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  • 1. Open accessrepositoriesIryna KuchmaOpen Access Programme managerPresented at “New Trends for Science Dissemination”,ICTP – Trieste, Italy, 26 September Attribution 3.0 Unported
  • 2. EIFL ProgrammesEIFL-Licensing: Expanding access to commercial e-resourcesEIFL Open Access: Removing barriers toknowledge sharingEIFL-IP: Copyright & Libraries: Promoting fair &balanced copyright lawsEIFL-FOSS: Improving ICT infrastructure in librariesEIFL-PLIP: Public Library Innovation Programme
  • 3. Open access (OA) is free, immediate, online access to the results of research, coupled with the right to use those results in new and innovative ways
  • 4. OA to publications open data open education open science FOSSopen innovations
  • 5. “Restrictive access policiesdrastically reduces readershipof electronic research journalarticles.”Professor Frank Youngman, DVC, University of Botswana
  • 6. “OA provides an environmentwithin which literature andscholarly research articles aremade freely accessible onlinewithout license restrictionsand without charging userssubscription or access fees.”
  • 7. “OA is a vital means ofdissemination of informationwhich is crucial for nationaldevelopment and in achievingMDGs, given the crucial role thatinformation plays in achievingsocial, economic, cultural andpolitical development.”
  • 8. OA for researchersincreased visibilityusage& impact for their work
  • 9. OA for researchinstitutionspublicises institutes’ research strengthsproviding maximum return on investmentcomplete record of the research output ineasily accessible formnew tools to manage institutions impact
  • 10. OA for publishersincreased readership & citationsvisibility & impactthe best possible disseminationservice for research
  • 11. OA for librariespartnerships with scientists & researchmanagers to set up OA repositories, to curateresearch data & to develop OA policiespartnerships with scholarly publishers to publishOA journals & bookspartnerships with educators to produce OERs
  • 12. OA repositoriesContain research outputsInstitutional or thematicInteroperable (OAI-PMH)Common metadata protocol allows webapplications (text & data mining)
  • 13. Snapshot of publicationoutputs by discipline
  • 14. OA repositories (2)The need to evaluate researchers anddepartmentsAs a response to requests from faculty (“Open Repository Development in Developing and Transition countries” conducted by EIFL and the University of Kansas Libraries)
  • 15. OA repositories (3)Publicize an institute’s researchstrengths, providing maximum return onresearch investmentProvide an administrative tool forinstitutions
  • 16. OA repositories (4)Increase impact & usage of institutesresearch, providing new contacts &research partnerships for authorsProvide usage statistics showing globalinterest & value of institutional research
  • 17. OA repositories (5)FOSS to set up, free technical supportLow installation & maintenance costs,quick to set up & gain benefitsInstitutions can mandate OA, speedingdevelopment
  • 18. to enhancegreater visibility& application ofresearchoutputs throughglobal networksof OA digitalrepositories
  • 19. “Access to relevant and timely information iscritical to support the University’s mission ofteaching, learning, research and the managerialfunctions of the University. Access toinformation is also an essential condition for theeconomic and social development of thecountry. Open access will enhance access tolocal content and this goal can only be achievedthrough collaborative efforts.” Professor Kamau Ngamau, Dean Faculty of Agriculture, JKUAT
  • 20. One of the key pillars of the University ofBotswana new strategic plan “Strategy forexcellence” is “Research Intensification”. OA willhelp the University of Botswana, Government, andresearch institutions to achieve this pillar byensuring online accessibility to public fundedresearch output that can be freely shared byeveryone, enhance research quality, and improvevisibility of the institution and the nation globally. Prof. Frank Youngman, DVC, U of Botswana
  • 21. The SOAP survey11 EIFL partner countries: Bulgaria, China,Egypt, Nigeria, Poland, Russia, Serbia,Slovenia, South Africa, Thailand and UkraineAbout 86% of researchers are convinced thatOA publishing is beneficial to their researchfield directly improving the way scientificcommunity work and providing the benefitsoutside the scientific community – publicgood benefits
  • 22. The SOAP survey(2)Publicly fundedresearch shouldbe made available S tr o n g ly a g r e e A g re eto be read and N e ith e r a g r e e n o r d is a g r e e D is a g r e e S tr o n g ly d is a g r e eused withoutaccess barriers(n=3875)
  • 23. The SOAP survey(3)OA articles arelikely to be readand cited more S t ro n g ly a g re e A g re e N e i t h e r a g r e e n o r d is a g r e eoften than those D is a g re e S t r o n g l y d is a g r e enot OA (n=3882)
  • 24. The SOAP survey(4)OA publishing ismore cost-effective thansubscription- S t r o n g ly a g r e e A g re e N e it h e r a g r e e n o r d is a g r e ebased publishing D is a g r e e S t r o n g ly d is a g r e eand so will benefitpublic investmentin research(n=3871)
  • 25. The SOAP survey(5)Researchersshould retain therights to their S t ro n g ly a g re e A g re epublished work N e it h e r a g r e e n o r d is a g re e D is a g re e S t ro n g ly d is a g re eand allow it to beused by others(n=3872)
  • 26. How OA benefits your work and careerDistribution and usageImmediate access to your research output foreveryone upon official publicationMore visibility & usageImmediate impact of your workIntensification of research through fastdissemination and use of research;Possibly a citation advantage as well
  • 27. How OA benefits your work and careerPlus:Monitoring of your research outputPreservation of your research output by yourlibraryKeep your rights instead of signing themaway
  • 28. What can you do?Submit your research articles to OA journals,when there are appropriate OA journals inyour fieldDeposit your preprints/postprints in an OArepositoryDeposit your data files in an OA repositoryalong with the publications built on them.
  • 29. What can you do? (2)Volunteer to serve on your university’scommittee to evaluate faculty for promotionand tenure. Make sure the committee isusing criteria that, at the very least, do notpenalize faculty for publishing in peer-reviewed OA journals. At best, adjust thecriteria to give faculty an incentive to provideOA to their peer-reviewed research articleseither through OA journals or OA repositories
  • 30. What can you do? (3)Work with your professional societies tomake sure they understand OA.Write opinion pieces (articles, journaleditorials, newspapers op-eds, letters to theeditor, discussion forum postings) advancingthe cause of OA.Educate the next generation of scientists andscholars about OA.
  • 31. “Michael Faraday’s advice to his junior colleague to:“Work. Finish. Publish.” needs to be revised. Itshouldn’t be enough to publish a paper anymore. Ifwe want open science to flourish, we should raise ourexpectations to: “Work. Finish. Publish. Release.”That is, your research shouldn’t be consideredcomplete until the data and meta-data is put up on theweb for other people to use, until the code isdocumented and released, and until the commentsstart coming in to your blog post announcing thepaper. If our general expectations of what it means tocomplete a project are raised to this level, thescientific community will start doing these activities asa matter of course.” (What, exactly, is Open Science? by Dan Gezelter:
  • 32. Thank you! Questions?