ISHAN KHAN (A/2045/2008) MAULIK YAGNIK (A/2042/2008)
THEORY OF SETTLEMENTS
The place was founded in 1740 by the vizir,
Ghazi-ud-din, who called it Ghaziuddinnagar
He built a spacious sarai consisting of 120
rooms of masonry with pointed arches.
The Jat raja, Surajmal, killed near the city by the
Rohillas in 1763. An encounter between the
freedom fighters and a small British force took
place here in May, 1857, in which the former
were defeated while trying to hold the Hindon.
After the opening the railway line the name of
the place was shortened to Ghaziabad.
Dam over hindon river - panoramio.com
On 14th November 1976 chief minister Mr. N.D.Tiwari decalered Ghaziabad as a district
Before that it was the Tehsil of District Meerut.
Ghaziabad, the headquarter of the district of the same name, lies on the Grand Trunk road
about a mile east of the Hindon river
LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY
19 Kms. east of Delhi and 46 Kms. south-
west of Meerut with which it is connected by
a metalled road. Other roads lead north-wesr
to Loni and Baghpat and east to Hapur and
The district of Ghaziabad is suitated in the
middle of Ganga- Yamuna doab. In shape it
is roughly rectangular,
lenght is 72 Kms. and its breadth is 37 Kms.
Bouned by the district of Meerut on north,
Bulandshahar & Gautambudh Nagar on
south and on the south- west by the national
capital Delhi and east by the district
Ganga, Yamuna and Hindon are the main
rivers flowing through the districtDistrict map
From the historical cultural, mythological and
archeological point of view Ghaziabad is a prosperous
This has been proved from the resarch work and
excavations done in the district. the excavation carried
out at the mound of Kaseri suitated on the bank of
river Hindon, 2 km north from Mohan Nagar shows
that civilization was developed here in 2500 B.C.
Garhmukteshwar which provides salavation to the
people and the Pooth village situated on the banks of
river Ganaga are associated with the Mahabharat
period. Nearby is the Ahar region which was supposed
to be the capital of Pandava's and Janamejay's Nag
The Loni fort is associated with Lavanasura of the
Ramayana period. As per the Gazetteer the fort was
named after Lavanasura (from Lavana it changed to
Jawahar gate Ghaziabad (UP) google.com
On the eastern border of the district is situated the
village "KOT" which is associated with the famous
emperor SamundraGupta, who performed the
Aswamedha yagya here after destroying the fort and
"Kot Kuljam" (princes of the Kot dynasty), which
was an incident of great historical importance at that
Durng the region of Sultan Muhammad-bin -Tuglak
in 1313 ,this entire region had become a huge battle
field. Sultan Nasiruddin who was famous for his
simplicity and honesty spent his childhood in the
Loni fort here.The attack of Taimur came on this fort
and the human massacre by him are well known
references of history.
The importance of Loni increased during the Mughal
period as the Mughal King used to come here for
hunting and pleasure trips. A Baage Ranap is a
memorial of that period.
Old railway bridge on Hindon river google.com
Laxmibai statue at swarn jyanti park google.com
AREA and POPULATION
Total Area – 1148 sqkm
No. of tehsil – 4
No. of Block – 8
No. of Municipal Corp – 6
Railway Station – 23
No. of Villages – 567 ( 529 Habitated)
Total Population - 33,14,070
Male Population - 17,81,674
Female Population - 15,32,396
Rural Population - 14,97,655
Urban Population - r18,16,415
Density of Population Sq. Km.2887
The total area of the district (according to CENSUS 1991) was 2590.0 sq. kms. but after the
formation of the new district Gautam budh Nagar it reduced
Traffic at GT Road google.com
temprature and rainfall are similar to Delhi.
Rajasthan's dust storms and snowfall in the Himalayas,
Kumaon and Garhwal hills impact in the weather
The monsoon arrives in the district during the end of
the June or the first week of July and normally it rains
CLIMATE CONDITION AVERAGE
AVERAGE RAINFALL 732 MM
ACTUAL RAINFALL 702 MM
Ghaziabad is growing an Industrial and
Commercial centre, Ghaziabad today, has a
booming cosmopolitan culture, comparable to that
of any other metro.
