A (very) brief
story of Islam in
Indonesia
INDONESIA
Indonesia is a country that lies in the south east of Asia. It
consists of thousands of islands. The 2010 Indonesian
popul...
With many islands, beaches,
and mountains,
Indonesia is blessed
with lots of stunning sceneries
Kanawa Island
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Garut-westjava-indonesia-daytime.jpg
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Istiqlal_Mosque_Front_of_Al_Fattah_Gate.JPG
Approximately 87,5 percent of the populati...
Islam came to
Indonesia brought
by traders from
Gujarat India, Arab,
and Chinese. Some
historian claimed
Islam came as ear...
At that time, people who wants to make
trade from Arab and India to China
Or from China to India and Arabia
Must go through Indonesia, and this is one
of the reason how Islam entered Indonesia
A famous Chinese
Admiral, Cheng Ho,
arrived in Java in period
around 1405-1433. He
had an important role in
spreading Isla...
Cheng Ho’s expedition has
established Muslim
Chinese and Arab
communities in northern
ports of Java such as in
Semarang, D...
Moslem traders introduced their religion to the
local people. Islam entered Indonesia through
peaceful way with no aggress...
Some of the traders are even married local
girl. This makes the spread of Islam even
faster with their wife now converts t...
When Islam first came to Indonesia, Majapahit
was the kingdom that ruled most of the area.
Even though it was in its decli...
The Oldest Islam Kingdom
in Indonesia was the Ternate Sultanate
The second oldest was the Samudera Pasai
Sultanate. It was one of the biggest
Islamic Sultanate in Indonesia,
it spanned f...
After that, a lot of Islamic Sultanate being
established through out Indonesia
Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Sumatera
Kerajaan Jeumpa
Kesultanan Peureulak
Kesultanan Samudera Pasai
Kesultanan Lamuri
Ke...
Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Kalimantan
Kesultanan Pasir (1516)
Kesultanan Banjar (1526-1905)
Kesultanan Kotawaringin
Ker...
Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Java
Kesultanan Cirebon (1552 - 1677)
Kesultanan Demak (1500 - 1550)
Kesultanan Banten (1524...
Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Maluku
Kesultanan Ternate (1257 - ..... )
Kesultanan Tidore (1110 - 1947?)
Kesultanan Jailol...
Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Papua
Kerajaan Waigeo
Kerajaan Misool/Lilinta (marga Dekamboe)
Kerajaan Salawati (marga Arfa...
The spread of Islam made
easy because many Kings
from existing kingdom in
Indonesia converts to Islam
http://id.wikipedia....
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_De_Sultan_van_Siak_met_rijksgroten_in_de_afdeling_Bengalis_oost...
Kingdom across Indonesia
one by one converts and
Islam spreads through out
Indonesia
The King of Gowa
http://id.wikipedia....
In the beginning, Islam
in Indonesia used a lot
of compromise. Having
entered a society with a
previous strong beliefs
(Hi...
This made some a
portion of Moslem
people in Indonesia
today still practicing
some sort of traditional
rituals from their
...
It was easy for Islam to
be accepted by the
people of Indonesia,
since the principle of
Islam is similar to the
existing b...
With this, the spread of
Islam becomes easy
and the number of
people converting to
Islam growing through
out time.
http://...
In 1596, there was a guest
coming to Indonesia
That guest will stay for another 350
years in Indonesia
Indonesia enters the
colonialism era.
The Vereenigde Oost-Indische
Compagnie, VOC, was a chartered
company established in 1602. VOC
had a presence in the Indone...
The position of Indonesian Muslim in
this era can be described in two
phases.
The initial phase was more
accommodating. Th...
After the VOC was replaced by the establishment
of Dutch colonial, the policy had become more
repressive. The social and p...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Herman_Willem_Daendels.png
Hermann Willem
Daendels
1762-1818
Daendels was the Governor
G...
Having to have to live under repressive policy, Indonesian Muslim
began to consolidate their nationalism and Islamic spiri...
Islamic boarding school (pesantren) becoming the base for the
struggle against the Dutch Indies
In the early 20th century, numbers of Islamic organization is
formed, such as Sarekat Dagang Islam, Muhamadiyah, Nahdlatul...
These organizations plays important role to the struggle for the
Indonesian independence
Kyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan
1868-1923
Ahmad Dahlan is a national Hero and was the founder
of Muhamadiyah organization. The miss...
There are a lot of Muslim
fighters through out the time
of struggle for independence
all across Indonesia
Teuku Umar from Aceh
Cut Nyak Dien from Aceh
Prince Diponegoro from Java
On August 17th 1945,
Indonesia declared its Independence
The Indonesian leader opted to
use liberal democracy as the
national ideology. At the early of
the Independence, many Isla...
President Soeharto rise to power
from 1967 until 1998
Under President Soeharto’s regime,
the political activities are heavily
supervised, but the religious
activities, rituals,...
Under President Soeharto’s too that
“The Council of Indonesia Muslim
Scholar” (Majelis Ulama Indonesia)
was formed. It fac...
When President Habibie came to
power, it was the reformation era. In
this era, lots of new political parties,
and some of ...
Even though the majority of the population is Muslim,
the Islam-based party did not win the election at that
time, with mo...
Islam in Indonesia have its ups and downs. With majority
of the population is now Muslim, it has become a really
conducive...
Even so, Indonesian Muslim lives hand in hand with
other religion in a peaceful manner. Having a high
tolerance and respec...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/seiu/374542734/
If you want to know
whether Islam,
democracy, modernity,
and women’s rights
c...
Credits
• Kasnawi, M. T., Sudirman, 2013, Islam In Indonesia Tranformation from colonialism into liberalism
era., Internat...
a (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia
a (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia
a (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia
a (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia
a (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

