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IT in supply chains
 

IT in supply chains

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    IT in supply chains IT in supply chains Presentation Transcript

    • IT in supply chains
      …and the value added by standards
    • Agenda
      • A fewwordsabout GS1
      • Information Requirements in SupplyChains
      • Master Data
      • Transaction Data
      • Event Data
      • GS1 Standards in SupplyChains
      • GS1 IdentificationKeys
      • Data Carriers
      • Data Exchange
      • How it all fitstogether
      2
    • Staffan Olsson
      1985-1989 Master of Science MechanicalEngineering,
      Industrial Economics and Management, KTH
      1989-2002 Consultant – Electronic Data Interchange
      and Electronic Commerce B2B
      • EDI-Gruppen
      • Frontec
      • Scandinavia Online
      • Atello
      2002- Head of Standards & Implementation, GS1
      Sweden
      3
    • A fewwordsabout GS1
    • GS1 in a nutshell
      The global language of business
      GS1 is a not-for-profit organisation that develops global standards for the identification of goods and services.
      GS1's standards foster cooperation and encourage information-sharing worldwide.
      GS1 helps businesses and organisations improve the efficiency of their supply and demand chains by adding useful information to any exchange of goods or services.
    • Countries with a GS1 Member Organisation
      Countries served on a direct basis from GS1 Global Office (Brussels)
      108Member Organisations.
      150 Countries served.
      Local services, global reach.
      GS1 Member Organisations
    • GS1 in numbers
      International organisation created in 1977(EAN International)
      • Over 30 years of experience
      • 108 member organisations spanning 5 continents
      • Over a million companies doing business across150 countries
      • Serving all points in the supply chain
      • Over 20 sectors (FMCG, healthcare, transport, defence…)
      • Over 5billion transactions daily
    • GS1 Values
      • GS1 is a not-for-profit organisation
      • GS1 is neutral from our business partners
      • GS1 is user-driven and user-governed
      • GS1 serves all companies: from multinationals to SMEs
      • GS1 is a platform for collaborative agreement between partners
    • Some key user companies
      Healthcare & Life Sciences
      Electronics & High Tech
      Logistics & Transport
      Consumer Goods
      Food & Beverage
      Retail
    • Some key user companies
      Aerospace & Defense
      Footwear & Apparel
      Chemical
      Industrial
      Automotive
    • GS1 Sweden
      “GS1 Sweden simplifies companies’ local and global trade”
      Through cooperation,GS1 developssector-neutral standards and serviceswhich enable efficiency improvementsin the flow of information and goods
    • Our development in Sweden
      • Started in Sweden in1977
      • Focus on supply chain
      • Formerly known as EAN Sweden
      • 10 000 customers (almost)
      • Owned by the Consumer Goods Retail Industry
    • Some of our customers
    • Information Requirements in SupplyChains
      14
    • Need for information in supplychains
      • Whatdo my customersneed from me?
      • Howmuchinventory is in stock?
      • Whenshould I ship this product?
      • What are the characteristics of this item?
      • Where are the shipmentsrelated to this purchase order?
      • Whatpartieshave handled this itembefore I received it? And why?
      15
    • IT in supplychains
      Information is crucial to supplychain performance
      IT= Information Technology
      The technology is the means to support the need for information
      16
    • Necessarycharacteristics
      Information must be
      • Accurate
      • Accessible
      • Appropriate
      • Timely
      • Sharedwithin the supplychain
      17
    • Supplychains
      18
      SupplierRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      Customer
      Supplier
      Transaction Management Foundation
      The Macro Process in a SupplyChain (Chopra/Meindl)
    • Flow of products and money
      19
      SupplierRelationship Management
      SupplierRelationship Management
      SupplierRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      Company A
      Company C
      Company B
      Transaction Management Foundation
      Transaction Management Foundation
      Transaction Management Foundation
    • 20
      Information must be
      • Accessible
      • Accurate
      • Appropriate
      • Timely
      • Sharedwithin the supplychain
      SupplierRelationship Management
      SupplierRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      Transaction Management Foundation
      Transaction Management Foundation
      IT systems need to be able to talk to eachother
      And theyneed a language
    • Whatwill IT systems talk about?
