The Present Perfect Tense
Take a look at this situation!Take a look at this situation!
Mummy! Ann’s taken my sweets!Mummy! Ann’s taken my sweets!
Oh no! I can’t stay in bed anyOh no! I can’t stay in bed any
lo...
He’s finished reading the book.He’s finished reading the book.
TAKE ATAKE A
LOOK!LOOK!
TAKE ATAKE A
LOOK!LOOK!
When did they happen? In theWhen did they happen? In the
past? In the pres...
Do you remember which verb
Do you remember which verb
tense was used?
tense was used?
Now work it out!Now work it out!Now ...
THE PRESENT PERFECT
WE USE THIS VERB TENSE TO TALK ABOUT
SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED IN THE PAST .
IT IS USED WHEN WHAT HAPPEN...
EXAMPLESEXAMPLES
I HAVE EATEN A LOT.
I HAVE BEEN TO ORLANDO.
I HAVE NEVER BEEN TO LONDON.
I HAVE NEVER SEEN A TIGER .
I ATE A LOT YESTERDAY.
MY SISTER WENT TO ORLANDO LAST YEAR.
I BOUGHT A CAR AT CHRISTMAS.
I READ A GREAT DEAL WHEN I WAS A
...
HOW TO FORM THE
PRESENT PERFECT
I HAVE WRITTEN...
SHE HAS DONE...
PETER AND GEORGE HAVE SEEN...
THE DOG HAS HAD...
SUBJECT...
NEGATIVE.NEGATIVE.
I HAVEN’T EATENHAVEN’T EATEN THE
CAKE
THE CAKE HAS
DISAPPEARED, BUT...
QUESTIONSQUESTIONS
HAVE YOU SEENHAVE YOU SEEN A GHOST... ?A GHOST... ?
YOU’RE PALE !YOU’RE PALE !
WE CAN ALSO ASK
QUESTIONS USING EVER:
HAVE YOU EVER + PAST PARTICIPLE ?
WHEN WE WANT TO KNOW IF SOMEONE DID SOMETHING
DURI...
MORE QUESTIONS
HAVE YOU EVEREVER EATEN SNAKE ?
HAVE YOU EVEREVER BEEN TO NEPAL?
HAVE YOU EVEREVER CLIMBED A MOUNTAIN ?
HAV...
POSSIBLE ANSWERSPOSSIBLE ANSWERS::
•YES, I HAVE.
•YES, ONCE.
•YES, TWICE.
•YES, MANY TIMES.
•NO, I HAVEN’T
•NO, NEVER.
•NO...
WE NEVER MENTION WHEN THE ACTION
HAPPENED IN THE PRESENT PERFECT . IF WE
WANT TO DO SO, WE MUST USE THE PAST
SIMPLE.
- HAV...
PRESENT PERFECT OR PAST
SIMPLE ?
1. ANA ................. TO MIAMI WHEN SHE WAS TEN.
2. WE ........... JUST .................
What has Frank done recently?
1. /read any books lately? (Yes)
2. What car/buy? (Renault)
3. /phone Barbara recently? (No)...
Now ask your partner some questions
about him/her using the present perfect:
1. /read any books lately? Which one?
2. What...
MORE USES OF THE
PRESENT PERFECTPRESENT PERFECT
THE PRESENT PERFECT
I - IF YOUR ANSWER IS AFFIRMATIVE AND
YOU WANT TO GIVE DETAILS , USE THE PAST
SIMPLE .
- HAVE YOU EVER...
COMPLETE WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT OR THE PAST SIMPLE :
- _______ YOU EVER _______ GIN ?
- YES, I ________ .
- WHEN _____ Y...
II - AN ACTION THAT BEGAN IN THE PAST
AND CONTINUES UP TO THE PRESENT
WE HAVE LIVED IN RIO FOR YEARS
I HAVE STUDIED ENGLIS...
III - AN INDEFINITE PAST ACTION
HE’S ALREADY DONE HIS HOMEWORK
WE HAVE FINISHED THE REPORT
HAVE YOU CLEANED YOUR ROOM YET ...
