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  • 1. {]hmkn c£mIÀXrXzw
  • 2. GsXmcp Xoh−nbpw apt¶m«p IpXn¡Wsa¦n F©npÅn CÔw I¯nsbcnbpI Xs¶ thWw nÈ_vZambn I¯n¯ocp¶ B CÔw mw Xs¶btÃ...?
  • 3. AÂ] kabw (Ac aWn¡qsd¦nepw) ap¡v o¡n sh¡mw ½psS I®ocnv........ thZIÄ¡v.............. {]mÀ°IÄ¡v........... .....{]nbs¸« Ipªp§sf¡pdn¨pÅ NndIp apf¨p XpS§p¶ {]Xo£IÄ¡v.......
  • 4. kt´mj`cnXamb msfbpsS Hcp s]m³]pecn XoÀ¨bmbpw ap¡v krjvSn¡m³ IgnbntÃ...... ap¡v {]Xymin¡mw {]XnÚsbSp¡mw......
  • 5. Cu ]cn]mSn sIm−v msa´mWv Dt±in¡p¶Xv F¶v tm¡mw mw Adntb−Xp−v ap¡v t_m[yamth−Xp−v ½psS ITnm[zm¯nsâ ^ew k¼mZyambn amdn¯ocWsa¶v ½psS hoSpw IpSpw_hpw AXnv ]äp¶ hn[¯n ]pxkwhn[mw sN¿Wsa¶v mw hnbÀs¸mgp¡n hfÀ¯p¶ ½psS a¡sf icnbmb hgnbn¯s¶ hfÀ¯Wsa¶v
  • 6. Npänepw It®mSn¡pt¼mÄ KÄ^n aq¶v anÃy¬ {]hmknIfmb C´y¡mcp−v ]{´−v e£w tIcfobÀ AXn ]¯v e£w tIcfobÀ¡v i¼fw 1500 ZnÀlan Ipdhv am{Xw GPâvamÀ¡v h³XpI ÂIn IS IS¶hÀ {]mYanI Bhiy§Ä t]mepw sh«n¨pcp¡n IpSpw_w t]mäp¶hÀ sam¯w hcpam¯nsâ ImÂ`mKw Sn¡änpw aäpambn sNehm¡n c−p hÀj¯nsemcn¡Â ho«nse¯p¶hÀ
  • 7. ½psS IgnhpIÄ hÀ²n¸n¨v th−p¶ ]cnioew tSn ]pXnsbmcp tPmen Xcs¸Sp¯m³ mw {ian¡mtdbnà ImcWw AXnpÅ tchpw ]Whpw kuIcyhpw ap¡nÃtÃm. ^etam? h¶ mÄ apX sNbvX AtX tPmen C¶pw XpStc−n hcp¶p.
  • 8. F´p am{Xw ZbobamWv ½psS ØnXnsbt¶m!!! Hcp kÀtÆ dnt¸mÀ«v {i²n¡q! kÀtÆbn ]s¦Sp¯hÀ : 10,100 Hcp k¼mZyhpanÃm¯hÀ : 34% FÃm amkhpw ho«nte¡v ]Wab¡p¶hÀ : 31% Ab¡p¶ ]W¯n sNehp Ign¨v Fs´¦nepw an¨w DÅhÀ : 2% Xncn¨v m«nse¯nbm Hcp hn[w Pohn¨v t]mhmpÅ ØnXnbpÅhÀ : 5%.
