A is for_asthma_parent_guide (1)


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A is for_asthma_parent_guide (1)

  1. 1. A G U I D E F O R PA R E N T S of Young Children is for With Asthma asthma is proud to sponsorTM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies.
  2. 2. TM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies. Helping Your Child Breathe Easy There’s almost nothing as frightening to a child – and parents – as his not being able to breathe. But for millions of young children with asthma, this is an all-too-frequent part of life. Asthma is the leading chronic illness among children in the United States, affecting 1.2 million kids under the age of 5.1 Although asthma doesn’t go away, the good news is that asthma can be managed. To help you and your child learn how to manage his or her asthma, Sesame Workshop has developed Sesame Street A Is for Asthma. This multimedia kit features Elmo, Rosita, and Luis along with their new friend Dani, a character with asthma who was created especially for this important project. In this parent guide you will find: • information that explains what asthma is, how it is triggered, and how it can be managed; • activities that you can use with your child, to teach and reinforce important messaging; • ideas to extend the stories in the Sesame Street A Is for Asthma video. This special magazine was designed to help you and your child understand his asthma better and learn how to control it. By knowing about your child’s asthma, you can help him to have fun and to be as active as any of his friends. Find more information and downloadables online at www.everydaykidz.com/sesameasthma. 1 American Lung Association; Lung Disease Data: 2006; p. 13.Sesame Workshop is a nonprofit educational organization making a meaningful difference inchildren’s lives around the world. Founded in 1968, the Workshop changed television forever withthe legendary Sesame Street. Today, the Workshop continues to innovate on behalf of children in120 countries, using its proprietary research methodology to ensure its programs and products areengaging and enriching. Sesame Workshop is behind award-winning programs like Dragon Tales andSagwa, The Chinese Siamese Cat, Pinky Dinky Doo and ground-breaking multimedia productions inSouth Africa, Egypt and Russia. As a nonprofit, Sesame Workshop puts the proceeds it receivesfrom sales of Sesame Street, Dragon Tales, Sagwa and Pinky products right back into its educationalprojects for children around the world. Find the Workshop online at sesameworkshop.org. is proud to sponsor is for asthma2 The nonprofit educational organization behind Sesame Street and so much more.
  3. 3. Info to KnowTM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies. 1) What Is Asthma? Quiet symptoms are also important indicators, but Asthma is a chronic (long-term) inflammatory noticing these changes lung disease. Children with asthma have air may require closer passages in their lungs that are easily irritated by attention: certain substances called triggers. • restlessness during 2) What Happens During an sleep; Asthma Attack? • fatigue; Three things occur in a child’s lungs: • unusual sweating or paleness; • The muscles around the air passages tighten. • anxiety. • The lining of the walls of the air passages swells. 4) What Triggers Can Cause an • The air passages produce excess mucus. Asthma Attack? Although many substances can be triggers, not As a result, the flow of air in the lungs is greatly every child is sensitive to the same ones. Some reduced and there is difficulty breathing, triggers are things that your child is actually especially breathing out. allergic to, such as dust mites, pets, or pollen. 3) What Are the Symptoms of Other triggers are things that just irritate sensitive airways, such as cold air, exercise, or an Asthma Attack? perfumes. Triggers for your child could include: Young children may have difficulty describing their symptoms. Children sometimes will say • viral respiratory infections; things such as “My chest hurts” or “I can’t • dust and dust mites; breathe so well.” A child’s mood or behavior may also change suddenly. Children may become • furry or feathered pets; nervous, irritable, unusually quiet, or even shaky. • pollen (from trees, grasses, weeds); It’s important to pay attention to the child’s way of describing what is happening to him. • molds; Doctors sometimes recommend watching for • cockroaches; “loud” or “quiet” symptoms that may indicate • physical activity, especially running; your child has difficulty breathing. • cold air; Loud symptoms will be most obvious to you: • secondhand cigarette smoke; • coughing; • strong fumes from materials such as perfumes, pesticides, cleaning products, or paints; • shortness of breath; • smoke or odors from burning wood, coal, gas, • tightness in the chest; or diesel exhaust; • wheezing (a whistling sound when • food allergies. breathing). is for asthma 3
