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British Rule in India

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    British Rule in India British Rule in India Presentation Transcript

    • British Rule
      Yu Rong L. and Isabel C.
    • 1600s - East Indian Company
      East Indian Company won rights to build trading posts and forts at madras, Bombay and Calcutta
      The traded gold and silver for Indian goods such as cotton
      Mughal rulers looked down on Europeans
      Indians believed newcomers had little of value to offer
    • 1700s – Decline of Mughal Empire
      No longer controlled most of the subcontinent
      Princes set up independent kingdoms
      French and British fought for land and made Indian allies
    • 1760s – British overcame French
      Both sought trading rights from the Mughals
      Competing for political and economic power
      Took advantage of Mughal Empire decline
      Both made Indian allies
      British forces overcame French
      British surrender of Madras
    • 1857 – Sepoy Rebellion
      Started in Delhi
      Sepoys were Indians fighting in British army
      New cartridges were greased with pork and beef fat
      Muslims are forbidden to touch pork
      Hindus worship cattle
      Sepoys rebelled
      English stopped the rebellion
    • 1858 – India as Colony
      As result of Sepoy Rebellion
      Queen of England declared India as an official colony
    • 1885 – Indian National Congress
      INC was a group of hindus
      Group demanded for gradual change
      Asked for more government jobs for Indians
    • 1906 – Muslim League
      Muslims were worried about the power in India
      Demanded that independence be followed by partition of India into two separate countries
      One Muslim, one Hindu
    • 1920 - Gandhi
      Gandhi united large mass of Indian people
      Demanded for independence