  • 9. Cu dnt¸mÀ«v s½ F´p t_m[ys¸Sp¯p¶p? ½psS hnbÀ¸pw I®ocpw, IjvS¸mSpw am{Xw _m¡n Hcp à msfsb¡pdn¨v {]Xo£n¡pI h¿
  • 10. mw aebmfn KÄ^pImÀ Ignª 25 hÀjambn 95,000 tImSn cq] m«nte¡v Ab¨p CXn 10 iXamsa¦nepw mw amänsh¨ncps¶¦nÂ? ½psS a¡Ä s{]m^jWepIfmbn¯oÀt¶t..... m«n Xncns¨¯nbm sImÅmhp¶ Hcp PohnX-- sa¦nepw, km[nt¨t...... ½psS IpSpw_¯npw, kaql¯npw th−n Gs´¦nepw sN¿m³ Igntªt...... AXnm Ct¸msg¦nepw, ap¡v {]hÀ¯n¨p XpS§mw
  • 11. F¦n C¶p apX¯s¶ sNehpIÄ Npcp¡pI `mhnbnte¡v Fs´¦nepw IcpXn sh¡pI km¼¯nIambn Hcp ¹m³ D−m¡pI Xncn¨dnbpIbpw hfcpIbpw sN¿pI Ip«nIÄ¡v anI¨ hnZym`ymkw ÂIpI
  • 12. D]cn]T sNehnsâ hÀ²hv hÀjw tImgvkv ^okv 2000 F©nobdnwKv 3,20,000 saUnkn³ 5,00,000 2,40,000 Fw._n.F. 2010 F©nobdnwKv 8,30,000 saUnkn³ 13,00,000 6,20,000 Fw._n.F. 2020 F©nobdnwKv 21,50,000 saUnkn³ 33,60,000 16,20,000 Fw._n.F.
  • 13. DS³ Bcw`n¡pI Ct¸mįs¶ kabw AXn{Ian¨p 1991 20,000 aebmfnIÄ tIcf¯nte¡v aS§n 1999 1,25,000 Bbn AXv hÀ²n¨p 2009 c−pe£¯n sXm®qdmbncw....... ?............ DS³ {]hÀ¯n¨p XpS§pI
  • 14. hchpsNehpIsf ap¡v {IaoIcn¡mw an¨w sh¡p¶Xns¡pdn¨mtemNn¡mw
  • 15. Hgnhp kabapÅt¸mÄ CsXm¶v sNbvXv tm¡q KÄ^n h¶ hÀjw..................... F{X Imew KÄ^n n¶p................ Xncn¨v t]mhm³ Dt±in¡p¶ hÀjw................ sNbvX Imcy§Ä Sn¡v sN¿pI hoSp nÀ½n¨p(sNehv) B{inXcpsS hnhmlw (sNehv) Øew hm§n¨p (sNehv) kmaqlnI tkhw (sNehv) k¼mZyw (sNehv) Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymk¯nmbpÅ o¡nbncn¸v
  • 16. amkm´ hcpamw (KÄ^v):-- ……… amkm´ hcpamw (C´y):……… amkm´ sNehv hoSv : t^m¬ : BtcmKyw : kmaqlnIw : Hgnhp Imew : a¡fpsS hnZym`ymkw : amk k¼mZyw A©p hÀjt¯¡pÅ k¼mZyw: ({]Xo£nXw)
  • 17. Ct¸mįs¶ sNehp Ipdbv¡pI `mhnbnte¡v Bkq{XWw sN¿pI IcpXn shbv¡pI Xncn¨dnbpIbpw hfcpIbpw sN¿pI
  • 18. _w¥mhv nÀ½mWw hmSI ImÀ D]tbmKw hnhml amaqepIÄ kv{Xo[w BÀ`mSw / [qÀ¯v hnhml k½m§Ä s]m§¨ {]IS§Ä BNmcs¨ehpIÄ
  • 19. Ip«nIsf à coXnbn hfÀ¯pI mw ]dbmdp−v: a¡Ä¡v th−nbmWv IjvSs¸Sp¶sX¶v ]t£ AhcpsS `mhnsb¡pdn¨v hyàamb e£yt_m[apt−m? AhÀ¡p th−n mw FÃmw ÂIp¶p: ss_¡v/samss_Â/hn.kn.Un./]Ww XpS§nbh ]t£ HmÀ¡pI AhÀ¡v mw anI¨ hnZym`ymkw ÂIp¶pt−m?
