Government review 2


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BC Social Studies 11 curriculum

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  • Ideology = belief about how a government should operate
  • Government review 2

    1. 1. Test Review: Part 2Naptime Continues
    2. 2. Political Spectrum• p. 255• Left-Wing Beliefs– Welfare of all citizens– Big Government– Rights of all citizens to be protected fairly and equally• Centrist Beliefs– Tradition is important, but don’t fear change– Medium Government– Protect rights of individuals• Right-Wing Beliefs– Tradition is important, and change can be dangerous– Small Government (rely on business)– Protect society and its traditions
    3. 3. Specific Ideologies
    4. 4. Specific Ideologies• Communism– Government should own propertyand control business– People work together for commongood• Socialism– Public should own and controlbusiness, for the benefit of allcitizens
    5. 5. Specific Ideologies• Liberalism– Government should provide services forcitizens to improve minimum standard ofliving– Balances between social freedoms andprotecting civil liberties• Conservatism– Government should have little influenceon business– Business should provide services forcitizens
    6. 6. Specific Ideologies• Fascism– National pride and loyalty more importantthan the individual– Strong military– Government controls of all aspects of life– Enforces traditions– Demands loyalty to a single leader andsingle culture
    7. 7. Canada’s Political Parties?
    8. 8. BC’s Political Parties
    9. 9. Influencing Government• Contact your MP, MLA, ormunicipal politician• Letter to the Editor• Petition• Present a Brief• Protest• Court• Pressure/Lobby Group
    10. 10. Influencing Government• Pressure/Lobby Groups– Groups who seek to influencegovernment policies• Institutionalized• Issue-Oriented– Lobbyist• Mass Media– Spreads information and opinions
    11. 11. Civil Disobedience• Intentionally breaking lawsconsidered unjust• Three Principles– Non-violence– Target laws that are seriously harmful– Take responsibility and facepunishment
    12. 12. Legal System• Judicial Branch– Interprets and administers the law– Courts and judges• Rule of Law– fixed set of laws that applies to allpeople equally• Legal Tradition– Based on British law, except Quebeccivil law (French Code Napoléon)
    13. 13. Categories of Law• Civil Law– Deals with relations between privateparties, such as individuals andcompanies (contracts, property, etc.)• Criminal Law– Deals with matters that affect society(assault, theft, vandalism, etc.)– Crimes are considered to becommitted against the state, notindividual victims
    14. 14. Provincial Courts• Provinces areresponsible for theadministration of justice• BC Court System– p. 275– Appeal Court of BC– Supreme Court of BC• Indictable offences– Provincial Court• Summary offences
    15. 15. Supreme Court of Canada• Highest court in Canada• Rules on constitutional issues and is the finalcourt of appeal for select criminal cases
    16. 16. Canadian Constitution• Written Constitution• Canadian Constitution Act (1982)– Pushed by PM Pierre Trudeau– Description of powers (rules forgovernment and law-making)– Charter of Rights and Freedoms– Amending Formula• Unwritten Constitution
    17. 17. Charter of Rights andFreedoms• Freedoms– Freedom of conscience and religion– Freedom of thought and expression– Freedom of peaceful assembly– Freedom of association
    18. 18. Charter of Rights andFreedoms• Rights– Democratic– Mobility– Legal– Equality– Language• Enforcement– If rights denied, take to SC of Canada
    19. 19. Rights in Conflict• Limiting Clause– rights and freedoms are not absolute– may be limited if considered“justifiable in a free and democraticsociety” by the SC of Canada• Notwithstanding Clause– Loophole that allows provincialgovernments to pass laws thatviolate the Charter