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Henri lefebvre’s dialectics of everyday life hi Henri lefebvre’s dialectics of everyday life hi Presentation Transcript

  • Henri Lefebvre’s Dialectics of Everyday Life Hande Işık METU ID 501 Literature Review March 22nd, 2012
  • Everyday Life and Cultural TheoryThe Critique of Everyday Life by Lefebvre: It is the multiple perspective offered by a traditional and yet changing countryside mixed with a profound engagement with the transformation of urban life that can account for the huge scale of the project.
  • Everyday Life and Cultural Theory• As France was reconstructed – Modernization = Consumer Culture – Affected by American temptation • Directed especially on women• Modern EDL – As Marxist: exploitative, oppressive, bureaucratic society of controlled consumption – As Romantic: energies within the ED can be used to transform it. – Modernity and EDL constitude a structure. – Intense experience  Moments of sensations Everday life
  • Everyday Life and Cultural TheoryLefebvre: Modernization = Consumer Culture Transformation American temptation Coca cola, TV, blue jean, electric cooker Especially directed on women
  • Everyday Life and Cultural Theory Colonialism of EDL by capitalism Commodity, market, money seize EDL Transformation continuation process
  • Everyday Life and Cultural Theory• Colonized relationship Americanization Particular way of life Cultural globalization• EDL was colonized by capitalism – Continuation of imperialism – Urban cities shows global domination of ethnicization. – Colonial relations with US ended up with Americanization.
  • Foundations• Lefebvre’s work: Total man or Total person • Humankind no longer alienated Results in the “end of history” • The telos of history having been reached – Insistence on la Fête (the festival) • As a moment other to the capitalist everyday and enacting a critique of the seperation of the aesthetic from the social, art from life.
  • Foundations• By placing la Fête at the end of history – Privilege creativity for the transformation of EDL – Decline of centrally organized society• EDL – Capitalist modernity • Increase homogenity • Social differences deepens
  • Foundations Hegel Human society is in state of self- alienation Lefebvre • Dealination of human being • Creation of Total Person Marx Production process of Capitalism generates d.o.l Transformation of EDL Alienation Themselves Each other(Expression of human potential)
  • Foundations• EDL • Alienation under conditions of modernity • Transformation of EDL • Due to dealination of human beings and creation of total person, which is “end of history”
  • Foundations• Total Person + La Fête  Statist Transformation• Promotion of festival as a model – End of history = Dissolution of the State – Festival is part of popular EDL but a radical reconfiguring of daily life that is anything but everyday • It becomes visible at moments of “effervescence” (Blanchot)
  • Foundations Everyday is visible through Festivals (carnival) Revolutionary Situation symbolic anticipatory overthrow of overturns oppressive cultural values social structures social hierarchies (differences, gender, class) alienation(possibility of living otherwise is glimpsed)
  • That which repeats itself constantly…• Everyday life – Ordinary, Banal, Recurrent, Repetitive • But also involves extra ordinary as being part of the routine – Cycle of work and leisure• Seperation of society experience into labor, leisure, love, etc – Leisure (ex. camping), continuation of alienation of work • Articulates real needs • Commodifies desires • Bounds up with commercialism • Continuation of festival!
  • Hypermodernization• 1950-1960’s, period of hypermodenization – Esp. France, Germany • From rural to empire-oriented • Catholic to fully industrialized, decolonized, urban – Double articulation • Complex colonial relations btwn traditional France and decolonization of French colonies, Algeria – Exploitation of immigrants – Culture industries (americanization)
  • Hypermodernization Constrained time SpaceSuburbanization Commuting Time Reduces free time “Surplus Labor”
  • • City full of constraints and production of boredom – Urban space with Do’s and Dont’s
  • Semiotics of Postmodern Symbol SignalMeaning experienced Instrumentally reducedthrough narrative meaning, on/offthemes of culture more communication, replate DO’s/ DON’Ts Fullness, multiplicity (Polysemy) Society of prohibition and commands
  • May 1968, urbanism and the Situationists• Leftist students’ taking control and workers’ strike• Lefebvre and Situationists – Urban ED containing the conditions to transform • Dérive: to wander, to drift around the city Loitering? • Détournment: negating elements of culture as a prelude to their transformation • Derive is a practical detournment – Observant in aimless, assumes that the ED can be best percieved as a form of unconsciousness. – Drafting around cities, form of urban “free associations”; designed to reveal the hidden secrets of EDL.
  • May 1968, urbanism and the Situationists• Focus on: Urban Fabric Restore Transform La Fête EDL
  • Thanks for listening…