Japanese Invasion 1931-7


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Japanese Invasion 1931-7

  1. 1. Japanese Invasion 1931-7<br />Timeline by Howard Liu and Isabel Chun<br />
  2. 2. Background information<br />In 1895, Japan fought a war with China and gained control of Formosa (taiwan) and the Pescadores Islands. China also allowed Korea it’s independence<br />In 1904, Japan fought with Russia and got control of the Liaodong peninsula and the Southern Manchurian Railway<br />In 1910, Japanese troops went into Korea and made it a Japanese colony.<br />During WW1, Japan also got Kiaochow, a german-held port and they also presented Yuan with the 21 Demands. <br />Manchuria is three times larger than Japan’s empire (excluding Korea and Formosa) but had a third of the population. Manchuria also had minerals and agricultural products.<br />
  3. 3. 1931 - The Manchurian Incident<br />The Great Depression in USA affected Japan’s trade. Japan closed half of it’s factories and many people was laid off of work<br />Young officers in the Japanese army thought that they should take over Manchuria, because they already had an army there<br />Against the Japanese government’s orders, the Kwantung army occupied the whole of Manchuria. <br />Kwantung Army<br />
  4. 4. 1931 - The Manchurian Incident, cont.<br />Zhang Xue Liang, the warlord of Manchuria, wanted to fight the Japanese. <br />Chiang Kaishek thought that neither he or Zhang would be able to fight the Japanese<br />Japan renamed Manchuria to Manzhouguo and put Puyi as the emperor, but only as a puppet.<br />Zhang Xue Liang<br />
  5. 5. 1933 – 1936 – Japanese occupying more land<br />The Kwantung army continued occupying more land outside of Manchuria. They occupied the provinces of Rehe, Chahaer, Suiyuan and parts of Hebei and Shanxi. <br />The Chinese reacted by boycotting Japanese goods. In Shanghai, japanese cargo was rejected and thrown overboard.<br />Many Chinese people wanted Chiang Kaishek to declare war on Japan but Chiang believed that they should fight the Communists first before they risk a war with Japan. <br />Communists, on the other hand, wanted to fight the Japanese. They thought that all the Chinese should unite and fight them. The communist area was near Manchuria.<br />
  6. 6. 1936 – Another Extermination Campaign<br />Chiang organised another extermination campaign because he didn’t want to make a united front and attack the Japanese.<br />The base for the campain was in Xian and Zhang Zueliang was the commander of the army. He was ordered to kill the communists.<br />Zhang’s army was made up of many Manchurians who wanted to fight against the Communists.<br />He made an unofficial agreement with the Communists not to fight each other.<br />Chiang then flew to Xian to persuade Zhang to continue with the campaign.<br />
  7. 7. Dec. 1936- The Xian Incident<br />After Chiang arrived in Xian and tried to change Zhang’s mind, Zhang took him prisoner.<br />Zhang’s troops went to the hotel and took Chiang as a prisoner for 2 weeks. Zhang discussed with the Guomindang, the Communist party and the Russian government and agreed to release him.<br />Chiang, in return for his freedom, agreed to making a United Front and to fight the Japanese.<br />
  8. 8. Jul. 1937 – Japan strikes China<br />The Japanese invaded another province before the United Front became too strong. <br />