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Teaching Writing As An Integrated Skill Ekl

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  • 1. Teaching Writing as an Integrated Skill Erin Lowry CCA In-Service Training January 16, 2009
  • 2. Overview
    • Ideas for integrating more writing activities into your lessons
    • How to adapt textbook activities
  • 3. Writing for Learning
    • Reinforcement writing
    • Preparation writing
    • Activity writing
  • 4. Writing for Writing
    • Objective is to help students become better writers and learn how to write in various genres using various registers
      • Includes the following
        • Handwriting
        • Orthography
        • Punctuation
        • More…
  • 5. Writing Subskills
    • Writing accurately
      • Spelling correctly
      • Forming letters correctly
      • Writing legibly
      • Punctuating correctly
      • Using correct layouts
      • Choosing the right vocabulary
      • Using grammar correctly
      • Joining sentences correctly
      • Using paragraphs correctly
  • 6. Writing for Writing
    • What’s the purpose? Invented or real?
    • For an exam?
    • Creative writing?
  • 7. Tasks for Writing Teachers
    • Demonstrating
    • Motivating and provoking
    • Supporting
    • Responding
    • Evaluating
  • 8. What Students Need to Write
    • Information & task information
    • Language
    • Ideas
    • Patterns & schemes
    J. Harmer (2004), pp. 62-63
  • 9. Writing Continuum
  • 10. Writing Process Pre-writing Writing Peer Editing Revising Rewriting Proofreading Finished Writing
  • 11. Example from AIO Pre-Int , Unit 2
    • Rewrite the letter in #1 to make it sound positive
    • Describe a vacation destination and why you would go there in 50 words
    • Anecdote: tell a partner about the best city you’ve ever visited (originally a speaking activity)
  • 12. Example from Top Notch 3 , Unit 6
    • Write about a historic disaster
    • Provide instructions on preparing for a disaster
    • Explain the factors that contribute to the severity of an earthquake
  • 13. Sentence & Paragraph
    • Sentence production
    • Paired sentences
    • Paragraph construction
    • Controlled text construction
    • Free text construction
  • 14.  
  • 15. Group Writing
    • Write the starter sentence on the board and have each student give you a sentence to continue the story.
      • As you go around the room the story will develop.
      • Students give the sentence orally and the teacher writes it on the board.
    • Rewriting and expanding sentences
  • 16. Sentence Starters
    • Often when we ask our students to write about something they freeze
      • My favorite month of the year is…
      • The best movie I’ve ever seen is…
      • One of the most exciting things that has ever happened to me is…
  • 17. Writing Storms
    • Something funny that happened to me this week
    • What I really hate!
    • My favorite thing
    • A surprise I had
    • A landscape
    • A building
    • A memory from childhood
    • My best friend
    • My boss
  • 18. Graphic Organizers
    • Common language classroom g.o. functions
    • Describing
    • Comparing and contrasting
    • Classifying
    • Sequencing
    • Cause and effect
    • Decision Making
    • Common designs
    • Cluster/Word Web
    • Describing Wheel
    • Fact and Opinion
    • Five W's Chart
    • KWL/KWHL Chart
    • Sequence Chart
    • Spider Map
    • Tree Chart
    • Venn Diagram
  • 19. Using Pictures
    • Describing pictures
    • Suspects and objects
    • Write the postcard
    • Portraits
    • Story tasks
  • 20. Portraits http://www.365portraits.com
  • 21. Sequence of Pictures
  • 22. Writing Poems
    • Acrostic poems / alphabetic poems
    • Stem / frame poems
    • Metaphor generators
    • Model poems
  • 23. Example Poems
    • Hockey
    • H ockey is my favorite sport
    • O n the ice or street
    • C ool and fun
    • K eep on playing
    • E xercise and stronger
    • Y ou should try 
    • My Favorite Things
      • A is for armadillos that I like to watch but don’t want to eat
      • B is for batter of cookies (which I do eat)
      • C is for cat (I miss mine a lot)
  • 24. Dictogloss
    • Students re-create a text or story that the teacher reads to them
          • Ss get into groups to re-formulate the content – grammar can be different but they should try to maintain integrity of information
  • 25. Dialogue Journals & Blogs
    • Written conversations in which a learner and teacher (or other writing partner) communicate regularly
      • Learners write as much as they choose on a wide range of topics and in a variety of genres and styles
      • Teacher writes back regularly, responding to questions and comments, introducing new topics, or asking questions
    http://www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/digests/Dialogue_Journals.html
  • 26. Writing to Each Other
    • Penpals / Keypals
    • Emails
    • Live chat
    • Forums
  • 27. Comics and Graphic Novels
  • 28. M. Satrapi. The Complete Persepolis .
  • 29. G. Larson. The Far Side.
  • 30.  
  • 31. W. Senft Writing 4 3 2 1 You planned before writing. Web has 5 or more details. Web has 3 or 4 details. Web is incomplete. Did not complete a web. You wrote about the correct topic. Stayed on topic and followed your plan. Stayed on topic, but forgot a few details from your plan. Wrote about a different topic. Did not hand in a paper. You used simple past tense correctly. 2 mistakes or fewer 3-4 mistakes 5-6 mistakes Did not hand in a paper. You ended sentences with periods. 2 mistakes or fewer 3-4 mistakes 5-6 mistakes Did not hand in a paper.
  • 32. Sample Rubrics Online
    • ESL Writing 001 from Rubistar
    • FUHSD Writing Rubrics—Samples
    • The Rubric Bank from Chicago Public Schools
    • Teach-nology's Rubric Generators
  • 33. Resources
    • Campbell, C. (1998). Teaching Second Language Writing: Interacting with the Text . Heinle & Heinle.
    • Ferris, D.R. & Hedgcock, J.S. (2005). Teaching ESL Composition . Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
    • Harmer, J. (2004). How to Teach Writing . Pearson Education.
    • Herrin, J. (2007). Task-based Activity Templates for Engaging Multi-level Learners . Training given by ELF 2006-07 in Kyiv.
    • King, J.M. (2007). Teaching Reading and Writing . Course taught by ELF 2006-07 in Turkmenistan.
    • Olsher, D. (1996). Words in motion: An interactive approach to writing . Oxford Univeristy Press.
    • Omaggio Hadley, A. (2001). Teaching language in context (3 rd ed.). Thomson Heinle.
    • Pavlik, C. & Keenan Segal, M. (2007) Interaction 1 Writing, Silver Edition . McGraw Hill.
    • Senft, W. (2007). Teaching and Assessing Writing . Training given by ELF 2007-08 in Costa Rica.
    • Slagoski, J. (2007). Communicative Writing Activities . Training given by ELF 2006-07 in Russia.