Future direction of geoinfomatics

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  • The Earth is a complex system of systems, and to understand it, data is required from multiple observation networks and systems. A Global Earth Observation System of Systems is required to meet the challenge
  • On the other hand, we have a number of Outcomes or observation data May not be collected or integrated or analysed To support better decision making. Same kinds of demands or request are now directed toward the earth observations, including ocean observations.
  • In 200 8 , ADC continuously focused its efforts to Design, Upgrade and Deploy the   GEOSS Architecture During 2008 several components became operational During 2008 the Standards and Interoperability Forum (SIF) was set-up. This forum works with contributors in clarifying issues related to interoperability arrangements and addressing gaps in existing standards. For more active coordination globally, regional SIFs for America (north and south), Europe, Asia and Africa are being formed and have begun participating in the SIF process In addition ADC has produced some relevant documents and guidelines to facilitate understanding of GEOSS architecture, registration of components and use of GEOSS services .
  • This system can deliver geospatial data or map with WMS, WFS or WCS. The system can connect clearinghouse which has metadata of those data. In clearinghouse, user can search map or geospatial data. Delivered map or geospatial data can be seen by other software or system which comply with WMS, WFS or WCS. For expample, Google Earth supports WMS. These systems is developed using FOSS4G. FOSS4G is Free Open Source Software for Geospatial. It is free open-source software. Based on FOSS4G, you can develop new software easily. FOSS4G contain basic program to handle map or geospatial data.
  • To understand global observation data, It is necessary to look over many fields and we have to understand many technical terms such as biology term, hydrology term, also, landuse classification schema. In addition, we may need to look over many language such as Thai, Chinese, Korean, Japanese.
  • To understand global observation data, It is necessary to look over many fields and we have to understand many technical terms such as biology term, hydrology term, also, landuse classification schema. In addition, we may need to look over many language such as Thai, Chinese, Korean, Japanese.
  • To understand global observation data, It is necessary to look over many fields and we have to understand many technical terms such as biology term, hydrology term, also, landuse classification schema. In addition, we may need to look over many language such as Thai, Chinese, Korean, Japanese.
  • This shows the Goal Image of Disaster Management Support System, Step 3, after 2010. JAXA hopes to expand the service by sharing disaster information obtained by positioning satellite, very large mobile communication satellite, Ultra high-speed communication satellite and earth observation satellite in the future.
  • The Himalayan mountain system developed from the powerful earth movements which occurred as the Indian plate pressed against the Eurasian continental plate.
  • Future direction of geoinfomatics

    1. 1. Dr. Hiromichi FUKUI Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Global Security Research Center, Keio University [email_address] Future Direction of Geoinfomatics/ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction 11, August, 2010 ASEAN Cooperation Project on Utilization of Space Technology for Disaster Management
    2. 2. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Geo-informatics for Geo-design </li></ul><ul><li>Geo-informatics for Disaster Risk Reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Earth/ Digital Asia as a Information Platform for sustainable development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Participatory GIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation for Climate Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Melting Glacier and Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) in Himalaya </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar energy-based systems to serve as Early Warning System by Wireless Sensor Network </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Introduction of Keio University SFC ( S honan F ujisawa C ampus) <ul><li>Our University Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmission of Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generation of Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of Character </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Five Philosophical Ideas of SFC, We Focus on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People and Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information and its Processing Capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Viewpoints in Decision Making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Thinking and Global Perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul></ul>Keio founder, Yukichi Fukuzawa, who is most visible as the man portrayed on Japan's 10,000-yen note, is best known as one of modern Japan's first statesmen, a man responsible for introducing Western education, institutions, and social thought to Japan . Japan's very first private institution of higher Education
    4. 4. the Graduate School of Media and Governance new problem-solving approaches cutting across disciplinary boundaries <ul><li>A Professional Development Course for developing skill sets in several specific professional fields was established to better meet the new needs of a rapidly changing society. </li></ul><ul><li>Four courses are presently offered : the Advanced IT Specialist Course, the Low Carbon Society Design Course, the Social Innovation Course and the Environment Innovation Course. </li></ul><ul><li>The Graduate School of Media and Governance seeks to respond flexibly to changing social trends and needs. Graduates will be awarded certificates of completion in addition to their Master’s degree. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Core Research Subjects in GSEC Studies on Global Innovation Systems Studies on Asian Security System Studies on Emerging Crises for Human Security Policy, Economy, Society, Energy, Environment, Food,…… From alert to strategy studies on Security with a view to generating objective assessments and policy recommendation Decision Support Systems ( alert, …) Data Base G lobal Sec urity Research Institute Digital Earth for Planetary Emergency Monitor for Watch Modeling for Warning
    6. 6. Three Layers Model in Geo-Informatics Cognition of change in Environment and space Simulation Synthesis Equation of potential/ continuity Process Model Creation of Value, Belief, Idea, Principle Modeling for human behavior and information flow Monitoring Sensing observation/ field Work GIS ・ RS Dissemination Distribution Behavior norm Policy Making Consensus Making Urban area g-contents , SDI g-life, go-enabling society
    7. 7. Road Traffic <ul><li>- 3 </li></ul><ul><li>- 10 </li></ul><ul><li>- 20 </li></ul><ul><li>- 30 </li></ul><ul><li>47.17 </li></ul><ul><li>(hundreds cars per 12 hours) </li></ul>Road Traffics - 0.002353 - 0.006782 - 0.011211 - Mean - 0.01564 - 0.020068 - 0.024497 - 0.028926 - 0.033355 - 0.037784 - 0.090717 ppm / h NOx
    8. 8. Land Value Evaluation System 5 6 1 2 3
    9. 9. Visualization by WebGIS: 4D +10m 1998 1939 Time scale Before After
    10. 10. Risk Estimation by Topography Valley at 40years ago ? High Intensity of an Earthquake
    11. 11. Ex. Location Based Management (LBM) Geo-enabling Society Telecommunications Internet GIS Location Services GeoMobility Server Ubi-GIS :      Computer 、 Sensor 、 Mobile phone  +  GIS GIScience Ubiquitous Computing UbiGIS
    12. 12. Early detection Early warning Normal level El-Nino Watch Monitoring area
    13. 14. Every organization does three things …
    14. 20. RECONSTRUCTION OF PAST G eographic I nformatio n on GIS Process Model Vegetation Soil Climate Multivariate Statistics Markov Model Agent-based Model Ecosystem Model Ecosystem Landscape Properties Management GI – Ecosystem Studies Integration Prediction of the effects of Environmental Change Risk Assessment, Sustainable land use,… Remediation, Restoration,….
