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Natural disasters reduction in thailand

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Presented in the ASEAN Cooperation on Utilization of Space Technology for Disaster Management Seminar, 11th Aug 2010 at Miracle Grand Convention Hotel, Thailand. Hosted by GISTDA

Presented in the ASEAN Cooperation on Utilization of Space Technology for Disaster Management Seminar, 11th Aug 2010 at Miracle Grand Convention Hotel, Thailand. Hosted by GISTDA

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Natural disasters reduction in thailand Natural disasters reduction in thailand Presentation Transcript

  • Mr.Montree Chanachaiviboonwat Bureau of Disaster Management Policy Dept.of Disaster Prevention & Mitigation ; Min. of Interior, Thailand E-mail:montrichat@yahoo.com Web:http://www.disaster.go.th (For Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency) Natural Disasters, Present Policies and Procedures for Disaster Risk Reduction in Thailand by
  • SCOPE
    • Disaster Management in Thailand
    • National Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Plan
    • Progress of Disaster Management System
    • A Research and Development (R/D)
    • Conclusion
    • Q&A
  • PART I
    • DISASTER MANAGEMENT
    • IN THAILAND
    • Central Administration
    • Regional Administration
    • Local Administration
    GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION LEVEL
    • The Prime Minister Office
    • (11 Offices and 1 Department)
    • 17 Ministries (61 Offices /68 Departments
    • 2 Institutes/ 6 Companies)
    • 28 Government Universities/
    • 26 Private Universities)
    CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION DIVISION
    • 75 Provinces (Changwat)
    • 878 Districts (Amphur)
    • 7,255 Sub-districts (Thambon)
    • 74,944 Villages (Mooban)
    REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION DIVISION
    • 75 Provincial Administration Organizations (PAO’s)
    • Bangkok Metropolitan Administration(BMA), Pattaya City
    • 1,276 Municipalities
    • 6,500 Thambon Administration Organizations (TAO’s)
    LOCAL ADMINISTRATION DIVISION
    • Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Act 2007
    • The Building Control Act 1979
    • The Emergency Management Royal Decree 2005
    • The Internal Security Act 2008
    SOME IMPORTANT LEGISLATION & LAWS
      • Enacted on Nov 6,2007
      • Termination of Civil Defence Act 1979
      • Termination of Fire Prevention and Suppression Act 1999
    Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Act 2007
    • DDPM is the principal government agency in National Disaster Prevention and Mitigation.
    According to Article 11 of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Act 2007:
    • Committees and Commanders
    • Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Committees
        • - National Level
        • - Provincial Level
        • - BMA’s
    • Commanders
    • - National Level
    • - Provincial Level
    • - Local Level
  • Members Duties
    • Set up policies in planning
    • Submit National Disaster
    • Prevention and Mitigation Plan
    • to cabinet for approval
    • Integrated the development of
    • Disaster Prevention and
    • Mitigation System among all
    • sectors
    • To give recommendations,
    • consultation, and support to
    • concerned agencies
    • Set up regulation
    • etc.
    National Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Committee To set up Sub-Committee (s) Chairperson - PM V Chairperson 1 – Minister of Interior V Chairperson 2 – Permanent Sec of Min. of Interior Member&Secretary – DDPM’s DG Permanent sec. of Min of Defense Permanent sec. of Min of Social Dev. Permanent sec. of Min of Agriculture Experts & Military Commanders
  • Chairperson – Governor Vice Chairperson – Deputy Governor/ Military Commander/ Chairman of Provincial Administration Organization Government Agencies Representatives Local Administration Organization Representatives Private Sector/NGO’s Representatives Member & Secretary – DDPM’s Provincial Chief Provincial Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Planning Committee Members
  • BMA’s Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Planning Committee
    • Chairperson – BMA Governor
    • Vice Chairperson–BMA Permanent Secretary
    • Government Agencies Reps.
        • DDPM’s Reps.
        • Private sector/NGO’s Reps.
        • Community Reps.
        • Military Reps.
        • Education Institution Reps.
