell as to solve the problems and get rid of regionaldictators. Everyone knows the key role of the youth inIranian Islamic Revolution and its success. The faithfuland determined youth who have made the revolutionsucceed with love of their Leader. The movement of theyouth of thirty years ago has been the role model for theyouth nowadays in regional Islamic awakening.Key words: the Islamic revolution, Islamic awakening,the youth, organizing and modeling, velayat faghih
  • 185. The youth are responsible to continue the revolution Mir Hadi Mousavi Gharalary The youth comprise the main class of any society, and in fact they are the successive owners of the country. The question is that whether we can be hopeful of future of the youth who are under unprecedented attack by Islam’s enemies? Can we count on them as the true inheritor of the pure Islam and the revolution? Can we save them from this psychotic vortex which is born from the devil? Can we teach them with teachings of the Islamic Revolution of Iran and send them to fight the stormy thoughts and distorted pieces of news? The answer is, yes. We can guide them to a true path and prevent them from falling into deviation. With the hope of special blessings from186 186 Imam Mehdi (PBUH) they can be sent on the path of the (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference on truth with expectation of success. And this path would be nothing except a way chosen according to the teaching of Imam Khomeini and Supreme Leader of the Iranian Revolution Ayatollah Khamenei based on the guidance of the Holy Quran. This article presents the best way to continue the revolutionary path, truthful brand making for the Iranian nation, which has a revolution that is dubbed as mother of all the Islamic revolutions, and the ways of youth-friendly as well as government policy making and nongovernmental exercises; this way we would be able to show the true face of revolution. Key words: Imam Khomeini, Supreme Leader of the Iranian Revolution Ayatollah Khamenei, youngsters, national brand, foreign politics, common diplomacy
  • 186. Youths and awakening in the Holy Quran Mohammad Amin Taghavi FardoodThe Holy Quran and the teachings of the House of theProphet (PBUH) have been a source of guidance for eachand every person through out the Islamic history who hasopened their hearts and eyes to accept the truth and givelife to their heart and soul by obeying Allah Almighty’scommands as well as his friends’. In many verses theHoly Quran itself has mentioned the youth who haveacquired guidance and ultimately the awakening of thesoul by their faithfulness. Following this they have felttheir responsibility in the depth of their hearts and theyhave tried to awaken others just like God’s Messengers.The author of this article has studied the contents of theverses of the Holy Quran and sayings of the House ofthe Prophet (PBUH) and selected those pieces which are 187 187related to this subject and have analyzed them. The result (Abstracts of Papers) Youth and Islamic Awakening International Conference onof this research shows that the first principle in awakeningis an unshakable faith that is followed by an augmentedguidance. And with piety this awakening will lengthenand strengthen its roots. In result, his heart will be openedto the inner perception of the truth, which will enlightenhis path to reach certainty of faith and ultimately a totalreliance in Allah Almighty. This truthfulness, whichis considered the true life by obeying and surrenderingto God, will result in giving life to others that is calledawakening. By studying the roots of this point we will getto one Islamic principle that for which Allah Almightyhas called the Nation of the Prophet (PBUH) of Islam asthe best Nation (Al Imran/110).