a (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia

1,781 views
1,685 views

Published on

As the title said, this is a little side project of mine about the story of Islam in Indonesia. This is done in a very short time, I'm not very satisfied with the result, but I want to upload it just the way it is as a personal reminder to do better in the future and prepare more.

Published in: Spiritual, News & Politics
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,781
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
114
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

a (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia

  1. 1. A (very) brief story of Islam in Indonesia
  2. 2. INDONESIA
  3. 3. Indonesia is a country that lies in the south east of Asia. It consists of thousands of islands. The 2010 Indonesian population census indicated that the total population reached 237,6 million people.
  4. 4. With many islands, beaches, and mountains, Indonesia is blessed with lots of stunning sceneries Kanawa Island
  5. 5. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Garut-westjava-indonesia-daytime.jpg
  6. 6. http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Istiqlal_Mosque_Front_of_Al_Fattah_Gate.JPG Approximately 87,5 percent of the population, or over 210 million are Muslim, making Indonesia the largest Muslim country in world
  7. 7. Islam came to Indonesia brought by traders from Gujarat India, Arab, and Chinese. Some historian claimed Islam came as early as 8th century, but the spread of Islam not until around 12th -13th century.
  8. 8. At that time, people who wants to make trade from Arab and India to China
  9. 9. Or from China to India and Arabia
  10. 10. Must go through Indonesia, and this is one of the reason how Islam entered Indonesia
  11. 11. A famous Chinese Admiral, Cheng Ho, arrived in Java in period around 1405-1433. He had an important role in spreading Islam in Indonesia especially in Java.
  12. 12. Cheng Ho’s expedition has established Muslim Chinese and Arab communities in northern ports of Java such as in Semarang, Demak, Tuban, and Ampel, thus Islam began to gain foothold on Java's northern coast.
  13. 13. Moslem traders introduced their religion to the local people. Islam entered Indonesia through peaceful way with no aggression.
  14. 14. Some of the traders are even married local girl. This makes the spread of Islam even faster with their wife now converts to Islam.
  15. 15. When Islam first came to Indonesia, Majapahit was the kingdom that ruled most of the area. Even though it was in its decline, Majapahit still holds much power in Indonesia. Hindu, Budha, and animism is the local’s beliefs at that time.
  16. 16. The Oldest Islam Kingdom in Indonesia was the Ternate Sultanate
  17. 17. The second oldest was the Samudera Pasai Sultanate. It was one of the biggest Islamic Sultanate in Indonesia, it spanned from 1267-1521
  18. 18. After that, a lot of Islamic Sultanate being established through out Indonesia
  19. 19. Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Sumatera Kerajaan Jeumpa Kesultanan Peureulak Kesultanan Samudera Pasai Kesultanan Lamuri Kerajaan Pedir Kerajaan Daya Kerajaan Linge Kesultanan Aceh Kerajaan Malayu Tambayung((abad 6 akhir) Bintan Kesultanan Indrapura Kerajaan Pasaman Kerajaan Pagaruyung Kerajaan Siguntur Kerajaan Sungai Pagu Kerajaan Pulau Punjung Kerajaan Jambu Lippo Kerajaan Koto Anau Kerajaan Bungo Setangkai
  20. 20. Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Kalimantan Kesultanan Pasir (1516) Kesultanan Banjar (1526-1905) Kesultanan Kotawaringin Kerajaan Pagatan (1750) Kesultanan Sambas (1671) Kesultanan Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Kesultanan Berau (1400) Kesultanan Sambaliung (1810) Kesultanan Gunung Tabur (1820) Kesultanan Pontianak (1771) Kerajaan Tidung Kesultanan Bulungan (1731)
  21. 21. Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Java Kesultanan Cirebon (1552 - 1677) Kesultanan Demak (1500 - 1550) Kesultanan Banten (1524 - 1813) Kesultanan Pajang (1568 - 1618) Kesultanan Mataram (1586 - 1755) Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Sulawesi Kesultanan Gowa (awal abad ke-16) Kesultanan Buton (1332 - 1911) Kesultanan Bone (abad 17) Kerajaan Banggai ([abad 16)]