    15. 21. The Digital Earth Vision <ul><li>I believe we need a ‘ Digital Earth’, a multi-resolution, three-dimensional representation of the planet, into which we can embed vast quantities of geo-referenced data. </li></ul><ul><li>a ‘ collaboratory ’ for research scientists seeking to understand the complex interaction between humanity and our environment. </li></ul><ul><li>a ‘user interface’ -- a browsable, 3-D version of the planet available at various levels of resolution, a rapidly growing universe of networked geospatial information, and the mechanisms for integrating and displaying information from multiple sources. </li></ul><ul><li>(Gore,1998) </li></ul>
    16. 22. Public Tools & Technology Tools & Technology Applications Enabling Citizens and Communities Enabling Citizens and Communities Interoperability Interoperability Collecting Data Collecting Data EARTH EARTH Private Digital Resources Digital Resources Understanding Digital Earth (White paper by NASA Digital Earth office, 2000)
    17. 23. Digital Earth (DE) History 1999 -1 st Inter. Sympo., CAS, Beijing , China, Towards DE Established “International Steering Committee for ISDE 2001 -2 nd Inter. Sympo., New Brunswick , Canada, Beyond Inf. Infra . 2003 -3 rd International Symposium, Brno , Czech Rep. DE -- Information Resources for Global Sustainability 2005 -4 th International Symposium, March 28-31, Tokyo , Japan            DE as the Global Commons 200 6 -1 st International Society of Digital Earth launched                on May 21, at Beijing New ISDE kicked off 2007- 5 th International Symposium, June 5-9, San Francisco, USA Grand challenge Digital Earth 3D visualization Contest 2009-6 th International Symposium, September 12-15, Beijing, China. New stage of developing the Digital Earth
    18. 24. Nature Vol.439, 16 February,2006 Mapping for the MASSES “ Just as the PC democratized computing, so systems like Google Earth will democratize GIS.” Google Earth Population >200,000,000 Michael Jones CTO, Google Earth at Map World Forum 2007, India
    19. 25. Framework of Digital Earth Network Providers IP backbone for Internet, Intranet and Extranet Network security Managed network services Network Service Providers Network access Network security administration Distributed hosting Secure messaging and transaction processing Application & Content Providers Global Network Infrastructure Service Providers • Consumer services (e.g. electronic commerce) • Business services (e.g. supply chain mgmt) • Government services (e.g. emergency response) Industry Business Govern -ment Univer -sity Citizen Ubiquitous Geo-processing Environment Communications and collaboration Information search and exchange Web applications (e.g. electronic catalogs) Content production EDI Digital Map Statistics Images Clearing- House for Admini. Semantics Transfer Data Conversion Compression Ontology Clearing- House for Public National Spatial Data Infrastructure Government Environment Tourism Education Disaster Management Population Food Problems Emergency Management Medical Services Urban Development ITS, etc. Evaluation, validation by user From social context
    20. 26. The Earth is a complex system of systems : GEO Data are required from multiple observation networks and systems
    21. 27. Sensor Web Concept View Image from the NASA report ESTO AIST Sensor Web Technology Meeting Feb 2007
    22. 28. Global Earth Observation System of Systems ( GEOSS ) EO from space provides valuable information to feed early- warning systems
    23. 29. Global Observation Networks and Model Simulation Capabilities
    24. 30. Approaches for GEOSS Interoperability Data and information need to be interoperable They have to be described with “languages” translatable to each other.
    25. 31. GEOSS Component and Service Registry GEOSS Standards and Interoperability Registry Best Practices Wiki User Requirements Registry Registries Main GEO Web Site GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI) Metadata; Summary of contributed resources Showcase to visualize contributed resources Supporting metadata design and use Services Data and information Websites/ Portals Contributed Resources GEOSS Clearinghouse GEOSS Clearinghouse GEOSS Clearinghouse GEO Web Portal GEO Web Portal GEO Web Portal enabling transverse data search Users Access to the original resources