COMPLETE WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT
1. ............ SHE EVER ................. FOOD FROM BAHIA ?
2. I ................ JUST ...
The present perfect dice
1) Talk about something you have done recently.
2) Talk about something you have started in the
p...
Present Perfect
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Present Perfect

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Present Perfect

  1. 1. The Present Perfect Tense
  2. 2. Take a look at this situation!Take a look at this situation!
  3. 3. Mummy! Ann’s taken my sweets!Mummy! Ann’s taken my sweets! Oh no! I can’t stay in bed anyOh no! I can’t stay in bed any longer! The children’ve woken up.longer! The children’ve woken up. ’’s takens taken ’’ve woken upve woken up
  4. 4. He’s finished reading the book.He’s finished reading the book.
  5. 5. TAKE ATAKE A LOOK!LOOK! TAKE ATAKE A LOOK!LOOK! When did they happen? In theWhen did they happen? In the past? In the present?past? In the present? When did they happen? In theWhen did they happen? In the past? In the present?past? In the present?
  6. 6. Do you remember which verb Do you remember which verb tense was used? tense was used? Now work it out!Now work it out!Now work it out!Now work it out! You can use the Present Perfect to talk about a ____________situation which is connected with the ________________. past present
  7. 7. THE PRESENT PERFECT WE USE THIS VERB TENSE TO TALK ABOUT SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED IN THE PAST . IT IS USED WHEN WHAT HAPPENED IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN WHEN IT HAPPENED.
  8. 8. EXAMPLESEXAMPLES I HAVE EATEN A LOT. I HAVE BEEN TO ORLANDO. I HAVE NEVER BEEN TO LONDON. I HAVE NEVER SEEN A TIGER .
  9. 9. I ATE A LOT YESTERDAY. MY SISTER WENT TO ORLANDO LAST YEAR. I BOUGHT A CAR AT CHRISTMAS. I READ A GREAT DEAL WHEN I WAS A CHILD. IF YOU WANT TO SAY WHEN IT HAPPENED YOU USE THE SIMPLE PAST.
  10. 10. HOW TO FORM THE PRESENT PERFECT I HAVE WRITTEN... SHE HAS DONE... PETER AND GEORGE HAVE SEEN... THE DOG HAS HAD... SUBJECTSUBJECT HAVEHAVE HASHAS PAST PARTICIPLE OFPAST PARTICIPLE OF THE MAIN VERBTHE MAIN VERB+ +
  11. 11. NEGATIVE.NEGATIVE. I HAVEN’T EATENHAVEN’T EATEN THE CAKE THE CAKE HAS DISAPPEARED, BUT...
  12. 12. QUESTIONSQUESTIONS HAVE YOU SEENHAVE YOU SEEN A GHOST... ?A GHOST... ? YOU’RE PALE !YOU’RE PALE !
  13. 13. WE CAN ALSO ASK QUESTIONS USING EVER: HAVE YOU EVER + PAST PARTICIPLE ? WHEN WE WANT TO KNOW IF SOMEONE DID SOMETHING DURING HIS LIFE UP TO THE PRESENT MOMENTDURING HIS LIFE UP TO THE PRESENT MOMENT. - HAVE YOU EVER EATEN JAPANESE FOOD? - YES, I HAVE .
  14. 14. MORE QUESTIONS HAVE YOU EVEREVER EATEN SNAKE ? HAVE YOU EVEREVER BEEN TO NEPAL? HAVE YOU EVEREVER CLIMBED A MOUNTAIN ? HAVE YOU EVEREVER BOUGHT ANYTHING REALLY EXPENSIVE?
  15. 15. POSSIBLE ANSWERSPOSSIBLE ANSWERS:: •YES, I HAVE. •YES, ONCE. •YES, TWICE. •YES, MANY TIMES. •NO, I HAVEN’T •NO, NEVER. •NO, NOT YET
  16. 16. WE NEVER MENTION WHEN THE ACTION HAPPENED IN THE PRESENT PERFECT . IF WE WANT TO DO SO, WE MUST USE THE PAST SIMPLE. - HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TO FRANCE ? - YES, I WENTWENT THERE LAST YEARLAST YEAR. - DID YOU LIKE IT ? - I SURE DID BUT EVERYTHING WAS VERY EXPENSIVE. - AND YOU ? - I TRAVELLEDTRAVELLED TO FRANCE IN 1998IN 1998.