  4. 4. Managing Asthma The more you know about controlling your child’s asthma, the better you will become at helping her stay healthy and avoid asthma attacks. You will also be able to share information with your child that will help her become an active partner in controlling her own asthma. Working With Your Doctor Controlling Asthma Your family doctor is your most There is currently no cure for asthma. important partner in successfully But asthma can be controlled, and managing your child’s asthma. attacks can be prevented or lessened. Remember to do the following: When asthma is managed properly, children who have it can enjoy being as • Take your child for regular checkups. active as their friends. You can help • Prepare any questions you may have manage your child’s asthma by following before visiting the doctor. Make sure a few important practices, such as: you understand the answers to your • working with your child’s doctor, and questions, and write down any keeping up with regular doctor visits; TM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies. instructions from the doctor about your child’s medications or care. Follow • communicating about your child’s those instructions carefully and asthma with teachers, family members, completely. and other people who help care for your child; • Work with your doctor to develop an Asthma Profile (see page 7) to manage • teaching your child what to do if he your child’s asthma and to respond to has an asthma attack; asthma attacks. • reducing exposure to triggers. • Give your doctor feedback on your child’s treatment plan. Let him or her know what is working and what is not working to provide your child with the best treatment possible. is for asthma4
  5. 5. Giving Necessary Medications Steps to Take When Your Child Work with your child’s doctor to understand the Has Trouble Breathing medicines needed to control his or her asthma. • Have your child sit and rest. Make sure he or Some asthma medicines in the form of pills or she avoids lying down. liquids are swallowed. Others are inhaled as a mist with either a metered-dose inhaler (puffer) • Help your child stay calm. By staying as calm or a nebulizer. Every child’s asthma is different, as possible yourself, you will help him or her so there is more than one kind of treatment. In be less anxious. general, there are two different categories of • Make sure your child takes his or her medicine. medications that your child might take: Follow your doctor’s medication guidelines as 1) Rescue medications, such as certain inhalers, listed in the Sesame Street Asthma Profile that provide immediate relief of symptoms when you’ve completed (see page 7). your child has an asthma attack or any type of • Get help. If medications don’t appear to breathing difficulty. In children whose asthma be working, call 911 for an ambulance. The is properly managed, these medications emergency team can provide immediate should not be needed every day. In fact, if breathing relief as they transport your child your child uses rescue medications more than to the hospital. Use the Sesame Street Asthma two times per week, his asthma is probably Profile to tell medical personnel what not being controlled as well as it could be, medicines your child uses. and he probably should be on a controller medication. 2) Controller medications do exactly what their name suggests: They control your child’s asthma, even when she has no symptoms. In fact, they actually prevent symptoms, and are sometimes called preventive medications. These medicines should be used regularly,TM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies. every day. is for asthma 5
  6. 6. TM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies. An Ounce of Prevention Helping to prevent an asthma attack can help ensure your child will stay healthy and active. Remove Triggers • Wipe surfaces daily with a damp rag to reduce dust. Stuffed toys and security blankets trap dust and dust mites; no more than two should be kept on the bed. They should be washed weekly. your child healthy and active. Give them details • Avoid using carpets; they can trap dust and pet about your child’s condition and needs, and make hair. Choose washable area rugs or bare floors sure each of them has a copy of your child’s instead. My Asthma Profile. Also let teachers know about • Eliminate sources of strong odors, such as the