    26. 32. Interoperable G-server WMS, WFS, WCS Feature Attributes Mesh Data Shape file Mesh data Shape file metadata Upload Metadata WMS WFS, WCS Interoperable G-Server Metadata DB Clearinghouse OpenLayers GeoServer Mapserver ArcIMS, etc WebGIS Google Earth Quantum GIS ArcGIS uDig, etc Desktop GIS Register metadata Search query Capability Analysis, Application
    27. 33. Bangladesh Vietnam Laos Philippines Mongolia Sri Lanka Pakistan Indonesia Myanmar Cambodia Thailand Japan Korea Bhutan India Uzbekistan Malaysia China Nepal Why m etadata are needed? And how can we d evelop? In case of Asian Water Cycle Initiative…… Case study river basins
    28. 34. Without M etadata, you have to check all River Basin Data files. Data File Data File River basin Data File Data File River Basin Data File River Data File River Data File Data File River Data File River Data File River Basin Data File DB Very time consuming! I want to select a river basin with the size less than 1000km2 and annual rainfall more than 1500mm
    29. 35. With M etadata, we can easily browse the summary of the All Data Files! Data File Data File River basin Data File Data File River Basin Data File River Data File River Data File Data File River Data File River Data File River Basin Data File DB Metadata Summary of data with standard “language” River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・
    30. 36. With M etadata, we can easily browse the summary of the All Data Files! Data File Data File River basin Data File Data File River Basin Data File River Data File River Data File Data File River Data File River Data File River Basin Data File DB River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ River_Basis_Area: ・・・・ Annual Rainfall: ・・・・・ ・・・・・・・・ I want to select a river basin with the size less than 1000km2 and annual rainfall more than 1500mm
    31. 37. Geo-enabling Society Using Integrated, Shared, Interoperable GIS Interoperable GIS platform Governmental Municipality University, School Public facilities Enterprise Resident
    32. 39.   Feature service Validation and Evaluation Through Internet Citizen Site Management    Standalone GIS       Handicap Supporting Site Geo-coding Services Other Data Providing Services Satellite Image Residential Map Spatial Dictionary ( Gazetteer ) Geo-Browser Internet NSDI, GSDI, GM Data Providing Services Environment Site Bulletin Board Communication Site Crisis Management Site Data Input Providing Spatial Data        Common Services Interface NGO,NPO operating Site Cooperation with GIS SOHO Hazard Mapping Environmental Information Data Input Providing Data Input Providing Data Input Providing Move to Spatial Information Infrastructure Risk Communication Facilities Buildings     Feature Service Common map ( road, water, Boundary, etc. ) Environment Information Barrier Information Public Opinion Hazard Data Private Map Services Co. Membership Minimum Fee Communication Server Geo-Browser Geo-Browser Geo-Browser Barrier free map Evolution of Contents by Participatory GIS
    33. 40. Interoperable GIS … WMS: Web Mapping Service (ISO-19128) … WFS: Web Feature Service (ISO-19142) … WCS: Web Coverage Service (ISO-191xx) else: WPS, SOS, OLS, etc. Before After Stand-Alone WebGIS PDF Image (jpg, png, gif, etc) Internet Internet Image data (jpg, png, gif) Vector data (point, line, poly) Mesh data International Standard
    34. 41. Voluntary GI Interoperability Local people Local Gov . Research Institute University Hazard Map for Flood Proposed by Local Gov. Voluntary GI Integrated GIS Hazard map Simulation Semantic Map GI platform
    35. 42. New fact finding and missing link finding Local people Matching between Local people and Government Image Fact finding Observation landslide Hazard Map Interoperable GIS Municipality Government ① ②
    36. 43. Visualization by AR WFS Interoperable GIS Augmented Reality
    37. 44. Editorial Next-Generation Digital Earth International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, 2008, Vol. 3, 146-167
    38. 45. Near Real time Monitoring Remote Sensing Data Processing Digital Asia : Gateway for Global Security 3D-Geo and Time Browser Ubiquitous Computing Environment Ontological Crawler Application Services By Grid Computing Social Natural Measuring the Real State of the World Decoding the Earth and Human Evolution Towards Intersubjectivities Global Trends Data Resources EO, SDI Spatial Statistics News, Comments Web log Digital Asia Research Centre for Strategic Design, Keio University Academic Frontier Project, Matching Fund Subsidy from MEXT(2004-2009) Media Browser
