Tiananmen Square Incident


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Tiananmen Square Incident

  1. 1. Tiananmen Square Incident1989<br />Howard Liu and Isabel Chun<br />
  2. 2. April 14 : Death of Hu Yao Bang<br />Sympathetic to student demonstrations for democracy<br />2 years before - government position taken away <br />Hu Yao Bang dies of heart attack<br />Death sparked the mourning and demonstrations in Tiananmen <br />
  3. 3. April 26 – “People’s Daily” Editorial<br />Following an internal speech made by Deng Xiao Ping<br />CPC's official newspaper People's Daily issued a front-page editorial titled Uphold the flag to clearly oppose any turmoil<br />Said "extremely small segments of opportunists" were plotting civil unrest<br /><ul><li>Angered at statement, 27 April about 50,000 students assembled on the streets of Beijing
  4. 4. Demanded that the government react to statement</li></li></ul><li>May fourth<br />Tens of thousands of students from 51 campuses marched into Tiananmen Square<br />800 journalist from different Beijing publications joined<br />The Peoples Daily, The China News Service, The Workers Daily and others<br />Students wrote declaration stating:<br />Current movement is a continuation of student movement of 70 years ago<br />
  5. 5. May 13 – 19 : Hunger strikes <br />Students occupied Tian An Men Square and started a hunger strike<br />Professors of Beijing University, moved by the hunger strikes, threw a banquet<br /><ul><li>1400 people initially
  6. 6. May 19th–Zhao Ziyang’sspeech
  7. 7. Zhao Ziyang was a high-ranking politician sympathetic to student protests</li></li></ul><li>Zhao Ziyang’s Speech during Hunger Strike<br />“Students, we came too late. Sorry, students. Whatever you say and criticise about us is deserved. My purpose here now is not to ask for your forgiveness. I want to say that now, your bodies are very weak…<br /> … All in all, this is what I have in mind. If you stop the hunger strike, the government will not close the door on dialogue, definitely not! What you have proposed, we can continue to discuss. It is slow, but some issues are being broached.”<br /> -Zhao Ziyang<br /> <br />
  8. 8. May 15 - Gorbachev’s visit<br />Gorbachev, President of the Soviet Union, met with Deng Xiaoping <br />Believed in:<br />Glasnost - openness, listen to criticism<br />Perestroika - restructuring, political economic social reform<br />Brought international press<br />
  9. 9. May 18 –DialogueStudent Leaders with Li Peng<br />Dialouge with prime minister LiPeng<br />Accused the government for being too slow to react<br />Government would take action<br />
  10. 10. May 20 - Martial law declared<br />PLA surrounded Beijing<br />Military polices<br />Entrances to Beijing was blocked by protesters<br />
  11. 11. June 3 -4 : Clearing the Square<br />Armed troops and hundreds of armored vehicles tried to clear the square.<br />Troops began randomly firing at crowd<br />Tanks rolled through the crowd<br />Those who could not escape were crushed<br />Tank Man stood in front of a column of 59 tanks <br />