  22. 22. Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Maluku Kesultanan Ternate (1257 - ..... ) Kesultanan Tidore (1110 - 1947?) Kesultanan Jailolo Kesultanan Bacan Kerajaan Loloda Kerajaan Tanah Hitu (1470-1682) Kerajaan Iha Kerajaan Honimoa/ Siri Sori Kerajaan Huamual
  23. 23. Kerajaan (Sultanate) Islam in Papua Kerajaan Waigeo Kerajaan Misool/Lilinta (marga Dekamboe) Kerajaan Salawati (marga Arfan) Kerajaan Sailolof/Waigama (marga Tafalas) Kerajaan Fatagar (marga Uswanas) Kerajaan Rumbati (marga Bauw) Kerajaan Atiati (marga Kerewaindżai) Kerajaan Sekar (marga Rumgesan) Kerajaan Patipi Kerajaan Arguni Kerajaan Wertuar (marga Heremba) Kerajaan Kowiai/kerajaan Namatota Kerajaan Aiduma Kerajaan Kaimana
  24. 24. The spread of Islam made easy because many Kings from existing kingdom in Indonesia converts to Islam http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_De_Sultan_van_Siak_met_rijksgroten_in_de_afdeling_Bengalis_oostkust_van_Sumatra_TMnr _60012313.jpg The Sultan of Siak
  25. 25. http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_De_Sultan_van_Siak_met_rijksgroten_in_de_afdeling_Bengalis_oostkust_van_Sumatra_TMnr _60012313.jpg The Sultan of Siak With the influence of a King, it was easy for him to make his followers convert to Islam too.
  26. 26. Kingdom across Indonesia one by one converts and Islam spreads through out Indonesia The King of Gowa http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_Mangi_Mangi_Kara%C3%ABng_Bontonompo_koning_van_Gowa_luistert_naar_ de_installatierede_van_waarnemend_gouverneur_van_Celebes_en_Onderhorigheden_de_heer_Bosselaar_TMnr_10001592.jpg
  27. 27. In the beginning, Islam in Indonesia used a lot of compromise. Having entered a society with a previous strong beliefs (Hindu, Buddha, animism), teachers of Islam at that time incorporate the local traditional culture, habit, and rituals to their teaching of Islam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_Een_dukun_tijdens_de_bereiding_van_zijn_geneesmiddelen_TMnr_60027035.jpg
  28. 28. This made some a portion of Moslem people in Indonesia today still practicing some sort of traditional rituals from their culture. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_Een_dukun_tijdens_de_bereiding_van_zijn_geneesmiddelen_TMnr_60027035.jpg
  29. 29. It was easy for Islam to be accepted by the people of Indonesia, since the principle of Islam is similar to the existing belief in the local society Also the influence of Hindu and Buddha Kingdom in Indonesia is in decline by the time Islam started to enter Indonesia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sundanese_Grandma.jpg
  30. 30. With this, the spread of Islam becomes easy and the number of people converting to Islam growing through out time. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sundanese_Grandma.jpg
  31. 31. In 1596, there was a guest coming to Indonesia
  32. 32. That guest will stay for another 350 years in Indonesia
  33. 33. Indonesia enters the colonialism era.
  34. 34. The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC, was a chartered company established in 1602. VOC had a presence in the Indonesian archipelago from 1603, when the first trading post was established. The first permanent Dutch trading post in Indonesia was established in Banten, northwest Java and in 1611, another was established at Jayakarta
  35. 35. The position of Indonesian Muslim in this era can be described in two phases. The initial phase was more accommodating. The VOC respected and facilitated the Muslim activities. This can be because they are trying to be accepted by the local people since they have just arrived in Indonesia.
  36. 36. After the VOC was replaced by the establishment of Dutch colonial, the policy had become more repressive. The social and political activities is strictly controlled
  37. 37. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Herman_Willem_Daendels.png Hermann Willem Daendels 1762-1818 Daendels was the Governor General of the East Dutch Indies in 1807. His famous work was building a thousand km long road from Anyer to Panarukan in Java in just one year. But in the expense of thousands of Javanese people died because he subjected the people to forced labour (rodi)
  38. 38. Having to have to live under repressive policy, Indonesian Muslim began to consolidate their nationalism and Islamic spirit.
