THRISSUR
HISTORY,HERITAGE AND
ATTRACTIONS
A SEMINAR BY
ESHANA
1
THRISSUR
• CULTURAL CAPITAL OF KERALA
• FORMERLY KNOWN AS THRISSIVAPERUR
MEANING THE ABODE OF SIVA
• FORMED AT JULY .1 .19...
3
4
•SAKTHAN THAMPURAN WAS THE ARCHITECT
• OF PRESENT THRISSUR
•BEFORE HIM ZAMORINS OF KOZHIKODE,TIPU SULTHAN OF
MYSORE AND EU...
•During the Sangam age the whole of the present
Thrissur district came under the CHERA EMPIRE
• From the 9th to the 12th c...
•Due to heavy floods of 1341 A.D the harbour at
Kodungallur got completely silted
•The 14th and the 15th centuries constit...
ERA OF FOREIGN INVANSIONS.....
• Internal dissension in the Perumpadappu Swarupam helped
the Dutch in getting a footing on...
THIRST OF FREEDOM...
• When Tippu had to make retreat on account of the
Srirangapattanam war, the Raja of Cochin entered i...
IN THE PATH OF FREEDOM STRUGGLE
• Ambat Sivarama Menon of Cochin Congress party
became Minister in 1938.
• On the 26th Jan...
FINALLY THE DREAM TURNS TO REALITY !
• The amalgamation of Travancore and Cochin
states was done on the 1st July 1949 and ...
HERITAGE ICONS OF THRISSUR
• Vadakkumnathan temple is one of the oldest
temples in the state
• The temple contains the sac...
13
14
15
16
Kottapuram & POOKUNNUM SIVA
TEMPLES
17
Guruvayur
• known as the Dwaraka of the south
• According to belief, the temple was created by
Guru- the preceptor of the ...
Guruvayur temple
19
Irinjalakuda Koodal Manikyam
Temple
• the only one in India dedicated to Bharatha, the
brother of Sree Rama.
• The eleven ...
21
Arattupuzha pooram
This pooram festival features a ceremonial pageant of
over 60 tuskers carrying the image of the deities...
Kunnamkulam
• Kunnamkulam the main centre of Jacobite
Syrian Christians
• One of the oldest Syrian Church at Arthat is 3
k...
24
Kodungallur
• The Cheraman Juma Masjid constructed in 629
A.D is considered as the first mosque erected in
India.
• second...
Thiruvilwamala
• famous for the temple built on the top of an extensive
rocky hill dedicated to Sri Rama and Lakshmana.
26
Nelluvai
• Nelluvai is situated north of Wadakkanchery.
• A temple dedicated to Dhanwanthiri.
• The Nelluvai Ekadasi in th...
Chelakkara
• Chelakkara, situated 35 km. north-east of
Thrissur is a historical place
• a fierce battle was fought between...
Chalakudy
• Chalakudy, located 30 km. south of the district
headquarters is a place of historical importance
• it was the ...
Athirapilly
• One of the most beautiful water falls of the state.
• 80 feet high waterfall at the entrance to the
Sholayar...
Kodungallur
• the centre of trade and commerce with
foreigners like
Jews, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs
• ivory, s...
Cheruthuruthy (Vallathole Nagar)
• the seat of the Kerala Kalamandalam
• founded by the poet Vallathole Narayana Menon
32
Peechi Dam
• Peechi is known for the irrigation dam
constructed across the Manali river
33
Punnathoor Kotta
• the place where the temple elephants
(numbering over 40) are taken care of.
• This unique elephant sanc...
Shakthan Thampuram Palace
• Also known as the Palace Thoppu, the campus
covers an area of 6 acres.
• three tombs including...
Vilangankunnu
• Vilangankunnu is about 7 km. from Thrissur.
• The Children’s park on this beautiful hillside
picnic spot o...
Chimmini Wildlife Sanctuary
• The Sanctuary lies in the western valley of Nelliyampathy in the
Mukundapuram taluk
• Part o...
More Informations About Thrissur
• Has unique traffic system
• The first newspaper which published from Thrissur
was Lokam...
• A film festival, known as ViBGYOR Film Festival, is held
in the city every year.
