Modernization of Filipino Literature<br />Group 1 <br />
Introduction<br />20th to 21st century <br />“Edad de oro del castellano en Filipinas” or The Golden Age of the Castilian in the Philippines <br />“Modernismo” was the literary trend (Spanish-American) <br />Writing in tagalog was frowned upon. It was said that tagalog was not capable for great works. <br />
Literary Trends<br />Abundance of short stories, free verse poems and critical essays <br />Ex. Dead Stars, Footnote to Youth <br />English became the preferred language of use <br />Filipino trait<br />References to Spanish and American culture<br />Evident in Paz Marquez Benitez’ Dead Stars and Lualhati Bautista’s Bata, Bata paanokaginawa<br />
Factors that caused these trends<br />Introduction of free public education for all. <br />The use of English as the medium of instruction in all levels <br />The idea that America was there to help. <br />
Paz Marquez Benitez<br />Published Dead Stars in 1925 <br />Dead stars was the first successful short story written in English by a Filipino <br />Marked the maturity of the Filipino as a writer in English<br />“Julia” symbolized the new filipina educated by the americans<br />
Jose Garcia Villa <br />Wrote Footnote to Youth <br />Lived in America most of his life <br />Many American authors praised his work <br />Displayed experimentation with new vibrant ideas in usage of the comma <br />
Lualhati Bautista <br />Wrote “Bata batapaaanokaginawa”<br />Highlights new American culture and customs though some may be negative<br />Paradigm of a broken family is now introduced which is something conservative filipino families are not used to.<br />
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