  • 20. tIcf kÀ¡mÀ kÀÆokose Bp]mXnI {]mXnn[yw PmXn þ aXw PkwJy {]mXnn[yw Bp]mXnI Ipdhv /IqSpX {InkvXy³ 18.3 % 20.6 % +11 % apÉnw 26.9 11.4 -13.6 mbÀ 12.5 21 +40.5 apt¶m¡ 1.3 3.1 +56.5 lnμp CughÀ 22.2 22.7 +0.02 aäp ]nt¶m¡w 8.2 5.8 -41 ]«nI PmXn 9 7.6 -22 ]«nI hÀ¤w 1.2 0.8 -49.5
  • 21. 18 þ 25 hsc {]mbapÅ bphXo bphm¡Ä F´v sN¿p¶p? PmXn þ aXw tImtfPn aäv ]Tw sam¯w sXmgn sXmgn ]Tw ]Tw sN¿p¶hÀ clnXÀ lnμp 18.7 % 9.9 % 28.6 % 32. 30 % 39.1 % apÉnw 8.1 6.2 14.3 30.5 55.2 {InkvXy³ 20.5 14.9 35.4 32.7 31.9 ]«nI PmXn 10.3 6.6 16.9 42.2 40.9 ]«nI hÀ¤w 11.8 5.9 17.7 37.3 45.1
  • 22. ½psS a¡fpsS `mhnsb ap¡v ¹m³ sN¿mw hoSv nÀ½mWw ¹m³ sN¿p¶Xv t]mse kz]vw B{Klw ¹m³ FÌntaäv saäocnbÂkv {]hr¯n nb{´Ww
  • 23. ap¡dnbmw BimcnbpsSbpw, hbÀamsâbpw t^m¬ ¼À knaânsâbpw, ]qgnbpsSbpw hne Ignª Ce£n ØmmÀ°n tSnb thm«v Ab¡mcn `À¯mhpambn ]nW§m³ ImcWw
  • 24. ap¡dnªp IqSm þ a¡fpsS A²ym]IcpsS t^m¬¼À Ignª ]co£bnse amÀ¡v GXv hnjbamWv tamÄ¡v _p²naps«¶v tam³ GXp ¢mÊn FXp UnhnjnemsW¶v
  • 25. m«n mw t]mbXv F´v {]amWn¨mbncp¶p? aq¯m¸bpsS aIsâ IeymWw A½mhsâ aIfpsS Krl{]thiw ]©mb¯p sXcsªSp¸v tÀ¨........ kt½fw............ Ip«nIfpsS ]co£bvt¡m kv¡qÄ AUvanjtm th−n mw m«n t]mbn«pt−m? F¶n«pw mw ]dbpw: IjvSs¸Sp¶sXÃmw a¡Ä¡p th−n
  • 26. DS³ sNbvtX ]äq...... Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymkImcyw {i²n¡m³ ASp¯ _Ôp¡sfbmscsb¦nepw D¯chmZnXzs¸Sp¯pI Ip«nIfpsS taÂhnemk¯n AhÀ¡v Is¯gpXpI I¯n t{]mÕml§Ä ndbs«, CSbvs¡ms¡ imkbpw hntij§Ä FgpXphm³ ]dbpI, Iq«pImsc¸än, ]Ts¯¡pdn¨v....... Ip«nIfpsS A²ym]Isc c−p amk¯nsemcn¡se¦nepw _Ôs¸SpI
  • 27. Is¯gp¯nsâ sa¨§Ä Ip«nIfpsS kz`mh hyXnbm§Ä Xncn¨dnbmw AhcpsS Fgp¯ptijn hÀ²n¡pw Hmtcm Imcyhpw, amÀ¡pw, hntij§fpw, n§fpsS I¿n tcJbmbn amdp¶p Ip«nIÄ¡v n§fpsS I¯v In«p¶Xv hensbmcp BËmZw, AwKoImcw
  • 28. {]nb ktlmZcm........... ITnm[zm¯nsâ ^ew k¼mZyam¡n amäpI hoSpw ho«pImcpw ap¡v _m[yXbmhcpXv Hcp Xm§pw XWepamhs« hchnpkcn¨v Pohn¡m³ ho«pImsc Nn«s¸Sp¯pI a¡sf Gähpw anI¨ coXnbn e£y{]m]vXnbnte¡v hfÀ¯pI
  • 29. A§s................. kt´mj`cnXamb Hcp à msfbpsS s]m³]pecn XoÀ¨bmbpw krjvSn¡mw ap¡pw, kapZmb¯npw th−n........