      21
      Master data
      Event data
      Transactional data
      Contracts
      Inventory reports
      Prices
      Movements of goods
      Invoices
      Trade items
      Recalls
      Traceability
      Purchase orders
      Parties and locations
      Sales
      Salesforecasts
      Deliverynotes
      Returns
    • Information Exchange
      Three maintypes of SupplyChain Data
      • Master Data
      • Foundational data that is fairlystable
      • Transactional Data
      • Instructions for whatwewant to happen
      • Event Data
      • Tracking of whatactuallyhappened
      22
    • Master Data
      static information describingproducts, locations, contracts
      Parties / locations
      • Identifier of party/location
      • Name
      • Adress
      • Contact information
      Trade Items
      • Identifier of tradeitem
      • Productclass
      • Brand
      • Description
      • Measurements
      • Packagetype
      • Storagetemperature
      23
      Price (Contract)
      • Identifier of tradeitem
      • Supplier
      • Buyer
      • Price
    • Master Data – Trade Items
      Organized in hierarchies
      Base unit
      Consumerunit
      Case
      Orderableunit
      Pallet
      Logisticsunit
      Eachlevelidentified by a Trade ItemNumber
    • Consumeritems
      • Shelfplanning
      • Temperaturezone
      • Till roll /receipt text
      • Shelflabels
      • Etc.
    • Orderableunits
      • Optimizing store distribution
      • Optimal use of roll cages and trucks
      • Correctstorage (temperature / humidity)
    • Logisticsunits
      • Find a suitablestoragelocation
      • Temperaturezone
      • Optimization of order quantities
    • Transactional Data
      instructions for whatwewant to happen
      Invoice
      • Invoicenumber
      • Buyer
      • Seller
      • Trade Itemnumber
      • Quantity
      • Price
      • Amountdue
      • Due date
      • Reference to purchase order
      Purchaser Order
      • Purchase order number
      • Buyer
      • Seller
      • Trade itemnumber
      • Quantity
      • Delivery date
      • Reference to contract
      28
      Transport booking
      • Transport bookingnumber
      • Pick-uplocation
      • Deliverylocation
      • Quantity
      • Pick-up date/time
    • Transactional data
      Business transactionsorganized in Business processes like:
      • Order to cash
      • Transport management
      • Third party logistics
      • Payment management
      29
      Business Process: Order to cash
      Purchase Order
      Order Response
      DespatchAdvice
      Invoice
      Seller
      Buyer
    • Event data
      tracking of whatactuallyhappened
      Visibility of:
      • Movement of goods
      • Returns
      • Traceability
      • Sales
      An event (observation) consists of:
      • What? (ID of objectbeingobserved)
      • When? (timestamp)
      • Where? (ID of location)
      • Why? (business step)
      30
      Accepting
      Arriving
      Assembling
      Departing
      Destroying
      Installing
      Loading
      Packing
      Shipping
      Etc…
    • 31
      Supply Chain Visibility by Sharing Event Data
      Tracking
      Following an item forward through the supply chain from source to destination.
      Tracing
      Working backwards from an item’s current location and status to discover where it (and possibly its constituent parts) has been.
      Pedigree
      Who has handled or had ownership of this product?
      Product Authentication
      Is this product genuine or could it be a counterfeit?
    • GS1 Standards in SupplyChains
      32
    • Whatabout GS1?
      33
      GS1 develops global standards
      • for the identification of goods and services
      • that foster cooperation and encourage information-sharing worldwide
      • that help improve the efficiency of supply and demand chains
    • Numbers – the language everyone understands
      • Unique number ranges for labelling and identifying, for example
      Trade Items
      Pallets
      Locations
      Companies
    • GS1 IdentificationKeys
      35
      Example: Global LocationNumber
      7310070364326
      Check digit
      Locationreference
      GS1 Company Prefix
      Each GS1 subscriber is allocated a GS1 Company Prefix
      Each GS1 identification key is generated by the subscriberbased on their prefix
    • Global numbers
      All parties in the supply chain should use the same identifiers for the same things
      Producer
      Distributor
      User
      7310070364326
      7310070364326
    • Business relationship