  17. 17. PRESENT PERFECT OR PAST SIMPLE ? 1. ANA ................. TO MIAMI WHEN SHE WAS TEN. 2. WE ........... JUST ................ A NEW CAR. 3. .......... HE EVER ................. AN OPERA ? 4. I .............................. MY REPORT. 5. ANA ............................ HERS LAST NIGHT. 6. ............... YOU ............... THE NEWS ? 7. A MAN ..................... HIS WIFE LAST FRIDAY. GO BUY SEE FINISH FINISH HEAR KILL WENT HAVE BOUGHT HAS SEEN HAVE FINISHED FINISHED HAVE HEARD KILLED
  18. 18. What has Frank done recently? 1. /read any books lately? (Yes) 2. What car/buy? (Renault) 3. /phone Barbara recently? (No) 5. /see Amy recently? (Yes) 7. Where/ work? (IBM) 9. /travelled abroad lately? (Yes)
  19. 19. Now ask your partner some questions about him/her using the present perfect: 1. /read any books lately? Which one? 2. What car / buy recently? 4. /visit/ friend lately? 5. /watch a good film recently? Which? 7. Where/ work? 8. /travel abroad recently? 9. /buy new clothes recently?
  20. 20. MORE USES OF THE PRESENT PERFECTPRESENT PERFECT
  21. 21. THE PRESENT PERFECT I - IF YOUR ANSWER IS AFFIRMATIVE AND YOU WANT TO GIVE DETAILS , USE THE PAST SIMPLE . - HAVE YOU EVER EATEN JAPANESE FOOD ? - YES, I HAVE . - WHEN DID YOU EAT IT ? - LAST WEEKEND. - DID YOU LIKE IT ? - SO - SO .
  22. 22. COMPLETE WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT OR THE PAST SIMPLE : - _______ YOU EVER _______ GIN ? - YES, I ________ . - WHEN _____ YOU _______ IT ? - LAST CARNIVAL. - HOW ____ YOU _______ IT ? - IT ______ OK. HAVE DRUNK HAVE DID DRINK DID LIKE WAS
  23. 23. II - AN ACTION THAT BEGAN IN THE PAST AND CONTINUES UP TO THE PRESENT WE HAVE LIVED IN RIO FOR YEARS I HAVE STUDIED ENGLISH SINCE 1996 I’VE BEEN MARRIED FOR 10 YEARS SHE’S WORKED FOR IBM SINCE FEBRUARY
  24. 24. III - AN INDEFINITE PAST ACTION HE’S ALREADY DONE HIS HOMEWORK WE HAVE FINISHED THE REPORT HAVE YOU CLEANED YOUR ROOM YET ? HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TO LONDON ?
  25. 25. COMPLETE WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT 1. ............ SHE EVER ................. FOOD FROM BAHIA ? 2. I ................ JUST .................. A GOOD MOVIE ON TV. 3. THEY ........... NEVER ................ CACHAÇA 4. ................ YOU EVER .............. TO THE USA ? 5. THEY ............................ A VERY FAMOUS PERSON 6. WE............................. SOCCER FOR HOURS. 7. SHE ...................................... THE REPORT YET. DRINKDRINK SEESEE BEBE PLAYPLAY WRITEWRITE EATEAT MEETMEET HAS EATEN HAVE SEEN HAVE DRUNK HAVE BEEN HAVE MET HAVE PLAYED HASN’T WRITTEN
  26. 26. The present perfect dice 1) Talk about something you have done recently. 2) Talk about something you have started in the past and that is still true (use for or since). 3) Talk about something that hasn´t happened yet. 4) Talk about something that has already happened. 5) Talk about something that has just happened. 6) Free for 1 round !!!

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