    39. 46. http://www.digitalasia.sfc.keio.ac.jp/
    40. 47. Geo Web Services : Digital Asia Platform for data sharing Sensor Web IFnet GFAS JMA MTSAT ISRO IRS KARI KOMSAAT-1 JAXA ALOS Data Applications (Thick Client) Decision Support System      Forcasting ・ Risk Assessment ・・・・ WFS WMS WCS Cat Gaz Internet @KEIO Digital Asia Internet Geospatial One-Stop Portal User Interface Widgets Analysis Symbols Help Web Browser (Thin Client) Services Sentinel Asia, Disaster Management SS, ・・ Interoperable Web-GIS Web-services Clearinghouse standard
    41. 48. From Digital Earth Server in Keio From Organization A (population) GPS equipped mobile device registered Data through Digital Earth Server From Organization B (HotSpot FTPserver) Overlay Socio-Economic data Ground Truth, HotSpot etc. Satellite Image Map Overlay Image From Organization C From Organization D From Organization E From Organization E From Digital Earth Server in Keio Retrieving by Space and Time to access Distributed Data Server APRSAF
    42. 49. Metadata up-loader user interface . “This up-loader has metadata editor .” <ul><li>Select your JMP file. </li></ul><ul><li>Input MapServer’s URL. </li></ul><ul><li>Input layer names of MapServer’s mapfile. </li></ul><ul><li>Click “upload” button. </li></ul>
    43. 50. Digital Asia Node Network 1. AIT/(GISTDA), Thailand 2. LAPAN, Indonesia 3. Survey Department, Sri Lanka 4. Institute of Geography/VAST, Vietnam 5. ICIMOD 6. UNEP-AP 7. National University Mongolia 8. GI, Bhutan ……
    44. 53. Near Real time Monitoring Remote Sensing Data Processing Digital Asia : Gateway for Global Security 3D-Geo and Time Browser Ubiquitous Computing Environment Ontological Crawler Application Services By Grid Computing Social Natural Measuring the Real State of the World Decoding the Earth and Human Evolution Towards Intersubjectivities Global Trends Data Resources EO, SDI Spatial Statistics News, Comments Web log Digital Asia Research Centre for Strategic Design, Keio University Academic Frontier Project, Matching Fund Subsidy from MEXT(2004-2009) 人間が受け止めた事象 客観的な変化 Media Browser
    45. 54. Application to Semantic Web by Ontology <ul><li>a smart crawler for Global Securities such as Economics, Food, Health, Environment, Individual Freedom, Communities, Politics…. </li></ul>Ontology Based crawler summaries Lists of target Web Sites sites scrape classify dictionaries
    46. 55. How we use Ontology on the Digital Asia Project There are enormous information one the web, but accurate information are few… An accuracy of the news contents are high, and the frequency of updates and volume of information are steady, so the quality of the text mining is accurate.
    47. 56. 2 How can we gather news from web sites.
    48. 57. How we analyze news from web sites
    49. 58. How we analyze news from web sites
    50. 59. the Asia News Ranking System
    51. 60. News Mapping
    52. 61. World News Remark Index
    53. 62. Sentinel Asia Project Sentinel Asia APRSAF* Space Community Satellite Image Content Promotion of Utilization Capacity Building Web-GIS Data / Meta Data Management Information Sharing Platform Content Digital Asia Digital Earth / Web-GIS Community Digital Map Social / Economic Data Satellite Image Disaster Reduction Community Disaster Information Content Utilization (User) ADRC** Member Countries UN / ESCAP   UN / OOSA ASEAN AIT etc. International Community International Cooperation ** Asian Disaster Reduction Center Joint Project Team (JPT) Join Project Team consists of total 52 organizations including 45 agencies from 19 countries and 7 international organizations as of January 2007 * Asian Disaster Reduction Center * Asian-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum
    54. 63. Sentinel Asia’s role in relief coordination <ul><li>System for international disaster response community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complimentary with existing information systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information gap in the initial response phase </li></ul></ul>What are the needs?? What is the damage?? Who will respond?? Is it a disaster?? How many people?? What is offered?? time What is needed now??