      Individual asset
      Returnable asset
      Product class
      Shipping container
      Location
      Item number
      The GS1 System
      Documenttype
      EAN-13
      ITF-14
      Identification
      Data Carrier
      GS1-128
      GS1 DATABAR
      eCom
      GS1 DATA
      MATRIX
      EAN-8
      RFID/EPC
    • EAN-13 and ITF-14
      38
    • Business relationship
      Individual asset
      Returnable asset
      Product class
      Shipping container
      Location
      Item number
      The GS1 System
      Documenttype
      EAN-13
      ITF-14
      Identification
      Data Carrier
      GS1-128
      GS1 DATABAR
      eCom
      GS1 DATA
      MATRIX
      EAN-8
      RFID/EPC
    • Standard GS1-128 labels
      40
      Trade unitlabel
      Pallet label
      Transport label
    • Business relationship
      Individual asset
      Returnable asset
      Product class
      Shipping container
      Location
      Item number
      The GS1 System
      Documenttype
      EAN-13
      ITF-14
      Identification
      Data Carrier
      GS1-128
      GS1 DATABAR
      eCom
      GS1 DATA
      MATRIX
      EAN-8
      RFID/EPC
    • GS1 Databar
      42
    • Business relationship
      Individual asset
      Returnable asset
      Product class
      Shipping container
      Location
      Item number
      The GS1 System
      Documenttype
      EAN-13
      ITF-14
      Identification
      Data Carrier
      GS1-128
      GS1 DATABAR
      eCom
      GS1 DATA
      MATRIX
      EAN-8
      RFID/EPC
    • GS1 DataMatrix
      44
    • Business relationship
      Individual asset
      Returnable asset
      Product class
      Shipping container
      Location
      Item number
      The GS1 System
      Documenttype
      EAN-13
      ITF-14
      Identification
      Data Carrier
      GS1-128
      GS1 DATABAR
      eCom
      GS1 DATA
      MATRIX
      EAN-8
      RFID/EPC
    • RFID / EPC
      46
      You can’tsee the RFID tag. But an RFID readercan.
    • Business relationship
      Individual asset
      Returnable asset
      Product class
      Shipping container
      Location
      Item number
      The GS1 System
      Documenttype
      EAN-13
      ITF-14
      Identification
      Data Carrier
      GS1-128
      GS1 DATABAR
      eCom
      GS1 DATA
      MATRIX
      EAN-8
      RFID/EPC
    • Standards for data exchange
      48
      Master data
      Transaction data
    • Synchronizing Master Data
      49
      Enablestrading partners to synchronize master data
    • Implementation of GDSN
      • 28 Certified Data Pools
      • 96 Countries
      • 6 000 000 Trade Items
      • 25 000 Trading Partners
      50
    • GDSN certified data pools
      1SYNC
      Big Hammer Data
      Commport
      FSE
      iTradeNetwork
      GHX
      GS1 Argentina
      GS1 Australia
      GS1 Belgium & Luxembourg
      GS1 Canada
      GS1 China
      GS1 Colombia
      GS1 Croatia
      GS1 Denmark
      GS1 France
      GS1 Hong Kong
      GS1 Hungary
      GS1 Italy
      GS1 Malta
      GS1 Mexico
      GS1 Netherlands
      GS1 Slovakia
      GS1 Spain
      GS1 Sweden
      GS1 Taiwan
      GS1 UK
      GXS
      SA2 Worldsync
      51
    • Standards for data exchange
      52
      Master data
      Transaction data
    • Business Process Interaction
      Supplier
      Salesman
      Order recipient
      Deliveryplanner
      Invoiceissuer
      CustomerRelationship Management
      Contract
      Receive order
      Advise
      delivery
      Request
      payment
      Price
      list
      Order
      response
      Party
      information
      Invoice
      Despatch
      Advice
      Pallet label
      Trade Item
      Declaration
      Order
      SupplierRelationship Management
      Contract
      Order
      Receive
      delivery
      Receiveinvoice
      Buyer
      Purchasing officer
      Order issuer
      Good recipient
      Invoice administrator
    • Event Data
      • When? – timestamp of this event
      • What? – a list of identities for the entities observed
      • Where? – the read point or business location of this entity after the event
      • Why? – the business step that this event is part of
      54
    • EPC components
      4. Sends the event data to an application using an EPCIS interface
      55
      EPCIS Interface
      (localapplication)
      EPCIS Interface
      (remoteapplication)
      EPCIS Repository
      3. Stores the result in a database
      Applies business intelligence to create EPCIS events
      • when?
      • what?
      • where?
      • why?