  39. 39. Islamic boarding school (pesantren) becoming the base for the struggle against the Dutch Indies
  40. 40. In the early 20th century, numbers of Islamic organization is formed, such as Sarekat Dagang Islam, Muhamadiyah, Nahdlatul Ulama, Partai Sarikat Islam, and Persatuan Islam
  41. 41. These organizations plays important role to the struggle for the Indonesian independence
  42. 42. Kyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan 1868-1923 Ahmad Dahlan is a national Hero and was the founder of Muhamadiyah organization. The mission of Muhamadiyah is to purify Islam in Indonesia. Ahmad Dahlan role to educate Muslim in Indonesia is crucial to the struggle for Independence. Through his teaching, many Indonesian realize that they need to wake up and fight the colonialism.
  43. 43. There are a lot of Muslim fighters through out the time of struggle for independence all across Indonesia
  44. 44. Teuku Umar from Aceh
  45. 45. Cut Nyak Dien from Aceh
  46. 46. Prince Diponegoro from Java
  47. 47. On August 17th 1945, Indonesia declared its Independence
  48. 48. The Indonesian leader opted to use liberal democracy as the national ideology. At the early of the Independence, many Islamic leader tried to make Islam as the ideology with the argument that the majority of the population is Muslim, but it never succeed
  49. 49. President Soeharto rise to power from 1967 until 1998
  50. 50. Under President Soeharto’s regime, the political activities are heavily supervised, but the religious activities, rituals, and ceremonies are being facilitated. President Soeharto Presidential term: March 12, 1967 – May 21, 1998
  51. 51. Under President Soeharto’s too that “The Council of Indonesia Muslim Scholar” (Majelis Ulama Indonesia) was formed. It facilitated the Muslim leaders and scholars. The government also facilitated many religious activities like Hajj, zakat, and building Mosque President Soeharto Presidential term: March 12, 1967 – May 21, 1998
  52. 52. When President Habibie came to power, it was the reformation era. In this era, lots of new political parties, and some of them are Islamic political parties. President Habibie Presidential term: 21 May 1998 – 20 October 1999
  53. 53. Even though the majority of the population is Muslim, the Islam-based party did not win the election at that time, with most of the population opted to choose a nationalist-based party
  54. 54. Islam in Indonesia have its ups and downs. With majority of the population is now Muslim, it has become a really conducive and peaceful place for Muslim to practice their religion
  55. 55. Even so, Indonesian Muslim lives hand in hand with other religion in a peaceful manner. Having a high tolerance and respect between one and another
  56. 56. http://www.flickr.com/photos/seiu/374542734/ If you want to know whether Islam, democracy, modernity, and women’s rights can co-exist…. go to Indonesia “ ”-Hillary Clinton
  57. 57. Credits • Kasnawi, M. T., Sudirman, 2013, Islam In Indonesia Tranformation from colonialism into liberalism era., Internation Confrence on Islam in Asia 19-21 June 2013, Al-Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco • Wanandi, J., 2012, Islam in Indonesia: Its History, Development and Future Challenges, Asia-Pacific Review, Vol 9, No. 2 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spread_of_Islam_in_Indonesia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Indonesia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majapahit • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesian_legislative_election,_2009 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:President_Suharto,_1993.jpg • http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Indonesia_declaration_of_independence_17_August_1945.jpg • http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Istiqlal_Mosque_Front_of_Al_Fattah_Gate.JPG • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Candi_Jabung_B.JPG • http://www.flickr.com/photos/seiu/374542734/ • http://www.flickr.com/photos/sa-photo/3287990364/ • http://www.flickr.com/photos/sa-photo/3287175885/ • http://www.flickr.com/photos/julien_harneis/297156743/ • COLLECTIE TROPPEN MUSEUM • Other sources that I forgot to note, sorry…

×