Cultural life in the city is intertwined with the
Capital's vibrant cultural life, being its closest
Art, Theatre, Dance and Music, all form a part of
the city's everyday cultural life.
There are some Art Galleries within the city of
Ghaziabad itself, while the compounds of the
numerous malls in the city host the other cultural
As for the Festivals, all the festivals of India are
celebrated with equal zest and fervor, owing to the
large populations of each community staying in the
Feasting and Fasting are the special features of
Hindu festivals which are celebrated here almost in
the same manner as else where in the State.
Ghaziabad haat in swarn jyanti park Google.com
Ghaziabad is primarily an industrial city with
manufacturers in railway coaches, diesel
engines, electroplating, bicycles, picture tubes,
tapestries, glassware, pottery, vegetable oil, paint
and varnish, heavy chains, automobile pistons
and rings, steel pharmaceuticals, liquor, etc.
It is one of the most industrialized cities in Uttar
Pradesh. The new industry sector upcoming in
Ghaziabad is of high tech plant growth boosters.
Many companies like Shriram Pistons, Unichem,
Dabur, International Tobacco, Bhushan Steels,
Rathi Alloys, Crophealth Products Pvt. Ltd.,
Allied Nippon Ltd and Samtel Color are giving it
a new dimension.Dabur Kaushambi Corporate Office google.com
Ghaziabad can be reached by air, road and rail.
The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi
International airport which is about 45 km away.
By road, Ghaziabad is well-connected on all sides.
A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida,
Greater Noida and Gurgaon every day for work.
There are bus terminals at Mohan Nagar, Lohia
Nagar, Vasundhara and close to Meerut Road from
where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport
Corporation (UPSRTC) buses serve cities all over
The Anand Vihar bus terminal of DTC is located
on city's border.
Ghaziabad is a railway junction. The main railway station is situated in the middle of the city. The
city is well connected to Delhi and other neighbouring cities through Fast Moving Local Trains
The Metro extends to Dilshad Garden station on the outskirts of the city. At present it serves the
areas of Shalimar Garden and other neighbouring colonies. This Line will be further extended to
New Bus Stand Ghaziabad by 2012. Dwarka Sector-9 line was extended to Anand Vihar and will
be extended upto Vaishali very soon.
EMU train flickr.com
AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION
Net Shown Area ( in thousand Hectare) 146
Net Irrigated Area ( in thousand Hectare) 135
Gross Irrigated Area (in thousand Hectare) 231
Food Grains Thousand Metric ton 311
Sugar Cane Thousand Metric ton 4079
Tilhan Thousand Metric ton 3
Potato Thousand Metric ton 141
DESCRIPTION UNIT VALUE
Lenght of Canal Kilometer 596
Govt. Tubewell Number 217
Private Tubewell Number 36,797
Ganga canal google.com
There are a number of private and government
Engineering, PG Degree, Law colleges and
Management institutes in Ghaziabad. There are about
80-100 Medical, Dental, Pharmacy colleges, and
Physiotherapy institutes which makes Ghaziabad one
of the most education friendly cities in India.
JR. BASIC SCHOOL 2463
SR. BASIC SCHOOL 736
HIGHER SEC. SCHOOL 193
DEGREE COLLEGE 11
NAVODAYA SCHOOL 1
Ghaziabad is the city credited giving highest
revenue in the state of Uttar Pradesh and second
maximum in India. The city has 32 malls, second
in India only to Bangalore.
Ghaziabad is a part of the satellite area of Delhi
therefore most of the newspapers, TV channels and
radio channels are the same as for Delhi.
Kaushambi Housing Society google.com
Shipra Mall Indrapuram
Ghaziabad in World's Ten Most Dynamic Cities
The Top 10 Most Dynamic Cities:
(MSNBC & NewsWeek Survey 2008)
1. Las Vegas
2. Fukuoaka, Japan
3. Munich, Germany
5. Toulouse, France
6. Nanchang, China
9. Goyang, South Korea
10. Florianópolis, Brazil
Air force day show at Hindon Airbase google.com
B IB I L IOG R AP H Y