      EPCIS Capture Interface
      EPCIS CapturingApplication
      Acquires events from RFID or barcode readers
    • Event data sharing
      56
      EPCIS Interface
      EPCIS Interface
      EPCIS Interface
      SupplierRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      SupplierRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      SupplierRelationship Management
      InternalSupplyChain Management
      CustomerRelationship Management
      EPCIS Repository
      EPCIS Repository
      EPCIS Repository
      Transaction Management Foundation
      Transaction Management Foundation
      Transaction Management Foundation
      EPCIS Capture Interface
      EPCIS Capture Interface
      EPCIS Capture Interface
      EPCIS CapturingApplication
      EPCIS CapturingApplication
      EPCIS CapturingApplication
    • Finding EPCIS Data
      How do you find other parties who have data of interest? Three options:
      Pre-arrangement
      with your known trading partners
      Object Name Service (ONS)
      a registry of all EPCIS instances
      finds the EPCIS of the party that created a given identification key
      Discovery Services
      Potentially finds all data resources in the supply chain
    • Traceability / VisibilityEventData Sharing with known partners
      I saw it at my receiving door at 3:00pm on Monday
      Contract
      Manufacturer
      Raw Material
      Supplier
      Manufacturer
      Wholesaler
      Pharmacy
      Wholesaler
      Hey partner, what do you know about object 123?
      Hey partner, what do you know about object 789?
      Hey partner, what do you know about object 456?
      I shipped this at 6:02 Friday. It is in-transit
      I saw it in pharmacy bin 123 and it is available for sale
      58
    • Traceability / VisibilityFinding the origin of the object identifyer
      OBJECT NAME SERVICE
      All identifiers starting with 123 have their origin EPCIS at Internet address ABC
      All identifiers starting with 456 have their origin EPCIS at Internet address BCD
      All identifiers starting with 789 have their origin EPCIS at Internet address DEF
      Contract
      Manufacturer
      Raw Material
      Supplier
      The origin EPCIS for this item is located at Internet address ABC
      Manufacturer
      Wholesaler
      Pharmacy
      Wholesaler
      Who can I ask for more information about object 123456?
      59
    • Traceability / VisibilityFinding the origin of the object identifyer
      OBJECT NAME SERVICE
      All identifiers starting with 123 have their origin EPCIS at Internet address ABC
      All identifiers starting with 456 have their origin EPCIS at Internet address BCD
      All identifiers starting with 789 have their origin EPCIS at Internet address DEF
      Contract
      Manufacturer
      Raw Material
      Supplier
      Manufacturer
      Wholesaler
      Pharmacy
      Wholesaler
      I shipped it at 3:00 pm on Monday
      Hey you, what can you tell me about object 123456?
      60
    • Traceability / VisibilityEventData Sharing in a complex supply chain
      Contract
      Manufacturer
      Raw Material
      Supplier
      Lots of people with information……...
      But how do I find all of these people so I can ask them a question?
      Manufacturer
      Wholesaler
      Pharmacy
      Wholesaler
      61
    • DISCOVERY SERVICE
      Company A has Item X, shipment Y. Here is Internet address for more info
      Company B has Item Y, Here is Internet address for more info
      Company C has Item Z , Here is Internet address for more info
      Contract
      Manufacturer
      Raw Material
      Supplier
      Manufacturer
      Wholesaler
      Pharmacy
      Wholesaler
      62
    • DISCOVERY SERVICE
      Company A has Item X, shipment Y. Here is Internet address for more info
      Company B has Y, EPCIS URL for more info
      Companies A, B, C have EPC Z , EPCIS URL for more info
      DISCOVERY SERVICE
      Company A has Item X, shipment Y. Here is Internet address for more info
      Company B has Item Y, Here is Internet address for more info
      Company C has Item Z , Here is Internet address for more info
      Contract
      Manufacturer
      Raw Material
      Supplier
      Company A has info, this is their EPCIS address.
      Company B has info, this is their EPCIS addres
      Manufacturer
      Wholesaler
      Pharmacy
      Wholesaler
      Are you who you say you are?
      Are you allowed
      to see everyone who has information on Item X, Shipment Y
      Who has information on Item X, Shipment Y
      63
    • 64
      Discovery – Still Under Development
      Includes use cases from
      • Meat Traceability
      • Tire Traceability
      • Airplane Part Tracking
      • Product Recall
      • Chain of Custody/Authentication of a product
    • Business relationship
      Individual asset
      Returnable asset
      Product class
      Shipping container
      Location
      Item number
      The GS1 System
      Documenttype
      EAN-13
      ITF-14
      Identification
      Data Carrier
      GS1-128
      GS1 DATABAR
      eCom
      GS1 DATA
      MATRIX
      EAN-8
      RFID/EPC
      Master data
      Event data
      Transaction data
    • How it all fitstogether
      … as illustrated in the ValueChainmovie
      66
    • Staffan Olsson
      GS1 Sweden
      Box 1178
      SE-111 91 Stockholm
      Tel +46 8 50 10 10 00
      staffan.olsson@gs1.se
      www.gs1.se