Comparative and superlative adjectives

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Comparative and superlative adjectives

  1. 1. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Colegio San José La Serena English Area Trainee Teacher: Miss Jocelyn
  2. 3. What are Comparative Adjectives? Comparative adjectives are used to compare the difference between 2 nouns and they are followed by the word THAN Example: Max is old er than Mary
  3. 4. Spelling Rules Comparative Adjectives <ul><li>Adjectives of one syllable we add –er to the adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Cold – Cold er </li></ul><ul><li>The Antarctica is cold er than Brazil </li></ul><ul><li> Tall - Tall er </li></ul><ul><li> Peter is tall er than John </li></ul>Peter John
  4. 5. <ul><li>Adjective of one syllable with a CVC pattern, we double the consonant and add –er </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>big - big ger </li></ul><ul><li>The blue fish is big ger than the red fish </li></ul><ul><li>sad - sad der </li></ul><ul><li>The cloud is sad der than the sun </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Adjectives of two syllables that finish in “ y ” we change the “ y ” to “ i ” and add -er   </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>pretty - prett ier </li></ul><ul><li>Princess Aurora is prett ier than Oliva </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>happy - happ ier </li></ul><ul><li>The girl is happ ier than the boy </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Adjectives of two or more syllables we add the word more </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>famous =  more famous </li></ul><ul><li>Hannah Montana is more famous than Selena </li></ul><ul><li>interesting =  more interesting </li></ul><ul><li>English is more interesting than History </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 8. But there are certain exceptions <ul><li>Irregular adjectives: There isn´t any rule here, so you'll just have to remember them </li></ul><ul><li>Example: good =  better </li></ul><ul><li> bad =  worse </li></ul><ul><li>far = farther </li></ul><ul><li>little = less </li></ul>
  8. 9. What are Superlative Adjectives? <ul><li>We use a superlative adjective to describe the extreme quality of one noun in a group of nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Letter A is the big gest </li></ul><ul><li>A b c </li></ul>
  9. 10. Spelling Rules Superlative Adjectives <ul><li>Adjectives of one syllable we add before the adjective the word “THE” and we add –est to the adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Cold – Cold est </li></ul><ul><li>Pinguins live in the coldest place in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Tall - Tall est </li></ul><ul><li>The giraffe is the tallest animal in the jungle </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Adjective of one syllable with a CVC pattern, we double the consonant and add –est </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>big  =  the big gest </li></ul><ul><li>The Liberty Statue is the biggest statue in the world </li></ul><ul><li>sad = the sad dest </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Adjectives of two syllables that finish in “ y ” we change the “ y ” to “ i ” and add -est   </li></ul><ul><li>Example: pretty =  the prett iest </li></ul><ul><li>happy =  the happ iest </li></ul><ul><li>busy = the bus iest </li></ul><ul><li>The woman is the busiest of all woman </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Adjectives of two or more syllables we add </li></ul><ul><li>the most </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>famous =  the most famous </li></ul><ul><li>Britney Spears is the most famous singer in USA </li></ul><ul><li>interesting =  the most interesting </li></ul>
  13. 14. But there are certain exceptions <ul><li>Irregular adjectives: There isn´t any rule here, so you'll just have to remember them </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>good =  the best </li></ul><ul><li>Roger Federer is the best tennis player in the world </li></ul><ul><li>bad =  the worst </li></ul><ul><li>far = the farthest </li></ul><ul><li>little = the least </li></ul>
  14. 15. Activity
  15. 16. Choose the correct answer <ul><li>Our house is …………….than theirs. </li></ul><ul><li>big b. bigger c. biggest </li></ul><ul><li>2. I’m ……………… than my brother </li></ul><ul><li>more taller b. the tallest c. taller </li></ul><ul><li>3. The Grand Canyon is ………………..canyon in the world </li></ul><ul><li>the longest b. longer c. the longer </li></ul><ul><li>4. I am …………….. student in the class </li></ul><ul><li>the goodest b. the best c. gooder </li></ul><ul><li>5. I think that Mathematics is…………………………than English </li></ul><ul><li>More difficult b. difficulter c. difficult </li></ul>bigger taller the longest the best more difficult
  16. 17. Activity 2 <ul><li>Look at the picture </li></ul><ul><li>Compare the Donkey, Shrek, Princess and Prince in the chart. </li></ul><ul><li>Write sentences using comparative and superlative forms in your copybook. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the adjectives: tall ,  short , beautiful , ugly , good-looking , thin , fat , intelligent, young, old , romantic , strong </li></ul>
  17. 19. Donkey Shrek Princess Prince Age Weight Height Appearence Intelligence Romance Power

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