Backyard Poultry Production In Kerala
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Backyard Poultry Production In Kerala

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IRSHAD A

IRSHAD A
2006 BATCH
COLLEGE OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES.MANNUTHY, KERALA
INDIA

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    Backyard Poultry Production In Kerala Backyard Poultry Production In Kerala Presentation Transcript

    • BACKYARD POULTRY PRODUCTION IN KERALA
    • INTRODUCTION
      • “ THE HITECH SYSTEMS WHICH DOMINATE IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES ARE NOT NECESSARILY BE APPROPRIATE AND MAY NOT WORK IN DENSELY POPULATED DEVELOPING COUNTRIES”.
      • DR. YAMANDA
      • FORMER PRESIDENT
      • WPSA
        • ( at 19 th WPC at Amsterdam )
    • REASONS FOR BOOSTING BACKYARD POULTRY PRODUCTION
      • 1. Unique characteristics of Indigenous breeds a) Hardiness
      • b) High resistance to common diseases
      • c) Heat tolerance
      • -frizzled feathers
      • -naked neck
      • -fibrinomelanosis
      • d) High medicinal value
      • 2. Low input – feed cost,shelter,labour
      • 3. Preference of country birds
      • 4.Nutritional security
    • THRILLING BENEFITS
      • Fights malnutrition
      • Better price
      • Minimum land, labour and capital
      • High skill not required
      • Regular source of income
      • Better hospitality
      • Enjoyable and satisfying hobby
      • New generation gets interested in A.H. activities
    • CHALLENGES
      • Decrease in backyard space.
      • Multi crop production.
      • Insecticides on crops.
      • Non availability of suitable germ plasm for backyard poultry.
      • Sluggishness of upgraded birds.
      • Local laws - May not permit to rear adequate no. of birds
      • Lack of knowledge.
      • Preventive measure may not be available.
    • STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVEMENT
      • Genetic make-up of birds
      • Avoidance of inbreeding
      • Housing and production
      • Supplement nutrition
      • Disease prevention and control
      • Training to farmers
    • GENETIC MAKE-UP OF BIRDS
      • Upgrading – by crossing with exotic males for six generation
      • Rearing of improved desi fowls
      • e.g. Gramalakshmi & Gramasree
      • (Dept. of Poultry Sciences, COVAS, Mannuthy)
      • Giriraja
      • (Dept. of poultry sciences, Bangalore )
    • GRAMALAKSHMI GIRIRAJA
    • AVOIDANCE OF INBREEDING
      • Replace with appropriate cross bred birds
      • Change cocks with cocks from nearby village
    •  
    • HOUSING AND PRODUCTION
      • Night shelter with adequate protection from bad weather and predators
      • Type depending on number of birds reared
      • For 10-15 hens a small mud hut of
      • 1-1.2 m 3 having one side mesh wall
      • For 50 or more – elaborate shelter advisable. 50 hens – 3 x 2.3 m 2 – 76 sq.ft
    •  
    • SUPPLEMENT NUTRITION
      • Reduction of natural feed resources for scavenging
      • Feeding with single grain does not give balanced ration
    •  
    • CONCENTRATE SUPPLEMENT
      • Energy feeds-
      • broken rice
      • rice polish
      • rice bran
      • tapioca meal
      • Vegetable Protein
      • ground nut cake
      • coconut cake
      • soybean meal
      • Animal protein feed
      • fishmeal
      • poultry waste meal
      • meat meal
      • Minerals & vitamins
      • oyster shell grit
      • dicalcium phosphate
      • ready made vitamin mixtures
      • Fillers
      • deoiled rice bran
      • wheat bran
      • Green meals
      • dehydrated green meal—Lucerne leaves
    • PREVENTION & CONTROL OF DISEASE
      • Synchronisation of hatching in adjacent 2-3villages.
      • Periodical deworming every 2 months should be practiced.
      • Using coccidiostat during rainy season.
    • SIGNIFICANCE OF BACKYARD POULTRY PRODUCTION IN KERALA
      • 70% of the house-holds rear backyard poultry
      • It is a rural poultry production technology
      • Low feeding cost technology
      • Production of eggs in the state -127crores/year (2001-02)
      • Inflow of eggs -400crores/year
    • COMPARISON OF DESI AND IMPROVED FOWLS-KERALA
    • CENSUS-2003 DISTRICT DESI COCKS DESI HENS DESI CHICKEN<5M TOTAL DESI In lakhs TOTAL IMPROVED In lakhs TOTAL FOWLS In lakhs Trivandrum 90165 312170 140898 5.4 4.8 10.2 Kollam 48956 207516 81234 3.4 3.5 6.9 Pathanamthita 49644 260473 75089 3.9 2.3 6.2 Alappuzha 56796 300621 74567 4.3 1.6 5.9 Kottayam 95997 474786 121123 6.9 2.3 9.2 Idukki 46183 158163 60987 2.6 1.5 4.1 Ernakulam 112779 420769 143567 6.8 3.1 9.9 Thrissur 135210 508362 174565 8.2 3.7 11.9 Palakkad 218209 460349 269089 9.5 1.9 11.4 Malappuram 261651 666846 270897 12 2.5 14.5 Kozhikode 109951 356289 120765 5.9 1.7 7.6 Kannur 53607 192021 49678 3.0 1.6 4.6 Wynad 40122 126172 38678 2.0 1.2 3.2 Kasargod 102237 171516 35456 3.1 0.8 3.9 TOTAL 77 33 110
    • REASONS OF DECLINE
      • Productive life span of improved varieties are just half
      • As improved varieties have no broodiness the traditional chick production have come down
      • Ban on killing of stray dogs and unscientific slaughter houses was a great threat to rural poultry production
      • Mortality due to RD was high during the period
    • SUMMARY
      • Increased labour cost and feed cost gives limited scope for large poultry farms and so backyard poultry production should be encouraged.
      • There should be projects to protect our own desi birds as they are well acclimatized to our environment
      • University should conduct study on the desi breeds , conserve them for the future and evolve new varieties suitable for backyard poultry rearing-
      • Egg production alone should not be the only criteria but also the colour of the bird, disease resistance, adaptability and broodiness should be considered
    •  
    • CONCLUSION
      • Intensive animal husbandry practice have sacrificed our traditional agro – livestock culture and also the rural economy which can be annulated if traditional farming can be revived and hence it should be the endeavor to encourage and popularise
      • BACKYARD POULTRY PRODUCTION for the good cause of farmers of Kerala .
    • THANK YOU