    55. 64. Overall Flow of Sentinel Asia
    56. 66. Sentinel Asia Web Site http://dmss.tksc.jaxa.jp/sentinel/
    57. 67. Satellite Images before and after disaster
    58. 68. Satellite Image and Population Density Data
    59. 70. Evaluation of HotSpot Detection Algorism using GIS http://arrs.adrc.or.jp/adrc/MyMap/wildfire_0703/index.jsp    Thai Chiengmai ALOS Field Survey MODIS MTSAT
    60. 71. Daily Precipitation Probability Daily Precipitation
    61. 73. Enlarged Satellite Image on GIS (Flood in Thailand)
    62. 74. Satellite Images before and after disaster
    63. 75. Satellite Image and DEM ( SRTM)
    64. 76. Satellite Image and DEM
    65. 77. Satellite Image and Population Density Data
    66. 78. Comparison of different Sensor Images
    67. 79. Integrated GIS and Disaster Management , Flood and Landslide Hazard and Risk Mapping
    68. 80. GIFU Prefecture JAXA Furusato GIS Center ① ALOS Satellite Image ② Hazard Area Detection Integratede GIS From JAXA From GIFU Request User Disaster Real Time Information GIS User in Disaster Div. Ground Truth and Survey User Sentinel Asia and Integrated GIS
    69. 81. Emergency Response with Integrated GIS ALOS Satellite Tasking
    70. 82. Before After Sep, 3 rd . 10:41 am
    71. 83. Flooded Area on Hazard Map
    72. 84. Future Use in Emergency Responce and Disaster Recovery by GIFU Integrated GIS and Sentinel Asia GIFU JAXA Escape and Support Route Flooded House ALOS Image Hazard Map Base map Flood Detection
    73. 85. Potential subprojects <ul><li>Solar project feasibility study : Assistance to DMCs to conduct solar mapping studies and other prefeasibility works to develop solar photovoltaic and concentrated solar power projects will be provided. Assistance for solar energy projects in areas such as special economic zones may also be included. </li></ul><ul><li>Rural electrification using solar energy : Assistance to DMCs to develop and implement business models for solar energy utilization and income generation on an off-grid or mini-grid basis will be undertaken. </li></ul><ul><li>Application to adaptation efforts : Assistance to South Asian DMCs to apply solar power for climate change adaptation-related activities, such as for development of systems for early warning and disaster management in ecologically sensitive areas (e.g. glaciers and islands) will be considered . (ADB TA report) </li></ul>
    74. 86. Climate change adaptation by ADB <ul><li>ADB will help DMCs adapt to the unavoidable impacts of climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>From a solar development perspective, ADB could support the usage of solar energy-based systems to serve as an early warning system for events such as glacial melting ; sea-level rise; and other extreme weather events such as floods, and changes in rainfall and cropping patterns; and for coping systems to address environmental, health, and disaster management-related incidents arising from such events. </li></ul><ul><li>(ADB TA report) </li></ul>EDSA Shangri-La Hotel, Manila, Philippines: 5-6 July 2010
    75. 87. IPCC SPM repot (2007) Himalaya as a global warming front   as The Third Pole
    76. 88. Impact of climate change is well observed in the Himalayan The warming in the Himalayas in last three decades has been between 0.15 °C - 0.6 °C per decade (ICIMOD) Several studies show that most of glaciers in Himalaya are shrinking at accelerated rates in recent decades - Melting Glaciers, - Growing Glacial lakes, and - Glacial lakes Outburst Floods (GLOFs)
    77. 89. Adaptation for GLOFs(Glacial Lake Outburst Floods) <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Glaciers as a freshwater reservoir are one of the most sensitive indicators of climate change. In the face of global warming, most Himalayan glaciers have been retreating, resulting in an increase in the number and size of glacial lake and a concomitant increase in the threat of glacial lake outburst floods(GLOFs). Regional Cooperation is needed to formulate a coordinated strategy to deal effectively both with risk of GLOF and with water management issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution for Glacial Lake Outburst Floods Prevention and Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Local Awareness of the Potential Outburst of Glacial Lake to the Communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Establishment of Early Warning in the Risk Areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Transfer through the Capacity Building. </li></ul>
    78. 91. The UN's climate science panel has admitted it made a mistake in asserting that Himalayan glaciers could disappear by 2035.
