ASEAN and overview of Southeast Asia Issues and Challenges

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ASEAN and overview of Southeast Asia Issues and Challenges

  1. 1. BY: ISABEL Y. TUMARONG SOUTHEASTASIA
  2. 2. ASEAN ASSOCIATIONOF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS
  3. 3. ONE VISSION, ONE IDENTITY, ONE COMMUNITY
  4. 4. THE ASEAN MEMBER COUNTRIES
  5. 5. The member states…
  6. 6. BRUNEI DARUSSALAM The Head of State
  7. 7. BRUNEI DARUSSALAM  Head of State : His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah  Capital : Bandar Seri Begawan  Language(s) : Malay, English  Currency : B$ (Brunei Dollar)  Date of membership: January 7, 1984
  8. 8. CAMBODIA The Chief of State The Prime Minister
  9. 9. CAMBODIA  Head of State : His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni  Head of Government : Prime Minister Hun Sen  Capital : Phnom Penh  Language : Khmer  Currency : Riel  Date of membership: April 30, 1999
  10. 10. INDONESIA The President
  11. 11. INDONESIA  Head of State : President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono  Capital : Jakarta  Language : Indonesian  Currency : Rupiah  Date of membership: August 8, 1967
  12. 12. LAO PDR The Chief of State The Prime Minister
  13. 13. LAO PDR  Head of State : President Choummaly Sayasone  Head of Government : Prime Minister ThongsingThammavong  Capital :Vientiane  Language : Lao  Currency : Kip  Date of membership: July 23, 1997
  14. 14. Malaysia The Prime Minister The Chief of Sate
  15. 15. MALAYSIA  Head of Government :The Honourable Dato' Sri Mohd Najib binTun Abdul Razak  chief of state: KingTuanku ABDUL HALIM Mu'adzam Shah  Capital : Kuala Lumpur  Language(s) : Malay, English, Chinese,Tamil  Currency : Ringgit  Date of membership: August 8, 1967
  16. 16. Myanmar/Burma The President
  17. 17. MYANMAR/Burma  Head of State : PresidentThein Sein  Capital : Nay PyiTaw  Language : Myanmar  Currency : Kyat  Date of membership: July 23, 1997
  18. 18. Philippines The President
  19. 19. PHILIPPINES  Head of State : President Benigno S. Aquino III  Capital : Manila  Language(s) : Filipino, English, Spanish  Currency : Peso  Date of membership: August 8, 1967
  20. 20. Singapore The Chief of State The Prime Minister
  21. 21. SINGAPORE  Chief of State : PresidentTonyTan KengYam  Head of Government : Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong  Capital : Singapore  Language(s) : English, Malay, Mandarin,Tamil  Currency : S$ (Singapore Dollar)  Date of membership: August 8, 1967
  22. 22. Thailand The Chief of State The Prime Minister
  23. 23. THAILAND  Chief of State : His Majesty King King PHUMIPHONAdunyadet also known as Bhumibol Adulyadej  Head of Government : Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra  Capital : Bangkok  Language :Thai  Currency : Bah  Date of membership: August 8, 1967
  24. 24. Vietnam The Chief of State The Prime Minister
  25. 25. VIETNAM  Chief of State : PresidentTruongTan SANG  Head of Government : Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung  Capital : Ha Noi  Language :Vietnamese  Currency : Dong  Date of membership: July 28, 1995
  26. 26. The ASEAN member to be…
  27. 27. Timor-Leste/East Timor The Chief of State The Prime Minister
  28. 28. TIMOR LESTE/EAST TIMOR  Chief of State: President Taur Matan RUAK  Head of Government: Prime Minister Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO  Capital: Dili  Language(s): Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English  Currency:  Officially applied on March 4, 2011
  29. 29. THE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTEAST ASIAN NATIONS…  8 August 1967, Bangkok,Thailand  Founding Fathers: 1. Indonesia 2. Malaysia 3. Philippines 4. Singapore 5. Thailand.
  30. 30. The ASEAN Charter  It serves as a firm foundation in achieving the ASEAN Community by providing legal status and institutional framework for ASEAN.  It also codifies ASEAN norms, rules and values; sets clear targets for ASEAN; and presents accountability and compliance.
  31. 31. Aims and purposes: 1. To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region. 2. To promote regional peace and stability. 3. To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields
  32. 32. 4.To provide assistance to each other. 5.To collaborate more effectively… 6.To promote Southeast Asian studies. 7. To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organizations with similar aims and purposes, and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves.
  33. 33. Fundamental Principles: 1. Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations; 2. The right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or coercion; 3. Non-interference in the internal affairs of one another;
  34. 34. 4. Settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful manner; 5. Renunciation of the threat or use of force; and 6. Effective cooperation among themselves
  35. 35. The ASEAN Community…
  36. 36.  TheASEANVision 2020  ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations  outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity  bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies
  37. 37.  At the 9th ASEAN Summit in 2003  ASEAN Community shall be established.  At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015.
  38. 38. The Three Pillars of ASEAN Community…
