SUBMITTED BY:-<br />vikram vishal<br />CLASS- 9th f<br />SUBMITTED TO:-<br />sudhir sir<br />
Tenses<br />
Simple Present<br />Subject + Verb<br />Auxiliary Verb  + Subject + Verb<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb<br />
Simple Present<br />Facts and generalization<br />A dog is an animal<br />Habits and routines <br />I learn English twice ...
Present Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing<br />Subject + Au...
Present Continuous<br />Present or temporary activities<br />They are swimming in the sea<br />I'm drinking hot coffee now...
Present Perfect<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle <br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle <br />Sub...
Present Perfect<br />Actions which happened at an indefinite (unknown) time before now<br />	We have already had breakfast...
Present Perfect Continuous <br /><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb  + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
Subject + Auxiliary verb + not  + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing</li></li></ul><li>Present Perfect Continuous <br />Actions t...
Simple Past<br />Subject + Verb + ed or an irregular form <br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb<br />Subject + Auxiliary v...
Simple Past<br />Events in the past that are now finished (e.g. I went to school) * <br />	I saw two colorful fishes in th...
Past Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing<br />Subject + Auxil...
Past Continuous<br />Actions in progress<br />At 3 p.m., I was having lunch<br />We were all thinking about our holidays<b...
Past Perfect<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle<br />Subject ...
Past Perfect<br />A completed action before another activity in the past<br />	When we arrived, the concert had already fi...
Past Perfect Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxili...
Past Perfect Continuous<br />Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past<br />	I had been running for an h...
Future Simple<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + no...
Future Simple<br />Promises <br />	I will come back at 10 p.m<br />	I will get Mary<br />Unplanned actions (spontaneous de...
Future Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb  + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary v...
Future Continuous<br />Future actions in progress.<br />She'll be having a bath when I'm back home<br />Tomorrow at nine, ...
Future Perfect<br /><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb  + Present participle
Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb  + Present participle ?
Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb  + Present participle</li></li></ul><li>Future Perfect<br />Act...
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tenses

  1. 1. SUBMITTED BY:-<br />vikram vishal<br />CLASS- 9th f<br />SUBMITTED TO:-<br />sudhir sir<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Tenses<br />
  4. 4. Simple Present<br />Subject + Verb<br />Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Verb<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb<br />
  5. 5. Simple Present<br />Facts and generalization<br />A dog is an animal<br />Habits and routines <br />I learn English twice a week<br />Permanent situations<br />I come from Basil<br />State verbs (e.g. be, have, think, know) more<br />I have two eggs <br />Fixed / official arrangement that we can't change<br />The course starts in April<br />
  6. 6. Present Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing<br />
  7. 7. Present Continuous<br />Present or temporary activities<br />They are swimming in the sea<br />I'm drinking hot coffee now<br />Future (personal) arrangements<br />He is getting married this month<br />I'm having my first driving lesson this week<br />
  8. 8. Present Perfect<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle <br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle <br />Subject + Auxiliary verb+not + Past participle <br />
  9. 9. Present Perfect<br />Actions which happened at an indefinite (unknown) time before now<br /> We have already had breakfast<br /> I have already been to Paris<br />Actions in the past which have an effect on the present moment<br /> I have bought new shades<br /> Someone has taken my bag<br />Actions which began in the past and continue in the present<br /> John has been a plumber for 2 years<br /> He has been our most serious partner for so long that I can assure you he's a very decent man<br />
  10. 10. Present Perfect Continuous <br /><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
  11. 11. Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
  12. 12. Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing</li></li></ul><li>Present Perfect Continuous <br />Actions that started in the past and continue in the present<br /> She's (=she HAS) been crying in her room for half an hour now<br /> We've been waiting for a good offer to buy a car since March<br />Actions that have recently stopped<br /> I've been waiting for you to come (but now you're back!)<br />
  13. 13. Simple Past<br />Subject + Verb + ed or an irregular form <br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb<br />
  14. 14. Simple Past<br />Events in the past that are now finished (e.g. I went to school) * <br /> I saw two colorful fishes in the lake yesterday<br /> Mary tried the soup but it was too hot to eat<br /> They saw us playing football<br /> He married a woman who lived in the same village<br />Situation in the past (they lived a normal life until they won a lottery) ** <br /> I lived in New York for 10 years (I don't live there anymore)<br />A series of actions in the past<br /> He entered a room, lit a cigarette and smiled at the guests<br />
  15. 15. Past Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing<br />
  16. 16. Past Continuous<br />Actions in progress<br />At 3 p.m., I was having lunch<br />We were all thinking about our holidays<br />Yesterday at this time Steven Seagal was riding a horse<br />Interrupted actions in progress*<br />They were talking about her when she walked into the room<br />Shannon was filling in a questionnaire when the pen ran out of ink<br />John was smoking a cigarette when he saw a spider <br />Actions in progress at the same time in the past.<br />While Kenneth was cleaning the living room, Sam was washing the dishes<br />
  17. 17. Past Perfect<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Past participle<br />
  18. 18. Past Perfect<br />A completed action before another activity in the past<br /> When we arrived, the concert had already finishedIt had got/gotten worse before it got better.<br /> By the time I watched my favorite program, I had drunk a cup of bee<br /> By the time I got to the market, most of the stalls had already been closed<br />Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b) (read more at the bottom the page)<br /> If I hadn't taken my keys from the drawer, I would be able to get into my house<br /> My mum asked me whether I had visited grandma the previous day.<br />Dissatisfaction with the past<br /> I wish I had taken more food with me<br />
  19. 19. Past Perfect Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />
  20. 20. Past Perfect Continuous<br />Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past<br /> I had been running for an hour when it started raining<br /> Kathy put on weight because she had been eating too much sugar<br /> When I saw him I knew that he had been training<br />Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b)<br /> Mary said she had never been swimming so much in one day<br />
  21. 21. Future Simple<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb<br />
  22. 22. Future Simple<br />Promises <br /> I will come back at 10 p.m<br /> I will get Mary<br />Unplanned actions (spontaneous decisions)<br />Predictions based on experience or intuition<br /> I think he will regret his choice<br /> When I'm 60 years old, I will be completely bald<br /> Let's buy the snacks at the supermarket - they will be cheaper<br />Habits<br />
  23. 23. Future Continuous<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing ?<br />Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing<br />
  24. 24. Future Continuous<br />Future actions in progress.<br />She'll be having a bath when I'm back home<br />Tomorrow at nine, I will be hosing off (=washing with a hose) my car<br />This time next week, I will be throwing a party<br />I'll be watching TV when my mother arrives<br />Guesses about the present or the future.<br />They will be getting home just about now<br />Polite questions about somebody's intentions.<br />
  25. 25. Future Perfect<br /><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Present participle
  26. 26. Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Present participle ?
  27. 27. Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Present participle</li></li></ul><li>Future Perfect<br />Actions that will be finished before some point in the future<br /> They will have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. I will have retired by the end of the year. I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday.<br />
  28. 28. Thank you <br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30. THE END<br />
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