Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
THE SCIENCE OF CULTURE          Chapter 3On the Use of Tools By Primates             Hande Işık                METU      I...
Definition of Primates• Any of various omnivorous mammals of the order Primates,  comprising the three suborders Anthropoi...
Tool-Using of Men and ApesHistorically:• Men  The only tool user animals   • Men  The only tool maker animals      (Duke...
Tool-Using of Men and Apes• Apes demonstrate the ability to modify their  environment.  – The basis for tool-using process...
Possible Reasons of Lacking Material           Culture of Apes• Is it because  – they have anatomical or sensory shortcomi...
Material Culture of MenMen                     Apes• Conceptual            • Conceptual Thinking  Thinking              • ...
Q/A
Thanks for listening...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The science of culture

267

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
267
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "The science of culture"

  1. 1. THE SCIENCE OF CULTURE Chapter 3On the Use of Tools By Primates Hande Işık METU ID 501 Literature Review
  2. 2. Definition of Primates• Any of various omnivorous mammals of the order Primates, comprising the three suborders Anthropoidea (humans,great a pes, gibbons, Old World monkeys, and New Worldmonkeys), Prosimii (lemurs, loris, and their allies),and Tarsioidea (tarsiers) especially distinguished by the hands, varied locomotion, and by complex flexible behavior,involving a high level of social interaction and cultural adaptability.• Closest relatives of men.
  3. 3. Tool-Using of Men and ApesHistorically:• Men  The only tool user animals • Men  The only tool maker animals (Duke of Argyll, Edward Clodd) • Both men and apes are able to use and make tools. (Wolfgang Köhler, Schnierla)
  4. 4. Tool-Using of Men and Apes• Apes demonstrate the ability to modify their environment. – The basis for tool-using process• But, they do not have a material culture.• WHY?
  5. 5. Possible Reasons of Lacking Material Culture of Apes• Is it because – they have anatomical or sensory shortcomings? – they are inable to transmit tool knowledge via imitation? – they do not need the long term advantage of tool using? NO!• Lack of Intelligence – Possible but not sufficient
  6. 6. Material Culture of MenMen Apes• Conceptual • Conceptual Thinking Thinking • Neuro-Sensory-• Neuro-Sensory- Muscular Structure Muscular Structure •Insights,• Symbolic behavior Understanding unique to men •Discrete Series of• Cumulative and episodes Progressive process of tool-using
  7. 7. Q/A
  8. 8. Thanks for listening...

×