  39. 39. ASEAN Political-Security Community  TheAPSC shall aim to ensure that countries in the region live at peace with one another and with the world in a just, democratic and harmonious environment  Components: political development; shaping and sharing of norms; conflict prevention; conflict resolution; post- conflict peace building; and implementing mechanisms.
  40. 40. ASEAN Economic Community  (AEC) shall be the goal of regional economic integration by 2015. Characteristics: (a) a single market and production base, (b) a highly competitive economic region, (c) a region of equitable economic development, and (d) a region fully integrated into the global economy.
  41. 41. ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community TheASEAN Socio-Cultural Community aims to contribute to realizing an ASEAN Community that is people-oriented and socially responsible with a view to achieving enduring solidarity and unity among the peoples and Member States of ASEAN.
  42. 42. ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community It seeks to forge a common identity and build a caring and sharing society which is inclusive and where the well-being, livelihood, and welfare of the peoples are enhanced.
  43. 43. The ASEAN Secretary General  The Secretary-General of ASEAN is appointed by the ASEAN Summit for a non-renewable term of office of five years, selected from among nationals of the ASEAN Member States based on alphabetical rotation.
  44. 44.  The Secretary-General of ASEAN 2013 -2017 is H.E. Le Luong Minh from Viet Nam, declared on Jan. 9, 2013
  45. 45. MAJOR COMPONENTS OF ASEAN  ASEAN Economic Community  ASEAN Economic Ministers (AEM)  ASEAN FreeTrade Area (AFTA Council)  ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting (AMEM)  ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Agriculture and Forestry (AMAF)  ASEAN Finance Ministers Meeting (AFMM)  ASEAN Investment Area (AIA) Council  ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Minerals (AMMin)
  46. 46. MAJOR COMPONENTS OF ASEAN  ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST)  ASEAN Mekong Basin Development Cooperation (AMBDC)  ASEANTransport Ministers Meeting (ATM)  ASEAN Telecommunications and IT Ministers Meeting (TELMIN)  ASEANTourism Ministers Meeting (M-ATM)  Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) and Narrowing the Development Gap (NDG)  Sectoral Bodies under the Purview of AEM
  47. 47. The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA ASEAN Member Countries have made significant progress in the lowering of intra-regional tariffs through the Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) Scheme for AFTA.
  48. 48. The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA  More than 99 percent of the products in the CEPT Inclusion List (IL) of ASEAN-6 have been brought down to the 0-5 percent tariff range.
  49. 49. ASEAN Trade with Selected Trading Partners  The United States, the European Union and Japan continued to be ASEAN’s largest export markets. Japan, followed by the U.S. and EU, were the largest sources of ASEAN imports.  During the first half of 2002-2003, ASEAN-6 trade with major markets as a whole increased by 11.71 percent for exports and 6.91 percent for imports.
  50. 50. Are you ready to be an “ASEAN People”?
  51. 51. THE ASEAN 2015 CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
  52. 52. THE CHALLENGES…
  53. 53. Challenges 1. Entry of import products.  deluge of products  Threat to manufacturers 2. The challenge of scaling the business.  How to compete  Acquire more capital
  54. 54. Challenges 3. The need to be efficient.  technology advancement 4. The challenge to increase productivity. Retooling Retraining
  55. 55. Challenges 5.The need for speed. 6.The challenge to innovate. Research and development Market and research New technologies for production
  56. 56. THE OPPORTUNITIES…
  57. 57. Opportunities 1. Access to a bigger market. 2. Supply of human capital.
  58. 58. The Southeast Asia’s Issues and challenges
  59. 59. Issues and challenges  Health and Sanitation
  60. 60. Health and Sanitation  In Southeast Asia, 7 out of 10 people without access to improved sanitation and drinking water facilities live in rural areas.  Southeast Asian region as a whole is on- rack to meet the sanitation MDG target.  2006: 378 million people (67%) had access to improved facilities and population without access had decreased by 32 million since 1990.
  61. 61. Health and Sanitation  However, 1 in 5 people (102 million) are still continue practice open defecation.
  62. 62. Issues and challenges  Poverty
  63. 63. Poverty  The Southeast Asia is the only developing region that reached the hunger reduction target ahead of 2015 deadline.  The proportion of undernourished people in the total population has decreased from 29.6% IN 1990-1992 to 10.9% in 2010-2012.
  64. 64. Poverty
  65. 65. Poverty
  66. 66. Issues and challenges  Prone to natural calamities
  67. 67. Prone to natural calamities
  68. 68. Issues and challenges  Political Challenges:  Internal political challenges  Political transition  Ethnic violence
  69. 69. Issues and challenges  inter-state conflicts/territorial disputes  Thai-Cambodian border dispute  Myanmarese refugees andThailand  Dispute over Ambalat block between Indonesia and Malaysia
  70. 70. Issues and challenges  Water conflict between Singapore and malaysia  Mekong crisis  The South China sea dispute  ASEAN and regional security
  71. 71. Thank You!!!

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