Distance learning final report

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  • 1. NORTHERN NEGROS STATE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OLD SAGAY, SAGAY CITY, NEGROS OCCIDENTAL TEACHER EDUCATION DEPARTMENT Symposium on “Distance Learning” Speakers: Jay Ar Aspero E.Ed Jean Margarette C. Petran Ph.D Atty. Lunigift Salatandre Date: July 15, 2013 1
  • 2. Distance Learning Objectives: 1. Define Distance Learning 2. Tell why Distance Learning 3. Tell the history of Distance Learning 4. Describe the Distance Learning Designs 5. How to Evaluate Distance Learning 6. Distance Learning Programs of DepEd 2
  • 3. Introduction to Distance Learning 3
  • 4. Distance learning is conventionally defined as…  Any educational or learning process or system in which the teacher and instructor are separated geographically or in time from his or her students.  Students are separated from other students or educational resources. --The California Distance Learning Project (CDLP)-- Distance Learning 4
  • 5. Ways on How to Deliver the Content Satellites  Computers  Cable television  Interactive Videos  Fax machine  Email 5
  • 6. Key features define distance Learning of the teacher — learner communications.  The separation of teacher and learner during at least a majority of each instructional process  Separation of teacher and learner in space and/or time.  The use of educational media to unite teacher and learner and carry course content.  The provision of two-way communication between teacher, tutor, or educational agency and learner, and  Control of the learning pace by the student rather than the distance instructor. 6
  • 7. TWO DISTANCE EDUCATION DELIVERY SYSTEMS 7
  • 8. 1. SYNCHRONOUS INSTRUCTION 2. ASYNCHRONOUS INSTRUCTION 8
  • 9. SYNCHRONOUS INSTRUCTION  Synchronous instruction requires the simultaneous participation of all students and instructors.  The advantage of synchronous instruction is that interaction is done in "real time" and has an immediacy. 9
  • 10.  Examples of Synchronous Delivery include interactive telecourses, teleconferencing and web conferencing, and Internet chats. 10
  • 11. ASYNCHRONOUS INSTRUCTION  Asynchronous instruction does not require the simultaneous participation of all students and instructors.  The advantages of asynchronous delivery include student choice of location and time, and interaction opportunities among the students as well as the instructor.  One disadvantage is that self paced instruction places a substantial burden on the student to maintain interest, focus, and pace. This motivation can be difficult to sustain. 11
  • 12.  Examples of asynchronous Delivery include e-mail, listservs, audiocassette courses, videotaped courses, and WWW-based courses. 12
  • 13. WHY DISTANCE LEARNING? •Effectiveness •Efficiency •Equity 13
  • 14. •Effectiveness 14 Distance learning serves learners who are not likely to attend traditional classroom instruction (effectiveness)
  • 15. Efficiency In some cases it can serve as many or more learners per peso/dollar spent (efficiency) 15
  • 16. Equity Researchers continue to show that it can attract and serve lower level learners (equity). 16
  • 17. TYPES OF DISTANCE LEARNING 17
  • 18. Type Characteristic Notable Features Audiotape Audio learning tool, very mobile and inexpensive when combined with print materials. Useful in language learning and practice as well as literature. Linear format. Videotape in VHS and DVD formats Visual and audio tool; the checkout approach with print materials is very popular in California. Multi-sensory tool with linear delivery format Laptop computer checkout Versatile approach to providing a wide range of learning activities from skill and drill to simulations. Hardware is expensive and being replaced by less expensive Internet delivery. 18
  • 19. Type Characteristic Notable Features Mobile van / lab Resources taken to the learners, useful for work site learning and reaching parents at elementary schools. Van learning. Historically useful way to distribute videos, audiotapes, DVDs, and other learning tools, but it can be expensive to operate. It is less and less popular as distributed learning increases. Radio course Low cost way to reach ESL learners. Ideally it should be used by more learning providers. The radio course must include ways for learners to interact with the instructor. Phone call in during or after air time could be integrated into the programming. Telecourse Delivery over television, usually a cable public access channel or school owned channel. The telecourse must include ways for learners to interact with the instructor. Phone call in is popular. Print materials accompany on-air instruction. 19
  • 20. Type Characteristic Notable Features Videoconferenc e – Two way interactive video Electronic communications among people at separate locations. Can be audio, audio graphic, video or computer based. Often uses proprietary software and consequently expensive. Internet models and broadband communications are making it more affordable and accessible. Email Asynchronous text files and attachments. Good tool to stimulate learning, writing, and communications skills. Internet Instructionally delivery over the Internet, either learning modules or entire courses. Instructional learning systems permit teachers to create, manage, communicate with, and test students online. The interactivity and ability to hyperlink to worldwide learning resources are extremely attractive. Improved broadband communications are enabling the effective use of video and synchronous communications. Chat and asynchronous communications facilitate links between the teacher and learner and among the learners. 20
  • 21. HISTORY OF DISTANCE LEARNING 21
  • 22.  Mid-19th century - Distance education traces its origins to Europe and the United States.  1840 - An Englishman, Isaac Pitman . He began teaching shorthand by correspondence in Bath, England .  1874 - American university level distance education began at Illinois Wesleyan University where bachelor and graduate degrees could be obtained in absentia.  1900 - The teaching of academic and vocational courses by correspondence became quite popular and problems of quality and ethical practice came with the popularity. 22
  • 23.  1926 - The National Home Study Council (NHSC) was formed in part to address these issues.  1915- Accreditation of college and university distance programs fell to the National University Extension Association .  1920s- The invention of educational radio and,  1940s - the advent of television  early 1900s- The development of reliable long- distance telephone systems.  1980s and 1990s- computer-network communications 23
  • 24. Media Used in Distance Learning 24
  • 25. The Most Popular Adult School Innovation Program Approaches Approved For 2004 – 2005 25
  • 26. 26