    79. 92. “ we can state that the majority of glaciers in the region are in a general condition of retreat, although with some regional differences” “ although the lack of information and knowledge about the glacier melt processes in the Himalayas has been used to politicise the larger issues, the positive aspect of the debate has been the immense awaareness created at various levels including politicians, decision makers, the media and the public at large”
    80. 93. Solar energy-based systems to serve as Early Warning System by Wireless Sensor Network 5 Wireless Base Station <ul><li>Providing Internet as Social Infrastructure: Improve Digital Divide </li></ul><ul><li>Providing wireless sensor network for environmental monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Providing early warning systems for GLOF </li></ul><ul><li>             </li></ul>School Residents Hospital Solar Power Internet Wireless Coverage site In Off-Grid Area Environmental Monitoring Capacity Building Local NGO, University
    81. 94. The Himalayan mountain system developed from the powerful earth movements which occurred as the Indian plate pressed against the Eurasian continental plate. Main Central Thrust
    82. 95. Imja Glacial Lake in Himalayan Range ( SRTM + ALOS )
    83. 96. <ul><li>IRS LISS3 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Quickbird Jan 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>ENVISAT, ASAR, 18 October 2007 </li></ul>Imja Glacier Retreat and Growing Lake <ul><li>LANDSAT TM 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>CORONA 15 DEC 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>IRS ID PAN 19 </li></ul><ul><li>  MAR 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>SPACE SHUTTLE </li></ul><ul><li>DEC 1983 </li></ul>
    84. 97. Keio Unv. ADRC** ICIMOD International Community ** Asian Disaster Reduction Center Glacial Lake Outburst Flood Monitoring Working Group Framework of GLOF WG ADRC GLOF Projects (Bhutan, …… ) ・ Field Survey ・ Hazard/ Risk Mapping ・ Capacity Building ・ Monitoring   Glacial Lake ・ Field Survey ・ Hazard /Risk Mapping JAXA Secretariat ・ Sup p ort WG ・ Create   HP ・ Field Survey ・ Hazard/ Risk Mapping ・ Capacity Building ・ Outburst Flood   Simulation http://gibson.sfc.keio.ac.jp/Website/windpower/ ICHARM
    85. 98. the Glacial Lake Outburst Flood Monitoring Working Group(GLOF-WG) <ul><li>Action   Plan </li></ul><ul><li>  Satellite Image Utilization on Glacial Lake Inventory. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Potential Outburst Glacial Lake. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor and Establish Early Warning System in the Risk Areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Generate Hazard Risk Mapping for Glacial Outburst Flood. </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation and Modeling for the Flood Scenarios. </li></ul><ul><li>Information Sharing through Sentinel Asia Infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Local Awareness and Knowledge Transfer through Capacity Building. </li></ul>
    86. 99. ALOS Networking of field sensor and transmission station in Mt. Everest region for the real time monitoring of Lake Imja Tsho  Pangboche  Dingboche <ul><li>Namche </li></ul><ul><li>bazaar </li></ul> Chhukung Ri  Tengboche  Imja lake  Khumbu Glacier  Everest 25 Km
    87. 101. <ul><ul><li>Sensor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Camera, Temperature, Humidity, CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>* Additional Sensor Channel -- Water Level Sensor </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Field Server Agent </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Field Server Gateway </li></ul><ul><li>Power Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Panel and Battery </li></ul>Field Server Field Server Solar Panel Wireless Antenna A Field Server is a sensor node which can create a wireless sensor network and simultaneously serve as Wi-Fi hotspots in open fields.
    88. 103. Imja Website – Sensor Data
    89. 104. Triggers of GLOF http://wwwsoc.nii.ac.jp/ajg/ejgeo/210124iwata.pdf
    90. 105. Systematic Mitigation and Adaptation for GLOF More than 200 ; Potentially dangerous glacial lakes Source : ICIMOD <ul><li>Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize Potential Dangerous Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Regular Monitoring System </li></ul><ul><li>Early Warning System </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance adaptive capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the resilience of local community </li></ul>Temporary Architecture for Himalaya Solar Powered Field laboratory
    91. 106. Towards International Rescue Base GIS Center Disaster Medical Care Center Disaster Equipment Center Risk Communication Risk Consultant Cooperation Collaboration Thunderbird ? http://laird.fluid.energy.osakafu-u.ac.jp/Mworld/thunderbird/models-tb.html Shift to Operational MODE !
    92. 107. -- Please Contact at; [email_address] See you on Digital EARTH !

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