    Members
    • 1. Regional Level
    • - 1 exercises/yr. - 300,000 baht/exercise
    • 2. Provincial Level
    • - 2 exercises / yr. - 60,000 Baht /exercise
    • 3. District Level
    • - 1 exercise/yr. - 8,000 Baht /exercise
    • (Exchanged Rate :1 USD = 32 Bahts)
    SIMULATION EXERCISE OF DISASTER PREVENTION & MITIGATION PLANS
    • Scale 1 (SMALL) Command by Thambon Mayor or Municipal Mayor or District Officer
    • Scale 2 (MEDIUM) Command by Provincial/BMA Governor
    • Scale 3 (LARGE) Command by Minister of Interior
    • Scale 4 (EXCEPTIONAL LARGE) Command by Prime Minister
    SCALE OF DISASTER SEVERITY & THE INCIDENT COMMANDER
    • According to Ministry of Finance
    • Regulation on Disaster Emergency
    • Fund 2003:
      • The Secretariat of the Prime Minister, Prime Minister Office 100M Baht
      • Office of the Permanent Secretary for Min. of Defense 50M Baht
    EMERGENCY FUND PER EVENT
    • - Office of the Permanent Secretary for Min. Social Development and Human Security 10M Baht
    • Office of the Permanent Secretary for Min. Agriculture and Cooperative 50M Baht
    • Office of the Permanent Secretary for Min. Interior 50M Baht
    EMERGENCY FUND PER EVENT
    • Office of the Permanent Secretary for Min. Public Health 10M Baht
    • Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation 50M Baht
    • Provincial Governor 50M Baht
    EMERGENCY FUND PER EVENT
  • * Source : Strengthening Disaster Management Strategies in Thailand, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), Sponsored by UNDP under THA/88/004, March 1994. Relative Hazard Risk, Associated Vulnerabilities, Level of their Management and Risk of Disaster Occurrence in Thailand * Hazard Vulnerability Management Risk Flood High Moderate Moderate High Typhoon & Storm surge High High Moderate Moderate Earthquake Low Low Poor Moderate Landslide Moderate Low Poor Moderate Drought High Moderate Moderate Moderate Fire High Moderate Moderate Moderate Explosion High Moderate Poor High Major Accident High Moderate Poor High Epidemic Low Low Moderate Low Pest Moderate Low Poor Moderate Civil Unrest Low Low Poor Moderate Refugee Influx Moderate Low Moderate Moderate
  • Rank order of risks of disasters of Thailand* * Source: Annex E, Page E4, Strengthening Disaster Management Strategies in Thailand, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), Sponsored by UNDP under THA/88/004, March 1994. Hazard Subjective Rank Numeric Weight Flood High 2.39 Major Accidents High 2.37 Explosion High 2.34 Typhoon Moderate 2.31 Drought Moderate 2.24 Fire Moderate 2.20 Landslide Moderate 2.15 Earthquake Moderate 1.97 Civil Unrest Moderate 1.92 Refugee Influx Moderate 1.87 Pests Moderate 1.77 Epidemics Low 1.63
  • Hazard Ranking in Thailand
    • (According to DDPM’s emergency compensation during fiscal year 2007-2008 : Disaster Victim Relief Bureau’s Annual Report 2008, pp 40)
    1. Flood 63.9 % 6. Fire 0.9 % 2. Drought 19.0 % 7. Pest 0.7 % 3. Cold Spell 8.7 % 8. Terrorism 0.4 % 4. Storm 3.0 % 9. Lightning 0.1 % 5. Avian Flu 2.8 %
    • Central government budget is allocated for rehabilitation and reconstruction projects which are belong to provinces, districts and local administrative organizations.
    • DDPM usually request this budget to the cabinet according to the need in each disaster event.
    CENTRAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET
  • ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE OF DM IN THAILAND PM DPM Ntnl Commt MINISTRIES/DEPTS PROVINCIAL DIR BMA DIR DDPM REQUEST SUPPORT SUPPORT REQUEST DIR. OF DDPM’S REGIONAL CNTR ORDER ORDER REQUEST SUPPORT REQUEST SUPPORT REQUEST SUPPORT DISTRICT DIR LOCAL DIR SUPPORT ORDER NEAR BY PRV DIR EOU EOU EOU VOLUNTRS . ORDER ORDER ORDER JOIN PRIVATE SCTR & NGO’S REQUEST SUPPORT SUPPORT REQUEST EOU NEAR BY DISTRICT OR LOCAL DIR ORDER SUPPORT REQUEST EOU SUPPORT EOU ORDER MILITARY ORDER SUPPORT REQUEST ORDER ORDER ORDER DISASTROUS AREA REQUEST COORDINATE (ORDER IN CASE OF MIL) INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES// INTERNATIONAL UNITS COORDINATE EOU
  • PART II
    • NATIONAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION PLAN 2010-2014
    • ( approved by cabinet on Nov 17,2009 )
    • FEATURES
    • Country positioning/Resources
    • Policy/Direction
    • Duration
    • Formulation process
    • Content
    • Linkages
  • COUNTRY POSITIONING/RESOURCES
    • Resources (4 M’s) assessment
    • Databases
    • Risk information/Seasonal calendar
    • Social culture
    • Laws and regulations
  • POLICY/DIRECTION
    • Pro-active approach
    • Prevention approach
    • Sustainable development
    • Participation from all sectors
  • DURATION
    • 5 years(2010-2014)
  • FORMULATION PROCESS
    • Set up a National Planning Formulation Sub-committee(under the National Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Committee)
    • Set up a Planning Formulation Working Group
    • Conduct a technical hearing from all stake holders for the 1 st draft plan
    • The 2 nd draft plan submitted to the Sub-committee
    • The 3 rd draft plan submitted to the National Prevention and Mitigation Committee(to be the final draft plan)
    • The final draft plan submitted to the cabinet for approval
  • CONTENT
    • Disaster records and statistics
    • Policy/vision/goals/objectives
    • Strategies/programs/measures
    • Implementation/evaluation
    • Operation
    • Directive center
    • Preparation
    • Emergency response
    • Reconstruction and rehabilitation
    • Communication
    • Evacuation
    • Simulation exercise
  • LINKAGES
    • Integration characteristic to all sectors
    • Civilian and Military
    • International agencies
    • Provincial DPM plan
    • Master plans for individual disaster type
    • Strategic National Action Plan for disaster reduction 2010-2019(according to the Hyogo Framework for Action)which approved by the cabinet on Mar 24,2009.
    • Etc.
  • PART III
    • PROGRESS OF DISASTER
    • MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
  • PROGRESS OF DMS IN THAILAND
    • Civil Defence Volunteers (1,167,060)
    • Youth Volunteers (3,478)
    • Mr. Disaster Early Warning (13,499)
    • Community Based Disaster Risk Management : CBDRM ( 5,189 communities)
    • Disaster Risk Database/Disaster Risk Map
    • Development of specific disaster risk experts
    • Development of Emergency Response Teams (ERT) (251 for Headquarters & 18 DPM Regional Centers)
    • Integrated Prevention and Mitigation Master Plan for Individual Hazard
    • 6,860 O ne T hambon (Sub-district) O ne S earch and Rescue Teams– OTOS have been developed(71,535 crews)
    • Small scale water resource projects
    OTHER MAIN ACTIVITIVES IN PROGRESS
  • Manual Rain Gauge
  • Reading BLACK 0 – 50 mm = LIGHT RAIN GREEN 51 – 100 mm = MODERATE RAIN RED 101 – 150 mm = HEAVY RAIN ORANGE 151 – 200 mm = VERY HEAVY RAIN 200 150 100 50 0
  • Cut the upper part &Pour mortar to adjust the bottom part of bottle HOW TO MAKE A SIMPLE RAIN GAUGE !
  • MANUAL SIRENS
  • PART IV
    • A Research and Development
    • (R/D)
    • in LubLae, Ta Pla, and Muang District of Uttaradit Province
    The Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) In Landslide Risk Analysis and Planning
    • 1. To integrate related information and apply GIS in landslie risk analysis for each one of the pilot areas; Lublae, Ta Pla and Muang District
    • 2. To develop landslide hazard maps for each one of the pilot areas; Lublae, Ta Pla and Muang District
    Objectives
    • 3. To formulate a landslide prevention plan for the pilot areas and nearby districts of Uttaradit Province   
    • 4. To conduct damage analysis in both direct and indirect ecnomic, sicial, and environmental effects of disaster in the pilot areas so as to monitor, evaluate, and propose proper solutions on sustainable basis 
    Objectives (cont.)
  • PART VI
    • CONCLUSION & CHALLENGES
    • DDPM to enhance Disaster Management System with network and partners through the National DPM Plan
    • DDPM to reduce Red (Risk)/To increase Green (Safety)
    CONCLUSION - +
  • Q&A
  • THANK YOU & SAWASDEE