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Pp caribbean Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Caribbean
  • 2. LONG LIVELife.
  • 3. Table of Contents Introduction Etymology History• Slavery• Wars Spoken Languages Caribbean Flags• Colours and Symbols Caribbean Culture• Arts & Films• Cuisine• Music and Dance• Religions Caribbean Literature Climate & Biodiversity Tourism Curiosities
  • 4. Introduction Consists of the Caribbean Sea• Islands• Surrounding coasts More than 700 islands, islets, reefs and cays Greater Antilles (north) Lesser Antilles (south and east) Geopolitically, regarded as a subregion of North America• 30 territories: sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies
  • 5. EtymologyCarib: cannibalPronunciation• [kærɪbɪən]• [kərɪbɪən]
  • 6. History Migration to the Caribbean Islands First human arrival• 3500 and 4000 BC. Columbus• “San Salvador”o The Bahamas
  • 7. HistoryGroups of native peoples• Arawako aru• Carib• Ciboneyo “cave dwellers”
  • 8. History “New World”• Colonizationo Depopulation; diseases∙ Before 750,000o Spanish∙ Wealth; gold, masks and belts∙ Enslaved natives∙ Settled on larger islandso Portugueseo Britisho Frencho Dutch
  • 9. History Portuguese Jews• Barbados• Techniques of sugar cultivation• Sugar “brown gold” Portuguese Jews US• Spanish-American Waro Cuba and Puerto Rico• Virgin Islands• Haiti• Dominican Republic
  • 10. History Independence• Haiti 1804• Dominican Republic 1844• Cuba 1898• Jamaica 1962• Trinidad & Tobago 1962• St. Kitts & Nevis 1983
  • 11. Slavery Demand for slaves Slave trade or Triangle trade 8-15 million Africans reached the Americas• 16th – 19th C.
  • 12. Middle PassageCaribbeanColonizers1450-1700 1701-1810 1811-1870Total numberof slaves importedBritish Caribbean 263,700 1,401,300 - 1,665,000Dutch Caribbean 40,000 460,000 - 500,000French Caribbean 155,800 1,348,400 96,000 1,600,200
  • 13. Slavery They lived in inhuman conditions Abolition of slave trade Slavery abolition Act
  • 14. Slavery Slave rebellions Maroon communities
  • 15. Impact of Colonialism Economic exploitation Sugar development• Plantation
  • 16. Wars Colonial struggles• European powers Anglo-Dutch Wars Nine Years’ War War of Jenkins’ Ear Seven Years’ War Brigands’ War American Revolution French Revolutionary War Spanish-American War 20th C.
  • 17. Spoken Languages Laguages of the Caribbean• Reflection of its history and culture Six official languages• Spanish• French• English• Dutch• Haitian Creole• Papiamento Indigenous languages
  • 18. Caribbean Flags Common history Unique geographic territory Ethnic groups• Similar pasto Colonized by imperialist countries Their flags share many symbols and colours Colours• Black, blue, yellow, red and green
  • 19. Cayman Islands Virgin IslandsTurks and CaicosUnion Flag
  • 20. Caribbean FlagsSymbols Common symbols To “caribbeanize” and remove references to the UK
  • 21. Caribbean Culture Ancient culture and hospitality Laid-back lifestyle Influenced by European culture and traditions Africans and other immigrant population cultures United States Cultural protectionism• Limit foreign influence
  • 22. “West Indians have the best sense of humor in theworld. Even the most solemn song, like "Las KeanFine" ("Lost and Can Not Be Found"), which tells ofa boiler explosion on a sugar plantation that killedseveral of the workers, their natural wit and humorshine though.”Lord Flea1957
  • 23. Caribbean CultureArts European trends 1800s Individual styles Arts flourished since 1900s OAS• Collections representing the Caribbean Women artists• Celeste Woss y Gil• Amelia Peláez
  • 24. Caribbean CultureArtsMarpacífico El vendedor de andullo
  • 25. Caribbean CultureFilm Dominated by American film industry Caribbean islands have developed a film industry
  • 26. Cuisine Fusion of different cultures• Seafood• Fruits Beverages• Guarapo• Vino de arroz• Yokua
  • 27. Cuisine Typical dishes• Hallaca• Moros y Cristianos• Sopa de CaracolSopa de Caracol – Ritmo Caribeño
  • 28. Caribbean CultureMusic and Dance Varied music genres African, European, Indian and Indigenous influences Largely created by descendants of African slaves• Afro-Caribbean music Contributions from other communities• Indo-Caribbean music
  • 29. Caribbean CultureMusic and Dance Bachata, Reggae, Salsa, Calypso, Cha-cha-chá,Reggaeton, Mambo, Mento or Merengue
  • 30. Caribbean CultureReligions Christianity Voodoo• Syncretic religion• African slaveso Forced to convert to Christianity• Bondye• Way of life
  • 31. Caribbean CultureReligions Santería• System of beliefso Yoruba religiono Roman Catholico Native American• Enslaved West Africanso Customs
  • 32. Caribbean CultureReligions Rastafari• Movement and ideology• 1930’s Jamaica• “Way of life”• Haile Selassie I• Jah• “Mansions of Rastafari”• Marcus Garvey Hinduism Islam
  • 33. Caribbean Literature African oral tradition Imitation of the European conventions West Indian literature• 1950s
  • 34. Caribbean Literature Development of West Indian literature Concerns Identity• Ethnicity Nobel Prize of Literature• Derek Walcott• V.S. Naipaul
  • 35. Caribbean LiteratureAndrea Stuart
  • 36. Climate Tropical Rainfall• Elevation, size, and water currents Warm Trade winds Year-round sunshine• “Dry” and “Wet” seasons The last six months• Wetter than the first half
  • 37. Climate Puerto Rico Trench• Deepest point in all of the Atlantic Ocean Hurricanes seasons
  • 38. Biodiversity Diverse terrestrial and marine ecosystems 8% World’s coral reef Fungi• Checklist: 11250 species• Endemic species
  • 39. Biodiversity Ecosystems devastated Arrival of 1st humans• Extinction of giant owls and ground sloths
  • 40. Biodiversity Threatened animals• Puerto Rican Amazon• Two especies of solenodon• Cuban cocodrile
  • 41. Biodiversity Coral reefs• 70 species of hard corals• 500-700 reef-associated fishes
  • 42. Biodiversity Terrain suitable for agriculture• Tobacco• Sugar• Unsuited for agriculture; heavily forested• Arid; salt pans
  • 43. Tourism Negative impact• Indigenous Caribbean culture Richness vs. Poverty Eco-tourism
  • 44. CuriositiesEarthquake in Haiti Catastrophic magnitude 3 million people affected 220,000 deaths Increased poverty
  • 45. CURIOSITIESBERMUDATRIANGLE Undefined region Western part of the North Atlantic Ocean Aircraft and ships are said to have disappeared undermysterious circumstances Two oceanic trenches• Hispaniola & Puerto Rico• High risk of earthquakes
  • 46. CuriositiesPiracy Colonial era 16th C. till 1830s Caribbean sea far from European control “Buccaneer”• Buccans Monarchs – “letters of marque” Privateers Sir Francis Drake
  • 47. Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caribbean_literature http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Caribbean http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiti, http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/c/columbus.shtml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haitian_Vodun http://www.caribbeanedu.com/kewl/almanac/almanac12.asp http://www.historiacocina.com/colaboraciones/caribe/comeafrica.htm
  • 48. Thanks for yourattention!!Irú Jesús Rodríguez NavarroLaura García GarcíaJennifer Estévez Yanes