Action Plan poster available for use in their cigarettes, strong cleaners, perfumes, and other room at www.everydaykidz.com/sesameasthma. heavily scented products. Caregivers should: • Avoid keeping furry and feathered pets. • be aware of triggers that may bring on an asthma Consider other types of pets, such as fish. If you attack and make sure these irritants are not have a furred or feathered pet, keep it out of the present in your child’s environment; child’s bedroom and make sure pet litter boxes • recognize that they need to be alert to your are kept far from the child’s bedroom, too. child’s reactions, especially during or after • Provide rest times before and during outdoor physical activity; activities. Your child might benefit from • identify snack foods that could cause an allergic medication just before, or during a break from, reaction leading to an asthma attack. physical activity. Also discuss this with your child’s teacher, baby-sitter, and other caregivers. • Recognize the need to be alert to the child’s reactions, especially during or after physical Give Child’s Asthma Profile to activity. Everyone in His or Her Life • Eliminate pests. It’s especially important to get Your child’s Asthma Profile provides vital rid of cockroaches because they are a signifcant information about your child’s asthma, such as: cause of allergic asthma. • your child’s triggers; • Minimize mold and mildew. Spores in the air can trigger attacks. Use a dehumidifier in the • the medicines he or she regularly takes; basement and run the air conditioner during • what to do if your child has difficulty warm-weather months. breathing. • Keep the child out of areas where someone On the next page you will find a form that you is smoking. and your doctor can use to create an Asthma Partner With Child’s Caregivers Profile for your child. People who spend time with or take care of your Anyone—parent, baby-sitter, teacher—who child—teachers, baby-sitters, relatives, and close shares in the child’s care should have a copy to friends—are vital partners in helping to keep keep with them and to file. Parents or guardians should share an updated Asthma Profile when there is a change in the is for child’s treatment or a change in his reaction to asthma triggers in his environment.6
  7. 7. Photocopy this page or download from My Asthma ProfileTM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies. You and your child’s doctor can work together to fill in this important information. • Keep a completed copy with you at all times. Hang a copy at home in a place where it is clearly visible. • Make sure all of your child’s caregivers, and all other people in his life, keep a copy on hand. • Update the Asthma Profile when there is a change in your child’s treatment or a change in her reaction to triggers in the environment. My name is: (Write your child’s name here) I live at: (address, apartment #, city, state, ZIP) I may be having an asthma attack when (Describe behaviors, such as “I am coughing and can’t catch my breath,” “I complain that my chest hurts,” “I am wheezing,” and so on): My asthma can get worse when I am near (List triggers for your child’s asthma attacks, such as dust, certain food allergies, cold air, and so on): All About My Medications Control Medications I take these medicines regularly, even when I don’t feel sick or don’t have trouble breathing: Name of Medicine When I Take It Who Can Give It to Me Rescue Medications I take these medicines when I am having an asthma attack or it is hard for me to breathe: Name of Medicine When I Take It Who Can Give It to Me When my Rescue Medications are not helping me breathe more easily: • Call 911 for an ambulance to take me to the hospital right away • Call my parents/guardians (name/s): (phone): ( ) if they are not with me is for • Call my doctor (name): (phone): ( ) asthma$ 7
  8. 8. Family Activities Use these activities to reinforce the messages from the Sesame Street A Is for Asthma video, and to have fun with your child. We Help One Another! is for asthma TM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies.8
  9. 9. A Is for Active! Color the pictures of Dani, Zoe, and all the Sesame pals. What is each one doing? Which of these activities would you enjoy? By taking your medicine and avoiding your asthma triggers, you can play and have fun like your friends. Draw a picture of yourself doing one of your favorite activities.TM/© 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. EVERYDAYKIDZ is a trademark of the AstraZeneca Group of companies. is for asthma 9
