Inst. Figen IŞIK, Part-Time Inst. Burcu DERER OMAY, Res. Asst. Yekta
Faculty of Architecture
Department Of Industrial Design
Erasmus IP Project Partnership with TU/Eindhoven & Hogeschool Sint-Lukas
Cultural Differences in Practice
2011-2012 Spring Semester
ID 501 Advanced Project
Development In Industrial Design
What to look and observe?
An underlying shared system of
information and knowledge that is
manifested through patterns of norms,
behaviors and signifiers.
By observing the change in notion of
culture, we aim to explore dynamics of
culture via inspecting the everyday life
practices, which are shaped by
modernization, performed in public
spaces through urban equipment.
• to stand about without any aim or purpose;
• to stand about idly;
• to linger;
• to hang around…
• Historical meaning related to great depression,
economics, modernization and urbanization
To spend time Not Being
To see Safety
To socialize Intimacy
To subvert Lack of
Loitering, as a free time activity to spend time, chat with friends,
socializing and resting, is a repetitive action that almost
everybody does. From housewives to business people and
children, we tend to take our time by doing nothing specific, just
relaxing, thinking and talking.
There are various contexts for different age and sexes,
however loitering usually takes places as a group activity.
People from different social and economical backgrounds
practice this activity in their habitus. Urban space is the
place where habitus overlap.
In Turkish culture, loitering originated in town centers, bazaars,
storefronts and house thresholds were the commonplaces due
to their comfort and convenience. However, with modernization
and urbanization, urban centers have become the place that
loitering activity occurs.
Why do we loiter?
Release Tension/Resting/Relaxing (Work, Stress)
Not Enough Activity Spaces (Lack of Urban Equipment and
Enjoyable (Leisure Time spent with friends)
Practices that takes place while loitering:
Eating, Drinking & Smoking (Seeds, Tea,
Coffee, Cigarettes, Pipe)
Playing (Card games, backgammon)
Mirrors can be used in combination with images/video to
make observers experience loitering action.
Loitering image on one side, a mirror on the other side,
visitors in the middle can see themselves in the picture.
Loitering space is actually virtual
Being in a group/crowd helps feeling comfortable
Practices are carried collectively
We aim to use glasses with various colored filters as a
metaphor that makes observer to experience the
installation in different levels (Levels of Loitering Interaction)
Actions /silhouettes / media in the installation space can be
designed with specific colors that leaves out or reveals
information with filters.
On a hi-tech level, small cameras can be placed in the
middle of glasses to record what observer sees, for how
long he looks at sth,
Interaction takes place after looking for a time
Can it be related with ‘Nazar’ (Bad Eye) concept?
Glasses with styles
Maybe even masks that hide face
To See and To Be Seen
Loitering is about looking, ‘to see and to be seen’.
Loiterers watch, listen, observe and discover elements.
And after one point, they may get noticed by their object of
To look and being looked back
Do we look away when gazes cross?
Do we act differently when aware of being watched?
Pretending like not looking? Intimacy? Tactics…
Puppet play as an action to look and observe
Interactive act that reacts observers; when looked for a long
time, puppet may talk to observers
If observer talks back, they might chat and loiter (Levels)
Puppets as interactive mediums that observers can shape
Puppet can react to its new position by gestures
Sitting units for puppets to be placed
Sitting styles are reflected, not static like a sculpture
Not a still image that freezes moment
Documenting styles that we spotted and styles that observers
Argument: A practice that is acted in certain spaces, Loitering
reflects the space and habitus which is caused by the lack of
urban space for socializing and the need of existence in social
Can we create a space that represents our way of loitering,
while it allows people to loiter as well?
A space that is created on the concept of ‘loitering’ and our way of practicing it
Audio visual material is used to reflect the way we loiter
Images or videos from several loitering areas and practicioners
Sound records from loitering activity and/or talks on why we are loitering (e.g data
Spaces in which loitering is common are observed and loitering ways, gestures and
silhouettes are studied to create a pattern that represents our practice.
Pattern can be used in several ways;
Loitering silhouettes can be used as shadows that are activated by visitors.
Silhouttes can be still images or moving shapes and people will observe them loiter.
They can interact with their shadows
Inspired by silhouettes, sittting units can be created
Shadows of the original silhouettes can be reflected upon the surface of sitting unit
Sensors can be used to activate silhouttes
Culture shapes practices, and patterns that reflect culture are shaped by practices
Culture (pattern) is dynamic. Tactics can be read through practices
Argument: The space we loiter was more appropriated and
intimate such as house and storefronts, village center,
coffeehouses etc. Places that everybody knows each other and
the space is accepted as a shared, common area. However,
urban spaces does not offer enough intimacy in terms of loitering
for a longer time and people are easily disturbed by strange
looks, close encounters and crowd.
Can we create a medium that makes loitering areas more
intimate for close groups?
Argument: As an everyday practice, spaces that loitering takes
place are equipped with some material in certain groups, such as
carpets, mats, cushions, stools etc. Also in urban spaces,
trashes, empty bottles, cigarette butts and scratches on urban
equipment are some of the traces that are left behind. Loitering
concept can be related with consumption.
Can we trace the objects of loitering in order to read more
about the practices? Can we utilize these objects to create
and manipulate an area that does not used for loitering, and
change behavior by attracting attention.