• It is an international short and docu...
REFERENCES......
• WIKEPEDIA
40
THANKYOU
41
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Eshana

  1. 1. THRISSUR HISTORY,HERITAGE AND ATTRACTIONS A SEMINAR BY ESHANA 1
  2. 2. THRISSUR • CULTURAL CAPITAL OF KERALA • FORMERLY KNOWN AS THRISSIVAPERUR MEANING THE ABODE OF SIVA • FORMED AT JULY .1 .1949 • TOTAL AREA 3032 Sq.Km • With 1 corporation,6 municipalities,17 block panchayats,92 grama Panchayats 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. •SAKTHAN THAMPURAN WAS THE ARCHITECT • OF PRESENT THRISSUR •BEFORE HIM ZAMORINS OF KOZHIKODE,TIPU SULTHAN OF MYSORE AND EUROPEANS INCLUDING THE DUTCH AND BRITISH CONTRIBUTED IN MOULDING THIS REGION TO A CULTURAL CAPITAL. •HAVE SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN THE HISTORY OF SOUTH INDIA FROM 3rd BC ONWARDS THROUGH VARIOUS TRADE RELATIONS 5
  6. 6. •During the Sangam age the whole of the present Thrissur district came under the CHERA EMPIRE • From the 9th to the 12th centuries Thrissur’s history is the history of Kulasekhara of Mahodayapuram •The 12th century history is synonymous with the history of the rise and growth of Perumpadappu Swarupam. 6
  7. 7. •Due to heavy floods of 1341 A.D the harbour at Kodungallur got completely silted •The 14th and the 15th centuries constituted periods of aggressive wars •In 1513 and again in 1540 the Portuguese entered into treaties with the Zamorins 7
  8. 8. ERA OF FOREIGN INVANSIONS..... • Internal dissension in the Perumpadappu Swarupam helped the Dutch in getting a footing on the Kerala coast • From 1769 to 1805 Raja Rama Varma popularly known as Sakthan Thampuram, was at the head of affairs of Cochin state. • Tippu made Thrissur as the headquarters of the areas conquered by him in Kerala in the war in 18th century. 8
  9. 9. THIRST OF FREEDOM... • When Tippu had to make retreat on account of the Srirangapattanam war, the Raja of Cochin entered into a treaty with the East Indian Company In 1809 • Freedom struggle started In 1919. A Committee of the Indian National Congress had started functioning at Thrissur. • Guruvayoor Satyagraha (1931-32) under the leadership of Sri. K. Kelappan and Sri. A.K. Gopalan 9
  10. 10. IN THE PATH OF FREEDOM STRUGGLE • Ambat Sivarama Menon of Cochin Congress party became Minister in 1938. • On the 26th January 1941,‘Cochin State Praja Mandalam’ which subscribed to the aims of INC was formed under the leadership of Sri. V. R. Krishnan Ezhuthassan • In the Quit India Movement, On the 15th August 1942 a public meeting was held at Thrissur to protest against the arrest of Mahatma Gandhi 10
  11. 11. FINALLY THE DREAM TURNS TO REALITY ! • The amalgamation of Travancore and Cochin states was done on the 1st July 1949 and the • formation of Aikya Kerala later on the 1st November 1956. • The present Thrissur district is a part of erstwhile Cochin state 11
  12. 12. HERITAGE ICONS OF THRISSUR • Vadakkumnathan temple is one of the oldest temples in the state • The temple contains the sacred shrines of Parama Shiva, Parvathy, Sankaranarayana, Ganapathy, S ri Rama and Sri Krishna • Legend goes that this temple was founded by Parasurama. • Venu of famous Pooram festival celebrated annually in April-May 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Kottapuram & POOKUNNUM SIVA TEMPLES 17
  18. 18. Guruvayur • known as the Dwaraka of the south • According to belief, the temple was created by Guru- the preceptor of the gods and Vayu • The idol of Gurvayoor temple is unique because it is carved out of ‘Pathal anjana sila’ and is therefore considered extremely sacred. • It is at this temple that Mepathur Naryana Bhattathiri composed his well-known Sanskrit devotional poem‘Narayaneeyam’ 18
  19. 19. Guruvayur temple 19
