<ul><ul><ul><li>Sentences can be divided into parts called clauses. A  relative clause  is a part of a sentence that descr...
<ul><li>That, Who, Which, Whose   can be used to introduce  clauses  in sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>The woman  who  inter...
<ul><li>It gives essential information about the  noun  or  noun phrase  it modifies, without which the  sentence  wouldn'...
<ul><li>'Who', 'whose' and 'that'  can be used for people.  </li></ul><ul><li>'Which' 'whose' and 'that'  can be used for ...
<ul><li>It gives extra information about the  noun  or  noun phrase  and has commas at both ends. </li></ul><ul><li>The co...
<ul><li>'Who' and 'whose'  are used for people. </li></ul><ul><li>'Which' and 'whose'  are used for things. </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>1 .  He gave me the letter. </li></ul><ul><li>The letter was in a blue envelope. </li></ul><ul><li>He gave me the ...
<ul><li>5.  I’ve just met Susan. </li></ul><ul><li>Susan’s husband works in London. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve just met Susan,...
<ul><li>7.  Elephants are very unusual. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants love mice. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants that love mice ...
<ul><li>9. My friend John has just written a best-selling novel. </li></ul><ul><li>He went to the same school as me. </li>...
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Relative Clauses

368

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
368
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Relative Clauses

  1. 1. <ul><ul><ul><li>Sentences can be divided into parts called clauses. A relative clause is a part of a sentence that describes the person or thing we are talking about and is connected to other clauses in the sentence via a relative pronoun </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The woman that has just left the shop didn't buy anything. </li></ul><ul><li>( ' that has just left the shop ' modifies the noun ' woman ' by telling us which woman the speaker is referring to) </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>That, Who, Which, Whose can be used to introduce clauses in sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>The woman who interviewed me was very friendly. </li></ul><ul><li>I can't stand dogs that bark loudly. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>It gives essential information about the noun or noun phrase it modifies, without which the sentence wouldn't make sense as the listener or reader would not be able to identify the noun in the sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>The hotel that we stayed in wasn't bad . </li></ul><ul><li>( 'that we stayed in' tells the listener which hotel we are talking about; it defines the hotel) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>'Who', 'whose' and 'that' can be used for people. </li></ul><ul><li>'Which' 'whose' and 'that' can be used for things </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>It gives extra information about the noun or noun phrase and has commas at both ends. </li></ul><ul><li>The commas have a similar function to brackets. </li></ul><ul><li>My sister, who lives in France , is coming to stay with me next week. </li></ul><ul><li>My sister ( she lives in france) is coming,… </li></ul><ul><li>( 'who lives in France' is not essential, which means that I only have one sister ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>'Who' and 'whose' are used for people. </li></ul><ul><li>'Which' and 'whose' are used for things. </li></ul><ul><li>'That' cannot be used in a non-defining relative clause. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1 . He gave me the letter. </li></ul><ul><li>The letter was in a blue envelope. </li></ul><ul><li>He gave me the letter, which was in a blue envelope. </li></ul><ul><li>2. He gave me the letter. </li></ul><ul><li>I read the letter immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>He gave me the letter, which I read immediately </li></ul><ul><li>3 . My aunt came from the North of England. </li></ul><ul><li>She is dead now. </li></ul><ul><li>My aunt, who is dead now , came from the North of England </li></ul><ul><li>4. She’s studying English. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people hate English. </li></ul><ul><li>She’s studying English, which many people hate . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>5. I’ve just met Susan. </li></ul><ul><li>Susan’s husband works in London. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve just met Susan, whose husband works in London . </li></ul><ul><li>6. John’s mother has six grandchildren. </li></ul><ul><li>She lives in Scotland. </li></ul><ul><li>John's mother, who lives in Scotland, has 6 grandchildren. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>7. Elephants are very unusual. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants love mice. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants that love mice are very unusual . </li></ul><ul><li>(This tells us which elephants we are talking about). </li></ul><ul><li>8. Elephant can sometimes be found in zoos. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants are large and grey. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants, which are large and grey, can sometimes be found in zoos . </li></ul><ul><li>(This gives us some extra information about elephants - we are talking about all elephants, not just one type or group). </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>9. My friend John has just written a best-selling novel. </li></ul><ul><li>He went to the same school as me. </li></ul><ul><li>My friend John, who went to the same school as me, has just written a best-selling novel. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×