  10. 10. It’s a Rap! Dani’s RSing this song with Dani! Many t ap hings arThen use your finger or a crayon to help him give me ou trouble nd me mightfind his way from start to stop. What will he Could b b e the p reathing right uppy, csee along the way? Point to the clean room. could b e the d ould be . ust on i tFind the doctor. Which picture shows his So whe ts furry he kitten, n mitten.inhaler? Who is he playing with in the park? we just I want to run a clean th n So whe e dust a d play, n I wan way. we just tt clean th o run and play e dust a , So if I t way. ake my and I se m e my do edicine every I know c da that ev tor as often a y and I w er st ill be ab ything will be hey say, By Albe le to ru OK, rto Bern al and C n and p arlo Nic olau. © 1998 Se lay! e Street sam Music, In c. Doctor is for asthma10
  11. 11. Find the Hidden TriggersSeveral asthma triggers are hidden in the picturebelow. See how many you and your child can find.Are any of these triggers for your child? is for asthma 11
  12. 12. Breathe Easier For More Information Managing your child’s asthma can be easier Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics when you use the Sesame Street A Is for 2751 Prosperity Avenue, Suite 150, Fairfax, VA 22031 www.aanma.org Asthma video and parent guide. Watch the video more than once with your child; American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology preschoolers learn best with repetition. 555 East 12 Street, Suite 1100, Milwaukee, WI, 53202 www.aaaai.org • You can pause the video every so often to discuss what’s The American Academy of Pediatrics happening in the story. Talk 141 Northwest Pt. Blvd., Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098 about how some of your child’s www.aap.org experiences may be similar to Dani’s, and how others are different. American College of Allergy Asthma & Immunology • Point out that in the video Rosita (ACAAI) helps Dani when he’s having 85 W. Algonquin Rd., Ste. 550, Arlington Hts., IL 60005 trouble breathing. She uses the www.acaai.org Asthma Action Plan. The American Lung Association • After the video is finished, talk with 61 Broadway, New York, NY 10006 your child about what he has learned. It’s www.lungusa.org always good to review important points such as why going to the doctor is Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) important; what to do during an asthma 1233 20th Street, NW, Ste 402, Washington, DC 20036 attack; why taking his medicine helps your child; www.aafa.org/ and how Dani, just like your child, can play and be active as long as he takes his medicine. The Consortium of Children’s Asthma Camps 490 Concordia Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55103-2441 Keep in Mind . . . www.asthmacamps.org • Asthma is a chronic illness that affects millions of children. • When managed properly, a child’s asthma attacks can become less frequent and less severe. For information on ordering the Sesame Street • As a parent or guardian, you are the key to A Is for Asthma DVD visit helping your child manage his or her asthma. www.sesameworkshop.org/ Communicate with your child’s doctors, educationalresources. teachers, relatives, friends, and any caregivers. A guide for using these materials in a workshop • Keep your child’s completed My Asthma setting plus additional information for parents and Profile in a place where it is clearly accessible. caregivers is available for downloading at And use the resources listed on this page. www.everydaykidz.com/sesameasthma. You’ll find that these ideas will aid you in helping your child manage his or her asthma in a more relaxed way. “Sesame Street”, “Sesame Workshop”, “A Is for Asthma”, and associated characters, trademarks, and design elements are owned by Sesame Workshop. © 2007 Sesame Workshop. All Rights Reserved. Sesame Workshop, One Lincoln Plaza, New York, NY 10023. www.sesameworkshop.org. Editorial Content and Design Jeanette Betancourt, Ed.D., Vice President, Outreach and Educational Practices • Suzanne Duncan, Vice President, Marketing • Rebecca Herman, Vice President/Editor in Chief, Sesame Street Magazine and Special Publications • Marie Hodge, Editor; Marilee Burton, Renée Skelton, Writers; Kama Einhorn, Senior Editor; Mary Buri, Associate Editor; Beth Sharkey, Editorial Assistant; Melanie Gold, Copy Editor • Rocio Galarza, Director, Outreach and Content Design; Helen Cuesta, Project Coordinator, Outreach • Giao Roever, Director, Marketing and Creative Services; Jenny Inman, Colleen Pidel, Art Directors; Brina Gehry, Susan Handman, Designers • National Advisory Panel Obdulia Burgos-Fontañez, M.S.W. • William B. is for asthma Caspe, M.D • Marisol Culshaw • Ellie Goldberg, M.Ed. • Vincent E. Hutchinson, M.D. • Lynette Mazur, M.D. • Nancy Sander • Vanessa Tatum, M.D.12