  20. 20. Irinjalakuda Koodal Manikyam Temple • the only one in India dedicated to Bharatha, the brother of Sree Rama. • The eleven day annual festival featuring a pageant of thirteen caparisoned elephants (held in April–May) marks the end of the festival season in Kerala. 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Arattupuzha pooram This pooram festival features a ceremonial pageant of over 60 tuskers carrying the image of the deities of 41 neighbouring temples 22
  23. 23. Kunnamkulam • Kunnamkulam the main centre of Jacobite Syrian Christians • One of the oldest Syrian Church at Arthat is 3 km south of Kunnamkulam 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. Kodungallur • The Cheraman Juma Masjid constructed in 629 A.D is considered as the first mosque erected in India. • second in world 25
  26. 26. Thiruvilwamala • famous for the temple built on the top of an extensive rocky hill dedicated to Sri Rama and Lakshmana. 26
  27. 27. Nelluvai • Nelluvai is situated north of Wadakkanchery. • A temple dedicated to Dhanwanthiri. • The Nelluvai Ekadasi in this temple is an important festival. 27
  28. 28. Chelakkara • Chelakkara, situated 35 km. north-east of Thrissur is a historical place • a fierce battle was fought between Zamorin and combined force of Travancore and Cochin states in 1772. 28
  29. 29. Chalakudy • Chalakudy, located 30 km. south of the district headquarters is a place of historical importance • it was the base of Tippu Sultan during the attack on the ‘Travancore lines’. • Chalakudy Irrigation Project and 26 miles east of the town is the Peringalkutha Hydroelectric Project. • The Sholayur dam is constructed across the Chalakudy river 29
  30. 30. Athirapilly • One of the most beautiful water falls of the state. • 80 feet high waterfall at the entrance to the Sholayar ranges 30
  31. 31. Kodungallur • the centre of trade and commerce with foreigners like Jews, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs • ivory, sandalwood, peacock feathers and cinnamon were exported to foreign countries • The first church in the state founded by St. Thomas, the Apostle • the first mosque in India are situated here. 31
  32. 32. Cheruthuruthy (Vallathole Nagar) • the seat of the Kerala Kalamandalam • founded by the poet Vallathole Narayana Menon 32
  33. 33. Peechi Dam • Peechi is known for the irrigation dam constructed across the Manali river 33
  34. 34. Punnathoor Kotta • the place where the temple elephants (numbering over 40) are taken care of. • This unique elephant sanctuary is the only one of its kind in the world. 34
  35. 35. Shakthan Thampuram Palace • Also known as the Palace Thoppu, the campus covers an area of 6 acres. • three tombs including the tomb of Shakthan Thampuran, the greatest ruler of the Cochin dynasty 35
  36. 36. Vilangankunnu • Vilangankunnu is about 7 km. from Thrissur. • The Children’s park on this beautiful hillside picnic spot offers amusement rides 36
  37. 37. Chimmini Wildlife Sanctuary • The Sanctuary lies in the western valley of Nelliyampathy in the Mukundapuram taluk • Part of it is adjacent to the Peechi-Vazhani Sanctuary and the rest to the Parambikulam Sanctuary. • An artificial lake has been formed here by the dam across the Chimmini River. • established in 1984, occupies the watershed areas of the Kunumali and the Mupliyam rivers 37
  38. 38. More Informations About Thrissur • Has unique traffic system • The first newspaper which published from Thrissur was Lokamanyan in 1920 • The first cinema hall in Kerala, with a manually operated film projector, was opened in Thrissur by KW Joseph in 1907 • Jose Theater, the first theater in Kerala equipped with a movie projector 38
  39. 39. • A film festival, known as ViBGYOR Film Festival, is held in the city every year. • It is an international short and documentary film festival. • Football is the most popular sport in the city. • The N.I. David Memorial Trophy, an annual inter-club football tournament is held at Thrissur Municipal Corporation Stadium. • Up to 70% of Kerala's jewellery is manufactured in Thrissur. 39
  40. 40. REFERENCES...... • WIKEPEDIA 40
  41. 41. THANKYOU 41
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