Courtly love• Origin: the late 11th century by the troubadours.• This come from the Provence (souther France)
• AIM: Redefine traditional Christian ideals of love, marriage, manhood, virtue, feminity.
• Under the sponsorship of powerful nobles like Eleonor of Aquitaine and Marie Champagne…
• …their influence gradually spread throughout France, England and Germany.
• By the middle of the 13th century, the troubadour philosophy become practically institutionalized throughout the courts of Europe, and “fine love” had become the basis for a glamorous and exciting new style of life.
• Courtly love was charazteriz ed by 5 main attributes. In essence, the relationshi p was:
• Aristocratic : courtly love was practiced by noble lords and ladies.
• Ritualistic: The lady was the constant recipient of songs, poems, bouquets, sweet favours and ceremonial gestures. She just need to return a short of approvald, and after all, she was the exalted
• Secret: courtly lovers were pledged to strict secrecy. The lovers composed a universe unto themselves.
• Adulterous: “Fine love” was extramarital. Lovers escape from the routines of noble marriage, and exalted their carnal relationship.
• Literary: as a subject and theme in imaginative literature.
• Click on the video to listen a troubadour love song http://www.youtu be.com/watch?v= Xk1W22yHLJQ& feature=related
The women in the Middle Age• The female model beauty and the situation of women in the Middle Age was very different.
• The female model beauty: beautiful, pure, the symbol of human wisdom and perfection, without men couldn¡t ascend to heaven…